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THE BONES.

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B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Sulcus caroticus
Concha sphenoidales

OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Cavernous groove
Sphenoidal turbinal

bones
Hamular process

Hamulus ptery

goideus Canalis pharyngeus

Pterygo - palatine

canal
Olivary eminence
Sphenoidal fissure

Tuberculum sella
Fissura orbitalis

superior
Os temporale
Canalis facialis (Fal-

lopii] Hiatus canalis facialis Vagina processus sty

loidei
Incisura mastoidea
Impressio trigemini

Temporal Bone
Aqueduct of Fal-

lopius
Hiatus Fallopii
Vaginal process of

tympanic plate Digastric fossa Impression for Gas

serian ganglion Eminence for sup.

semicircular canal Sigmoid fossa Glaserian fissure

Eminentia arcuata

Sulcus sigmoideus
Fissura petrotyl-

panica
Fossa mandibularis
Semicanalis tube

auditiva

Glenoid cavity
Eustachian tube

Ethmoid

Lateral mass

Os ethmoidale
Labyrinthus eth-

moidalis
Lamina papyracea
Processus uncinatus

Os planum
Unciform process

Os lacrimale

Hamulus lacrimalis
Crista lacrimalis pos-

terior

Lachrymal Bone

Hamular process
Lachrymal crest

Os nasale

Sulcus ethmoidalis

Nasal Bone
Groove for nasal

nerve

Maxilla

Facies anterior

Superior Maxillary

Bone
Facial or external

surface
Zygomatic surface

Antrum of Highmore

Facies infratempor.

alis
Sinus maxillaris
Processus frontalis
Processus zygomati-

cus
Canales alveolares

Nasal process
Malar process

Posterior dental

canals Lachrymal groove

Canalis naso-lacri

malis
Os incisivum
Foramen incisivum

1

Premaxilla
Anterior palatine

foramen

Os palatinum

Pars perpendicularis
Crista conchalis

Palate Bone

Vertical plate
Inferior turbinate

crest
Superior turbinate

crest Horizontal plate

Crista ethmoidalis

Pars horizontalis

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Carpus

Os naviculare
Os lunatum
Os triquetrum
Os multangulum

majus
Os multangulum

minus
Os capitatum
Os hamatum

Carpus

Scaphoid
Semilunar
Cuneiform
Trapezium

Trapezoid

Os magnum Unciform

The Skull as a Whole. Ossa suturarum

Wormian bones Foveolæ granulares

Pacchionian depres(Pacchioni)

sions Fossa pterygo-pala- Spheno-maxillary tina

fossa Canalis pterygo

Posterior palatine palatinus

canal Foramen lacerum

Foramen lacerum

medium Choana

Posterior nares Fissura orbitalis su- Sphenoidal fissure

perior Fissura orbitalis in- Spheno-maxillary ferior

fissure Upper Extremity. Clavicula

Clavicle Tuberositas coracoi. Impression for conoid dea

ligament Tuberositas costalis Impression for rhom.

boid ligament Scapula

Scapula Incisura scapularis Supra-scapular notch Angulus lateralis

Anterior or lateral

angle Angulus medialis Superior angle

Lower Extremity. Os coxa

Innominate Bone Linea glutiea an

Middle curved line terior Linea glutæa pos

Superior curved line terior Spina ischiadica

Spine of the ischium Incisura ischiadica Great sacro-sciatic major

notch Incisura ischiadica Lesser sacro-sciatic minor

notch Tuberculum pubicum Spine of pubis Ramus inferior ossis Descending ramus of pubis

pubis Ramus superior ossis Ascending ramus of pubis

pubis Ramus superior ossis Body of ischium

ischii Ramus inferior ossis Ramus of ischium

ischii Pecten ossis pubis Pubic part of ilio

pectineal line Facies symphyseos Symphysis pubis Pelvis

Pelvis Pelvis major

False pelvis Pelvis minor

True pelvis Apertura pelvis min. Pelvic inlet

oris superior Linea terminalis

Margin of inlet of

true pelvis Apertura pelvis min- Pelvic outlet

oris inferior

Humerus

Bicipital groove

External lip

Internal lip

Internal surface

Humerus
Sulcus intertuberon-
laris
Crista tuberculi

majoris Crista tuberculi

minoris Facies anterior medi

alis
Facies anterior later-

alis
Margo medialis
Margo lateralis
Sulcus nervi radialis
Capitulum
Epicondylus medialis

Epicondylus lateralis Ulna

External surface

Internal border
External border
Musculo-spiral groove
Capitellum
Internal condyle

Femur

Fossa trochanterica
Linea intertrochan-

terica
Crista intertrochan.

Femur

Digital fossa Spiral line

1

Post, intertrou

Incisura semilunaris

External condyle
Ulna
Greater sigmoid

cavity

terica

teric line

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Tibia

Condylus medialis
Condylus lateralis
Eminentia inter-

condyloidea Tuberositas tibiæ Malleolus medialis

Tibia

Internal tuberosity
External tuberosity
Spine

Outers of os calcis

Talus
Calcaneus

Tuber calcanei
Processus medialis

tuberis calcanei Processus lateralis

Tubercle
Internal malleolus

Fibula

Apex capituli fibulæ
Malleolus lateralis

Fibula

Styloid process
External malleolus

THE LIGAMENTS.

Ligaments of the Spine. Lig. longitudinale Anterior common ligaanterius

tuberis calcanei
Os cuneiforme pri-

mum
Os cuneiforme se-

cundum
Os cuneiforme ter-

tium

Inner cuneiform

Middle cuneiform

Outer cuneiform

ment Lig. longitudinale

Posterior common ligaposterius

ment Lig. flava

Ligamenta subflava Membrana tectoria Posterior occipito-axial

ligament Articulatio atlanto- Joint between the atlas epistrophica

and the axis Lig. alaria

Odontoid or check liga

ments Lig. apicis dentis

Suspensory ligament

The Ribs. Lig. capituli costä Anterior costo - verteradiatum

bral or stellate liga

ment Lig. sterno - costale Interarticular choninterarticulare

dro - sternal liga

ment Lig. sterno - costalia Anterior and posterior radiata

chondro-sternal liga

ment Lig. costoxiphoidea Chondro-xiphoid liga

ments

Discus articularis Triangular fibro

cartilage Recessus sacciformis Membrana sacci.

formis Lig. radio - carpeum Anterior ligament of volare

the radio-carpaljoint Lig. radio - carpeum

Posterior ligament of dorsale

the radio - carpal

joint Lig. collaterale carpi Internal lateral ligaulnare

ment of the wrist.

joint Lig. collaterale carpi External lateral radiale

ligament of the

wrist-joint Articulationes inter- Carpal joints

carpeæ Lig. accessoria volaria Palmar ligaments of

the metacarpo

phalangeal joints Lig. capitulorum ossium Transverse metacar metacarpalium

pal ligament
transversa
Lig. collateralia

Lateral phalangeal

ligaments The Lower Extremity. Lig. arcuatum

Subpubic ligamient Lig. sacro-tuberosum Great

sciatic

ligament Processus falci.

Falciform process formis Lig. sacro-spinosum Small

sciatic

ligament Labrum glenoidale Cotyloid ligament Zona orbicularis

Zonular band
Ligamentum ilio - Y-shaped ligament

femorale
Lig. ischio-capsulare Ischio-capsular band
Lig. pubo-capsulare Pubo-femoral ligament
Lig. popliteum obli- Ligament of Winslow

quum
Lig. collaterale

Long external lateral fibulare

ligament Lig. collaterale

Internal lateral ligatibiale

ment Lig. popliteum arcu- Arcuate popliteal ligaatum

ment Meniscus lateralis

External semilunar

cartilage

sacro

The Jaw. Lig. temporo-mandi- External lateral ligabulare

ment of the jaw Lig. spheno-mandi- Internal lateral ligabulare

ment of the jaw Lig. stylo - mandi- Stylo - maxillary ligabulare

ment

sacro

Upper Extremity.
Lig. costo-claviculare Rhomboid ligament
Labrum glenoidale

Glenoid ligament
Articulatio radio- Superior radio - ulnar

ulnaris proximalis joint Lig. collaterale ulnare Internal lateral liga

ment of elbow-joint Lig collaterale

External lateral lige radiale

ment Lig. annulare radii Orbicular ligament Chorda obliqua

Oblique ligament of ulna Articulatio radio - Inferior radio - ulnar ulnaris distalis

joint

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Ligamenta alaria Superior tibio - fibular

articulation Anterior and posterior

superior tibio-fibular

ligaments Inferior tibio. fibular

articulation Internal lateral liga

ment of ankle Anterior fasciculus of

external lateral liga

ment Posterior fasciculus of

external lateral ligament

Lig. calcaneo - navi

culare plantare Lig. talo-naviculare

External calcaneoastragaloid

ligament Internal calcaneo.

astragaloid liga

ment Inferior calcaneo

navicular ligament Astragalo - scaphoid

ligament Superior calcaneo - sca

phoid ligament Internal calcaneo-cu

Lig. talo- fibulare an

terius

Pars calcaneo

navicularis

Lig. talo-fibulare pos

terius

lig. bifur. catum

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THE MUSCLES.

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Muscles of Upper Extremity.
Biceps brachii

Biceps
Lacertus fibrosus Bicipital fascia
Brachialis

Brachialis anticus
Triceps brachii

Triceps
Caput mediale

Inner head
Caput laterale

Outer head
Pronator teres

Pronator radii teres
Caput ulnare

Coronoid head
Brachio-radialis

Supinator longus Sapinator

Supinator brevis Extensor carpi radi- Extensor carpi radialis alis longus

longior Extensor carpi radi- Extensor carpi radialis alis brevis

brevior Extensor indicis pro- Extensor indicis

prius Extensor digiti quinti Extensor minimi proprius

digiti Abductor pollicis Extensor ossis metalongus

carpi pollicis Abductor pollicis Abductor pollicis

brevis Extensor pollicis

Extensor primi interbrevis

nodii pollicis Extensor pollicis

Extensor secundi longus

internodii pollicis Lig, carpi transversum Anterior annular

ligament Lig. carpi dorsale Posterior annular

ligament Muscles of Lower Extremity. Tensor fasciæ latæ Tensor fasciæ femoris Canalis adductorius Hunter's canal

(Hunteri)

boid ligament

cuboidea

Scarpa's triangle

Crural canal
Crural ring
Quadriceps-

Trigonum femorale

(fossa Scarpæ ma

jor)
Canalis femoralis
Annulus femoralis
M. quadriceps
femoris-

Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus intermedius
Vastus medialis

M. articularis genu
Tibialis anterior
Tendo calcaneus
Tibialis posterior
Quadratus plantæ
Lig. transversum

cruris
Lig. cruciatum cruris

Rectus femoris
Vastus externus
Crureus
Vastus internus

Subcrureus
Tibialis anticus
Tendo Achillis
Tibialis posticus !
Accessorius
Upper anterior an-

nular ligament
Lower anterior an-

nular ligament Internal annular liga

ment

Lig. laciniatum

Retinaculum muscu

lorum peronæorum

superius Retinaculum muscu

lorum peronæorum inferius

External annular

ligament

Axial Muscles.

Muscles of the Back. Serratus posterior Serratus posticus superior

superior Serratus posterior in- Serratus posticus inferior

ferior Splenius cervicis

Splenius colli Sacro-spinalis

Erector spinæ Ilio-costalis

Ilio-costalisLumborum

Sacro-lumbalis Dorsi

Accessorius Cervicis

Cervicalis ascendens Longissimus

LongissimusDorsi

Dorsi Cervicis

Transversalis cervicis Capitis

Trachelo-mastoid

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. Spinalis

Dorsi
Cervicis
Capitis

OLD TERMINOLOGY. Spinalis

Dorsi
Colli
Capitis

Semispinalis

Dorsi
Cervicis

Capitis
Multifidus

Semispinalis

Dorsi
Colli

Complexus Multifidus spinæ

Muscles of Head and Neck.

Epicranius
Galea aponeurotica

Occipito-frontalis Epicranial aponeu

rosis Pyramidalis nasi Compressor naris

Procerus
Pars transversa

(nasalis)
Pars alaris (nasalis)
Auricularis anterior
Auricularis posterior
Auricularis superior
Orbicularis oculi

Dilatores naris
Attrahens aurem
Retrahens aurem
Attollens aurem
Orbicularis palpe-
brarum

Tensor tarsi Depressor anguli oris

su

Pars lacrimalis Triangularis Quadratus labii

Deep Lateral Muscles of Neck.
B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Scalenus anterior

Scalenus anticus
Scalenus posterior Scalenus posticus
Longus capitis

Rectus capitis anticus

major Rectus capitis an- Rectus capitis anticus terior

minor

Muscles of Thorax.

Transversus thoracis
Diaphragma, pars
lumbalis

Crus mediale
Crus intermedium
Crus laterale
Arcus lumbo-

costalis medialis

(Halleri)
Arcus lumbo-

costalis lateralis
(Halleri)

Triangularis sterni
Diaphragm, lumbar
part-
Crus and origin

from internal arcuate ligaments Ligamentum arcu.

atum internum

Ligamentum arcu

atum externum

perioris-
Caput zygomaticum
Caput infraorbitale

Caput angulare

Zygomaticus
Caninus
Quadratus labii in-

ferioris Mentalis l'latysma Sterno-thyreoid Thyreo-hyoid

Zygomaticus minor
Levator labii superi-

oris
Levator labii superi-

oris alæque nasi
Zygomaticus major
Levator anguli oris
Depressor labii inferi.

oris
Levator menti
Platysma myoides
Sterno-thyroid
Thyro-hyoid

Muscles of the Abdomen.
Ligamentum inguin. Poupart's ligament

ale (Pouparti) Ligamentum lacunare Gimbernat's ligament

(Gimbernati) Fibræ intercrurales Intercolumnar fibres Ligamentum inguin- Triangular fascia

ale reflexum (Col.

lesi) Annulus inguinalis External abdominal subcutaneus

ring Crus superius

Internal pillar Crus inferius

External pillar Falx (aponeurotica) in- Conjoined tendon

guinalis
M. transversus ab. Transversalis muscle

dominis
Linea semicircularis Fold of Douglas

(Douglasi)
Annulus inguinalis Internal abdominal
abdominalis

ring

Muscles and Fascia of the Orbit.

Fascia bulbi
Septum orbitale
Rectus lateralis
Rectus medialis

Capsule of 'Tenon
Palpebral ligaments
Rectus externus
Rectus internus

Muscles of the Tongue.

Genio-hyo-glossus
Superior lingualis

Genio-glossus
Longitudinalis

superior Longitudinalis

inferior Transversus lingue Verticalis lingua

Inferior lingualis

Perineum and Pelvis. Transversus perinei Transversus perinei

superficialis M. sphincter urethræ Compressor urethræ

membranaceae Diaphragma urogeni- Deep transverse tale

muscle and compres

sor urethra Fascia diaphragmatis Deep layer of trianguurogenitalis

lar ligament superior Fascia diaphragmatis Superficial layer of

urogenitalis in- the triangular ligaferior

ment Arcus tendineus White line of pelvis

fascise pelvis Ligamenta pubo · Anterior and lateral prostatica

true ligaments of

bladder Fascia diaphragmatis Visceral layer of pelvis superior

pelvic fascia Fascia diaphragmatis Anal fascia

pelvis inferior

Transverse fibres
Vertical fibres

Muscles of the Pharynx.
Pharyngo-palatinus Palato-plaryngeus
M. uvula

Azygos uvula Levator veli palatini Levator palati Tensor veli palatini Tensor palati Glosso-palatinus

Palato glosslis

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