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B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Vertebræ

Fovea costalis
superior

Fovea costalis inferior

Fovea costalis transversalis

Radix arcus vertebræ

Atlas

Fovea dentis

Epistropheus Dens

Sternum Corpus sterni

Processus xiphoideus Incisura jugularis Planum sternale

Ossa Cranii.

Os frontale

Spina frontalis

Processus zygomati

cus

Facies cerebralis Facies frontalis Pars orbitalis

Os parietale

Lineæ temporales Sulcus transversus

Sulcus sagittalis

Os occipitale

OLD TERMINOLOGY. Vertebræ

Canalis hypoglossi

Atlas

Incomplete facet for head of rib, upper Incomplete facet for

head of rib, lower Facet for tubercle of the rib Pedicle

Axis

Facet for odontoid
process

Sternum

Foramen

occipitale

magnum Canalis condyloideus

Sulcus transversus

Sulcus sagittalis

Clivus

Odontoid process

Gladiolus

Ensiform process
Supra-sternal notch
Anterior surface

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THE BONES.

Linea nucha suprema
Linea nucha superior
Linea nuchæ inferior

Os sphenoidale
Crista infratemporalis
Sulcus chiasmatis
Crista sphenoidalis
Spina angularis
Lamina medialis pro-

cessus pterygoidei Lamina lateralis processus pterygoidei Canalis pterygoideus

[Vidii]
Fossa hypophyseos

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Sulcus caroticus
Conchæ sphenoidales

Anterior condyloid
foramen

Foramen magnum

Sphenoid

Hamulus ptery-
goideus

Canalis pharyngeus

Os temporale

Tuberculum sellæ

Fissura orbitalis
superior

Canalis facialis [Fal-
lopii]

Posterior condyloid
foramen
Groove for

lateral

sinus

Groove for sup. long.
sinus

Median part of upper
surface of basi-occi-
pital

Highest curved line
Superior curved line
Inferior curved line

Hiatus canalis facialis
Vagina processus sty-
loidei

Incisura mastoidea
Impressio trigemini

Eminentia arcuata

Sulcus sigmoideus
Fissura petrotym-
panica

Fossa mandibularis
Semicanalis tubæ
auditivæ

Os ethmoidale

Labyrinthus eth-
moidalis

Pterygoid ridge
Optic groove
Ethmoidal crest
Spinous process
Internal pterygoid

plate

External pterygoid

plate Vidian canal

Pituitary fossa

Lamina papyracea
Processus uncinatus

Os lacrimale

Os nasale

Sulcus ethmoidalis

Maxilla

OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Cavernous groove
Sphenoidal turbinal
bones
Hamular process

Pterygo - palatine
canal

Olivary eminence
Sphenoidal fissure

Temporal Bone

Os palatinum

Aqueduct of Fal-
lopius
Hiatus Fallopii
Vaginal process of
tympanic plate
Digastric fossa
Impression for Gas-
serian ganglion
Eminence for sup.

semicircular canal Sigmoid fossa Glaserian fissure

Canales alveolares

Canalis naso-lacri-
malis

Os incisivum
Foramen incisivum

Glenoid cavity
Eustachian tube

Ethmoid

Lateral mass

Os planum
Unciform process

Lachrymal Bone
Hamular process
Lachrymal crest

Pars perpendicularis
Crista conchalis

Crista ethmoidalis

Pars horizontalis

Nasal Bone

Groove for nasal

nerve

Superior Maxillary
Bone

Facial or external

surface

Zygomatic surface

Antrum of Highmore
Nasal process
Malar process

dental

Posterior
canals

Lachrymal groove

Premaxilla
Anterior palatine
foramen

Palate Bone
Vertical plate
Inferior turbinate
crest

Superior turbinate

crest

Horizontal plate

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Os zygomaticum
Processus temporalis
Processus fronto-
sphenoidalis

Foramen zygoma-
tico-orbitale

Foramen zygomatico-
faciale

Mandibula

Spina mentalis

Linea obliqua
Linea mylohyoidea
Incisura mandibulæ
Foramen mandibulare

Canalis mandibulæ Protuberantia

talis

men

Ossa suturarum

Foveolæ granulares (Pacchioni) Fossa pterygo-pala

tina

Canalis pterygopalatinus

Foramen lacerum

Choana

Fissura orbitalis superior

Fissura orbitalis inferior

Clavicula

Tuberositas coracoi

dea

The Skull as a Whole.

OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Malar Bone Zygomatic process Frontal process

Temporo-malar canal

Malar foramen

Inferior Maxillary Bone

Genial tubercle or spine

External oblique line Internal oblique line Sigmoid notch Inferior dental fora

Upper Extremity.

Clavicle

men

Inferior dental canal Mental process

Wormian bones Pacchionian depressions

Spheno-maxillary fossa

Posterior palatine canal

Foramen lacerum medium

Posterior nares
Sphenoidal fissure

Spheno-maxillary fissure

Impression for conoid ligament Impression for rhomboid ligament

Scapula

Supra-scapular notch
Anterior or lateral
angle
Superior angle

Humerus

Bicipital groove

External lip

Internal lip

Internal surface

External surface

Internal border
External border
Musculo-spiral groove
Capitellum

Internal condyle
External condyle

Ulna

Greater sigmoid cavity

Lower Extremity.

Scapula

Tuberositas costalis

Ulna

Incisura scapularis
Angulus lateralis

Angulus medialis

Humerus

Sulcus intertubercularis

Crista tuberculi

majoris

Crista tuberculi
minoris

Facies anterior medi-
alis

Facies anterior later-
alis
Margo medialis
Margo lateralis
Sulcus nervi radialis
Capitulum

Epicondylus medialis
Epicondylus lateralis

Incisura semilunaris

B. N. A. TERMINOLOGY.
Incisura radialis
Crista interossea

Facies dorsalis

Facies volaris
Facies medialis

Margo dorsalis

Margo volaris

Radius

Tuberositas radii
Incisura ulnaris
Crista interossea

Facies dorsalis
Facies volaris
Facies lateralis

Margo dorsalis
Margo volaris

Carpus

Os naviculare
Os lunatum
Os triquetrum

Os multangulum
majus

Os multangulum
minus

Os capitatum
Os hamatum

Os coxa

Linea glutea an-
terior

Linea glutea pos-
terior

Spina ischiadica
Incisura ischiadica
major

Incisura ischiadica
minor

Tuberculum pubicum
Ramus inferior ossis
pubis

Ramus superior ossis
pubis

Ramus superior ossis
ischii

Ramus inferior ossis
ischii

Pecten ossis pubis

Facies symphyseos

Pelvis

Pelvis major
Pelvis minor
Apertura pelvis min-

oris superior
Linea terminalis

Apertura pelvis min-
oris inferior

Femur

Fossa trochanterica
Linea intertrochan-
terica

Crista intertrochan-
terica

OLD TERMINOLOGY,
Lesser sigmoid cavity
External or interos-

seous border

Posterior surface
Anterior surface

Internal surface

Posterior border

Anterior border

Radius

Bicipital tuberosity
Sigmoid cavity
Internal or interos-

seous border Posterior surface

Anterior surface

External surface

Posterior border

Anterior border

Carpus

Scaphoid

Semilunar

Cuneiform
Trapezium

Trapezoid

Os magnum
Unciform

Innominate Bone
Middle curved line

Superior curved line

Spine of the ischium Great sacro-sciatic notch

Lesser sacro-sciatic
notch

Spine of pubis
Descending ramus of

pubis

Ascending ramus of

pubis Body of ischium

Ramus of ischium

Pubic part of ilio

pectineal line Symphysis pubis

Pelvis

False pelvis

True pelvis
Pelvic inlet

Margin of inlet of

true pelvis
Pelvic outlet

Femur
Digital fossa
Spiral line

Post. intertrock:
teric line

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Ligaments of the Spine.

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The Ribs.

Lig. costo-claviculare Labrum glenoidale Articulatio radio ulnaris proximalis Lig. collaterale ulnare

Lig. collaterale radiale Lig. annulare radii Chorda obliqua Articulatio radio ulnaris distalis

The Jaw.

Upper Extremity.

THE LIGAMENTS.

B. N. A. TERMINOLOGY.

Talus
Calcaneus

Tuber calcanei Processus medialis tuberis calcanei Processus lateralis tuberis calcanei Os cuneiforme

pri

Os cuneiforme secundum

Os cuneiforme tertium

mum

Discus articularis

Bones of the Foot.

Recessus sacciformis

Lig. radio carpeum volare Lig. radio carpeum dorsale

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OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Astragalus Os calcis

Tuberosity of os calcis Inner

The Lower Extremity.

tuberosities

Outer of os calcis

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OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Inner condyle
Outer condyle
Inner tuberosity
Outer tuberosity

Tibia

Internal tuberosity
External tuberosity
Spine

Tubercle

Internal malleolus

Fibula

Styloid process
External malleolus

Anterior common liga-
ment

Posterior common liga-
ment
Ligamenta subflava
Posterior occipito-axial
ligament

Joint between the atlas
and the axis

Odontoid or check liga

ments

Suspensory ligament

Anterior costo - vertebral or stellate liga

ment Interarticular chondro sternal ligament

Anterior and posterior chondro-sternal liga

ment

Chondro-xiphoid liga

ments

External lateral ligament of the jaw Internal lateral ligament of the jaw Stylo maxillary liga

ment

Rhomboid ligament
Glenoid ligament
Superior radio ulnar
joint

Internal lateral liga

ment of elbow-joint External lateral liga

ment

Orbicular ligament
Oblique ligament of ulna
Inferior radio - ulnar

joint

Lig. collaterale carpi
ulnare

Lig. collaterale carpi
radiale

Articulationes inter-
carpeæ

Lig. accessoria volaria

Lig. capitulorum ossium
metacarpalium
transversa
Lig. collateralia

Lig. arcuatum
Lig. sacro-tuberosum

Processus falci-
formis

Lig. sacro-spinosum

Labrum glenoidale
Zona orbicularis
Ligamentum
femorale

ilio.

Lig. ischio-capsulare
Lig. pubo-capsulare
Lig. popliteum obli-

quum
Lig. collaterale
fibulare

Lig. collaterale
tibiale

Lig. popliteum arcu

atum

Meniscus lateralis

sciatic

Small sacro
ligament

Cotyloid ligament
Zonular band
Y-shaped ligament

Ischio-capsular band
Pubo-femoral ligament
Ligament of Winslow

Long external lateral
ligament

Internal lateral ligament

Arcuate popliteal liga

ment

semilunar

External
cartilage

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. Lig. calcaneo-fibulare

Lig. talo calcaneum laterale

Lig. talo calcaneum mediale

Lig. calcaneo naviculare plantare

Lig. talo-naviculare

Pars calcaneonavicularis Pars calcaneocuboidea

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lig. bifur

OLD TERMINOLOGY. Middle fasciculus of external lateral ligament

External calcaneoastragaloid liga

ment

Internal calcaneoastragaloid liga

ment

Inferior calcaneo navicular ligament

Astragalo scaphoid ligament

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B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. Meniscus medialis

Plica synovialis patellaris

Plice alares

Articulatio tibio - fibu-
laris
Lig. capituli fibulæ

Syndesmosis tibio-fibu-
laris
Lig. deltoideum

Lig. talo - fibulare an

terius

Lig. talo-fibulare pos

terius

Levator scapulæ

Muscles of the Back.

Superficial.

Serratus anterior

Biceps brachii

Muscles of the Chest.

Lacertus fibrosus

Brachialis
Triceps brachii

Caput mediale
Caput laterale
Pronator teres

Caput ulnare Brachio-radialis Supinator Extensor carpi

radi

alis longus Extensor carpi radi

alis brevis

Extensor indicis proprius

Extensor digiti quinti

Muscles of Upper Extremity.

proprius Abductor pollicis

longus

Abductor pollicis

brevis

Extensor pollicis

brevis

OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Internal semilunar
cartilage
Lig. mucosum

Extensor pollicis
longus

Lig. carpi transversum

Lig. carpi dorsale

Ligamenta alaria
Superior tibiofibular
articulation
Anterior and posterior
superior tibio-fibular
ligaments

Inferior tibiofibular
articulation
Internal lateral liga-
ment of ankle
Anterior fasciculus of
external lateral liga-
ment

Posterior fasciculus of
external lateral liga-
ment

Tensor fascia latæ
Canalis adductorius
(Hunteri)

Levator anguli scapulæ

Serratus magnus

Biceps

Bicipital fascia
Brachialis anticus
Triceps

THE MUSCLES.

Inner head

Outer head
Pronator radii teres
Coronoid head

Supinator longus
Supinator brevis
Extensor carpi radialis
longior

Extensor carpi radialis
brevior
Extensor indicis

Extensor minimi

digiti

Extensor ossis meta

carpi pollicis Abductor pollicis

Muscles of Lower Extremity.

Extensor primi inter-
nodii pollicis
Extensor secundi

internodii pollicis
Anterior annular

ligament

Posterior annular
ligament

Tensor fasciæ femoris
Hunter's canal

Trigonum femorale
(fossa Scarpa ma-
jor)

Canalis femoralis
Annulus femoralis
M. quadriceps
femoris-

Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus intermedius
Vastus medialis
M. articularis genu
Tibialis anterior
Tendo calcaneus
Tibialis posterior
Quadratus plantæ
Lig. transversum
cruris

Lig. cruciatum cruris

Lig. laciniatum

Dorsi

Cervicis

Retinaculum muscu-
lorum peronæorum
superius
Retinaculum muscu-
lorum peronæorum
inferius

catum

Sacro-spinalis

Ilio-costalis-
Lumborum

Cervicis
Capitis

Serratus posterior
superior

Serratus posterior in-
ferior

Splenius cervicis

Longissimus

Dorsi

Superior calcaneo - scaphoid ligament Internal calcaneo-cuboid ligament

Scarpa's triangle

Crural canal
Crural ring
Quadriceps-

Axial Muscles.

Muscles of the Back.

Rectus femoris

Vastus externus

Crureus

Vastus internus
Subcrureus

Tibialis anticus
Tendo Achillis
Tibialis posticus!
Accessorius
Upper anterior an-

nular ligament
Lower anterior an-
nular ligament
Internal annular liga-
ment

External annular
ligament

Serratus posticus
superior

Serratus posticus inferior

Splenius colli

Erector spinæ

Ilio-costalis

Sacro-lumbalis

Accessorius

Cervicalis ascendens

Longissimus

Dorsi

Transversalis cervicis
Trachelo-mastoid

B. N. A. TERMINOLOGY. Spinalis

Dorsi

Cervicis

Capitis

SemispinalisDorsi

Cervicis

Capitis Multifidus

Epicranius

Galea aponeurotica

Procerus

Pars transversa
(nasalis)
Pars alaris (nasalis)
Auricularis anterior
Auricularis posterior
Auricularis superior
Orbicularis oculi

Pars lacrimalis Triangularis Quadratus labii perioris― Caput zygomaticum Caput infraorbitale

Muscles of Head and Neck.

su

OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Spinalis

Dorsi

Colli

Capitis

Semispinalis

Dorsi

Colli

Complexus Multifidus spinæ

Occipito-frontalis Epicranial aponeu

rosis

Pyramidalis nasi Compressor naris

Dilatores naris Attrahens aurem Retrahens aurem Attollens aurem Orbicularis palpebrarum

Tensor tarsi Depressor anguli oris

OLD TERMINOLOGY. Scalenus anticus Scalenus posticus Rectus capitis anticus

major

Rectus capitis anticus minor

Crus and origin from internal arcuate ligaments Ligamentum arcuatum internum

Caput angulare

Zygomaticus
Caninus

Quadratus labii in

ferioris

Mentalis

Platysma
Sterno-thyreoid
Thyreo-hyoid

Fascia bulbi
Septum orbitale

Rectus lateralis

Rectus medialis

Genio-glossus
Longitudinalis

superior

Longitudinalis

inferior Transversus linguæ Verticalis linguæ

Pharyngo-palatinus

M. uvula
Levator veli palatini
Tensor veli palatini
Glosso-palatinus

Muscles and Fascia of the Orbit.

Capsule of Tenon
Palpebral ligaments
Rectus externus
Rectus internus

Muscles of the Tongue.

Zygomaticus minor
Levator labii superi-
oris

Levator labii superi-
oris alæque nasi
Zygomaticus major
Levator anguli oris
Depressor labii inferi-

oris

Levator menti
Platysma myoides
Sterno-thyroid
Thyro-hyoid

Genio-hyo-glossus
Superior lingualis

Inferior lingualis

Transverse fibres
Vertical fibres

Muscles of the Pharynx.

Palato-pharyngeus
Azygos uvulæ
Levator palati
Tensor palati
Palato-glossus

Deep Lateral Muscles of Neck.

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Scalenus anterior
Scalenus posterior
Longus capitis

Rectus capitis an-
terior

Muscles of Thorax.

Transversus thoracis
Diaphragma, pars
lumbalis

Crus mediale

Crus intermedium
Crus laterale
Arcus lumbo-
costalis medialis
(Halleri)

Arcus lumbo-
costalis lateralis

(Halleri)

Ligamentum inguin-
ale (Pouparti)
Ligamentum lacunare
(Gimbernati)
Fibræ intercrurales
Ligamentum inguin-
ale reflexum (Col-
lesi)
Annulus inguinalis
subcutaneus

Crus superius
Crus inferius
Falx (aponeurotica) in-
guinalis

M. transversus ab-
dominis

Linea semicircularis

(Douglasi) Annulus inguinalis abdominalis

Muscles of the Abdomen.

Transversus perinei
superficialis

M. sphincter urethræ
membranaceæ
Diaphragma urogeni-
tale

Fascia diaphragmatis
urogenitalis
superior

Fascia diaphragmatis
urogenitalis in-
ferior
Arcus tendineus
fascine pelvis
Ligamenta pubo
prostatica

Triangularis sterni
Diaphragm, lumbar
part-

Fascia diaphragmatis
pelvis superior
Fascia diaphragmatis
pelvis inferior

Ligamentum arcu-
atum externum

Poupart's ligament

Gimbernat's ligament

Intercolumnar fibres
Triangular fascia

External abdominal
ring

Perineum and Pelvis.

Internal pillar External pillar Conjoined tendon

Transversalis muscle

Fold of Douglas

Internal
ring

abdominal

Transversus perinei

Compressor urethræ

Deep transverse

muscle and compres sor urethræ

Deep layer of triangu lar ligament

Superficial

layer of the triangular ligament

White line of pelvis

Anterior and lateral true ligaments of

bladder

Visceral layer of pelvic fascia

Anal fascia

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