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THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.

or

OLD TERMINOLOGY. Anterior grey horns, etc. Direct pyramidal tract

Spinal Medulla.
B. X.A. TERMINOLOGY, OLD TERMINOLOGY. B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Fasciculus anterior pro- Anterior ground Columnæ anteriores, etc.
prius (Flechsig)

basis bundle

Fasciculus cerebro Fasciculus lateralis Lateral ground bundle

spinalis anterior

Fasciculus cerebro proprius

spinalis lateralis Vuelens dorsalis Clarke's column

(pyramidalis) Pars thoracalis

Dorsal part of spinal Fasciculus cerebello -
medulla

spinalis
Sulcus intermedius Paramedian furrow Fasciculus antero-later-
posterior

alis superficialis The Brain or Encephalon is divided into parts as follows :

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RHOMBENCEPHALON = Myelencephalon (medana cerebre ) hite a brain) } Posterior primary vesicle.

(MESENCEPHALON (mid-brain-peduncles, corpora quadrigemina, etc.--) Middle primary vesicle

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acus

Crus cerebri
Anterior corpus

quadrigeminum Posterior corpus

quadrigeminum Iter e tertio ad quar

tum ventriculum,

or aqued. of Sylvius Foramen of Monro

Subthalamic region
Sulcus of Monro

cus

Brain.

Cerebrum

Pedunculus cerebri
Rhombencephalon

Colliculus superior
Eminentia medialis Eminentia teres
Ala cinerea
Trigonum vagi

Colliculus inferior
Area acustica

Trigonum

ticum
Nucleus nervi ab- Nucleus of 6th nerve

Aquæductus cerebri
ducentis
Nuclei n. acustici Auditory nucleus
Fasciculus longi- Posterior longitudinal

Foramen interven
bundle

triculare tudinalis medialis Corpus trapezoideum Corpus trapezoides Hypothalamus Incisura cerebelli Semilunar notch (of

Sulcus hypothalamianterior

cerebellum) Incisura cerebelli Marsupial notch

Middle commissure
Bundle of Vicq d’Azyr

Massa intermedia posterior

Fasciculus thalamoSulcus horizontalis Great horizontal fis.

mamillaris cerebelli

sure

Pars opercularis
Lobulus centralis
Lobus centralis

Thalamus
Folium vermis
Folium cacuminis

Pallium
Tuber vermis
Tuber valvulae

Gyri transitivi
Lobulus quadrangu. Quadrate lobule

Fissura cerebri laterlaris

alis Brachium conjuncti- Superior cerebellar Gyrus temporalis suvum cerebelli peduncle

perior Brachium pontis

Middle cerebellar Gyrus temporalis
peduncle

medius Restiform body

Inferior cerebellar Gyrus temporalis in-
peduncle

ferior
Lobulus semilunaris Postero - superior Sulcus centralis (Ro-
superior
lobule

landi) Lobulus semilunaris Postero- inferior | Sulcus temporalis suinferior lobule

perior

Pars basilaris
Optic thalamus
Cortex cerebri
Annectant gyri
Fissure of Sylvius

First temporal gyrus

Second temporal

gyrus Third temporal gyius

Fissure of Rolando

Parallel sulcus

cus

or

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. OLD TERMINOLOGY. B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY, OLD TERMINOLOGY. Sulcus temporalis me- Second temporal sul- Rami alveolares Anterior superior dius

superiores an

dental Sulcus circularis Limiting sulcus of

teriores Reil

Ganglion spheno- Meckel's ganglion Sulcus temporalis in- Occipito-temporal

palatinum ferior sulcus N. palatinus me.

External palatine Gyrus fusiformis Occipito-temporal

dius

nerve
convolution
N. mandibularis

Inferior maxillary Sulcus interparietalis Intraparietal sulcus

nerve Sulcus corporis callosi Callosal sulcus

Nervus spinosus

Recurrent nerve Sulcus cinguli Calloso-marginal fis- N. alveolaris in.

Inferior dental sure

ferior Fissura hippocampi Dentate fissure

N. abducens

Sixth nerve
Gyrus cinguli
Callosal convolution N. facialis

Seventh nerve
Stria terminalis
Tænia semicircularis N, intermedius

Pars intermedia of
Trigonum collaterale
Trigonum ventriculi

Wrisberg
Hippocampus
Hippocampus major N. acusticus

Eighth auditory Digitationes hippo. Pes hippocampi

nerve campi

Ganglion superius Jugular ganglion of Fascia dentata hippoGyrus dentatus

9th nerve campi

N. recurrens

Recurrent laryngeal Columna fornicis Anterior pillar of

nerve fornix

Ganglion jugulare Ganglion of Septum pellucidum Septum lucidum

root

of Cornu inferius

Descending horn of
Ganglion nodosum

Ganglion of vagus lateral ventricle

trunk Commissura hippo- Lyra

Plexus csophageus campi

anterior

Plexus gulæ
Nucleus lentiformis Lenticular nucleus Plexus csophageus
Pars frontalis capsule Anterior limb (of

posterior internæ

internal capsule) Nervus accessorius Spinal accessory Pars occipitalis cap- Posterior limb (of Ramus internus

Accessory portion sulæ internæ internal capsule)

of spinal accessory Radiatio occipito - Optic radiation

nerve thalamica

Ramus externus

Spinal portion Radiatio corporis

Radiation of corpus
callosi
callosum

Spinal Nerves.
Pars frontalis

Forceps minor
Pars occipitalis
Forceps major Rami posteriores

Posterior primary

divisions Membranes of Brain.

Rami anteriores

Anterior primary

divisions
Cisterna cerebello-me-
Cisterna magna
N. cutaneus colli

Transverse superficial dullaris

cervical nerve Cisterna interpeduncu- Cisterna basalis

Nn. supraclaviculares Suprasternal nerves laris

anteriores Granulationes arachnoi. Pacchionian bodies

Nn. supraclaviculares Supraclavicular deales

medii

nerves Tela chorioidea Velum interpositum

Nn. supraclaviculares Supra - acromial triculi tertii Tela chorioidea

posteriores Tela choroidea inferior

N. dorsalis scapulæ Nerve to the rhomtriculi quarti

boids Nn.

intercosto- Intercosto humeral Cerebral Nerves.

brachiales N. oculomotorius Third nerve

N. thoracalis longus Nerve of Bell N. trochlearis

Fourth nerve

| N. thoraco-dorsalis Long subscapular N. trigeminus Fifth nerve

nerve Ganglion semi.

Gasserian ganglion

N. cutaneus brachii Lesser internal CUlunare (Gasseri)

medialis

taneous nerve N. naso-ciliaris

Nasal nerve

I N. cutaneus brachii Cutaneous branch of N. maxillaris Superior maxillary lateralis

circumflex nerve nerve

Fasciculus lateralis Outer cord (of plexus) N. meningeus (me- Recurrent menin- Fasciculus medialis Inner cord dius)

geal nerve

N. cutaneus anti- Cutaneous branch of N. zygomaticus Temporo - malar brachii lateralis

musculo-cutaneous nerve

nerve Rami alveolares Posterior superior N. cutaneus anti- Internal cutaneous superiores pos

dental
brachii medialis

nerve teriores

Ramus volaris

Anterior branch Rami alveolares su- Middle superior

Ramus ulnaris

Posterior branch periores medii

dental
N, axillaris

Circumflex nerve

ven

nerves

ven.

nerve

1

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Anterior choroidal

artery Auditory artery Transverse arteries

(branches of basilar

Heart. Atrium

Auricle Auricula cordis

Auricular appendix Incisura cordis

Notch at apex of

artery) Arteria

nervi phrenici Anterior intercostal

arteries Thyroid axis

heart Trabeculæ carneæ

Columnæ carneæ Tuberculum inter- Intervenous tubercle

of Lower Sulcus longitudinalis Anterior interven. anterior

tricular groove Sulcus coronarius

Auriculo - ventricular

groove
Limnbus fossæ ovalis Annulus ovalis
Valvula vena cave Eustachian valve
Valvula sinus coro-

Valve of Thebesius
Darii

comes

A. pericardia co.

phrenica
Rami intercostales

venosum

Truncus thyreo-cervi.

calis
A. transversa scapulæ
A. intercostalis

prema
A. transversa colli
A. thoracalis suprema

Suprascapular artery

uperio intercostal

A. thoraco-acromialis

Transversalis colli
Superior thoracic

artery
Acromio - thoracic

artery Long thoracic artery Dorsalis scapulæ

Arteries.
Sinus aortæ

Sinuses of Valsalva
A. profunda linguæ Ranine artery
A. maxillaris externa Facial artery
A. alveolaris inferior Inferior dental artery
Ramus meningeus ac- Small meningeal
cessorius

artery A. buccinatoria

Buccal artery A. alveolaris superior Posterior superior denposterior

tal artery Aa alveolares su - Anterior superior den

periores anteriores tal arteries Ramus carotico-tym.

Tympanic branch of panicus

int. carotid

A. thoracalis lateralis
A. circumflexa

sca pulæ
A. profunda brachii
A. collateralis radi.

alis
A. collateralis ulnaris

superior
A. collateralis ulnaris

inferior
Ramus carpeus vol-

aris

Superior profunda
Anterior branch of

superior profunda Inferior profunda

Anastomotica magna

Anterior radial carpal

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Posterior interosseous

artery
Posterior interosseous

recurrent artery
Anterior interosseous

artery
Posterior ulnar carpal
Anterior ulnar carpal
Palmar digital arteries

Collateral

branches

digital

A. interossea volaris

Ramus carpeus dorsalis
Ramus carpeus volaris
Aa. digitales volares

communes

Aa. digitales volares

propriæ Arteriæ intestinales

Lig.

Ven æ

ca v

A. suprarenalis media
A. hypogastrica
A. umbilicalis

A. pudenda interna
A. epigastrica inferior
A. spermatica externa
Aa. pudendæ externe

ar

A. circumflexa femoris

medialis A. circumflexa femoris

lateralis A. genu suprema A.

genu superior lateralis A. genu superior me.

dialis A. genu media

Collateral digital ar

teries
Intestinal branches of

sup. mesenteric
Middle capsular artery
Internal iliac artery
Obliterated hypo.

gastric
Internal pudic artery
Deep epigastric artery
Cremasteric artery
Superficial and deep

external pudic

teries
Internal circumflex

artery
External circumflex

artery
Anastomotica magna
Superior external

articular artery Superior internal

articular artery
Azygos articular

tery
Inferior external arti-

cular artery
Inferior internal arti-

cular artery
External malleolar

artery
Internal malleolar ar-

tery
Peroneal artery

Anterior peroneal

artery
Posterior peroneal

artery

Veins.
V. cordis magna

Great cardiac vein
obliqua atrii Oblique vein Mar-
sinistri

shall

Vestigial fold of Marsinistræ

shall
Vv. cordis minimæ Veins of Thebesius
Sinus transversus

Lateral sinus
Confluens sinuum

Torcular Herophili
Plexus basilaris

Basilar sinus
Sinus sagittalis su - Superior longitudinal
perior

sinus
Sinus sagittalis inferior Inferior longitudinal

sinus
Sinus spheno-parietalis

Sinus alæ parvæ
V. cerebri internæ

Veins of Galen
V. cerebri magna

Vena magna Galeni
V. terminalis

Vein of the corpus

striatum
V. basalis

Basilar vein
V. transversa scapulæ Suprascapular vein
V. thoraco-acromialis Acromio thoracic

vein
Vv. transversæ colli Transversalis colli

veins
V'. thoracalis lateralis

Long thoracic vein
V. azygos

Vena azygos major
V. hemiazygos

Vena azygos minor

inferior V. bemiazygos acces

minor soria

superior
V. hypogastrica

Internal iliac vein
V. epigastrica inferior Deep epigastric vein
V. saphena magna

Internal saphenous

vein V. saphena parva

External saphenous

vein

ar

Vena azygos

A. genu inferior later

alis A. genu inferior me.

dialis A. malleolaris an.

terior lateralis A. malleolaris an

terior medialis A. peronæa

Ramus perforans

A. malleolaris pos.

terior lateralis

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recess

THE VISCERA.
Digestive Apparatus.

Dentes præmolares

Dens serotinus Arcus glosso-pala- Anterior pillar of Papillæ vallatæ tinus

fauces Arcus pharyngo-pala- Posterior pillar of Recessus pharyngeus tinus

fauces Gl. lingualis anterior Gland of Nuhn

Tela submucosa Ductus submaxillaris Wharton's duct

Plicae circulares Gl. parotis accessoria Socia parotidis

Gl. intestinales Ductus parotideus Stenson's duct

Valvula coli (Stenonis)

Columnæ rectales

Bicuspid teeth
Wisdom tooth
Circumvallate pa

pille
Lateral

of pharynx Pharyngeal aponeurosis Valvulæ conniventes Crypts of Lieberkuhn Ileo-cæcal valve Columns of Morgagni

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Nose
Concha nasalis su-

prema (Santorini) Concha nasalis

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Highest turbinate

bone Superior turbinate

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY, OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Plicæ transversales recti Valves of Houston
Valvula spiralis

Valve of Heister
Noduli lymphatici Peyer's patches

aggregati (Peyeri) Intestinum jejunum Jejunum Intestinum ileum

Ileum Vodali lymphatici Malpighian corlicnales (Malpighii) puscles

Respiratory Apparatus. Larynx

Prominentia laryngea Adam's apple Incisura thyreoidea Superior thyroid superior

notch M. ary-epiglotticus Aryteno - epiglot

tidean muscle M. vocalis

Internal thyro-ary.

tenoid muscle M. thyreo - epiglot- Thyro - epiglottidean ticus

muscle Appendix ventriculi Laryngeal sac

laryngis
Plica vocalis

True vocal cord
Plica ventricularis

False vocal cord Ligamentum ventri. Superior thyro • ary. culare

tenoid ligament Ligamentum vocale

Inferior thyro - ary

tenoid ligament Glottis

Glottis vera
Rima vestibuli

Glottis spuria Cartilago thyreoidea Thyroid cartilage Membrana hyo. Thyro - hyoid memthyreoidea

brane Cartilago corniculata

Cartilage of Santorini
(Santorini)
Tuberculum epiglot- Cushion of epiglottis

ticum
Pars in termembran- Glottis vocalis

acea (rimæglottidis)
Pars intercartilaginea Glottis respiratoria

(rimæ glottidis) Conus elasticus (mem- Crico - thyroid membrana elasticæ

brane laryngis) Glandula thyreoidea Thyroid gland

THE SENSE ORGANS.

an

The Eye. Sclera

Sclerotic coat Lamina elastica

Bowman's membrane terior (Bowmani) Lamina elastica pos

perior
Concha nasalis media

bone
Middle turbinate

bone Inferior turbinate

bone

Concha nasalis in

ferior

Urogenital Apparatus.
Corpuscula renis

Malpighian corpuscles
Paradidymis

Organ of Giraldés Appendix testis

Hydatid of Morgagni

(male)
Ductus deferens

Vas deferens
Gl. urethrales

Glands of Littré
Glandula

bulbo - ure- Cowper's gland
thralis (Cowperi)
Folliculi oophori Graafian follicles

vesiculosi
Cumulus oophorus Discus proligerus
Tuba uterina

Fallopian tube
Epoophoron

Parovarium
Appendices vesiculosi Hydatids of Morgagni

(female) Ductus epoophori Gärtner's duct

longitudinalis
Orificium internum Internal os (of uterus)

uteri
Orificium externum External os
Processus vaginalis Canal of Nuck
Glandula vestibularis Bartholin's gland
major

Peritoneum.
Bursa omentalis

Lesser peritoneal sac
Foramen epiploicum Foramen of Winslow
Lig. phrenico - colicum Costo-colic ligament
Excavatio recto Pouch of Douglas

uterina (cavum

Douglasi)
Lig. gastro-lienale Gastro-splenic omentum

Tarsal glands

Meibomian glands

The Ear.

Descemet's membrane
terior (Descemeti)
Spatia anguli iridis Spaces of Fontana
Angulus iridis

Irido-corneal junction
Zonula ciliaris

Zonule of Zinn Septum orbitale

Palpebral ligament Fascia bulbi

Capsule of Tenon Commissura palpe. External canthus

brarum lateralis Commissura palpe. Internal canthus

brarum medialis Tarsus superior

Superior tarsal plate
Tarsus inferior

Inferior tarsal plate
Lig. palpebrale mediale Internal tarsal liga-

ment
Raphe palpebralis External tarsal liga-
lateralis

ment

Canalis semicircularis

lateralis
Ductus reuniens
Ductus cochlearis
Recessus sphæricus
Recessus ellipticus
Paries jugularis
Paries labyrinthica

Fenestra vestibuli

Fenestra cochleæ
Paries mastoidea

Antrum tympani.

cum
Paries carotica
Processus lateralis

External semicircular

canal
Canalis reuniens
Membranous cochlea
Fovea hemispherica
Fovea hemi-elliptica
Floor of tympanum
Inner wall

Fenestra ovalis

Fenestra rotunda Posterior wall

Mastoid antrumi

Anterior wall
Processus brevis

malleus)
Processus gracilis

(of

| Processus anterior

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