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Actions of muscles (contd.), of leg and foot, 435

of thigh, 421
Adamant, 1113, 1122

cells, 1245, 1247
cuticle, 1122
development of, 1247
formation of, 1247

germs, 1245
organs, 1245
prisms, 1122

Abnormalities of arteries (contd.) -

Addison's transpyloric plane, 1411
Adduction, 401
Adductor brevis muscle, 412

actions of, 412

nerve-supply of, 412
hallucis muscle, 434

action of, 434

nerve-supply of, 434
longus muscle, 411

testicular, 1053
ulnar, 1056

vertebral, 1055
Abnormalities of the heart, 1051
Abnormalities of the lymph vessels, 1060
Abnormalities of the vascular system, 1050
Abnormalities of veins, 1058

facial, posterior, 1059
hemiazygos veins, 1058
jugular, anterior, 1058

external, 1058
internal, 1058
of lower extremity, 1060
of upper extremity, 1059
vena azygos, 1058
vena cava inferior, 1059

superior, 1058
Abscesses of the scalp, 1357

abdominal, 1427

in back of thigh, 1457
Accessory nerve, 726

cerebral part of, 595
nucleus ambiguus, 595, 596
nucleus of origin of, 595
spinal part of, 595

surgical anatomy of, 1393
Accessory processes of vertebræ, 96
Acetabular artery, of obturator, 940; of medial

circumflex of thigh, 949
Acetabular fossa, 234
Acetabulum, 234
Achromatic spindle, 10, 13

substance, 8, 10
Acini, 1132
Acino-tubular glands, 1132
Acinous glands, 1132
Acoustic area and fibre tracts, 656

development of, 622
meatus of ear, external, lymphı vessels of, 1004

radiation, 643, 656
Acoustic nerve, 784

area acustica, 604
cochlear nerve, 604

central connexions of, 606
development of, 683
Deiters' nucleus, 605
divisions of, 604
dorsal cochlear nucleus of, 604
lateral nucleus, 605
origin of, 604
roots of, 784
spiral ganglion of, 604
superior nucleus, 605

ventral cochlear nucleus, 604
vestibular ganglion, 604
vestibular nerve, 604

Bechterew's nucleus, 605
dorsal vestibular nucleus, 604
nucleus of descending tract, 605

principal nucleus, 604
Acromial angle, 203
artery, 916

morphology of, 297
Acromio-clavicular joint, 318

ligaments of, 319
movements at, 319, 373
surgical anatomy of, 1444

topography of, 1444
Acromion, 200

surgical anatomy of, 1444
Actions of muscles of forearm, 401

actions of, 412
nerve-supply of, 412
surgical anatomy of, 1459

tenotomy of, 1459
magnus muscle, 412

actions of, 413
nerve-supply of, 413
relations, 413

surgical anatomy of, 1461
minimus muscle, 413
pollicis muscle, oblique part, 393

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393
transverse part, 393

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393
Adductor canal, 414
Adductor tubercle of femur, 242, 412

surgical anatomy of, 1459, 1461
Adenoids, 1385
Aditus ad antrum, Appendix A, 271

surgical anatomy of, 1365
laryngis, 1068
Adrenin, 1341
Adventitious ligaments, 305
Æquator bulbi oculi, 807

lentis, 820
Affenspalte, 660
Agger nasi, 803
Aggregated lymph glands, 1181
Agitator caudæ muscle, 415
Air-cells, ethmoidal, 140, 804, 1373

surgical anatomy of, 1372
of lung, 1099, 1101
mastoid, 133, 836, 1370

surgical anatomy of, 1370
Air-sinuses, 84, 183

frontal, 270, 1371
maxillary, 148, 188, 1378
nasal, 185
sphenoidal, 135, 183, 1373
Akanthion, 285
Akrocephalic skulls, 286
Ala cinerea, 551

lobuli centralis cerebelli, 575
magna ossis sphenoidalis, 134
nasi, 799
parva ossis sphenoidalis, 135
sacralis, 98
vomeris, 144
Alar folds of knee, 348

lamina of neural tube, 682
ligaments of epistropheus, 92, 311

process of ethmoid, 140
us of nose, 799
nen of ovum, 14
hal ovum, 14
ntary canal, 1104
ccessory digestive glands, 1106
nal canal, 1105, 1228, 1422
perture of larynx, 1105
scending colon, 1105, 1211, 1219
cum, 1105, 1211, 1213
escending colon, 1105, 1211, 1221, 1423
evelopment of, 41, 1249
uodenum, 1105, 1177, 1182
leum, 1105, 1208
liac colon, 1105, 1222, 1423
sthmus of the fauces, 1105, 1112, 1383,

1442
ejunum, 1105, 1210, 1420
mouth cavity, 1105, 1106, 1242
esophagus, 45, 1105, 1150, 1249, 1393,

1407
palate, 49, 174, 1105, 1110, 1379, 1384
pancreas, 47, 1106, 1203, 1426, 1439
parts of, 1105
pelvic colon, 1105, 1222, 1423
pharynx, 1105, 1140, 1242, 1383, 1396
primitive entodermal development of, 38
rectum, 1105, 1224, 1252, 1430
salivary glands, 1106, 1133, 1140, 1249
special organs found in walls of, 1105
stomach, 47, 1105, 1163, 1416
transverse colon, 1105, 1219, 1422
valve of colon, 1105, 1214, 1421

vermiform process, 1105, 1215, 1421
=phenoids, 136
evelopment of, 138
antoic arteries, 65
ody-stalk, 54
liverticulum, 38
stalk, 54
veins, 68
lantois, 38
lelomorphs, 19
veolar arch, 148, 1119
artery, anterior superior, 899

inferior, 899

posterior superior, 899
canal, inferior, 156, 157

posterior, 147
ducts of lungs, 1101
glands, 1133
index, 287
nerve, anterior superior, 777

inferior, 780
middle superior, 777

posterior superior, 775
point, 285
process, 148
veins, 968
Alveoli of glands, 1133
of jaws, 156

development of, 149, 157
pulmonum, 1101

of the teeth, 1119
Alveolo-dental periosteum, 1115, 1123
Alveolo-glossal sulcus, 1383
Alveus, 627
Ameloblasts, 1245
Amitosis, 9
Amnion, 54, 55

cavity of, 54, 60
distention of, 55

Amnion (contd.), false, 22

fluid, 63
fold, 22
formation of, 54, 60

true, 22
Amphiarthroses, 300

development of, 304
Ampulla ductus deferentis, 1292

duodeni, 1186
lacrimalis, 825
of lactiferous ducts, 1338
membranacea, 848
ossea, lateralis, posterior, superior, 844
of rectum, 1226, 1227
of semicircular canals, membranous, 848 ;

osseous, 844
of uterine tube, 1314
Amygdala (tonsil), 1145

of cerebellum, 575
Amygdaloid nucleus, 641

tubercle, 636
Anal canal, 1228

columns of, 1230, 1231
course of, 1229
development of, 48
hæmorrhoidal ring of, 1233
orifice of, 1232
relations of, 1229
sinuses of, 1231
structure of, 1229
transverse folds of, 1230

surgical anatomy of, 1430
tunica mucosa of, 1230
vessels of, 1233

white line of, 1430
veins, 1233
Anal part of rectum, 1228
Anal valves, 1231 ·
Analogy, 2
Anaphase, 10, 14
Anapophysis, 284
Anastomoses, arterial segmental, 1042
Anastomosis, 943, 951
Anastomotic arterial branches of brachial, 919

of femoral, 951
of inferior gluteal, 943

of vertebral, 971
vein of Trolard, 907
Anatomical neck of humerus, 205
Anatomy, 1

surgical, 1357
systematic, 4

topographical, 4
Anconæus muscle, 398

action of, 398

nerve-supply of, 398
Angeiology, 3
Angle or Angulus

acromial, 203
cephalo-auricular, 828
facial, 286
frontalis of parietal bone, 119
inferior lateral, of sacrum, 99
inferior scapulæ, 201
infracostal, 1407
infrasternal, 114
lateralis scapulæ, 201
of mandible, 155

differences in, due to age, 158

surgical anatomy of, 1392
mastoideus of parietal bone, 119
medialis scapulæ, 201

Angle or Angulus (contd.), occipitalis of parietal,

Antrum (contd.), tympanic, 191, 834, 836

development of, 44, 842
in frontal section of skull, 191
formation of, 842
openings into, 834, 836, 1369, 1371
relation of, to tympanum, 836
surface and surgical anatomy of, 1369,

1371
Anus, 1232

119
pubis, 217
of rib, 97, 98, 99, 100
sacro-vertebral, 109

sexual differences in, 238
sphenoidalis of parietal bone, 119

of the sternum, 107
Angular artery, 894

gyrus, 665

surface anatomy of, 1360
process of frontal bone, 115, 160, 166

surface and surgical anatomy of, 1364
spine of sphenoid, 136

vein, 967, 969
Animal cell, structure of, 7
Animal cells, division of, 9

amitotic, 9

mitotic, 9

reproduction of, 8
Ankle, surface and surgical anatomy of, 1464
Ankle-joint, 351

effusions into, 1464
line of, 1463
movements of, 353, 436

muscles producing, 436
nerves of, 731, 733
synovial layer of, 1464

surgical anatomy of, 1464
tendons around the, 1465
Annectant gyri of calcarine fissure, 660, 661

of interparietal sulcus, 664

of parieto-occipital fissure, 662
gyrus, deep, of central sulcus, 663
Annular ligament of base of sta pes, 841

of the radius, 326
plexus of cornea, 810
Annuli fibrosi cordis, 879
Annulus femoralis, 405
fibro-cartilagineus of membrana tympani,

834
fibrosus, 307
inguinalis abdominalis, 481, 483, 1408
inguinalis subcutaneus, 477, 1408

tympanicus, 142
Ano-coccygeal body, 1224

plexus, 738
Ano-cutaneous line, 491
Ansa hypoglossi, 698, 699, 794

lenticularis, 641
peduncularis, 545

subclavia, 759
Ante-cubital lymph glands, 759
Anterior ethioidal artery, 903

cells, 1373

skiagraphs of, 1373

surgical anatomy of, 1372
Anterior rami of spinal nerves, 692
Antibrachium, 382, 1450
Anticlinal vertebra, 101
Antihelix, 828

development of, 52

fossa of, 828
Antithesis in muscular action, 452
Antitragicus muscle, 829
Antitragus, 828

development of, 52
Antrum, maxillary, 149, 804, 1378

relation of molar teeth to, 1113, 1119

surgical anatomy of, 1378
pyloricum, 1169, 1173

changes in, during digestion, 1173

development of, 48
imperforate, 1223
sphincter ani externus, 1232

surgical anatomy of, 1430
Aorta, 884
abdominal, 885; surface and surgical ana-

tomy of, 1426
branches of, 886, 927
paired visceral, 927
ovarian, 928

branches of, 928
renal, 927
spermatic, internal, 928
suprarenal, 927

branches of, 927
testicular, 928

branches of, 928

relations of, 928
parietal, 933
unpaired visceral, 928

relations of, 886
abnormalities of, 1051
arch of, 884

abnormalities of, 1050
branches of, 885

abnormalities of, 1050
development of, 968, 1027, 1028
relations of, 885

surface anatomy of, 1405
ascending, 884

branches of, 884
development of, 68
relations, 884
surface anatomy of, 1405
bifurcation of, 1050

variations in, 1050
descendens, 885
branches of, 924
parietal, intercostal, 926

subcostal, 926
visceral, bronchial, 925

mediastinal, 925
æsophageal, 925

pericardial, 925
formation of, 67, 1027
morphology of, 1045, 1047

relations, 885
development of, 67, 1027
great sinus of, 884
primitive, branches of, 1027

development of, 67, 1027
dorsal, 65
formation of, 1027
morphology of, 1045, 1047
subdivision of, 884
ventral, 65
relations of, 884
sinuses of, 884
thoracic, 885
descending, 885

branches of, 924

vas aberrans of, 927
ventral, 1026, 1027

,

arches, 67, 1405
abnormalities of, 1050
branches of, 67
development of, 67, 1027, 1028
dorsal roots of, 67
first aortic arch, 65, 1027
morphology of, 67, 1046
segmental branches of, 104
ventral roots of, 67
- 1405
-, 1035
normalities of, 1051
ivision of, 1035
Eptum of, 1035
of mitral valve, 878
ning of diaphragm, 473
ning of heart, 878, 884

surface anatomy of, 1405
xus, 762, 765
ve, 878
tibule, 843
co-renal ganglion, 764
tura externa aquæductus cochleæ, 129,

845
externa aquæductus vestibuli, 843
eralis ventriculi quarti, 553
zdialis ventriculi quarti, 553
lvis (minoris) inferior, 237
superior, 236
riformis, 163

measurement of, 287
perior canaliculi tym pani, 129
horacis inferior, 114

superior, 114
ympanica canaliculi chordæ, 834
erture, laryngeal, 1068
ertures of abdominal cavity, 1157
ex auriculæ (Darwini), 828
capituli fibula, 250
olumnæ posterioris, 523
of heart, 872
of lung, 1092, 1398
ossis sacri, 99
patella, 245
prostatæ, 1302
pical bronchus, 1098
poneurosis, 364
epicranial, 447, 449
intercostal, 470
of palate, 1111
palmar, 384
pharyngeal, 1149
plantar, 423
vertebral, 437
1pophysis, submalleolar, 282
Ipparatus digestorius, 1103
lacrimalis, 824, 1377
respiratorius, 1061
urogenitalis, 1257
Appendages of skin, 858
Appendices of auricles, see Auricles

epiploicæ, 1211, 1212
testis, 1287

vesiculosi (Morgagni), 1287
Appendicular artery, 932, 1421

lymph gland, 1020, 1023
muscles, 365
skeleton, 82

morphology of, 294
vein, 1421
Appendix epididymidis, 1287
ventriculi laryngis, 1071

Aqueductus cerebri, 542, 545, 581, 584,

618
cochlee, 129, 845

development of, 37, 592
Aquæductus vestibuli, 843

external aperture of, 131
Aqueous humour, 821
Arachnoidea encephali, 670, 671

granulationes arachnoideales, 672

functions of, 673
spinalis, 670
Arachnoideal villi, 672
Arbor vitæ cerebelli, 577

uteri, 1317
Arch, alveolar, superior, 148

anterior, of atlas, 91
aortic, 884

abnormalities of, 1050
branches of, 67
development of, 67, 1027, 1028

surface anatomy of, 1405
caudal, 68

cephalic, 67, 1405
arterial, of wrist and hand, 923

branches of, 923
carpal, anterior (volar), 923, 924

dorsal, 920
dental, 146, 1119
femoral, deep, 405

superficial, 405
glosso-palatine, 1111, 1112, 1145
hyoid43
muscles produced from, 496

nerve of, 796
mandibular, 43

branchial muscles produced from, 496

nerve of, 796
palmar, deep, 923, 924

abnormalities of, 1055
morphology of, 1055

surgical anatomy of, 1454
superficial, 923, 924

abnormalities of, 1055
morphology of, 1055

surgical anatomy of, 1454
pharyngo-palatine, 1111, 1112, 1145
plantar, 954

abnormality of, 1057
morphology of, 1057

surgical anatomy of, 1465
posterior, of atlas, 91
superciliary, 116, 1374
thyreo-hyoid, 42, 43

muscles produced from, 496

nerve of, 796
transverse (osseous), of foot, 361
transverse, venous, of foot, 988
venous, dorsal, of foot, 988

morphology of, 1050
of hand, 978

morphology of, 1050
vertebral, 88

of fifth lumbar, variation in, 275
ossification of, 104, 105

serial homology of, 283
volar, deep, 924

branches of, 924
superficial, 924

branches of, 924
zygomatic, 167, 169

surgical anatomy of, 1364, 1365, 1375
Arches, alveolar, 148, 1119

Arches, aortic, 67, 1405

dorsal roots of, 1027
segmental branches of, 1042

ventral roots of, 1027
arterial, of wrist and hand, 924
axillary, 371

nerve-supply of, 371
of fauces, 1111, 1145
of foot, 361
superciliary, 116, 1374
tarsal, of eyelids, 823
visceral, 42, 43

muscles produced from, 496

relation of, to cerebral nerves, 796, 798
Architecture of bones-

bones of foot, 274
carpus, 272
clavicle, 271
femur, 273
fibula, 274
frontal bone, 270
hip-bone, 273
humerus, 272
lacrimal, 271
mandible, 271
maxilla, 271
metacarpus, 272
occipital bone, 270
parietal bone, 270
patella, 274
phalanges, 272
radius, 272
ribs, 270
scapula, 271
sphenoid, 271
sternum, 270
temporal, 271
tibia, 274
ulna, 272
vertebræ, 270
vomer, 271

zygomatic, 271
Arcuate eminence, 130, 133
fibres, external, 548, 563, 566

development of, 566
internal, 556, 560, 561

development of, 566
posterior external, 563
ligament of pubis, 338
nucleus of medulla, 551, 554

development of, 566
Arcus lumbo-costalis lateralis (Halleri), 472

medialis (Halleri), 472
senilis, 810
superciliaris, 116
tarseus inferior et superior, 823

tendineus m. levatoris ani, 491
Area of absolute cardiac dulness, 1398

acustica, 656, 657
amniotic, 54
aortic, 1405
bucco-pharyngeal, 27, 42
chorionic, 21
cochleæ, 844
embryonic, 22
facial, 846
mitral, 1405
motor, of the brain, 663
nervi facialis fundi meatus, 846
olfactory, 622
parasplenalis, 665
parastriata, 660

Area (contd.), parieto-occipital, 665

pericardial, 27, 65
peristriata, 666
piriformis, 624

of Rablet, 624
placental, 56
postrema, 551
præcentralis anterior, 666

intermedius, 666

posterior, 666
precentral, 666
pulmonary, 1405
sensory, 662
striata, 659
temporalis polaris, 657
tricuspid, 1405
vascular, 64
vestibularis inferior et superior, 846

visual, 658
Areas of Flechsig, 564
Areola mammæ, 1337
Areolar coat of liver, 1198
Areolar glands, 1337
Arlt, sinus of, 825
Arm, development of, 39

fasciæ of, 378
intermuscular septa of, 378
lateral bicipital furrow of, 1448
lymph vessels of, 1006
medial bicipital furrow of, 1447
medial supracondylar triangle of, 1447
muscles of, 378

surface and surgical anatomy of, 1447
Arrectores pilorum, 861
Arteria hyaloidea, 819
Arterial arches of wrist and hand, 923
Arteriola macularis inferior et superior,

818
nasalis retinæ inferior et superior,

818
temporalis retinæ inferior et superior,

818
Arteriolæ rectæ, 1269
Arterioles, capillary, 868
Artery or Arteries ; Arteria or Arteriæ, ste,

882
aberrant, 1054
abnormalities of, 1050
acetabular, of medial circumflex of thigh,

949
acetabuli (of obturator), 940
acromial, 916
allantoic, 65
alveolar, anterior superior, 899

inferior, 899
posterior superior, 899
anastomotic, of arteria suprema genu, 95 1
of inferior ulnar collateral of brachial,

919
of inferior gluteal, 942

of vertebral, 910
angular, 894
anonyma, 888
appendicular, 1421
arciform, 1269
articular, art, genu media, of popliteal, 932

of deep volar arch, 924
of dorsal carpal arch, 923
of lateral plantar arch, 357
lateral, of popliteal, 951

surgical anatomy of, 1461
of medial circumflex, 949

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