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Bone or Bones (contd.), tarsal, 254

thigh, 239
of thorax, 113
of upper limb, 197
vascular supply of, 87

of vertebral column, 87
Boundaries of abdominal cavity, 1155
Bowman, elastic lamina of, 810
Brachia conjunctiva, 33, 512, 542, 569, 578,

587
quadrigemina, 582
Brachial artery, 917

ligature of, 1448
surgical anatomy of, 1448
plexus, 700
branches of, 702

muscular of, 702
communications with sympathetic, 700
composition of, 700
pars infraclavicularis of, 703
pars supraclavicularis of, 702

branches of, 701
position of, 700
primary cords of, 700

secondary cords of, 701
Brachialis muscle, 381

action of, 381

nerve-supply of, 381
Brachio-radialis muscle, 396

action of, 396

nerve-supply of, 396
Brachium conjunctivum, 33, 512, 542, 569,

578, 587
quadrigeminum inferius, 582

essels (contd.), anastomoses of, 1233
para-thyreoid, development of, 44
timo-brachial, 44
ty, 22, 27
-r, 15, 19
k, 38, 54
-lline, 18
-lffian, 1329

or Bones, 81
-spaces of, 82
Cicular surface of, 83
Bertin, 139
pod-supply of, 87
regmatic, 277
naliculi of, 84
incellar tissue of, 83
arpal, 217
artilage, 83

of skull, 290
compact tissue of, 83
composition of, 82
descriptive terms, 82
diaphysis of, 85
diploe, 84
epiphyses of, 85

pressure and traction, 85
epiphyseal line of, 85
epipteric, 132, 145
of face, 146
flat, 82
of foot, 254
frontal, 115
fundamental lamellæ of, 84
growth of, 86, 87
of hand, 217
Haversian systems of, 84
of head, 115
hip, 228
irregular, 82
lamellæ of, 84

interstitial, 84
long, 82
of lower limb, 228
lymph vessels of, 87
marrow of, 83
medullary cavity of, 83
membrane, 83,

of skull, 292
metacarpal, 223
metatarsal, 265
of middle ear, 838
nerves of, 87
number of, 82
ossification of, 84, 85

in cartilage, 86

in membrane, 85
osteoblasts of, 85
periosteal membrane of, 84
periosteum of, 83
primary centre of, 84
primordial, 292
secondary, 292
sesamoid, of metacarpo - phalangeal joints,

228
of metatarso-phalangeal joint, 269
of peronæus longus, 269, 427
short, 82
of skull, 115
strength of, 83
structure of, 83

microscopic, 84
sutural, 145, 146

superius, 582
Brachycephaly, 284
Brachyfacial skulls, 286
Brachy-kerkic limbs, 289
Brachy-knemic limbs, 289
Brachy-uranic skulls, 287
Brain, 512, 589
aqueduct of, 584

development, 37, 592
arteries of, 904, 905
development of, 33, 514
flexures of, 514
lymph vessels of, 1003
meninges of, 667
mesencephalon, 33, 514, 516, 581
nature of the, 512
nerve-cells of, 584
nerve-fibres of, 588
neuroglia of, 511
prosencephalon, 514, 607

development of, 33, 514
rhombencephalon, 514, 515

development of, 33, 515

isthmus of, 515
veins of, 970
vesicles, primitive, 33

weight of, 667
Branchial arches, 43

relation of, to cerebral nerves, 796-798
muscles derived from, 496

nerves of, 795-797
bars, 42
ducts, 43

pouches, 42
Breast, 1336

bone, 106
Bregma, 172, 285

topography of, 1223

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Bregmatic bone, 277

fontanelle, 194
Broad ligament of uterus, 1318
bursa ovarica of, 1318

surgical anatomy of, 1434
Bronchi (dexter et sinister), 1082

apical, 1098
cardiac, 1098
cartilaginous rings of, 1082
development of, 1099
differences in calibre and direction in,

1083
distribution of, within the lung, 1097
dorsal branches in lung, 1097
eparterial, 1097
external branch of right, 1082
fibro-cartilaginous coat of, 1083
hyparterial, 1083, 1097
mucous membrane of, 1083
muscular coat of, 1081
relations of, 1083
in root of lung, 1097
structure of, 1098

Bulb of vestibule (contd.), surgical anatomy

topography of, 1402
Bronchial arteries, 1096

abnormalities of, 1052

morphology of, 1047
lymph glands, 1012, 1096
veins, 961

morphology of, 1049
Bronchioli, 1097
Brünner, glands of, 1179
Buccæ, 1109

corpus adiposum, 1109
lymph vessels, 1005

lymph glands of, 1005, 1109
Buccal branch of external maxillary artery,

894
glands, 1109
Buccinator artery of internal maxillary, 899
muscle, 451

action of, 452

nerve-supply of, 452
nerve of facial, 784

nerve of trigeminal, 779
Bucco-pharyngeal area, 27, 42

fascia, 1149

membrane, 25, 27
Buds, taste, 854, 1128

limb, 39
Bulb, aortic, 884

abnormality of, 1051
division of, 1035
septum of, 1035
of

corpus cavernosum urethre, 1308, 1427
of eye, 807, see also Bulbus

equator of, 807
fascia of, 807
optic axis of, 807
poles of, 807
sulcus scleræ of, 807

tunics of, 807
of hair root, 860
of jugular vein, 964
olfactory, 622, 623
of posterior cornu of lateral ventricle, 635
of urethra, 1308

artery of, 942
surgical anatomy of, 1427
of vagina, 1326
of vestibule, 1326

artery, 942

of, 1427
Bulbo-cavernosus muscle, 487
Bulbo-urethral glands, 1286, 1304
Bulbus aortæ, 884

cornu posterioris, 635
oculi, 806

anterior chamber of, 813
bursa of 452, 807
coats of, 807
dimensions of, 807
equator of, 807
fascia of, 807
lymph vessels of, 1004
muscles of, 453
nerves of, 773
nervous tunic of, 808, 814
optic axis of, 807
poles of, 807
posterior chamber of, 813
refracting media of, 819
sclero-corneal junction of, 806
shape of, 807
sulcus scleræ of, 809

tunica vasculosa of, 810
olfactorius, 622, 623
pili, 860
urethræ, 1308, 1427

vestibuli, 1326
Bulla ethmoidalis, 185, 803
Bundle, see Fasciculus or Tract
Burdach, see Fasciculus cuneatus
Burns, space of, 967
Bursa or Bursæ, 364

of coraco-clavicular ligament, 319
of eyeball, 452, 807
of flexor carpi radialis, 386 --
under hyoid bone, 1066
of ilio-psoas, 410, 341

surgical anatomy of, 1459
at knee-joint, 348

surgical anatomy of, 1460
of muscles of arm, 378-382

of back, superficial, 365-369
of back of forearm, 396-400
of back of leg, 428-431
of back of thigh, 419-421
of buttock, 415-418
of front of leg, 424-426
of front of thigh, 406-414

of shoulder, 323, 324
omental, 1162, 1238

anterior wall of, 1240
gastro-pancreatic folds of, 1240
lienal folds of, 1240
posterior wall of, 1240
recessus inferior of, 1240

superior of, 1240
vestibulum of, 1238
of peroneal muscles, 427
pharyngea, 1143
przepatellaris subcutanea, 1460
at shoulder-joint, 323
subacromial, 323
subcutaneous, 364
subtendinous, 364
subscapular, 323

thecal, varieties of, 303
Buttock, fasciæ of, 402

bony points of, 1455
muscles of, 414

actions of, 415-418

k, muscles of (contd.), nerve-supply of,
15-418
gical anatomy of, 1455
artery, 932
As, 1218
sæ, 1218
m, 1213
celopment of, 48
nensions of, 1213
tal, 48, 1217
Eantile, 1217
sition of, 1213
lations of, 1213
ructure of, 1215
rgical anatomy of, 1421
pes of, 1215, 1217
ssels of, 1217
cum cupulare cochleæ, 849
estibulare, 849
amus scriptorius, 550
caneal medial artery, 955
canean facets, 259

nerve, medial, 734
caneo-cuboid joint, 357
ligaments of, 357

functions of, 361
position of, 1464

surgical anatomy of, 1464
lcaneo-fibular ligament, 352
lcaneo-metatarsal ligament, 423
alcaneo-navicular ligaments, 355

function of, 355

surgical anatomy of, 1464
alcaneo-taloid joint, 354

position of, 1464

surgical anatomy of, 1464
Calcaneus, 259

facets of, 259
plantar surface of, 209
processes of, 259
sustentaculum of, 260
trochlear process of, 260

tuber of, 260
Calcar avis, 635, 659

femorale, 274
Calcarine artery, 908

fissure, 660
Calyces renales, 1268

development of, 1331
Camera oculi, 820

anterior, 821

posterior, 821
princeps of His, 1169
Canal or Canalis

adductor (Hunteri), 405, 414
alimentary, 1104

primitive, 41
alveolar, 147
anal, 1228

development of, 48
orifice of, 1232
relations of, 1229
surgical anatomy of, 1430

vessels of, 1233
for Amold's nerve, 129
atrio-ventricular, 1033
auditory, 128, 176, 837
basi-pharyngeal, 175
carotid, 129, 176, 177

relation of, to tympanum, 271
variation in, 278

Canal or Canalis (contd.), central, of cochlea,

846
of medulla oblongata, 564
of spinal medulla, 564

development of, 35
of cervix uteri, 1317
condyloid, 177
cranio-pharyngeal, 135

closure of, 290
of epididymis, see Ductus
ethmoidal, see Foramen
facialis, 129, 130, 833
hiatus of, 130

condition of, at birth, 133
femoral, 405
Haversian, 84
of Huguier, 125

relation of, to tympanum, 834
hyaloid, 826

development of, 826
hypoglossal, 177
infraorbital, 147, 162
inguinal, 483

surgical anatomy of, 1408
innominate, 137
lacrimal, membranous, 825

development of, 827
osseous, see C. of naso-lacrimal duct
mandibular, 156
musculo-tubarius, 128, 176, 837
of naso-lacrimal duct, 143, 147, 187
neural, 88
neurenteric, 23, 26
of Nuck, 1319
obturator, 338
palatine, anterior, 149

greater, 151
lesser, 152
superior openings of, 152
of Petit, 819
pharyngeal, 138, 152, 175
pleuro-pericardial, 72
portal, 1200
pterygo-palatine, 147, 151
pterygoid, 138, 180, 192
pyloric, 1169, 1173
radicis dentis, 1114, 1115
reuniens, 51, 854, see also Ductus
sacral, 99
semicircular, 847
spheno-vomerine, 279
spiralis cochleæ, 845
of Stenson, 1109
for tensor tympani muscle, 128
tympanic, 129
urogenital, 1328
vertebral, 88
zygomatico-orbital, 154

zygomatico-temporal, 154
Canaliculus or Canaliculi, bile, 1199

of bone, 84
carotico-tympanic, 129
innominate, 137
mastoid, 129

tympanic, 129
Canine fossa, 146
teeth, 1115

eruption of, 1120
Caninus muscle, 451

action of, 454
Capillaries, 867

blood, structure of, 868

Capillary arterioles, 868

Carotid artery, external (contd.), morphology

of, 1047
surgical anatomy of, 1391
internal, 900

abnormalities of, 1054
development of, 67

morphology of, 1047
canal, 129

relation of, to tympanum, 271

variation in, 278
glomus, 1343
groove, 135
lymph glands, 1009
plexus, 757, 758
sheath, 447
triangle, 1390, 1391

tubercle, 1393
Carpal arch, dorsal, 923

volar, 920, 922
artery, anterior radial, 919

ulnar, 921
posterior radial, 920

ulnar, 921
bones, 217

architecture of, 272
ossification of, 223

variations in, 280
joints, 329

movements at, 334
nerves to, 705, 713
synovial stratum of, 331

transverse, 380
Carpale, os, 280
Carpo-metacarpal joints of finger, 332
Carpus, as a whole, 222

bones of, 217
bony parts about the, 1451

ossification of, 223
Cartilage-Cartilago—Cartilagines-

1

genu of, 642

lymph vessels, 1042

veins, 867
Capitular process, 284
Capitulum of humerus, 208

of mandible, 156
of radius, 214

of ulna, 214
Capsula adiposa of kidney, 1259

articularis of joints, 302
externa, 644
fibrosa (Glissoni), 1198
interna, 642
pars frontalis, 642

occipitalis, 642
Capsular arteries of liver, 933
Capsule, external, 644

of Glisson, 1198
glomerular, 1266
internal, 642

acoustic radiation fibres of, 643, 656
anterior limb of, 642
cerebro-spinal tract of, 462
fasciculus cerebro-rubricus of, 643
fronto-pontine fibres of, 642
lenticulo-caudate part of, 642
lenticulo-thalamic part of, 642
optic radiation fibres of, 643, 658
posterior limb of, 642
retro-lenticular part of, 643
sublenticular part of, 642
temporo-pontine fibres of, 643
of joints, 302

of lens, 819
Caput angulare m. quadrati labii superioris, 451

epididymidis, 1287
infraorbitale m. quadrati labii superioris, 451
of posterior column of spinal medulla, 523
zygomaticum m. quadrati labii superioris,

451
Cardia, 1164

topography of, 1416, 1417, 1439
Cardiac bronchus, 1098

dulness, 1398
ganglion of Wrisberg, 790
lobe of lung, 1098
nerves of sympathetic, inferior, 759

middle, 759
superior, 757
of vagus, 789
notch of lung, 1095
plexus, 790

portion of stomach, 1163, 1172, 1173
Cardiac veins, 959
Cardinal veins, anterior, 1038

morphology of, 1048

posterior, 1040
Carina vaginalis, 1323
Carotid artery, common, 889

abnormalities of, 1054
development of, 67
morphology of, 1047
surgical anatomy of, 1386, 1389,

1391
left, 889

abnormalities of, 1054
right, 890

abnormalities of, 1054
external, 891

abnormalities of, 1054
development of, 67

alares minores, 800
alaris major, 800

lateral crus of, 800

medial crus of, 800
articular, 83
arytænoid, 1064
auricular, 829
bones, 86

of skull, 290
corniculate, 1065
costal, 113

joints of, 315

topography of, 1407
cricoid, 1063

development of, 1100
ossification of, 1065

surgical anatomy of, 1388
cuneiform, 961, 1068
epiglottic, 1065
of larynx, 1064

development of, 1100
meatus acustici, 829
of Meckel, 157, 841
nasal, 800

greater alar, 800
lateral, 800
lesser alar, 800
of septum, 800

processus sphenoidalis of, 801

vomerine, 801
parachordal, 290
of pinna, 829
prechordal, 290

Cartilago---Cartilagines (contd.) -
nert, 159
Drini, 1065
nar, 347
cal anatomy of, 1460, 1461
um of the nose, 800
id, of arytænoid, 1065
id, of the nose, 800
1378
id, 1062
elopment of, 1100
fication of, 1065
gical anatomy of, 1388
eal, 1081
Pa, 1066
To-nasalis (Jacobsoni), 801
bid, 108, 109
ginous cranium, 290
ebral column, 103
ula lacrimalis, 821
ulæ hymenales, 1322
tiformes, 1322
cer, passage of female, 1435
- epididymidis, 1287
ina, 519
iæ dentatæ, 629
icis, 829
al arches, 68
1, 38, 48

Cells, basal, of olfactory mucous membrane, 804

of marrow,

Tves, 678

ate lobe of liver, 1192
cleus, 635, 637
ernous arteries, 902
exus, 759, 766
nus, 975
itas glenoidalis, 201
ity, amniotic, 54, 55
andibular, of temporal bone, 125, 167

condition of, at birth, 133
masal, development of, 50
of scapula, 201
segmentation, 21
sigmoid, of usna, 211
vum abdominis, 1155
articulare, 300
conchæ, 827
dentis, 1114
epidurale, 669
Meckelii, 771
medullare, 83
nasi, 183, 801
oris, 1106

proprium, 1107
pelvis, 237, 1157
peritonæi, 1412
pharyngis, 1141
pleuræ, 1083
Retzii, 493
septi pellucidi, 628, 632
subarachnoideale, 671
subdurale, 670
thoracis, 1083
mediastinum, dorsal, 1090

ventral, 1090
tympani, 832

uiteri, 1317
Cell, period of life, 10

period of resting stage, 10
Cell-body, 8
Cell-mass, inner, 21
intermediate, 21

history of, 21

basket, 580
body of, 8
ethmoidal, 140, 804
relation of, to orbit, 1373

to nasal fossæ, 1373
surgical anatomy of, 1372
germinal, 502

of neural tube, 36
life, period of, 10
lymph, 906

83
mastoid, 133, 836, 1370

surgical anatomy of, 1370
nerve, 16, 497, 506,
nucleus of, 8
olfactory, 804, 805
reproduction of, 8
reproductive, 11
spermatocytes, 16

supporting, 16
Cellulæ ethmoidales, 140, 804

mastoideæ, 133, 836, 1370
Cement (substantia ossea), 1123

development of, 1245
Central arteries of middle cerebral, 905

of posterior cerebral, 908

of retina, 903
canal of medulla oblongata, 564
gray matter of medulla oblongata, 564
gyri, 654
lobule of cerebellum, 575
lymph vessels of hand, 1009
point of perineum, 1427

sulcus of insula, 654
Centrale, os, of wrist, 290
Centres, medullary, of cerebral hemispheres,

644, 647
of ossification, 85, 86
Centrioles, 8
Centrosome, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14
Centrum tendineum, 472

of vertebra, 88
Cephalic aortic arches, 65, 68, 1027, 1028, 1029,

1030, 1034
morphology of, 1047
flexure of brain, 514
fold, 37
index, 284
myotomes, 30
part of sympathetic, 756
somites, 28

vein, 978
Cephalo-auricular angle, 828

variations in, 830
Cerato-hyal, 159
Cerebellar artery, anterior inferior, 907

anterior superior, 907

posterior inferior, 907
tracts, 534, 536, 578
spino-cerebellar, anterior, 536, 537

posterior, 537
Cerebellar veins, 971
Cerebello-olivary tract, 556, 563
Cerebellum, 570

alæ lobuli centralis, 575
amygdala of, 575
arbor vitæ of, 577
arrangement of gray and white matter of,

576
association fibres of, 578
biventral lobule, 575

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