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Blood-vessels (contd.), anastomoses of, 1233
Body, para-thyreoid, development of, 44
ultimo-brachial, 44
cavity, 22, 27
polar, 15, 19
stalk, 38, 54
vitelline, 18
Wolffian, 1329
Bone or Bones, 81
air-spaces of, 82
articular surface of, 83
of Bertin, 139
blood-supply of, 87
bregmatic, 277
canaliculi of, 84
cancellar tissue of, 83
carpal, 217
cartilage, 83

of skull, 290
compact tissue of, 83
composition of, 82
descriptive terms, 82
diaphysis of, 85
diploe, 84
epiphyses of, 85

pressure and traction, 85
epiphyseal line of, 85
epipteric, 132, 145
of face, 146
flat, 82

of foot, 254
frontal, 115

fundamental lamellæ of, 84
growth of, 86, 87

of hand, 217

Haversian systems of, 84
of head, 115
hip, 228

irregular, 82
lamellæ of, 84
interstitial, 84
long, 82

of lower limb, 228
lymph vessels of, 87

marrow of, 83

medullary cavity of, 83
membrane, 83,

of skull, 292
metacarpal, 223
metatarsal, 265
of middle ear, 838
nerves of, 87
number of, 82
ossification of, 84, 85
in cartilage, 86
in membrane, 85
osteoblasts of, 85

periosteal membrane of, 84
periosteum of, 83

primary centre of, 84
primordial, 292
secondary, 292

sesamoid, of metacarpophalangeal joints,

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of metatarso-phalangeal joint, 269
peronæus longus, 269, 427

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short, 82

of skull, 115

strength of, 83

structure of, 83
microscopic, 84
sutural, 145, 146

quadrigemina, 582
Brachial artery, 917

ligature of, 1448

surgical anatomy of, 1448

plexus, 700

branches of, 702

muscular of, 702

communications with sympathetic, 700

composition of, 700

pars infraclavicularis of, 703
pars supraclavicularis of, 702
branches of, 701
position of, 700
primary cords of, 700
secondary cords of, 701
Brachialis muscle, 381
action of, 381
nerve-supply of, 381
Brachio-radialis muscle, 396

action of, 396
nerve-supply of, 396

Brachium conjunctivum, 33, 512, 542, 569,

578, 587

quadrigeminum inferius, 582
superius, 582
Brachycephaly, 284
Brachyfacial skulls, 286
Brachy-kerkic limbs, 289
Brachy-knemic limbs, 289
Brachy-uranic skulls, 287
Brain, 512, 589
aqueduct of, 584

development, 37, 592
arteries of, 904, 905
development of, 33, 514
flexures of, 514

lymph vessels of, 1003
meninges of, 667

mesencephalon, 33, 514, 516, 581

nature of the, 512
nerve-cells of, 584
nerve-fibres of, 588
neuroglia of, 511
prosencephalon, 514, 607
development of, 33, 514
rhombencephalon, 514, 515
development of, 33, 515
isthmus of, 515

veins of, 970

vesicles, primitive, 33
weight of, 667

Branchial arches, 43

relation of, to cerebral nerves, 796-798

muscles derived from, 496

nerves of, 795-797

bars, 42

ducts, 43

pouches, 42
Breast, 1336
bone, 106

Bregma, 172, 285
topography of, 1223

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development of, 1099

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differences in calibre and direction in,

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distribution of, within the lung, 1097
dorsal branches in lung, 1097
eparterial, 1097
external branch of right, 1082 are
fibro-cartilaginous coat of, 1083
hyparterial, 1083, 1097

mucous membrane of, 1083
muscular coat of, 1081
relations of, 1083

in root of lung, 1097nit
structure of, 1098
topography of, 1402
Bronchial arteries, 1096

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abnormalities of, 1052
morphology of, 1047
lymph glands, 1012, 1096
veins, 961

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morphology of, 1049
Bronchioli, 1097
Brünner, glands of, 1179
Buccæ, 1109
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lymph vessels, 1005
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nerve-supply of, 452

nerve of facial, 784

membrane, 25, 27

Buds, taste, 854, 1128
limb, 39

Bulb, aortic, 884

glands, 1109

Buccinator artery of internal maxillary, 899
muscle, 451

action of, 452

equator of, 807

fascia of, 807

optic axis of, 807

nerve of trigeminal, 779

Bucco-pharyngeal area, 27, 42
fascia, 1149

poles of, 807

sulcus scleræ of, 807

tunics of, 807

of hair root, 860

of jugular vein, 964
olfactory, 622, 623

abnormality of, 1051

division of, 1035
septum of, 1035

of corpus cavernosum urethra, 1308, 1427

of eye, 807, see also Bulbus

surgical anatomy of, 1427

of vagina, 1326

of vestibule, 1326

artery, 942

of posterior cornu of lateral ventricle, 635

of urethra, 1308

artery of, 942

thecal, varieties of, 303
Buttock, fascia of, 402
bony points of, 1455
muscles of, 414

actions of, 415-418

at shoulder-joint, 323
subacromial, 323
subcutaneous, 364
subtendinous, 364
subscapular, 323

Buttock, muscles of (contd.), nerve-supply of,

415-418
surgical anatomy of, 1455
Cecal artery, 932
folds, 1218
fosse, 1218
Cacum, 1213
development of, 48
dimensions of, 1213
foetal, 48, 1217

infantile, 1217
Position of, 1213
relations of, 1213
structure of, 1215

Surgical anatomy of, 1421
types of, 1215, 1217
vessels of, 1217

Cecum cupulare cochleæ, 849
vestibulare, 849
Calamus scriptorius, 550
Calcaneal medial artery, 955
Calcanean facets, 259

nerve, medial, 734
Calneo-cuboid joint, 357
ligaments of, 357

functions of, 361
position of, 1464
surgical anatomy of, 1464
Calcaneo-fibular ligament, 352
Calneo-metatarsal ligament, 423
Calcaneo-navicular ligaments, 355

function of, 355

surgical anatomy of, 1464
Calneo-taloid joint, 354
position of, 1464

surgical anatomy of, 1464

Calcaneus, 259

facets of, 259
Pantar surface of, 209
Processes of, 259

stentaculum of, 260
ochlear process of, 260
uber of, 260
Car avis, 635, 659
emorale, 274
Clarine artery, 908
fissure, 660
Calyces renales, 1268
development of, 1331
mera oculi, 820

anterior, 821
posterior, 821
princeps of His, 1169
Canal or Canalis

adductor (Hunteri), 405, 414
alimentary, 1104
primitive, 41
alveolar, 147
anal, 1228

development of, 48
orifice of, 1232
relations of, 1229

surgical anatomy of, 1430
vessels of, 1233

for Arnold's nerve, 129
atrio-ventricular, 1033
auditory, 128, 176, 837
basi-pharyngeal, 175
carotid, 129, 176, 177
relation of, to tympanum, 271
variation in, 278

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Buttock, muscles of (contd.), nerve-supply of, | Canal or Canalis (contd.), central, of cochlea,

415-418

846

surgical anatomy of, 1455

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of medulla oblongata, 564
of spinal medulla, 564
development of, 35
of cervix uteri, 1317
condyloid, 177
cranio-pharyngeal, 135
closure of, 290
of epididymis, see Ductus
ethmoidal, see Foramen
facialis, 129, 130, 833
hiatus of, 130

condition of, at birth, 133
femoral, 405
Haversian, 84

of Huguier, 125

relation of, to tympanum,
hyaloid, 826

834

development of, 826
hypoglossal, 177
infraorbital, 147, 162
inguinal, 483

surgical anatomy of, 1408
innominate, 137
lacrimal, membranous, 825
development of, 827

osseous, see C. of naso-lacrimal duct
mandibular, 156

musculo-tubarius, 128, 176, 837
of naso-lacrimal duct, 143, 147, 187
neural, 88

neurenteric, 23, 26
of Nuck, 1319
obturator, 338

palatine, anterior, 149

greater, 151
lesser, 152

superior openings of, 152
of Petit, 819
pharyngeal, 138, 152, 175
pleuro-pericardial, 72
portal, 1200

pterygo-palatine, 147, 151
pterygoid, 138, 180, 192
pyloric, 1169, 1173

radicis dentis, 1114, 1115

reuniens, 51, 854, see also Ductus
sacral, 99
semicircular, 847
spheno-vomerine, 279

spiralis cochleæ, 845
of Stenson, 1109

for tensor tympani muscle, 128

tympanic, 129
urogenital, 1328
vertebral, 88

zygomatico-orbital, 154

zygomatico-temporal, 154

Canaliculus or Canaliculi, bile, 1199

of bone, 84

carotico-tympanic, 129

innominate, 137

mastoid, 129

tympanic, 129
Canine fossa, 146
teeth, 1115

eruption of, 1120
Caninus muscle, 451
action of, 454
Capillaries, 867
ļ blood, structure of, 868

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Cells, basal, of olfactory mucous membrane, 804
basket, 580
body of, 8

ethmoidal, 140, 804

relation of, to orbit, 1373
to nasal fossæ, 1373
surgical anatomy of, 1372
germinal, 502

of neural tube, 36
life, period of, 10
lymph, 906

of marrow, 83
mastoid, 133, 836, 1370
surgical anatomy of, 1370

nerve, 16, 497, 506,
nucleus of, 8
olfactory, 804, 805
reproduction of, 8
reproductive, 11

spermatocytes, 16
supporting, 16

Cellulæ ethmoidales, 140, 804
mastoideæ, 133, 836, 1370
Cement (substantia ossea), 1123
development of, 1245

Central arteries of middle cerebral, 905

of posterior cerebral, 908

of retina, 903

canal of medulla oblongata, 564

gray matter of medulla oblongata, 564
gyri, 654

lobule of cerebellum, 575

lymph vessels of hand, 1009
point of perineum, 1427
sulcus of insula, 654
Centrale, os, of wrist, 290

Centres, medullary, of cerebral hemispheres,

644, 647

of ossification, 85, 86
Centrioles, 8

Centrosome, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14

Centrum tendineum, 472

of vertebra, 88

Cephalic aortic arches, 65, 68, 1027, 1028, 1029,

1030, 1034

morphology of, 1047

flexure of brain, 514

fold, 37

index, 284

myotomes, 30

part of sympathetic, 756
somites, 28
vein, 978

Cephalo-auricular angle, 828

variations in, 830
Cerato-hyal, 159

Cerebellar artery, anterior inferior, 907

anterior superior, 907
posterior inferior, 907

tracts, 534, 536, 578

spino-cerebellar, anterior, 536, 537
posterior, 537
Cerebellar veins, 971

Cerebello-olivary tract, 556, 563
Cerebellum, 570

alæ lobuli centralis, 575

amygdala of, 575
arbor vitæ of, 577

arrangement of gray and white matter of,

576

Cartilage-Cartilago--Cartilagines (contd.)—

of Reichert, 159

of Santorini, 1065
semilunar, 347

surgical anatomy of, 1460, 1461

of septum of the nose, 800
sesamoid, of arytenoid, 1065
sesamoid, of the nose, 800
tarsal, 1378
thyreoid, 1062

development of, 1100
Ossification of, 1065
surgical anatomy of, 1388
tracheal, 1081

triticea, 1066

vomero-nasalis (Jacobsoni), 801
xiphoid, 108, 109
Cartilaginous cranium, 290

vertebral column, 103
Caruncula lacrimalis, 821
Carunculæ hymenales, 1322
myrtiformes, 1322

Catheter, passage of female, 1435
Cauda epididymidis, 1287
equina, 519

fasciæ dentatæ, 629
helicis, 829

Caudal arches, 68
fold, 38, 48
nerves, 678

Caudate lobe of liver, 1192

nucleus, 635, 637
Cavernous arteries, 902
plexus, 759, 766
sinus, 975

Cavitas glenoidalis, 201
Cavity, amniotic, 54, 55

mandibular, of temporal bone, 125, 167

condition of, at birth, 133
nasal, development of, 50
of scapula, 201
segmentation, 21

sigmoid, of ulna, 211
Cavum abdominis, 1155
articulare, 300

conchæ, 827

dentis, 1114
epidurale, 669
Meckelii, 771

medullare, 83
nasi, 183, 801
oris, 1106

proprium, 1107
pelvis, 237, 1157
peritonæi, 1412

pharyngis, 1141
pleuræ, 1083
Retzii, 493

septi pellucidi, 628, 632
subarachnoideale, 671
subdurale, 670

thoracis, 1083

mediastinum, dorsal, 1090
ventral, 1090

tympani, 832
uteri, 1317

Cell, period of life, 10

period of resting stage, 10
Cell-body, 8

Cell-mass, inner, 21
intermediate, 21
history of, 21

association fibres of, 578
biventral lobule, 575

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