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Cerebellum (contd.), brachium conjunctivum | Cerebral cortex (contd.), association fibres of,
of, 569

648
commissural fibres of, 578

auditory area of, 656
connections of peduncular fibres, 578

band of Baillarger of, 644, 645
corpus dentatum of, 576

of Bechterew of, 645
culmen monticuli, 575

of Martinotti of, 645
declive monticuli of, 575

commissural fibres of, 647
development of, 33

connexion of, with thalamus, 612
fissure, postnodular, of, 571

gray layers of, 645
horizontal, of, 573

layer of polymorphic cells of, 645
post-tonsillar, 573

of pyramidal cells of, 645
pyramidal of, 573

lymph vessels, 1003
supra-pyramidal, 573

nerve-fibres of, 645
fissures of, 571, 572, 573

olfactory area of, 625
prima, 572

projection fibres of, 651
secunda, 572, 573

stratum zonale of, 645
development of, 571

stria of Gennari of, 644
flocculus, 571, 575

structure of, 644
folium vermis of, 572

thickness of, 644
furrowed band of, 576

topography of, 1359
gray matter of, 576

visual area of, 658
hemispheres of, 571, 574

white layers of, 644
surgical anatomy of, 1363

hemispheres, 620
incisura anterior, 574

association fibres of, 648
posterior, 574

basal ganglia of, 637
inferior vermis of, 574

borders of, 647
lingula cerebelli, 575

claustrum of, 641
lobes of, 575

commissural fibres of, 647
lobes on inferior surface of, 575

corpus callosum of, 629
lobes on superior surface of, 575

cortex of, 644
lobules of, 575

development of, 34, 621, 623
lobulus centralis, 575

external configuration of, 646
gracilis, 576

fimbria of, 627
medullary velum of, anterior, 549

fissures of, 653
posterior, 576

form of, 646
minute structure of, 579

frontal pole of, 647
monticulus, 574

general structure of, 644
nodulus, 571

gray matter of, 644
notches of, 514

groove for transverse sinus on, 647
origin of, 515

gyri of, 654
nucleus emboliformis of, 577

impressio petrosa of, 647
dentatus, 576

incisura longitudinalis, 540
fastigii, 577

internal capsule of, 642
globosus, 577

intimate structure of, 644
paraflocculus, 571

island of Reil of, 654
peduncles of, 577

sulcus circularis of, 654
brachium conjunctivum, 577, 578

lateral fossa of, 655
pontis, 577, 578

level of lower margin of, 1359
restiform body, 577, 578

limen insulæ of, 654
origin of fibres of, 578

lobes of, 665
in sections of pons, 576

nerves, list of, 678, 767
posterior inferior lobule, 575

development of, 682
postlunar sulcus of, 573

nuclei of, 637, 638
pyramid of, 576

occipital pole of, 647
roof nucleus of, 577

opercula of, 685
structure and connexions of, 576

poles of, 647
sulcus valleculae, 575

primary olfactory function of, 517
development of, 571

projection fibres of, 651
superior vermis of, 574

Rolandic angle of, 662
tonsil of, 573, 575

septum pellucidum of, 628
tuber vermis of, 575

development of, 628
uvula of, 507, 576

structure of, 644
vallecula of, 574

sulci of, 653
vermis of, 572, 574

surfaces of, 646
white matter of, 576

surgical anatomy of, 1360
Cerebral artery, anterior, 904

temporal pole of, 647
abnormalities of, 1053

veins, 970
middle, 905

ventricles of, 549, 616, 632
posterior, 908

white matter of, 647
surgical anatomy of, 1365

Cerebral nerves, 767
cortex, 644, 646

Ist nerve, olfactory, 767
association centres of, 645

2nd nerve, optic, 768

1

al nerves (contd.), 3rd nerve, oculo-

motor, 769
4th nerve, trochlear, 770
5th nerve, trigeminal, 771
6th nerve, abducens, 781
7th nerve, facial, 781
8th nerve, acoustic, 784
9th nerve, glossopharyngeal, 785
10th nerve, vagus, 786
ilth nerve, accessory, 791

12th nerve, hypoglossal, 793
abducens nerve, nucleus of, 600
accessory nerve, nucleus of, 595
acoustic nerve, 604

deep connexions of, 592

dorsal, nuclei of, 597
facial nerve, intrapontine course of, 599

nuclei of, 598
glossopharyngeal, nuclei of, 596

gustatory nuclei of, 597
hypoglossal nerve, nucleus of 594
nervus intermedius, nuclei of, 598
nuclei of, lateral somatic, 593

medial somatic, 592
of origin, or motor nuclei of,

592
splanchnic, 593

terminal, 593
oculomotor nerve, 603
trigeminal nerve, nuclei of, 600
trochlear nerve, 602
vagus, nuclei of, 596

splanchnic nuclei of, 598

Cervical nerves, posterior rami of (contd.),

third, 690
fourth to sixth, 690

seventh and eighth, 690
pleura, 1398
plexus, 694

communicating branches of, 697
deep branches of, 696
morphology of, 700

muscular branches of, 696
ribs, 93, 275, 1375

serial homology of, 283
sympathetic, 756

development of, 681

surgical anatomy of, 1393
veins, 964

vertebræ, 90, 93
Cervix columnæ posterioris, 523
uteri, 1316

arbor vitæ of, 1317
glands of, 1320
mucous membrane of, 1320
muscular coat of, 1320
supra-vaginal portion of, 1316
vaginal portion of, 1316

surgical anatomy of, 1434
Chamæcephalic skulls, 286
Chamæprosope, 286
Chamber, anterior, of eye, 813

development of, 825

endothelium of, 810
posterior, of eye, 813

recesses of, 818
Cheek bone, 153
Cheeks, 1109

buccal fatty body, 1109
glands of, 1109
lymph vessels of, 1005
Chest, 1395
Chiasma opticum, 619
Chiene's lines, 1359
Choanæ, 175, 185, 190

surgical anatomy of, 1246
Chondro-cranium, 290
Chondro-epitrochlearis muscle, 371
Chondro-glossus muscle, 462

action of, 463
Chopart's amputation, 1464
Chorda obliqua (of forearm), 328
tympani nerve, 782

origin of, 598
Chordæ tendineæ, 877

Willisii, 974
Chordal portion of skull, 290
Chorioid plexuses of fourth ventricle, 553, 636
Chorioidea (contd.), nerves of, 814

tractus solitarius, 597
vesicles, 514
erebro-spinal fluid, 1003
nervous system, 497

ganglionic part of, 511
gray matter of, 512
medullary part of, 507
nerve-cells of, 506
nerve-fibres of, 508
nerves of, 505
neuroglia of, 511
neurons of, 503

white matter of, 512
Cerebrum, 620

frontal region of the, 665
parietal region of the, 662
Cerumen, 832
Ceruminous glands, 832
Cervical artery, ascending, 910

morphology of, 1047
deep, 914

morphology of, 1047
transverse, 911
canal of uterus, 1317
fascia, 447

surgical anatomy of, 1385
flexure of neural tube, 514, 515

of brain, 514
ganglion, inferior, 759

surgical anatomy of, 1393, 1398
middle, 759
superior, 756
glands of uterus, 1320
lymph glands, 1000

surgical anatomy of, 1392
nerves, 688, 692
posterior rami of, 688

first, 688
second, 689

development of, 552
of lateral ventricle, 635

development of, 635

of inferior horn of, 636
of third ventricle, 617
Chorioidal artery, anterior, 904

posterior, 908
fissure of brain, 621, 636, 637, 675
of eye, 826

development, 826
veins, 970
Chorioidea, 810

development of, 825
lamina basalis of, 811, 812

chorio-capillaris of, 811
supra-chorioidea of, 811
vasculosa of, 811

pigment of, 814
proper tissue of, 811
spatium perichorioidale of, 808
stratum intermedium of, 811

ta petum of, 812
Chorion, 21, 53, 57

frondosum, 60

læve, 54, 60
Chorionic area, 21

plate, 58
vesicle, 55
villi, 58

absorbing, 59

anchoring, 59
Chromaffin cells, 32
Chromatin, 8

organs, 32
skein, 10
Chromogenic cells, 1331-32
Chromophil bodies, 1342
system, 1341

development of, 1343
Chromosomes, 8, 10, 11, 79

object of the reduction of, 18
Chyme, 1163
Cilia, 823
Ciliary arteries, 903

anterior, 813, 903
long, 813
posterior, 903

short, 903
body, 812

orbiculus of, 812
border of iris, 814
bundle of orbicularis palpebrarum, 450
ganglion, 773

development of, 699
morphology of, 701
motor root, 773
sensory root, 773
splanchnic efferent fibres of, 604
sympathetic root of, 773
glands, 861
muscle, 813
nerves, distribution of, on cornea, 808
in chorioid and iris, 814

innervation of, 604
entrance of, into eyeball, 814
long, 814

short, 814
processes, 812

veins, 814
Cingulum of brain, 649
extremitatis inferioris, 228

superioris, 197
of teeth, 1116
Circular sinus, 974

sulcus, 654
Circulation, fatal, development of, 63, 71
Circulus arteriosus, 908

major of iris, 813

minor of iris, 813
tonsillaris, 1147
Circum-anal glands, 1280
Circumduction, movement of, 303, 323, 436
Circumflex artery, anterior, of the humerus,

917
lateral, of the thigh, 949

surgical anatomy of, 1447
medial, of the thigh, 949
posterior, of the humerus, 903

Circumflex artery, posterior (contd.), surgical

anatomy of, 1447
iliac artery, deep, 945

surgical anatomy of, 1445

superficial, 947
vein, deep, 988

superficial, 989
nerve, 710

surgical anatomy of, 1447
Cisterna basalis, 672

cerebello-medullaris, 671
chiasmatis, 672
chyli, 996, 997
interpeduncularis, 672
magna, 671

surgical anatomy of, 1362
pontis, 672
Cisternæ subarachnoideales, 671
Classification of joints, 299
Claudius, cells of, 850
Claustrum, 641
Clava, 547
Clavicle, 197

acromial end of, 199
architecture of, 271
articulations of, 317
coracoid tubercle of, 198
costal tuberosity of, 199
deltoid tubercle, 198
morphology of, 199
ossification of, 199
shaft, 198
surgical anatomy of, 1444

variations in, 279
Clavicular artery, 916

facet of sternum, 107
nerves, 695

morphology of, 700
Cleft, branchial, 42

gluteal, 1455
olfactory, 1378
palate, 1379
pharyngeal, 42
urogenital, 1324
visceral, 42

nerves of, 796, 798

stages of, at different ages, 42, 44, 52
Cleido-mastoid muscle, 458
Cleido-occipital muscle, 458
Clinoid process, anterior, 135

middle, 135

posterior, 135
Clitoris, 1326

arteries of, 1326
body of, 1326
bone of, 1326
corpora cavernosa of, 1326
crura of, 1326
development of, 1336
dorsal vein of, 942
frenulum of, 1326
glans of, 1326
prepuce of, 1326
septum corporum cavernosorum of, 1326
suspensory ligament of, 1326

vessels and nerves of, 1326
Clivus monticuli cerebelli, 575
Cloaca, 48

entodermal, 39
Cloacal fossa, 48

membrane, 39
Closing mouth, muscles of, 458

ot, 1465
tion in joints, 303
al artery, 935
lion, 753, 763
us, 1355
es, 691
118, 738
ebræ, 99
K, 99
rua of, 99
fication of, 106
ea, 844
læductus cochleæ, 845
a, 844
litory teeth of Huschke of, 830
se of, 844
silar membrane of, 849, 850
nales spirales cochleæ, 845
ista basilaris of, 849
ista semilunaris, 845
ipula of, 844
evelopment of, 51
uct, 848, 849
oramen centrale, 844
oramina nervosa of, 849
ganglion spirale cochleæ, 845
hair cells of, 851
hamulus laminæ spiralis, 845
helicotrema of, 845
lagena of, 849
lamina spiralis ossea, 845
lamina spiralis secundaria, 845
ligament, spiral, of, 849
limbus laminæ spiralis of, 849
membrana basilaris of, 845
membrana vestibularis of, 849
membranous, 848
modiolus of, 844
prominentia spiralis of, 849
scala tympani, 845
scala vestibuli, 845
spiral canal of, 845
spiral organ of, 849, 850
stria vascularis of, 849
sulcus spiralis externus, 849
sulcus spiralis internus of, 849
tractus spiralis foraminosus, 844
tunnel of Corti, 850
vas prominens of, 849
Cochlear
nucleus, 604

development of, 684
Cochleariform process, 128
Celiac artery, 928

abnormalities of, 1053
morphology of, 1047

surgical anatomy of, 1426
ganglia, 763
lymph glands, 1021
plexus, 763, 765
Cælom, 22, 71

embryonic, 27, 71, 72, 73
extra-embryonic, 22, 53, 57, 71
Colic artery, left, 932

middle, 932

right, 932
impression of liver, 1189, 1192
lymph glands, 1021
valve, 1214
vein, left, 993

middle, 992
right, 992

Collar bone, 197
Collateral digital artery of foot, 955

of hand, 924
Collateral eminence, 637

fissure, 662

nerve-fibres, 534
Collecting tubules, renal, 1266
Colles, perineal fascia of, 1427
Colliculi, origin of, 516
inferiores, 585

functions of, 586
nervi optici, 814
superiores, 620

functions of, 586
stratum griseum of, 586

lemnisci of, 586
opticum of, 586

zonale of, 586
Colon, 1211

appendices epiploicæ of, 1211, 1212
ascending, 1217, 1219

length, 1219
position, 1219
relations, 1219

topography of, 1422
cæcum of, 1211
descending, 1211, 1221

length of, 1221
relations of, 1221

topography of, 1423
dimensions of, 1211
haustra of, 1212
iliac, 1222

course of, 1222
relations of, 1222
topography of, 1423
left Hexure of, 1211

level of, 1439

topography of, 1422
mesentery of, 1219
nerves of, 1213
pelvic, 1222

length of, 1223
mesentery of, 1219
in new-born child, 1223
position of, at birth, 1223
relations of, 1223
structure of, 1223
surgical anatomy of, 1423

variations in course of, 1223
plicæ semilunares of, 1212
right flexure of, 1211

level of, 1439

topography of, 1422
sacculi of, 1212
signoid flexure of, 1211
sigmoideum (pelvic), 1222
structure of, 1212
tæniæ of, 1179
transverse, 1219

position of, 1220
relations of, 1220

topography of, 1422
valve of, 1214

vessels of, 1212
Column, anterior, of spinal medulla, 528

of Burdach, 522, 533
of fornix, 615
of Goll, 522, 533
lateral, of spinal medulla, 529
membranous vertebral, 102
posterior, of spinal medulla, 537

nerve, 785

Column, posterior, of spinal medulla (contd.), ' Condylic foramina, 122, 123, 124
neck of, 523

fossa, 122
vertebral, 87

surface of tibia, 247
Columnæ carneæ, 877

Condyloid joints, 301
griseæ, 523

Cone of attraction, 20
rectales, 1230

bipolars of retina, 817
renales (Bertini), 1265

granules of retina, 817
rugarum vaginæ, 1323

retinal, 817
Columns of Bertin, 1265

development of, 827
of fornix, 34, 615

Confluens sinuum, 968, 973
of the rectum, 1230

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, 473
of spinal medulla, 523

Coni vasculosi, 1289
“Comma tract,” 533

development of, 1204
Commissural fibres, cerebellar, 578

Conical papillæ, 1126
cerebral, 616, 631

Conjugal ligament of ribs, 314
Commissure, anterior, of brain, 616, 628, Conjunctiva, 823
647

fornices of, 823
olfactory portion of, 647

nerves of, 823, 824
tempora) portion of, 647

ocular, 821
anterior gray, of spinal medulla, 539

palpebral and bulbar, 823
dorsal, of brain, 31

plica semilunaris of, 821
gray, of spinal medulla, 539

surgical anatomy of, 1377
of Gudden, 619, 769

vessels of, 823, 824
habenularum, 615

Connexions, central, of olfactory nerves,
of the hippocampus, 627, 648

623
labiorum pudendi anterior, 1324

of the corpus striatum, 639
posterior, 1324

of thalamus, 612
of lips, 1108

Conoid ligament, 319
medial and lateral, of eye, 821

functions of, 319
of optic tract, 619

tubercle, 198
development of, 609

Constrictor muscles of pharynx, 464
palpebrarum, 821

actions of, 467
lateralis, 821

development of, 496
medialis, 821

nerve-supply of, 465
posterior, of brain, 614, 615, 631

inferior, 465
development of, 609

middle, 464
of spinal medulla, 539

superior, 464
of vulva, 1324

of urethra, 488
of spinal medulla, 539

Conus arteriosus, 876
white, anterior, of spinal medulla, 539

elasticus, 1066
Common iliac artery, ligature of, 1426

level of, 1442
peroneal nerve, surgical. anatomy of, surgical anatomy of, 1388
1461

medullaris, 518
Communicating artery, anterior, of brain, level of, 519
904

structure of, 526
of deep palmar arch, 924

vasculosus, 1289
peroneal, 953

Convoluted tubules of kidney, 1266
posterior, of brain, 904

Convolutions of cerebrum, 653
abnormalities of, 1056

Cor, 870
tibial, 953

Coraco-acromial ligament, 320
of volar interosseous, 922

Coraco-brachialis muscle, 378
Compact tissue of bone, 83

action of, 380
Compound glands, 1132

nerve-supply of, 380 *
Compressor bulbi muscle, 487

surgical anatomy of, 1446, 1447
hemispheriorum bulbi, 487

superior or brevis, 379
naris muscle, 450

Coraco-clavicular ligament, 319
urethræ membranaceæ muscle, 488

Coraco-glenoid ligament, 322
Concentric corpuscles of Hassall, 1351

Coraco-humeral ligament, 322
Concha auriculæ, 827

Coracoid process, 201
nasalis inferior, 142

morphology of, 295
media, 141

topography of, 1445
superior, 141

variations of, 280
Conchæ, ethmoidal, 141

Cord, gangliated, of sympathetic, 753
inferior, 142

umbilical, 55
ossification of, 143

Cords of brachial plexus, 700
sphenoidales, 139

branches of, 702
Condyle of femur, lateral, 243

formation of, 700
medial, 243

morphology of, 741
of humerus, 207

Corium, 857
of jaw, 156

papillæ of, 857
occipital, 122

stratum papillare of, 857
third, 278

reticulare of, 857

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