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Cornea, 808

annular plexuses of, 810
anterior elastic lamina of, 810
arcus senilis of, 810
blood-vessels of, 810
cell spaces, 810

endothelium of anterior chamber, 810
filtration angle of, 809
lacunæ, 810

ligamentum pectinatum of iris, 810
nerves of, 810

posterior elastic lamina of, 810
scleral spur, 810

spatia anguli iridis of, 810
structure of, 809

substantia propria, 810
sulcus circularis, 809

vascular and nervous supply, 810
Cornicula laryngis, 1065
Cornu ammonis, 625, 626, 636
anterius ventriculi lateralis, 633
inferius ventriculi lateralis, 633
inferius fossæ ovalis, 403
majus oss. hyoidei, 159
minus oss. hyoidei, 159
posterius ventriculi lateralis, 635
bulb of, 635

superius fossæ ovalis, 403
Cornua coccygea, 99
sacralia, 97

of fossa ovalis, 403

of thyreoid cartilage, 1062
of uterus, 1320

Corona dentis, 1114
glandis, 1298

radiata, 631, 644
Coronal suture, 164
synostosis of, 197
Coronary arteries of face, 894

surgical anatomy of, 1379
of heart, 887

abnormalities of, 1051
of stomach, 929

abnormalities of, 1053
morphology of, 1047
Coronary ligament of liver, 1195, 1196

plexus, 765
sinus, 959

abnormalities of, 1057
development of, 1032
morphology of, 1050
opening of, 875
veins of heart, 959

of stomach, 991, 1176
Coronoid fossa of humerus, 208
process of mandible, 156

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surface anatomy of, 1375
of ulna, 210

Corpora mamillaria, 541, 615

connexions of, 615
development of, 34, 608
peduncles of, 615

relation of, to third ventricle, 616

quadrigemina, 542, 582

brachia of, 582

connexion of, with cochlear nerve, 586

with thalamus, 586

development of, 34

lemniscus-fibres of, 586, 590

origin of, 516

structure of, 586
inferior, 585

Corpora mamillaria, quadrigemina, inferior
(contd.), connexion of, with lateral
lemniscus, 590

superior, 586

connexion of, with optic tract, 620
with optic radiation, 586, 620
Corpus adiposum bucca, 446
albicans of ovary, 1313
callosum, 628, 629, 647
absence of, 588, 590
development of, 628
forceps major of, 631
genu of, 630
occipital part of, 631
radiation of, 631

rostrum of, 630
splenium of, 628, 630

striæ longitudinales mediales of, 630
laterales of, 630

morphology of, 630
superior surface of, 629
tapetum of, 631
trunk of, 630
cavernosum clitoridis, 1326
penis, 1298

urethræ, 1298, 1300, 1427
ciliare, 812
dentatum cerebelli, 576
epididymidis, 1287
fornicis, 629

geniculatum laterale, 620

connexion of, with optic radiation, 620

with optic tract, 620
development of, 608
structure of, 613
mediale, 619

connexion of, with acoustic radiation, 656
with lateral lemniscus, 607

with medial root of optic tract, 619

development of, 608
glandulare prostatæ, 1303
Highmori, 1288
hypothalamicum, 613
linguæ, 1124
luteum, 1313
mandibulæ, 155
maxillæ, 146
ossis ischii, 232
pubis, 233

sphenoidalis, 133
paraterminale, 626, 628
pineale, 614
restiforme, 547

spongiosum penis, 1298, 1300
surface anatomy of, 1427

sterni, 106
striatum, 638

connexions of, 639
development of, 622
functions of, 639
morphology of, 638
vein of, 635

trapezoideum, 606
of cerebellum, 576
of pons, 606
vertebræ, 88
vitreum, 819
Wolffi, 1329

Corpuscles, blood, origin of, 64
concentric, of Hassall, 1351
of Golgi and Mazzoni, 865
of Grandry, 864

1496

Corpuscles (contd.), of Krause, 863
lymph, 993

Malpighian, of spleen, 1353
of kidney, 1266

of Meissner, 865

of Pacini, 864

of Ruffini, 865

tactile, 863
of Wagner, 865

Corrugator cutis ani muscle, 486, 1229

supercilii muscle, 450

action of, 452
Cortex, cerebral, 644
renal, 1265

Corti, spiral ganglion of, 845, 852
organ of, 849, 850

cells of Claudius of, 850, 851
of Hensen of, 850, 851
development of, 853
hair-cells of, 850, 851
lamina reticularis of, 850, 851
membrana tectoria of, 850, 851
pillars of, 850

rods of, 850

space of Nuel of, 852

supporting cells of, 850, 851

fibres of, 851

phalangeal processes of, 851
tunnel of, 850

Cortical system, 1343
Corticifugal projection strands of brain, 652

Cortico-pontine tract, 653

in internal capsule, 642
in mid-brain, 591
in pons, 555

Costa, 109

floating, 109
spuriæ, 109
veræ, 109

Costal cartilages, 113
joints of, 315

topography of, 1407

demi-facets of thoracic vertebræ, 93

pleura, 1084, 1085
transverse epiphyses, 106
zone of abdomen, 1158
Costo-central joints, 313
Costo-chondral joints, 315
topography of, 1398

Costo-clavicular ligament, 318, 319
Costo-colic ligament, 1220
Costo-coracoid ligament, 369

membrane, 369

Costo-iliac space, 1437
Costo-sternal joints, 315
Costo-transverse joints, 314
ligaments, 314

Costo-vertebral joints, 313
Costo-xiphoid ligaments, 316
Cotyloid ligament, 340
notch, 232

INDEX.

absence of, 281
Coxa, 339

Cranial fossa, anterior, 179, 183, 188, 189
middle, 180, 183, 190, 191
posterior, 182, 183

Cranio-cerebral topography, 1359
central sulcus of Rolando, 1360
lateral cerebral fissure, 1360
parieto-occipital fissure, 1360
Rolandic area, 1360
transverse sinus, 1360

Craniology, 284
Craniometry, 284
Cranio-pharyngeal canal, 135

closure of, 290
Cranium, 115

articulations of, with vertebral column, 310
base of, 179

bony landmarks of, 1358
capacity of, 284
cartilaginous, 290
cerebrale, 115
circumference of, 286
height of, 286
membranous, 290
sinuses of, 972

surgical anatomy of, 1357, 1359
thickness of, 1359

trabecular portion of, 290
veins of, 969, 972
vertebral portion of, 290
viscerale, 115
Cremaster muscle, 480

nerve-supply of, 484
Cremasteric artery of inferior epigastric, 944

of internal spermatic, 928
fascia, 480, 483, 1297
Crescents of Gianuzzi, 1132
Crest, anterior, of fibula, 252
of tibia, 248

conchal, of maxilla, 148
of nasal bones, 145

of palate, 151
ethmoidal, 151
falciform, 131
frontal, 117, 179
iliac, 228, 238

topography of, 1442, 1455
incisor, 149

infra-temporal, 137, 167, 168
interosseous, of fibula, 252

of radius, 215

of tibia, 248

of ulna, 212
lacrimal, posterior, 143
lateral, of fibula, 252
neural, 32, 500, 679
obturator, 233
occipital, external, 121
internal, 121
pubic, 233

sexual difference of, 238
topography of, 1408
sacral, articular, 97
lateral, 98
median, 97
sphenoidal, 135
supra-mastoid, 125
of tibia, anterior, 248
urethral, 1306
zygomatic, 154
Cribrous fascia, 403
lamina, 139

relation of, to cranial fossa, 179
to nasal cavity, 184, 187
Crico-arytenoid joint, 1066
muscles, 1072, 1074

actions of, 1072, 1074
Cricoid cartilage, 1063
arch of, 1063
development of, 1100
lamina of, 1063
ossification of, 1065

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Decussatio (contd.), transverse, of pons, 578
Defæcation centre, 1233
Deferent duct, 1289, 1290
ampulla of, 1292

Degeneration, ascending, 532
descending, 532
Wallerian, 532

Deglutition, movements in, 467
Deiters, nucleus of, 605
supporting cells of, 857
Deltoid ligament, 352
muscle, 337-

action and nerve-supply of, 374
topography of, 1447

tubercle, 207

Demilunes of Gianuzzi, 1132
Dendrites, 507, 509

of cells of cerebellum, 580, 581

of cerebral cortex, 645

of spinal medulla, 528

of sympathetic ganglia, 704
development of, 36, 504, 512
function of, 498

Dens serotinus, 146
Dental arches, 1119
formula, 1114
index, 287

lamina, 1244, 1245
Dentate nucleus, 576, 577

Dentes or Teeth, 1113

canine, 1117

corona of, 1114
deciduous, 1121
incisive, 1115

molar, 1117

permanent, 1115
præmolar, 1117

Dentition, diphyodont, 1248
heterodont, 1248

homodont, 1248

of lower races, 1248
polyphyodont, 1248
typical mammalian, 1248
Depression in presternum, 108
Depressor alæ nasi muscle, 450
septi muscle, 450
Dermal teeth, 1244
Dermic skull, 292
Dermis, 856

Descendens hypoglossi nerve, 698, 794
Descending degeneration, 532

palatine artery, 899

Descent of the testis, 1295

gubernaculum testis, 1295

processus vaginalis peritonei, 1295

rudimentum processus vaginalis, 1295

Descriptive terms, 4
Deutoplasm of ovum, 14, 79
Development, 7

of adamant and ivory, 1247
of adamant organs, 1245
of alimentary canal, 41, 1249

of alveolar canal, 149, 157

of anal canal, 48

of anterior cardinal veins, 1038

of anterior commissure of spinal medulla, 34

of aortic arches, 67, 1027, 1028

of appendicular skeleton, 294

of arcuate fibres, 566

of arteries of the limbs, 1031

of atrio-ventricular canal, 1033

of auditory ossicles, 841

Development (contd.), of auditory tube, 52
of the bladder (urinary) 1328, 1332

of blood-vascular system, 1025

of brain, 33, 34, 512, 514

of branches of dorsal aorta, 1029

of bulbo-urethral glands, 1335

of cæcum and vermiform process, 1251
of cerebellum, 33, 571

of cerebral hemispheres, 34, 512, 621

of cerebral nerves, 593, 682, 796

of chondro-cranium, 290

of chromaphil system, 1343

of cortical system of glands, 1341
of dermal teeth, 1244

of descending aorta, 67, 1028

of digestive system, 1242

of division of the atrium, 1033

of division of primitive ventricle, 1035

of dorsal maxillary process, 1252

of ducts of Cuvier, 1035

of ductus venosus, 1038

of ep-oöphoron, 1328

of external ear, 52, 53

of external genital organs, 1328, 1335
of eye, 825

of female urethra, 1333

of first blood-vessels, 1025

of foramen epiploicum, 1253

of gastro-intestinal glands, 1250

of generative ducts, 1334

in the female, 1335
in the male, 1334

of genital eminence, 1335

of glomus caroticum, 1343

of glomus coccygeum, 1355

of great anastomotic vein (of Trolard), 1040

of greater omentum, 1253

of greater vestibular glands, 1335

of hairs, 862

of head, 495

of heart, 65, 70, 1025, 1031

of hypophysis cerebri, 49

of interventricular septum, 1035
sulcus, 1035

of intestine, 1250

of joints, 304

of labyrinth, 853

of larynx, 1100

of left superior intercostal vein, 1040

of limbs, 39

of liver, 1254

of lower lip, 1244

of lumbar veins, 1041

of lungs, 1101

of male urethra, 1332

of mamma, 1339

of medulla, 536

of mesencephalon, 33, 34, 592

of mesogastrium, 1252

of metencephalon of head, 495

of mouth, 1242

of muscles of limbs, 495

of nails, 862

of neck, 42

of nerve-cells, 35, 498

of nose, 49

of esophagus, 1249

of palate, 49

of pancreas, 1255

of parathyreoid glands, 1349

of par-oophoron, 1328

of parotid glands, 1244

ipment (contd.), of pericardium, 72, 74
fenpheral nerves, 679

peritoneum, 1252
of pharynx, 1242
failtrum, 1244
finna, 52
of placenta, 56
ef pons (Varolii), 33, 514, 592
Portal system, 1036, 1037
f posterior cardinal veins, 1040
rimary foramen ovale, 1033
f primitive aorta, 67, 1027
f primitive cerebral veins, 1039
frimitive dorsal aorta, 1025
of primitive pharynx, 1248
primitive veins, 1026
f prostate, 1335

of quadrigeminal bodies, 34, 592

f rectum, 1252

of renal veins, 1041

of respiratory apparatus, 1099
of salivary glands, 1249

of sebaceous glands, 862
-f secondary foramen ovale, 1034
f sensory cells, 500

..f septum primum, 1033
cf sptum secundum, 1033
of sexual glands, 1333
female, 1334
male, 1333

of sinus venosus, 1032
of skeletal muscles, 495
cof skin, 861

f spinal medulla, 31, 33

of spinal nerves, 679

of spleen, 1253, 1355

of stomach, 1249

of submaxillary and sublingual glands, 1249

of sudiferous glands, 862

f superior vena cava, 1040
of suprarenal glands, 32, 1343

of sympathetic
of teeth, 1244

system, 681

of thymus, 1351
of thyreoid gland, 1348

of tongue, 1949

of tonsil, 1249

of trachea, 1100

of transverse sinus, 1040

of tympanic cavity, 52

of umbilical and iliac arteries, 1030

of umbilical veins, 1036, 1037

of upper lip, 1242

of ureter and permanent kidney, 1331

of uro-genital organs, 1327

of veins, 1035

of venous valves, 1032

of ventral mesentery, 1252
of vitelline veins, 1036
Diagonal sulcus, 666
Diameter obliqua pelvis, 238
transversa pelvis, 238
Diaphragm, 471

actions of, 474
anomalies of, 473
arch of, 1439
central tendon of, 472
crura of, 471
development of, 74
foramen vena cava of, 472
foramina in, 472
formation of, 74

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Development (contd.), of pericardium, 72, 74

of peripheral nerves, 679
of peritoneum, 1252

of pharynx, 1242

of philtrum, 1244

of pinna, 52

of placenta, 56

of pons (Varolii), 33, 514, 592
of portal system, 1036, 1037
of posterior cardinal veins, 1040
of primary foramen ovale, 1033
of primitive aorta, 67, 1027
of primitive cerebral veins, 1039
of primitive dorsal aorta, 1025
of primitive pharynx, 1248

of primitive veins, 1026
of prostate, 1335

of quadrigeminal bodies, 34, 592
of rectum, 1252

of renal veins, 1041

of respiratory apparatus, 1099

of salivary glands, 1249

of sebaceous glands, 862

of secondary foramen ovale, 1034

of sensory cells, 500

of septum primum, 1033
of septum secundum, 1033
of sexual glands, 1333
female, 1334

male, 1333

of sinus venosus, 1032

of skeletal muscles, 495

of skin, 861.

of spinal medulla, 31, 33

of spinal nerves, 679

of spleen, 1253, 1355

of stomach, 1249

of submaxillary and sublingual glands, 1249

of sudiferous glands, 862

of superior vena cava, 1040

of suprarenal glands, 32, 1343

of sympathetic system, 681
of teeth, 1244

of thymus, 1351

of thyreoid gland, 1348

of tongue, 1249

of tonsil, 1249

of trachea, 1100

of transverse sinus, 1040

of tympanic cavity, 52

of umbilical and iliac arteries, 1030

of umbilical veins, 1036, 1037

of upper lip, 1242

of ureter and permanent kidney, 1331

of uro-genital organs, 1327
of veins, 1035

of venous valves, 1032
of ventral mesentery, 1252
of vitelline veins, 1036
Diagonal sulcus, 666
Diameter obliqua pelvis, 238
transversa pelvis, 238
Diaphragm, 471

actions of, 474

anomalies of, 473
arch of, 1439

central tendon of, 472
crura of, 471

development of, 74
foramen venæ cavæ of, 472

foramina in, 472
formation of, 74

Diaphragm (contd.), hernia of, 473
hiatus aorticus of, 472
hiatus œsophageus, 473
lumbo-costal arches of, 472
middle arcuate ligament of, 472
nerve-supply of, 474
openings in, 473

pars costalis of, 471
parts of, 471

relation of, to abdominal cavity, 1439
surgical anatomy from the back, 1439
pelvic, 493
Diaphragma sellæ, 669

urogenitale, 489, 491
Diaphragmatic arteries of aorta, 933

of inferior phrenic, 933
of musculo-phrenic, 913
of pericardiaco-phrenic, 913
ganglion, 765

line of pleura, 1088, 1399, 1401
lymph glands, 1011, 1013, 1024
pleura, 1085

plexus, 765

Diaphysis of bone, 85
Diapophysis, 284
Diarthroses, 301

development of, 304
Diencephalon, 541, 608
development of, 34
parts derived from, 609

Differences between jejunum and ileum, 1209

Digastric fossa, 155

muscle, 461

action of, 463

development of, 496
nerve-supply of, 461

triangle, 1391
Digestive system, 1103

development of, 1242
modifications of, 1103
parts of, 1104

Digital arteries of foot, 955, 958
of hand, 920, 924
morphology of, 1048
surgical anatomy of, 1454
depressions, 105, 108
flexor sheaths, 1453
sheaths of fingers, 388, 389
of toes, 430

veins of foot, 988

of hand, 978

morphology of, 1049
Digits, rudiments of the, 40
Digitus post minimus, 295
Dilatator pupillæ, 815
Dilator naris muscle, 450

tubæ muscle, 838
Diphyodont dentition, 1248
Diploe of bone, 84
Diploic veins, 969
Disc, interpubic, 337
intervertebral, 307
optic, 815

tactile, 863

Discus articularis acromio-clavicularis, 319

mandibularis, 312

radio-ulnaris distalis, 327

triangular, of distal radio-ulnar joint, 327

sterno-clavicularis, 318

proligerus, 1314

Dislocation of the shoulder, 1445

Displaced medial meniscus, 1460

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