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808
ar plexuses of, 810
ior elastic lamina of, 810
senilis of, 810
-vessels of, 810
paces, 810
thelium of anterior chamber, 810
tion angle of, 809
læ, 810
nentum pectinatum of iris, 810
es of, 810
erior elastic lamina of, 810
al spur, 810
ia anguli iridis of, 810
cture of, 809
stantia propria, 810
cus circularis, 809
cular and nervous supply, 810
cula laryngis, 1065
u ammonis, 625, 626, 636
cerius ventriculi lateralis, 633
erius ventriculi lateralis, 633
ferius fossæ ovalis, 403
ajus oss. hyoidei, 159
inus oss. hyoidei, 159
sterius ventriculi lateralis, 635
bulb of, 635
iperius fossæ ovalis, 403
nua coccygea, 99
acralia, 97
f fossa ovalis, 403
f thyreoid cartilage, 1062
of uterus, 1320
rona dentis, 1114
zlandis, 1298
radiata, 631, 644
ronal suture, 164

synostosis of, 197
coronary arteries of face, 894

surgical anatomy of, 1379
of heart, 887

abnormalities of, 1051
of stomach, 929

abnormalities of, 1053

morphology of, 1047
Coronary ligament of liver, 1195, 1196

plexus, 765
sinus, 959

abnormalities of, 1057
development of, 1032
morphology of, 1050

opening of, 875
veins of heart, 959

of stomach, 991, 1176
Coronoid fossa of humerus, 208
process of mandible, 156

surface anatomy of, 1375

of ulna, 210
Corpora mamillaria, 541, 615

connexions of, 615
development of, 34, 608
peduncles of, 615

relation of, to third ventricle, 616
quadrigemina, 542, 582

brachia of, 582
connexion of, with cochlear nerve, 586

with thalamus, 586
development of, 34
lemniscus-fibres of, 586, 590
origin of, 516

structure of, 586
inferior, 585

Corpora mamillaria, quadrigemina, inferior

(contd.), connexion of, with lateral

lemniscus, 590
superior, 586
connexion of, with optic tract, 620

with optic radiation, 586, 620
Corpus adiposum buccæ, 446

albicans of ovary, 1313
callosum, 628, 629, 647

absence of, 588, 590
development of, 628
forceps major of, 631
genu of, 630
occipital part of, 631
radiation of, 631
rostrum of, 630
splenium of, 628, 630
striæ longitudinales mediales of, 630

laterales of, 630

morphology of, 630
superior surface of, 629
tapetum of, 631

trunk of, 630
cavernosum clitoridis, 1326

penis, 1298
urethræ, 1298, 1300, 1427
ciliare, 812
dentatum cerebelli, 576
epididymidis, 1287
fornicis, 629
geniculatum laterale, 620

connexion of, with optic radiation, 620

with optic tract, 620
development of, 608

structure of, 613
mediale, 619
connexion of, with acoustic radiation, 656

with lateral lemniscus, 607

with medial root of optic tract, 619

development of, 608
glandulare prostatæ, 1303
Highmori, 1288
hypothalamicum, 613
linguæ, 1124
luteum, 1313
mandibulæ, 155
maxillæ, 146
ossis ischii, 232

pubis, 233

sphenoidalis, 133
paraterminale, 626, 628
pineale, 614
restiforme, 547
spongiosum penis, 1298, 1300

surface anatomy of, 1427
sterni, 106
striatum, 638

connexions of, 639
development of, 622
functions of, 639
morphology of, 638

vein of, 635
trapezoideum, 606

of cerebellum, 576

of pons, 606
vertebræ, 88
vitreum, 819

Wolffi, 1329
Corpuscles, blood, origin of, 64

concentric, of Hassall, 1351
of Golgi and Mazzoni, 865
of Grandry, 864

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Corpuscles (contıd.), of Krause, 863

lymph, 993
Malpighian, of spleen, 1353

of kidney, 1266
of Meissner, 865
of Pacini, 864
of Ruffini, 865
tactile, 863

of Wagner, 865
Corrugator cutis ani muscle, 486, 1229
supercilii muscle, 450

action of, 452
Cortex, cerebral, 644

renal, 1265
Corti, spiral ganglion of, 845, 852
organ of, 849, 850
cells of Claudius of, 850, 851

of Hensen of, 850, 851
development of, 853
hair-cells of, 850, 851
lamina reticularis of, 850, 851
membrana tectoria of, 850, 851
pillars of, 850
rods of, 850
space of Nuel of, 852
supporting cells of, 850, 851

fibres of, 851
phalangeal processes of, 851

tunnel of, 850
Cortical system, 1343
Corticifugal projection strands of brain, 652
Cortico-pontine tract, 653

in internal capsule, 642
in mid-brain, 691

in pons, 555
Costæ, 109

floating, 109
spuriæ, 109

Craniology, 284
Craniometry, 284
Cranio-pharyngeal canal, 135

closure of, 290
Cranium, 115

articulations of, with vertebral column, 310
base of, 179
bony landmarks of, 1358
capacity of, 284
cartilaginous, 290
cerebrale, 115
circumference of, 286
height of, 286
membranous, 290
sinuses of, 972
surgical anatomy of, 1357, 1359
thickness of, 1359
trabecular portion of, 290
veins of, 969, 972
vertebral portion of, 290

viscerale, 115
Cremaster muscle, 480

nerve-supply of, 484
Cremasteric artery of inferior epigastric, 944

veræ, 109

Costal cartilages, 113

of internal spermatic, 928
fascia, 480, 483, 1297
Crescents of Gianuzzi, 1132
Crest, anterior, of fibula, 252

of tibia, 248
conchal, of maxilla, 148

of nasal bones, 145

of palate, 151
ethmoidal, 151
falciform, 131
frontal, 117, 179
iliac, 228, 238

topography of, 1442, 1455
incisor, 149
infra-temporal, 137, 167, 168
interosseous, of fibula, 252

of radius, 215
of tibia, 248

of ulna, 212
lacrimal, posterior, 143
lateral, of fibula, 252
neural, 32, 500, 679
obturator, 233
occipital, external, 121

internal, 121
pubic, 233

sexual difference of, 238

topography of, 1408
sacral, articular, 97

lateral, 98

median, 97
sphenoidal, 135
supra-mastoid, 125
of tibia, anterior, 248
urethral, 1306

zygomatic, 154
Cribrous fascia, 403
lamina, 139
relation of, to cranial fossa, 179

to nasal cavity, 184, 187
Crico-arytænoid joint, 1066
muscles, 1072, 1074

actions of, 1072, 1074
Cricoid cartilage, 1063

arch of, 1063
development of, 1100
lamina of, 1063
ossification of, 1065

joints of, 315

topography of, 1407
demi-facets of thoracic vertebræ, 93
pleura, 1084, 1085
transverse epiphyses, 106

zone of abdomen, 1158
Costo-central joints, 313
Costo-chondral joints, 315

topography of, 1398
Costo-clavicular ligament, 318, 319
Costo-colic ligament, 1220
Costo-coracoid ligament, 369

membrane, 369
Costo-iliac space, 1437
Costo-sternal joints, 315
Costo-transverse joints, 314

ligaments, 314
Costo-vertebral joints, 313
Costo-xiphoid ligaments, 316
Cotyloid ligament, 340
notch, 232

absence of, 281
Coxa, 339
Cranial fossa, anterior, 179, 183, 188, 189

middle, 180, 183, 190, 191

posterior, 182, 183
Cranio-cerebral topography, 1359

central sulcus of Rolando, 1360
lateral cerebral fissure, 1360
parieto-occipital fissure, 1360
Rolandic area, 1360
transverse sinus, 1360

Crystalline lens, 819
Cubitus, 323
Cuboid bone, 763

morphology of, 295
peroneal groove of, 263

tubercle of, 263
Culmen of cerebellum, 575
Cumulus oophorus, 1314
Cuneate funiculus, 533

gyrus, 661, 662

nucleus, 533
Cuneiform bones of foot, 261

first, 261
second, 262

third, 263
morphology of, 295

Ossification of, 265
Cuneiform cartilages, 1068

tubercle, 1069
Cuneo-cuboid articulation, 358
Cuneo-lingual gyri, 660
Cuneo-metatarsal ligaments, 359
Cuneus, 660, 661
Cup, optic, of optic vesicle, 33, 825, 826

of retina, 815
Cupola of cochlea, 844
Cupula terminalis, 848
Curved lines of occipital bone, 121
Cushion, endocardial, 1033

of epiglottis, 1068, 1069
Eustachian, 1143

levator, 1143
Cusps of cardiac valves, 877, 878

of teeth, 1114
Cutaneous lamella, 30
Cuticula dentis, 1122
Cutis, 857
Cut-throat, 1388
Cuvier, duct of, 1026

abnormalities of, 1057

morphology of, 1048
Cylinder, axis, 507
Cymba conchæ, 827
Cystic artery, 930
duct of liver, 1202

surgical relations of, 1415
vein, 992
Cytolymph, 8
Cytoplasm, 8
Cyto-reticulum, 8

Dacryon, 285
Dartos muscle, 485
Darwin, tubercle of, 828
Decidua, 56, 57

cartilage (contd.), surface anatomy of,
388
yreoid artery, 892

1065
2, 1075
con of, 1076
ve of, 1076
-r Cristæ-
allaris, 848
ior, of the tibia, 248
aris cochleæ, 849
nalis, 148
, 856
aoidalis, 151
male urethra, 1284
, 140
eads of ribs, 109
ca, 228, 238
a-temporalis, 137, 167, 168
ertrochanterica, 240
imalis anterior, 148
posterior, 143
male urethi ra, 1306
llei, 840
sal, 802
the necks of the ribs, 109
ural, formation of, 500
eturatoria, 233
cral, articular, 97
lateral, 98
media, 97
phenoidal, 135
pinarum, 831
erminalis, 874, 1032

development of, 1032
cransversa, 846
uberculi majoris et minoris, 206
Vestibuli, 843
ucial anastomosis, 943, 950
uciate ligament of atlas, 311
of knee, 346

in movements of knee, 348
rura antihelicis, 828
cerebri, 383

basis of, 583
cerebro-pontine fibres of, 591
development of, 592
position and connexions of, 583
pyramidal fibres of, 591
red nucleus of, 588, 613
tegmentum of, 583, 586
relation of, to thalamus, 610, 612, 613

to third ventricle, 610, 612, 614
temporo-pontine fibres of, 591
clitoridis, 1326
of diaphragm, 471
fornicis, 628
of penis, 1298

of subcutaneous inguinal ring, 477
Crus anterius sta pedis, 840

breve incudis, 840
common, of semicircular canals, 844
helicis, 827
inferior, of subcutaneous inguinal ring, 477
intermedium of diaphragm, 471
lateral, of diaphragmi, 471
longum incudis, 840
medial, of diaphragm, 472
posterius stapedis, 840
superior, of subcutaneous inguinal ring, 477
Cryptorchism, 1295
Cryptozygous skulls, 171, 286

basalis, 57, 58, 62
capsularis, 57
layers of, 57
marginalis, 57
relation of ovum to, 57

vera, 57
Deciduous teeth, 1113, 1114, 1121

development of, 1244
Declive cerebelli, 575
Decussatio brachii conjunctivi, 548

of the pyramids, 545, 557
fountain, 589, 591
of the lemnisci, 560
of lemniscus medialis, 560
motor, 545, 557
in optic chiasma, 619
sensory, 562, 566

Decussatio (contd.), transverse, of pons, 578
Defæcation centre, 1233
Deferent duct, 1289, 1290

ampulla of, 1292
Degeneration, ascending, 532

descending, 532

Wallerian, 532
Deglutition, movements in, 467
Deiters, nucleus of, 605

supporting cells of, 857
Deltoid ligament, 352
muscle, 337

action and nerve-supply of, 374

topography of, 1447
tubercle, 207
Demilunes of Gianuzzi, 1132
Dendrites, 507, 509
of cells of cerebellum, 580, 581

of cerebral cortex, 645
of spinal medulla, 528

of sympathetic ganglia, 704
development of, 36, 504, 512

function of, 498
Dens serotinus, 146
Dental arches, 1119

formula, 1114
index, 287

lamina, 1244, 1245
Dentate nucleus, 576, 577
Dentes or Teeth, 1113

canine, 1117
corona of, 1114
deciduous, 1121
incisive, 1115
molar, 1117
permanent, 1115

præmolar, 1117
Dentition, diphyodont, 1248

heterodont, 1248
homodont, 1248
of lower races, 1248
polyphyodont, 1248

typical inammalian, 1248
Depression in presternum, 108
Depressor alæ nasi muscle, 450

septi muscle, 450
Dermal teeth, 1244
Dermic skull, 292
Dermis, 856
Descendens hypoglossi nerve, 698, 794
Descending degeneration, 532

palatine artery, 899
Descent of the testis, 1295

gubernaculum testis, 1295
processus vaginalis peritonei, 1295

rudimentum processus vaginalis, 1295
Descriptive terms, 4
Deutoplasm of ovum, 14, 79
Development, 7

of adamant and ivory, 1247
of adamant organs, 1245
of alimentary canal, 41, 1249
of alveolar canal, 149, 157
of anal canal, 48
of anterior cardinal veins, 1038
of anterior com missure of spinal medulla, 34
of aortic arches, 67, 1027, 1028
of appendicular skeleton, 294
of arcuate fibres, 566
of arteries of the limbs, 1031
of atrio-ventricular canal, 1033
of auditory ossicles, 841

Development (contd.), of auditory tube, 52

of the bladder (urinary) 1328, 1332
of blood-vascular system, 1025
of brain, 33, 34, 512, 514
of branches of dorsal aorta, 1029
of bulbo-urethral glands, 1335
of cæcum and vermiform process, 1251
of cerebellum, 33, 571
of cerebral hemispheres, 34, 512, 621
of cerebral nerves, 593, 682, 796
of chondro-cranium, 290
of chromaphil system, 1343
of cortical system of glands, 1341
of dermal teeth, 1244
of descending aorta, 67, 1028
of digestive system, 1242
of division of the atrium, 1033
of division of primitive ventricle, 1035
of dorsal maxillary process, 1252
of ducts of Cuvier, 1035
of ductus venosus, 1038
of ep-oophoron, 1328
of external ear, 52, 53
of external genital organs, 1328, 1335
of eye, 825
of female urethra, 1333
of first blood-vessels, 1025
of foramen epiploicum, 1253
of gastro-intestinal glands, 1250
of generative ducts, 1334

in the female, 1335

in the niale, 1334
of genital eminence, 1335
of glomus caroticum, 1343
of glomus coccygeum, 1355
of great anastomotic vein of Trolard), 1040
of greater omentum, 1253
of greater vestibular glands, 1335
of hairs, 862
of head, 495
of heart, 65, 70, 1025, 1031
of hypophysis cerebri, 49
of interventricular septum, 1035

sulcus, 1035
of intestine, 1250
of joints, 304
of labyrinth, 853
of larynx, 1100
of left superior intercostal vein, 1040
of limbs, 39
of liver, 1254
of lower lip, 1244
of lumbar veins, 1041
of lungs, 1101
of male urethra, 1332
of mamma, 1339
of medulla, 536
of mesencephalon, 33, 34, 592
of mesogastrium, 1252
of metencephalon of head, 495
of mouth, 1242
of muscles of limbs, 495
of nails, 862
of neck, 42
of nerve-cells, 35, 498
of nose, 49
of esophagus, 1249
of palate, 49
of pancreas, 1255
of parathyreoid glands, 1349
of par-oophoron, 1328
of parotid glands, 1244

Diaphragm (contd.), hernia of, 473

hiatus aorticus of, 472
hiatus esophageus, 473
lumbo-costal arches of, 472
middle arcuate ligament of, 472
nerve-supply of, 474
openings in, 473
pars costalis of, 471
parts of, 471
relation of, to abdominal cavity, 1439

surgical anatomy from the back, 1439
pelvic, 493
Diaphragma sellæ, 669

urogenitale, 489, 491
Diaphragmatic arteries of aorta, 933

ent (contd.), of pericardium, 72, 74
heral nerves, 679
toneum, 1252
Fynx, 1242
trum, 1244
na, 52
centa, 56
19 (Varolii), 33, 514, 592
tal system, 1036, 1037
terior cardinal veins, 1040
mary foramen ovale, 1033
imitive aorta, 67, 1027
imitive cerebral veins, 1039
cimitive dorsal aorta, 1025
imitive pharynx, 1248
cimitive veins, 1026
rostate, 1335
uadrigeminal bodies, 34, 592
ectum, 1252
enal veins, 1041
espiratory apparatus, 1099
salivary glands, 1249
sebaceous glands, 862
secondary foramen ovale, 1034
sensory cells, 500
septum primum, 1033
septum secundum, 1033
sexual glands, 1333
female, 1334

male, 1333
f sinus venosus, 1032
of skeletal muscles, 495
of skin, 861
of spinal medulla, 31, 33
of spinal nerves, 679
of spleen, 1253, 1355
of stomach, 1249
of submaxillary and sublingual glands, 1249
of sudiferous glands, 862
of superior vena cava, 1040
of suprarenal glands, 32, 1343
of sympathetic system, 681
of teeth, 1244
of thymus, 1351
of thyreoid gland, 1348
of tongue, 1249
of tonsil, 1249
of trachea, 1100
of transverse sinus, 1040
of tympanic cavity, 52
of umbilical and iliac arteries, 1030
of umbilical veins, 1036, 1037
of upper lip, 1242
of ureter and permanent kidney, 1331
of uro-genital organs, 1327
of veins, 1035
of venous valves, 1032
of ventral mesentery, 1252
of vitelline veins, 1036
Diagonal sulcus, 666
Diameter obliqua pelvis, 238

transversa pelvis, 238
Diaphragm, 471

actions of, 474
anomalies of, 473
arch of, 1439
central tendon of, 472
crura of, 471
development of, 74
foramen vena cavæ of, 472
foramina in, 472
formation of, 74

of inferior phrenic, 933
of musculo-phrenic, 913

of pericardiaco-phrenic, 913
ganglion, 765
line of pleura, 1088, 1399, 1401
lymph glands, 1011, 1013, 1024
pleura, 1085
plexus, 765
Diaphysis of bone, 85
Diapophysis, 284
Diarth roses, 301

development of, 304
Diencephalon, 541, 608

development of, 34
parts derived from, 609
Differences between jejunum and ileum, 1209
Digastric fossa, 155

muscle, 461
action of, 463
development of, 496

nerve-supply of, 461
triangle, 1391
Digestive system, 1103

development of, 1242
modifications of, 1103

parts of, 1104
Digital arteries of foot, 955, 958

of hand, 920, 924

morphology of, 1048

surgical anatomy of, 1454
depressions, 105, 108
flexor sheaths, 1453
sheaths of fingers, 388, 389

of toes, 430
veins of foot, 988

of hand, 978

morphology of, 1049
Digits, rudiments of the, 40
Digitus post minimus, 295
Dilatator pupillæ, 815
Dilator naris muscle, 450

tubæ muscle, 838
Diphyodont dentition, 1248
Diplöe of bone, 84
Diploic veins, 969
Disc, interpubic, 337

intervertebral, 307
optic, 815

tactile, 863
Discus articularis acromio-clavicularis, 319

mandibularis, 312
radio-ulnaris distalis, 327

triangular, of distal radio-ulnar joint, 327
sterno-clavicularis, 318
proligerus, 1314
Dislocation of the shoulder, 1445
Displaced medial meniscus, 1460

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