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Duodenum (contd.), glands of, 1186
horizontal part of, 1182
inferior part of, 1182
interior of, 1186
nerves of, 1187
crifice of bile-duct in, 1186
pilla of, 1186
ars inferior, 1185
level of, 1185
Peritoneal relations of, 1186
plica longitudinales of, 1186
position and size, 1182
relations of, 1182
relations of descending part, 1184
relations of inferior part, 1185
second part of, 1184
shape and divisions of, 1182
structure of, 1186
superior part, 1182
surgical anatomy of, 1419
Suspensory muscle of, 1187
various forms of, 1187
vessels and nerves of, 1187
Tura mater encephali, 667
diaphragma sellæ of, 668
fali cerebelli of, 669

cerebri of, 668
lacunæ laterales of, 974
layers of, 668

prolongations of, on nerves, 668
venous blood-sinuses of, 668, 972

spinalis, 669

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Elbow-joint (contd.), fat-pads of, 325
incisions into, 1449

movements at, 325
muscles acting on, 382, 401
nerves of, 705, 709, 711
surgical anatomy of, 1449
synovial stratum of, 325
Ellipsoid joints, 301
Embolus of cerebellum, 577
Embryo, ectoderm of, 39
entoderm of, 39, 40

external features of, at different periods, 74
fold, head, 37

tail, 38

folding off of, from blastodermic vesicle, 37
folds, lateral, of, 38

formation of the, 37

intermediate cell-tracts of, 30
lateral mesodermic plates of, 30
membranes of, 53-63
mesodermic somites of, 28, 29
nutrition of, 53

period of the, 7
protection of, 53
summary of, 39
Embryology, 1, 7
Embryonic area, 22

at different periods, 74, 79
Eminence, arcuate, 130, 182
genital, 48

ilio-pectineal, 231, 233
Eminentia arcuata, 130, 133
collateralis, 637

conchæ, 828

fossæ triangularis, 828
intercondyloidea, 247

medialis of fourth ventricle, 551
scapha, 828

Emissary veins, 975

Empyema of maxillary sinus, 1378
Enarthrodial joints, 301
Encephalon, 539

general appearance of, 539
connexions of parts of, 541
End-bulbs of Krause, 864
End organs, special, 863
articular bulbs, 864
corpuscles of Pacini, 864
genital corpuscles, 864
of Grandry, 864
of Golgi and Mazzoni, 865
of Krause, 863

neuro-muscular spindles, 866
neuro-tendinous spindles, 865
of Ruffini, 865

tactile corpuscles of Wagner and Meissner,

865

Duodenum (contd.), glands of, 1186
horizontal part of, 1182
inferior part of, 1182
interior of, 1186

nerves of, 1187

orifice of bile-duct in, 1186
papilla of, 1186
pars inferior, 1185

level of, 1185
peritoneal relations of, 1186
plica longitudinales of, 1186
position and size, 1182

relations of, 1182

relations of descending part, 1184
relations of inferior part, 1185
second part of, 1184
shape and divisions of, 1182
structure of, 1186

superior part, 1182
surgical anatomy of, 1419
suspensory muscle of, 1187
various forms of, 1187
vessels and nerves of, 1187
Dura mater encephali, 667
diaphragma sellæ of, 668
falx cerebelli of, 669

cerebri of, 668

lacunæ laterales of, 974
layers of, 668
prolongations of, on nerves, 668
venous blood-sinuses of, 668, 972
spinalis, 669

Ear, 827

capsule, 131, 291

development of, 841
external, 827

auricle of, 827

development of, 52, 53

meatus of, 845
incus, 840

internal, 843

development of, 50
internal vessels of, 853
ligament of, 841

lymph vessels of the, 1004

malleus, 839

middle, 832

muscles of, extrinsic, 449
intrinsic, 841

ossicles, auditory, 838
semicircular canals, bony, 844
stapes, 840

surgical anatomy of, 1365
Ebner, glands of, 855
Ectochondral ossification, 86

Ectoderm, 21, 23

neural, 22, 30

structures formed from, 33
surface, 39

Effusion into the shoulder-joint, 1445

knee-joint, 1461

Egg-tubes, 1314

Ejaculatory duct, 1292, 1302, 1306

development of, 1304
opening of, 1306

Elastic lamina of arteries, 868

of Bowman, 810
of cornea, 810

Elbow, bony points about the, 1449

surgical anatomy of, 1449
Elbow-joint, 323

Endocardial cushions, 1033

Endocardium, 879

structure of, 879
Endochondral ossification, 86

Endolymph, 846
Endoskeleton, 81

Entoderm, 21, 22, 42

Eparterial bronchus, 1083, 1097

Ependyma, 632, 636, 637
Ependymal cells, 632
layer, 632

Epibranchial organs, 796, 797
Epicardium, 879

Epicondyles of humerus, 207
ossification of, 210

1502

INDEX.

Epicondyles of humerus (contd.), surgical | Epistropheus (contd.), articular surface of, 92
anatomy of, 1449
of femur, 243

body of, 92
dens of, 92

Epicondylic lines, 207

process of humerus, 210, 280
ossification of, 210
ridges, 207
Epicranius muscle, 448
action of, 449
nerve-supply of, 449
Epidermis, 8570
appendages of, 858
development of, 861
Malpighian layer of, 857
stratum corium of, 857, 859
filamentosum of, 859
germinativum of, 857
granulosum of, 858
mucosum of, 857
vessels and nerves of the, 859
Epididymal artery, 1289
Epididymis, 1286, 1287
aberrant ductules of, 1289
development of, 1327, 1334
appendix of, 1287
canal of, 1289

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surgical anatomy of, 1408
superficial, 947

superior, 913
fossa, 1397 +
region, 1159, 1411
vein, inferior, 988
superficial, 986
superior, 963
Epigastrium, 1159
Epiglottic cartilage, 1065
Epiglottis, 1065

cartilage of, 1065
in deglutition, 1077
development of, 45, 1100
frenulum of, 1067
glands of, 1065
level of, 1442
ligaments, 1067
taste buds of, 1067
tubercle of, 1068, 1069

Epihyal, 159
Epiotic, 132
Epiphora, 1377
Epiphyses, 85

of bone, 85
development of, 34
distal of humerus, 1449
pressure and traction, 85
Epiphyseal line, 85
Epiploic foramen, 1163, 1238

surgical anatomy of, 1419
Epipteric bones, 132, 145
Epispinous process, 92
Episternal bones, 276

notch, level of, 1442
Epistropheus, 92

ossification of, 105
Epithalamus, 609, 614
development of, 35, 608
Epitrichium, 862

Epitrochleo-anconeus muscle, 398
Epitympanic recess, 1369
Eponychium, 859, 862
Ep-oophoron, 1315, 1316

appendices vesiculosi of, 1315
development of, 1335
longitudinal duct of, 1315
transverse ductules of, 1315
Erect position, 4

Erector clitoridis muscle, 488
penis muscle, 488
Eruption of teeth, 1120
deciduous, 1246
permanent, 1120, 1121
Erythroblasts, 83
Ethmoid bone, 139
alar processes of, 140
Ossification of, 142

relation of, to cranial fossa, 179
to nasal cavity, 184
to orbit, 163

variations in, 278

Ethmoidal air-cells, 140, 804

surgical anatomy of, 1372, 1373
arteries, 903

canals, 116, 140

in anterior cranial fossa, 179
crest, 151

foramen, anterior, 140, 163
posterior, 140, 163
notch of frontal, 116
plate, 292

process, of inferior concha, 143
Ethmo-turbinals, 141, 292
Ethmo-vomerine region, 292
Eutelolecithal ovum, 14
Eversion of foot, 436

Examination of interior of female bladder, 1436

Excavatio of papilla of optic nerve, 815

recto-uterine, 1318

recto-vesical, 1226, 1237

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Extensor digitorum brevis muscle (contd.),

topography of, 1465
communis muscle, 397
action of, 397
nerve-supply of, 397
longus muscle, 425
action of, 425
nerve-supply of, 425
topography of, 1465
Lallucis longus muscle, 426
action of, 426
nerve-supply of, 426
indicis proprius muscle, 400
action of, 400
nerve-supply of, 400

casis metatarsi hallucis muscle, 426
pollicis brevis muscle, 400, 426
action of, 400
nerve-supply of, 400
longus muscle, 400
action of, 400
nerve-supply of, 400

Fxternal acoustic meatus, surgical anatomy of,

1366
apsule, 644

arethral orifice of female, 1326
Extraperitoneal tissue, 475
of pelvis, 489
Extravasation of urine, 485
Eye, 806

anterior chamber of, 813
arteries of, 823
cameræ of, 813, 821
commissures, medial and lateral, 821

development of, 825
glands of, 823

layers of optic vesicle, 820

movements of, 454
pineal, 547
Erelashes, 822, 823
Evelids, 821

blood-vessels of, 823
caruncula lacrimalis, 821
commissures, medial and lateral, 821
development of, 827

in foetus, 76, 78, 79
giands of Moll of, 823, 827
lacus lacrimalis of, 821
lymph vessels of, 824, 1004
mucous membrane of, 823
muscles of, 450

actions of, 454
nerves of, 824
palpebral ligament of, inferior, 822

medial, 822
superior, 822
fissure, 821
raphe, lateral, 822
papilla lacrimalis of, 821

plica semilunaris conjunctivæ, 821

orbitale of, 822

septum
skin of, 823
surgical anatomy of, 1376

tarsal arches of, 823
glands of, 823

tar-i of, 821
third, 821
Eve-teeth, 1117

Face, bones of, 146
bony landmarks of, 1374

measurements of, 286

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Face (contd.), muscles of, 450

actions and nerve supply of, 451
development of, 496
skeleton of, at birth, 196
surgical anatomy of, 1375
Facial bones, 146

canal, 129, 130
index, 286

nerve, 598, 781

ascending part of, 599
buccal branches of, 784
cervical branch, 784
cervico-facial division of, 784
colliculus facialis of, 599
development of, 683
emergent part of, 599
exposure of trunk of, 1375
intrapontine course of, 599
marginal branch of mandible, 784
migration of nucleus of, 600
nervus intermedius, nuclei of, 598
nucleus of, 567, 598
radicular part of, 599

relations of, to tympanic antrum, 1371
somatic fibres of, 599
splanchnic-efferent fibres of, 598
temporo-facial division of, 784
zygomatic branches of, 784
veins, 965

common, 965

surface anatomy of, 1375, 1391
deep, 965

Falciform crest, 131

ligament of fossa ovalis, 403

of liver, 1196

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Fascia or Fascia (contd.), dentata, 625, 626
diaphragmatis pelvis superior, 491
urogenitalis inferior, 338, 489
superior, 491

of foot, 423
of forearm, 382
deep, 382

superficial, 382
of groin, 402
deep, 403
superficial, 402
of hand, 384

of head, 446
deep, 447

superficial, 446
iliaca, 1157

infundibuliform, 475
intercolumnar, 477
lata, 403, 405

fossa ovalis of, 403

surgical anatomy of, 1459

of leg and foot, deep, 422
superficial, 422
lumbar, 437
lumbo-dorsal, 437
masseteric, 447, 454
of neck, 1386, 1389
obturator, 489
of orbit, 452
palmar, 384
parotid, 447, 1133
pectinea, 403

pectoralis, 369

pelvis, 485, 489

tendinous arch of, 491

penis, 1300

of perineum, 485

surgical anatomy of, 1427

pharyngo-basilar, 1149
phrenico-pleural, 1089
piriform, 489
plantar, 423

popliteal, 405

surgical anatomy of, 1457

of popliteus, 425

prævertebral, 448, 467, 1386
prostatæ, 493, 1429
rectal, 1228

recto-vaginal, 493
recto-vesical, 493
renal, 1259

salpingo-pharyngea, 838
of shoulder, 373

spermatic external, 477
internal, 475

superficial, 364

of arm, 378
of chest, 369
temporal, 447

of thigh and buttock, 402
thyreoid, 1389
transversalis, 475
triangular, 478
of upper limb, 378
urethro-vaginal, 493

of urogenital diaphragm, inferior, 489
superior, 491
Fasciculus or Fasciculi-

anterior proprius, 538
antero-lateral superficial, 536
bulbo-spinal, 538
bulbo-thalamic, 591, 651

Fasciculus or Fasciculi (contd.)-
cerebello-spinal, 536
cerebro-pontine, 591
cerebro-spinal anterior, 536, 539
lateral, 536, 538, 545

circumolivary, 557
cuneatus, 526, 533, 559
gracilis, 522, 526
intra-fascicularis, 533, 559
lateralis (plexus brachialis), 701
lateralis proprius, 538
longitudinalis inferior, 650
medialis, 586-588
superior, 650

mamillo-thalamic, 612, 615
medialis (plexus brachialis), 701
occipito-frontal, superior, 651
olivo-spinal, 538

posterior (plexus brachialis), 701
postero-lateral, 534

proprius anterior, 535
lateralis, 535
posterior, 535
pyramidal, 591
retroflexus, 591, 614
rubro-spinal, 538, 588
origin of, 516
septo-marginal, 535
solitarius, 564, 596, 597, 598
spino-cerebellar, 531, 563
anterior, 537, 578
posterior, 537

spino-tectal, 537

spino-thalamic, 535, 537, 545, 562, 591, 651
anterior, 537, 538
posterior, 537

spiralis of cochlear nerve, 852

strio-nigricus, 641
strio-rubricus, 641
strio-thalamicus, 641
tecto-bulbaris et spinalis, 591
tecto-spinal, 538, 562
origin of, 516
temporo-thalamic, 643
thalamo-mamillary, 612, 615
thalamo-olivary, 556, 568
uncinate, 649

vestibulo-spinal, 538, 605
of Vicq d'Azyr, 612, 615
Fasciola cinerea, 629, 946
Fat-pads, synovial of joints, 302
of elbow-joint, 325
of hip-joint, 341
of knee-joint, 348

Fauces, 1112

arches of, glosso-palatine, 1112
pharyngo-palatine, 1112
isthmus of, 1112

level of, 1442

surgical anatomy of, 1383
Female pronucleus, 16, 20
Female reproductive organs, 1310
bulbus vestibuli, 1310
clitoris, 1310

external genital organs, 1310
greater vestibular glands, 1310

labia majora, 1310

minora, 1310

mons Veneris, 1310
ovary, 1310, 1311
rima pudendi, 1310
uterine tube, 1310

Female reproductive organs (contd.), uterus, 1310
vagina, 1310
Femoral arch, deep, 405

superficial, 405

artery, 946

ligature of, 1459
surgical anatomy of, 1459

canal, 405
fussa, 1235

hemia, 405

lymph glands, 1013

ring, 405
septum, 405
Sheath, 947
Triangle, 414
vein, 985
Fur, 239

adductor tubercle of, 242, 412
architecture of, 273
condylar surface of, 244
condyles of, 243
connexions of, 244

stal epiphyseal line of, 1462
distal parts of shaft, 1459
epicondyles of, 243
fovea capitis of, 240
greater trochanter of, 241
Lead of, 239
homology of, 294
Intertrochanteric crest of, 240

Line of, 240
lesser trochanter of, 242
linea aspera of, 242
neck of, 240

nutrient foramina of, 244
ossification of, 244
patellar surface of, 244
pectineal line of, 242
pilastered femur, 281
platymerie, 281
popliteal surface of, 242
sexual differences of, 244
shaft of, 242

piral line of, 242
third trochanter of, 242, 281
trochanteric fossa of, 241
variations in, 281
Fenestra ovalis 8. vestibuli, 832
rotunda s cochleæ, 833
Fenestrated membrane, 868
Fertilisation of ovum, 20
Foræ arcuate externæ, 566

interna, 560

development of, 566
circulares Mulleri, 813
lentis, 820

meridionales (Brueckei), 813
obliquæ ventriculi, 1174
Fabres, association, of spinal medulla, 534
commissural, of cerebellar, 578
Cortico-striate, 653
cortico-thalamic, 612
intercolumnar, 477
internal arcuate, 560, 561

of medulla oblongata, 556, 560

of Purkinjé, 879
thalamo-cortical, 612
Fibrils of ivory, 1123
Fibrocartilages, intervertebral, 306
Fibrous plate of fingers, 333

of toes, 361
tympanic, 831

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