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Diverticulum, allantoic, 38, 39, 54

ilei, 1210
Dolicho-cephalic skulls, 171, 285
Dolicho-facial skulls, 286
Dolicho-hieric sacrum, 289
Dolicho-kerkic limbs, 289
Dolicho-knemic limbs, 289
Dolicho-pellic pelves, 288
Dolicho-uranic skulls, 287
Dorsal arch, 924

axial line of limbs, 691.
Dorsalis clitoridis artery, 942, 1428

nerve, 740
hallucis artery, 958
indicis artery, 920

abnormalities of, 1055
linguæ artery, 892
pedis artery, 957

position of, 1465

surgical anatomy of, 1465
penis artery, 941, 942

nerve, 740
pollicis artery, 920
Dorsiflexion, 303
Dorso-epitrochlearis muscle, 370
Dorsum sellæ, 134

development of, 139
Douglas, folds of, peritoneal, 1238, 1318

of sheath of rectus, 483

topography of, 1410
pouch of, 1237, 1318

surgical anatomy of, 1435, 1436
Drainage of left infra-colic compartment of

peritoneum, 1414
of right infra-colic compartment of peri-

toneum, 1414
of supra-colic compartment of peritoneum,

1414
of ventricle of brain, 1362
Drop-wrist, 1449
Ductuli aberrantes, 1289

Duct or Ducts — Ductus, endolymphaticus

(contd.), development of, 854
epididymidis, 1287
epoophori longitudinalis (Gartneri), 1315
excretorius glandula bulbo - urethralis

,
1304
fronto-nasal, 804
hepatic, 1201

development of, 1255
interlobulares hepatis, 1199

development of, 1254
lactiferi mammæ, 1338
lymph, right, 993

abnormality of, 1059
naso-lacrimal, 825, 1377, 1378

efferentes testis, 1288

transversi (of ep-oophoron), 1315
Duct or Ducts--Ductus-

alveolar, of lung, 1098
arteriosus, 68, 70, 71

abnormalities of, 1050
of Bartholin, 1140
bile, 1202

development of, 1255
level of, 1443
relation of, to duodenum, 1183
surgical anatomy of, 1416

termination of, 1186, 1203
biliferi, 1201
choledochus, 1201, 1202
cochlear, 848, 849, 1201

development of, 854
of Cuvier, 69, 1026

abnormalities of, 1057

morphology of, 1048
cystic, of liver, 1202

surgical anatomy of, 1415
deferent, 1289, 1290

ampulla of, 1292
arteries of, 939, 945
development of, 1335
structure of, 1294
surgical anatomy of, 1433
ejaculatory, 1292

opening of, 1292
endolymphaticus, 51, 79

development of, 49

surgical anatomy of, 1377
pancreatic, 1186, 1203
para-urethral, of urethra (female), 1285
parotid, 1109, 1136

opening of, 1107

surgical anatomy of, 1376
pharyngo-branchial, 44
precervical, 43
prostatici, 1303
reuniens (Henseni), 847

development of, 51
of Rivinus, 1139
of Santorini, larger, 1207
of Santorini, smaller, 1207
semicircular, 847

lateral, posterior, superior,:844, 847
sublingual, 1108, 1138
sublingual larger, 1140
sublingual smaller, 1139
submaxillary, 1138

opening of, 1108

surgical anatomy of, 1383
sudoriferus, 861
thoracic, 993

abnormalities of, 1059

surgical anatomy of, 1394
thyreo-glossal, 1348
utriculo-saccular, 847
venosus, 71

fissure of, 1191, 1196

ligament of, 1196
vitelline, 38, 48, 55
vitello-intestinal, 48, 55

remnant of, in adult, 1196
of Wirsung, 1206

Wolffian, 1329
Ductless glands, 1341

associated with the vascular system, 1352
Duodenal folds, 1185

diverticula, 1187
fosse, 1185
impression, 1194
pouch, 1187

ulcer, 1419
Duodeno-jejunal flexure, 1187

surgical anatomy, 1419
fossa, 1185, 1419
Duodenum, 1177, 1182

ampulla of, 1186
ascending part of, 1182
caruncula of, 1186
descending part, 1182
development, 47
diverticulum of, 1187
duodeno-jejunal flexure, 1182
first part of, 1082

Duodenum (contd.), glands of, 1186

horizontal part of, 1182
inferior part of, 1182
interior of, 1186
nerves of, 1187
orifice of bile-duct in, 1186
papilla of, 1186
pars inferior, 1185

level of, 1185
peritoneal relations of, 1186
plicæ longitudinales of, 1186
position and size, 1182
relations of, 1182
relations of descending part, 1184
relations of inferior part, 1185
second part of, 1184
shape and divisions of, 1182
structure of, 1186
superior part, 1182
surgical anatomy of, 1419
suspensory muscle of, 1187
various forms of, 1187

vessels and nerves of, 1187
Dura mater encephali, 667

diaphragma sellæ of, 668
falx cerebelli of, 669

cerebri of, 668
lacunæ laterales of, 974
layers of, 668
prolongations of, on nerves, 668

venous blood-sinuses of, 668, 972
spinalis, 669

Ear, 827

capsule, 131, 291
development of, 841
external, 827

auricle of, 827
development of, 52, 53

meatus of, 845
incus, 840
internal, 843

development of, 50
internal vessels of, 853
ligament of, 841
lymph vessels of the, 1004
malleus, 839
middle, 832
muscles of, extrinsic, 449

intrinsic, 841
ossicles, auditory, 838
semicircular canals, bony, 844
sta pes, 840
surgical anatomy of, 1365
Ebner, glands of, 855
Ectochondral ossification, 86
Ectoderm, 21, 23

neural, 22, 30
structures formed from, 33

surface, 39
Effusion into the shoulder-joint, 1445

knee-joint, 1461
Egg-tubes, 1314
Ejaculatory duct, 1292, 1302, 1306

development of, 1304

opening of, 1306
Elastic lamina of arteries, 868

of Bowman, 810

of cornea, 810
Elbow, bony points about the, 1449

surgical anatomy of, 1449
Elbow-joint, 323

Elbow-joint (contd.), fat-pads of, 325

incisions into, 1449
movements at, 325
muscles acting on, 382, 401
nerves of, 705, 709, 711
surgical anatomy of, 1449
synovial stratum of, 325
Ellipsoid joints, 301
Embolus of cerebellum, 577
Embryo, ectoderm of, 39

entoderm of, 39, 40
external features of, at different periods, 74
fold, head, 37

tail, 38
folding off of, from blastodermic vesicle, 37
folds, lateral, of, 38
formation of the, 37
intermediate cell-tracts of, 30
lateral mesodermic plates of, 30
membranes of, 53-63
mesodermic somites of, 28, 29
nutrition of, 53
period of the, 7
protection of, 53

summary of, 39
Embryology, 1, 7
Embryonic area, 22

at different periods, 74, 79
Eminence, arcuate, 130, 182

genital, 48
ilio-pectineal, 231, 233
Eminentia arcuata, 130, 133

collateralis, 637
conchæ, 828
fossæ triangularis, 828
intercondyloidea, 247
medialis of fourth ventricle, 551

scaphe, 828
Emissary veins, 975
Empyema of maxillary sinus, 1378
Enarth rodial joints, 301
Encephalon, 539
general appearance of, 539

connexions of parts of, 541
End-bulbs of Krause, 864
End organs, special, 863

articular bulbs, 864
corpuscles of Pacini, 864
genital corpuscles, 864
of Grandry, 864
of Golgi and Mazzoni, 865
of Krause, 863
neuro-muscular spindles, 866
neuro-tendinous spindles, 865
of Ruffini, 865
tactile corpuscles of Wagner and Meissner,

865
Endocardial cushions, 1033
Endocardium, 879

structure of, 879
Endochondral ossification, 86
Endolymph, 846
Endoskeleton, 81
Entoderm, 21, 22, 42
Eparterial bronchus, 1083, 1097
Ependyma, 632, 636, 637
Ependymal cells, 632

layer, 632
Epibranchial organs, 796, 797
Epicardium, 879
Epicondyles of humerus, 207

ossification of, 210

Epicondyles of humerus (contd.), surgical | Epistropheus (contd.), articular surface of, 92
anatomy of, 1449

body of, 92
of femur, 243

dens of, 92
Epicondylic lines, 207

ossification of, 105
process of humerus, 210, 280

Epithalamus, 609, 614
ossification of, 210

development of, 35, 608
ridges, 207

Epitrichium, 862
Epicranius muscle, 448

Epitrochleo-anconeus muscle, 398
action of, 449

Epitympanic recess, 1369
nerve-supply of, 449

Eponychium, 859, 862
Epidermis, 857

Ep-oöphoron, 1315, 1316
appendages of, 858

appendices vesiculosi of, 1315
development of, 861

development of, 1335
Malpighian layer of, 857

longitudinal duct of, 1315
stratum corium of, 857, 859

transverse ductules of, 1315
filamentosum of, 859

Erect position, 4
germinativum of, 857

Erector clitoridis muscle, 488
granulosum of, 858

penis muscle, 488
mucosum of, 857

Eruption of teeth, 1120
vessels and nerves of the, 859

deciduous, 1246
Epididymal artery, 1289

permanent, 1120, 1121
Epididymis, 1286, 1287

Erythroblasts, 83
aberrant ductules of, 1289

Ethmoid bone, 139
development of, 1327, 1334

alar processes of, 140
appendix of, 1287

ossification of, 142
canal of, 1289

relation of, to cranial fossa, 179
development of, 1327, 1334

to nasal cavity, 184
caput of, 1287

to orbit, 163
cauda of, 1287

variations in, 278
corpus of, 1287

Ethmoidal air-cells, 140, 804
sinus of, 1287

surgical anatomy of, 1372, 1373
structure of, 1288

arteries, 903
surgical anatomy of, 1430

canals, 116, 140
Epidural space, 667, 669

in anterior cranial fossa, 179
Epigastric artery, inferior, 944

crest, 151
formation of, 1030

foramen, anterior, 140, 163
surgical anatomy of, 1408

posterior, 140, 163
superficial, 947

notch of frontal, 116
superior, 913

plate, 292
fossa, 1397

process, of inferior concha, 143
region, 1159, 1411

Ethmo-turbinals, 141, 292
vein, inferior, 988

Ethmo-vomerine region, 292
superficial, 986

Eutelolecithal ovum, 14
superior, 963

Eversion of foot, 436
Epigastrium, 1159

Examination of interior of female bladder, 1436
Epiglottic cartilage, 1065

Excavatio of papilla of optic nerve, 815
Epiglottis, 1065

recto-uterine, 1318
cartilage of, 1065

recto-vesical, 1226, 1237
in deglutition, 1077

vesico-uterine, 1226, 1237, 1238, 1317
development of, 45, 1100

Excision of the knee-joint, 1461
frenulum of, 1067

Exoskeleton, 81
glands of, 1065

Expiration, 474
level of, 1442

Exposure of hemisphere of cerebellum, 1363
ligaments, 1067

of meningeal arteries, 1364
taste buds of, 1067

of semilunar ganglion, 1365
tubercle of, 1068, 1069

Expression, facial, 452
Epihyal, 159

Extension, movement of, 436
Epiotic, 132

Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle, 396
Epiphora, 1377

action of, 396
Epiphyses, 85

nerve-supply of, 396
of bone, 85

longus muscle, 396
development of, 34

action of, 396
distal of humerus, 1449

nerve-supply of, 396
pressure and traction, 85

ulnaris muscle, 398
Epiphyseal line, 85

action of, 398
Epiploic foramen, 1163, 1238

nerve-supply of, 398
surgical anatomy of, 1419

digiti quinti proprius muscle, 398
Epipteric bones, 132, 145

action of, 398
Epispinous process, 92

nerve-supply of, 398
Episternal bones, 276

digitorum brevis muscle, 426
notch, level of, 1442

action of, 426
Epistropheus, 92

nerve-supply of, 426

Extensor digitorum brevis muscle (contd.),

Face (contd.), muscles of, 450

actions and nerve supply of, 451

development of, 496
skeleton of, at birth, 196

surgical anatomy of, 1375
Facial bones, 146

canal, 129, 130
index, 286
nerve, 598, 781

ascending part of, 599
buccal branches of, 784
cervical branch, 784
cervico-facial division of, 784
colliculus facialis of, 599
development of, 683
emergent part of, 599
exposure of trunk of, 1375
intrapontine course of, 599
marginal branch of mandible, 784
migration nucleus of, 600
nervus intermedius, nuclei of, 598
nucleus of, 567, 598
radicular part of, 599
relations of, to tympanic antrum, 1371
somatic fibres of, 599
splanchnic-efferent fibres of, 598
temporo-facial division of, 784

zygomatic branches of, 784
veins, 965
common, 965

surface anatomy of, 1375, 1391

deep, 965
Falciform crest, 131
ligament of fossa ovalis, 403
of liver, 1196

development of, 1196, 1252

topography of, 1415
margin, 404

process of sacro-tuberous ligament, 337
False passages in urethra, 1428
Falx cerebelli, 669

cerebri, 668
inguinalis aponeurotica, 479, 481

topography of, 1465
communis muscle, 397

action of, 397

nerve-supply of, 397
longus muscle, 425

action of, 425
nerve-supply of, 425

topography of, 1465
hallucis longus muscle, 426

action of, 426

nerve-supply of, 426
indicis proprius muscle, 400

action of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
ossis metatarsi hallucis muscle, 426
pollicis brevis muscle, 400, 426

action of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
longus muscle, 400

action of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
External acoustic meatus, surgical anatomy of,

1366
capsule, 644

urethral orifice of female, 1326
Extraperitoneal tissue, 475

of pelvis, 489
Extravasation of urine, 485
Eye, 806

anterior chamber of, 813
arteries of, 823
cameræ of, 813, 821
commissures, medial and lateral, 821
development of, 825
glands of, 823
layers of optic vesicle, 820
movements of, 454
pineal, 547
Eyelashes, 822, 823
Eyelids, 821
blood-vessels of, 823
caruncula lacrimalis, 821
commissures, medial and lateral, 821
development of, 827
in fætus, 76, 78, 79
glands of Moll of, 823, 827
lacus lacrimalis of, 821
lymph vessels of, 824, 1004
mucous membrane of, 823
muscles of, 450

actions of, 454
nerves of, 824
palpebral ligament of, inferior, 822

medial, 822

superior, 822
fissure, 821

raphe, lateral, 822
papilla lacrimalis of, 821
plica semilunaris conjunctivæ, 821
septum orbitale of, 822
skin of, 823
surgical anatomy of, 1376
tarsal arches of, 823

glands of, 823
tarsi of, 821

third, 821
Eye-teeth, 1117

surgical anatomy of, 1408
Fangs of teeth, 1114
Fascia or Fasciæ, 364

of abdominal cavity, 474, 485, 489
of abdominal wall, 474
anal, 490
antibrachii, 382
of arm, 378
axillary, 369
of back, 365, 437
brachii, 378
bucco-pharyngea, 1149
bulbi, 452, 807
check ligaments of, 807

suspensory ligament of, 807
of buttock, superficial, 402
cervical, deep, 447, 1385

muscular compartments of, 1386
suprasternal compartment of, 1386
surgical anatomy of, 1385
vascular compartment of, 1386

visceral compartment of, 1385
cremasterica, 480
cribrosa, 403, 405
cruris, 422
deep, 364

of arm, 378
of chest, 369
of shoulder, 373

Face, bones of, 146

bony landmarks of, 1374
measurements of, 286

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Fascia or Fascia (contd.), dentata, 625, 626
diaphragmatis pelvis superior, 491
urogenitalis inferior, 338, 489

superior, 491
of foot, 423
of forearm, 382

deep, 382
superficial, 382
of groin, 402

deep, 403
superficial, 402
of hand, 384
of head, 446

deep, 447
superficial, 446
iliaca, 1157
infundibuliform, 475
intercolumnar, 477
lata, 403, 405

fossa ovalis of, 403
surgical anatomy of, 1459
of leg and foot, deep, 422

superficial, 422
lumbar, 437
lumbo-dorsal, 437
masseteric, 447, 454
of neck, 1386, 1389
obturator, 489
of orbit, 452
palmar, 384
parotid, 447, 1133
pectinea, 403
pectoralis, 369
pelvis, 485, 489

tendinous arch of, 491
penis, 1300
of perineum, 485

surgical anatomy of, 1427
pharyngo-basilar, 1149
phrenico-pleural, 1089
piriform, 489
plantar, 423
popliteal, 405

surgical anatomy of, 1457
of popliteus, 425
prævertebral, 448, 467, 1386
prostatæ, 493, 1429
rectal, 1228
recto-vaginal, 493
recto-vesical, 493
renal, 1259
salpingo-pharyngea, 838
of shoulder, 373
spermatic external, 477

internal, 475
superficial, 361

of arm, 378

of chest, 369
temporal, 447
of thigh and buttock, 402
thyreoid, 1389
transversalis, 475
triangular, 478
of upper limb, 378
urethro-vaginal, 493
of urogenital diaphragm, inferior, 189

superior, 491
Fasciculus or Fasciculi-

anterior proprius, 538
antero-lateral superficial, 536
bulbo-spinal, 538
bulbo-thalamic, 591, 651

Fasciculus or Fasciculi (contd.) -

cerebello-spinal, 536
cerebro-pontine, 591
cerebro-spinal anterior, 536, 539

lateral, 536, 538, 545
circumolivary, 557
cuneatus, 526, 533, 559
gracilis, 522, 626
intra-fascicularis, 533, 559
lateralis (plexus brachialis), 701
lateralis proprius, 538
longitudinalis inferior, 650

medialis, 586-588

superior, 650
mamillo-thalamic, 612, 615
medialis (plexus brachialis), 701
occipito-frontal, superior, 651
olivo-spinal, 538
posterior (plexus brachialis), 701
postero-lateral, 534
proprius anterior, 535

lateralis, 535

posterior, 535
Pyramidal, 591
retroflexus, 591, 614
rubro-spinal, 538, 588

origin of, 516
septo-marginal, 535
solitarius, 564, 596, 597, 598
spino-cerebellar, 531, 563

anterior, 537, 578

posterior, 537
spino-tectal, 537
spino-thalamic, 535, 537, 545, 562, 591, 651

anterior, 537, 538

posterior, 537
spiralis of cochlear nerve, 852
strio-nigricus, 641
strio-rubricus, 641
strio-thalamicus, 641
tecto-bulbaris et spinalis, 591
tecto-spinal, 538, 562

origin of, 516
temporo-thalamic, 643
thalamo-mamillary, 612, 615
thalamo-olivary, 556, 568
uncinate, 649
vestibulo-spinal, 538, 605

of Vicq d’Azyr, 612, 615
Fasciola cinerea, 629, 946
Fat-pads, synovial of joints, 302

of elbow-joint, 325
of hip-joint, 341

of knee-joint, 348
Fauces, 1112
arches of, glosso-palatine, 1112

pharyngo-palatine, 1112
isthmus of, 1112

level of, 1442

surgical anatomy of, 1383
Female pronucleus, 16, 20
Female reproductive organs, 1310

bulbus vestibuli, 1310
clitoris, 1310
external genital organs, 1310
greater vestibular glands, 1310
labia majora, 1310

minora, 1310
mons Veneris, 1310
ovary, 1310, 1311
rima pudendi, 1310
uterine tube, 1310

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