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Female reproductive organs (contd.), uterus, 1310

vagina, 1310
Femoral arch, deep, 405

superficial, 405
artery, 946

ligature of, 1459

surgical anatomy of, 1459
canal, 405
fossa, 1235
hernia, 405
lymph glands, 1013
ring, 405
septum, 405
sheath, 947
triangle, 414

vein, 985
Femur, 239

adductor tubercle of, 242, 412
architecture of, 273
condylar surface of, 244
condyles of, 243
connexions of, 244
distal epiphyseal line of, 1462
distal parts of shaft, 1459
epicondyles of, 243
fovea capitis of, 240
greater trochanter of, 241
head of, 239
homology of, 294
intertrochanteric crest of, 240

line of, 240
lesser trochanter of, 242
linea aspera of, 242
neck of, 240
nutrient foramina of, 244
Ossification of, 244
patellar surface of, 244
pectineal line of, 242
pilastered femur, 281
platymerie, 281
popliteal surface of, 242
sexual differences of, 244
shaft of, 242
spiral line of, 242
third trochanter of, 242, 281
trochanteric fossa of, 241
variations in, 281
enestra ovalis s. vestibuli, 832

rotunda s. cochleæ, 833
enestrated membrane, 868
ertilisation of ovum, 20
bræ arcuatæ externæ, 566
internæ, 560

development of, 566
circulares Mülleri, 813
lentis, 820
meridionales (Brueckei), 813
obliquæ ventriculi, 1174
ores, association, of spinal medulla, 534
ommissural, of cerebellar, 578
ortico-striate, 653
ortico-thalamic, 612
tercolumnar, 477
aternal arcuate, 560, 561

medulla oblongata, 556, 560
Purkinjé, 879
nalamo-cortical, 612
-ils of ivory, 1123
ocartilages, intervertebral, 306
qus plate of fingers, 333
of toes, 361
tympanic, 831

Fibula, 250

anterior crest of, 252
apex of head, 250
architecture of shaft of, 250
connexions of, 253
incisions to expose the shaft of, 1462
interosseous crest of, 252
lateral crest of, 252
lateral malleolus of, 253
medial crest of, 253
morphology of head of, 250
ossification of, 253
shaft, examination of, 1462
surface of, 252

variations in, 282
Fibular artery, 953
Fibulare, os, 295
Field, polar, 13
Filament, axial, 18
Filiform papillæ, 1126
Filtration angle of cornea, 809
Filum terminale, 518
Fimbria cerebri, 627

ovarica, 1312

tubæ uterinæ, 1314
Finger-cells, 857
Fingers, bones of, 226

movements of, 401
Fissure or Fissures-Fissura

angular, 665
anterior median, of spinal medulla, 521
antitrago-helicine, 829
of anus, 1430
auricular, 127
calcarine, 660
central, of brain, 663

development of, 662, 663
topography of, 1360, 1361
transitional gyri of, 663
of cerebellum, 571
of cerebrum, 571, 572, 573
chorioidal, of brain, 621, 637, 675

development of, 621
chorioidal, of eye, 826
collateral, 661, 662
“complete,” 646
of ductus venosus, 1191, 1197
floccular, of cerebellum, 572

development of, 573
frontal, inferior, 665

middle, 665

superior, 665
fronto-marginal, 665
hippocampi, 626
horizontal, of cerebellum, 573

development of, 572
inferior orbital, 137, 147
interparietal proprius, 664
lateral, of the brain, 653
anterior ascending ramus of, 653, 654

horizontal ramus, 654
ascending ramus, 654
development of, 655, 656
posterior ramus, 653
stem of, 653
terminal piece of, 665

topography of, 1359, 1360
longitudinal, of cerebrum, 540, 646

development of, 608
lunatus, 660
of lung, 1095
of medulla oblongata, 543

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Fissure or Fissures-Fissura (contd.), occipital, Flexor digiti quinti brevis of foot, 435
anterior, 665

action of, 435
lateral, 661

nerve-supply of, 435
paramedial, 661

of hand, 394
transverse, 664

action of, 394
olfactory, 666

nerve-supply of, 394
orbital (of brain), 666

digitorum brevis, 433
inferior, of skull, 137, 147, 162, 163, 189

action of, 433
ossa suturarum in connexion with, 146

nerve-supply of, 433
superior, variations in, 136, 162, 180

longus muscle, 430
palpebral, 821

action of, 430
paracentral, 664

nerve-supply of, 430
paramedial, 661

profundus, 388
parapyramidal, 573

action of, 389
development of, 573

nerve-supply of, 389
parietal, superior, 665

sublimis muscle, 388
parieto-occipital, 661

action of, 388
topography of, 1360

nerve-supply of, 388
paroccipital, 661

hallucis brevis muscle, 434
petro-basilar, 130

action of, 434
petro-occipital, 176

nerve-supply of, 434
petro-squamous, 131

longus muscle, 431
petro-tympanic, 127, 834

action of, 431
portal, 1190

nerve-supply of, 431
post-central, inferior, 664

pollicis brevis muscle, 393
superior, 664

action of, 393
post-lunar, 573

nerve-supply of, 393
development of, 572

longus muscle, 390
post-nodular, 571

action of, 390
development of, 571

nerve-supply of, 390
post-tonsillar, of cerebellum, 573

surgical anatomy of, 1453
prae-cuneal, 665

sheath, common, of hand, 1453
pre-central, inferior, 665

Flexura coli dextra, 1211
superior, 665

sinistra, 1211
prima of cerebellum, 572

Flexures of brain, 514
pterygoid, 138

cephalic, of brain, 514
pterygo-maxillary, 168, 192

cervical, of brain, 514
pterygo-palatine, 192

duodeno-jejunal, 1182, 1187
rhinal, 624

topographical anatomy of, 1419
sagittal, of the lingual gyrus, 662

left, of colon, 1211, 1220
secundaria of cerebellum, 572

level of, 1442
simial, 660

topography of, 1422
spheno-petrous, 175, 176

perineal, of rectum, 1224
of spinal medulla, 521, 522

pontine, of brain, 514
development of, 521

right, of colon, 1211, 1220, 1422
subparietal, 665

level of, 1423
superior orbital, 160, 180

topography of, 1422
suprapyramidal, 573

sacral, of rectum, 1224
development of, 572

sigmoid, 1211
temporal, inferior, 658

Floating ribs, 112
middle, 658

Floccular fissure of cerebellum, 572
superior, 658

development of, 573
topography of, 1360

fossa, 131, 133
transverse, of the brain, 674

Flocculus cerebelli, 571
of liver, 1180

development of, 571
tympano-mastoid, 127

Floor, pelvic, 490
umbilical, 1191

plate, 500, 502
urogenital, 1329

Fætus, circulation of, 71
vestibuli, 844

estimate of age of, 78, 79
Fistula in ano, 1431

external characters of, at different periods, it
Flat bones, 82, 85

membranes of, 53, 62
Flechsig, areas of, 564

period of the, 7
Flexion, 377

Fold or folds, ary-epiglottic, 1068
Flexor carpi radialis muscle, 385

development of, 1100
action of, 386

axillary, 1446
bursa, 386

caudal, 38, 74
nerve-supply of, 386

cephalic, 38, 74
surface anatomy of, 1452

of Douglas, of sheath of rectus, 483
ulnaris muscle, 386

topography of, 1410
action of, 387

genital, 1333
nerve-supply of, 387

glosso-epiglottic, 1067
caudæ muscle, 494

gluteal, 1455

folds (contd.), ilio-cæcal, 1218
-scrotal, 1328
rynx, 1068
--epiglottic, 1068
ntricular, 1068
ocal, 1068
ullary, 23, 74
ryngo-epiglottic, 1067
o-genital, 1317
o-uterine, 1317
f pelvic peritoneum, 1238, 1318
to-vaginal, 1317
ro-genital, 1283, 1318
pingo-palatine, 838, 1143
pingo-pharyngeal, 838, 1143
nilunar, of Douglas, 483
ansverse vesical, 1283

ero-vesical, 1317
entricular, 1068
estigial, of Marshall, 872, 882
ocal, 1068
_ds and fossæ about the cæcum, 1218
lia of cerebellum, 571, 580
lium vermis of cerebellum, 572
llicles, of hair, 860
of Lieberkühn, 1181
lymph, 995
primitive, of ovary, 1334

of teeth, 1245, 1246
olliculi oophori primarii, 1331

vesiculosi, 1313

development of, 1334
Folliculus pili, 860
Fontana, spaces of, 810
Fontanelle, anterior, 194

antero-lateral, 194
posterior, 194
postero-lateral, 194

sagittal, 194
Fonticulus frontalis, 194

mastoideus, 194
occipitalis, 194
sphenoidalis, 194
Foot, articulations of, 351
bones of, 254

architecture of, 274
morphology of, 295
ossification of, 265, 267, 268

variations in, 282
fasciæ of, 423
lymph vessels of, 1014, 1015
mechanism of, 361
muscles of, 424, 430, 432-435

actions and nerve-supplies of, 435, 436
surgical anatomy of, 1463, 1467

transverse arch of, 361
Foot-plate of stapes, 840
Foramen apicis dentis, 1114
cæcum linguæ, 1126, 1348

development of, 44, 1249, 1348
of medulla oblongata, 544

of skull, 140
centrale cochleæ, 844
diaphragmatis (selle), 699
epiploicum, 1162, 1183, 1238

development of, 1253
surgical anatomy of, 1272
ethmoidal, 142, 179

posterius, 140, 163
of Huschke, 832
incisivum, 149, 174
incisor, 149, 174

Foramen (contd.), infraorbital, 146, 162
Forearm and hand, 382

surface anatomy of, 1375
interventricular, 543, 608, 618, 621, 832

development of, 608, 621
intervertebral, 89, 95
ischiadicum majus, 229, 337

minus, 232, 337
jugular, 176, 177, 182
lacerum, 176, 186
of Magendie, 553
magnum, 123, 178, 182

plane of, 124
mandibular, 156
mastoid, 128
mental, 155

surface anatomy of, 1375
obturator, 228, 234
occipital, 172, 178
optic, 180

abnormalities of, 278
ovale, of heart, 875

development of, 1033, 1034
persistence of, 1050
of sphenoid, 136, 169, 176, 180

abnormality of, 278
palatine, greater, 151, 174

surgical anatomy of, 1384
lesser, 152, 174
parietal, 171

origin of, 277
quadratum, 473
rotundum, 136, 180

abnormality of, 278
of Scarpa, 149, 174
sciatic, greater, 229, 337

lesser, 232, 337
singulare cochleæ, 846
spheno-palatine, 185, 192
spinosum, 136, 169, 176, 180

abnormality of, 278
of Stenson, 149, 174

development of, 149
stylomastoid, 129, 177

absence of, 278
supraorbital, 116, 160

surface anatomy of, 1358
supratrochlear, of humerus, 280
transversarium, 90, 92, 93

serial homology of, 284
venæ cavæ, 472
vertebral, 90, 93, 95, 96
of Vesalius, 136, 168, 180
zygomatico-facial, 153
zygomatico-orbital, 154

zygomatico-temporal, 154
Foramina alveolaria, 147

anterior, of sacrum, 96
ethmoidal, 162
interventricular, 618
intervertebral, 89
nervosa, 849
palatina minora, 152
papillaria of kidney, 1265
sacralia anteriora, 96

posteriora, 97
venarum minimarum cordis (Thebesii), 874,

960
Forearm, fasciæ of, 382

lymph vessels of, 1006
muscles of, 382
superficial veins of, 978
surgical anatomy of, 1450

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surgical anatomy of, 1450
Fore-brain, 514

development of the primitive, 33

second dilatation, 33
Fore-gut, 38

differentiation of the, 42
dorsal wall, developments of, 47
lateral wall of the, 42
branchial bars of, 42

pouches, 42
pharyngeal bars of, 42

pouches, 42
ventral wall, developments of, 44
Formatio hippocampalis, 625
reticularis of medulla oblongata, 564

alba, 564
grisea, 564
of pons, 564

of spinal medulla, 524
Formation of alveoli of teeth, 1246
Fornix cerebri, 625

body of, 629
columns of, 615, 627
connexion of, with hippocampus, 625
crura of, 628
crus of, 628
development of, 34, 628

fimbria of, 628
pharyngis, 1145

vaginæ, 1321
Fossa or Fossæ, acetabuli, 284

anterior cranial, 179
of antihelix, 828
cæcalis, 1218
canina, 146, 179, 183, 188, 189
condylic, 122
coronoid, of humerus, 208
cranial, 179

anterior, 179, 188, 189
middle, 180, 190, 191

posterior, 182, 191
digastric, 155
ductus venosi, 1191, 1192
duodenal, inferior, 1185

superior, 1185
duodeno-jejunal, 1185, 1419

surgical anatomy of, 1419
epigastric, 1397
femoral, of peritoneum, 1235
floccular, 130, 133
for gall-bladder, 1191
glandula lacrimalis, 143, 162
glenoid, of scapula, 201, 202
of temporal bone, 125

condition of, at birth, 133

surgical anatomy of, 1445
of helix, 828
hypophyseos, 134

development of, 291
liy potrochanterica, 281
ileo-cæcal, 1218
ileo-colic, 1218
iliacá, 231
incisor, of mandible, 155, 156
incudis, 840
inferior duodenal, of Jonnesco, 1419
infraspinous, 202
infratemporal, 168

boundaries, 168

floor of, 169
inguinal, intermediate, 1235

Fossa or Fossæ (contd.), inguinal, lateral, 1235

medial, 1235
intercondyloid, of femur, 243

anterior, of tibia, 247

posterior, of tibia, 247
interpeduncular, 180, 541
intersigmoid, 1223

surgical anatomy of, 1423
ischio-rectal, 1238
jugular, 177

condition of, at birth, 133
relation of, to jugular foramen, 177

to tympanum, 1369
lacrimal, 148, 163
of Landzert, 1185
lateral, of brain, 655
for ligamentuin teres of hip, 284

variation in, 281
mandibular, 167
mastoid, 1369
middle cranial, 180
myrtiform, 146
nasal, 801
navicularis urethræ (Morgagni), 1308

surgical anatomy of, 1428
vestibuli vaginæ, 1325
olecrani, 208
orbital, 160
ovalis of heart, 874

development of, 1033
of thigh, 403
ovarian, 1312
paraduodenal, 1185
para rectal, 1227, 1238
para vesical, 1238, 1280
patellar, 819
post-condylic, 177
posterior cranial, 182
pterygoid, 174
pterygo-palatine, 170
radial, 208
retro-cæcal, 1218
retro-colic, 1219
retro-mandibular, 1113
retro-ureteric, of bladder, 1277
rhomboid, 550
of Rosenmüller, 1144

development of, 1144

surgical anatomy of, 1385
sacci lacrimalis, 825
scaphoid, of auricle, 828
scaphoid, of sphenoid, 138, 175, 176
subarcuate, 130, 131
submaxillary, 155
Bupraspinous, 202
supratonsillar, 1145

development of, 1249
temporal, 166

lower part, 167
triangular, of auricle, 828
trochanteric, of femur, 241
venæ cavæ (inferioris), 1191, 1192

umbilical, 1191
vermiform, 278
vesicæ felleæ, 1191

zygomatic, 168, 175
Fossula fenestræ cochlee, 129, 833

vestibuli, 832
inferior, of internal acoustic meatus, 846

superior, of internal acoustic meatus, 846
Fossulæ tonsillares, 1146
Fountain decussation, 589, 591

Fountain decussation (contd.), functions of, 589
Fourchette, 1324
Fourth ventricle, 549

clava of, 579
obex of, 579

roof of, 578
Fovea capitis femoris, 240

capituli radii, 214
centralis retinæ, 815
costalis inferior, 93

superior, 93
dentis, 91
femoralis, 1235
inferior of fourth ventricle, 550
inguinalis, 1235

lateral, 1235

medial, 1235
pterygoidea, 157
submaxillaris, 155
superior, of fourth ventricle, 551
supravesical, 1235

trochlearis, 117, 162
Fovea articulares superiores atlantis, 91
Foveolæ gastricæ, 1176
Fracture of the clavicle, 1445

dislocations of the vertebral column, 1443

of sternum, 1397
Frenula valvulæ coli, 1214
Frenulum clitoridis, 1324, 1326

epiglottidis, 1126
of Giacomini, 629
labii inferioris, 1106

superioris, 1106
labiorum pudendi, 1324
linguæ, 1108, 1128

surgical anatomy of, 1383
præputii, 1299
veli, 582

development of, 542
Front of thigh, surgical anatomy of, 1458
Frontal artery of ophthalmic, 904

surgical anatomy of, 1358

of superficial temporal, 897
bone, 115

angular process of, 115, 160, 166
architecture of, 270
cerebral surface of, 117
crest of, 117, 179
ethmoidal notch of, 116
ossification of, 118
sexual differences in, 115
superciliary arches of, 116
surgical anatomy of, 1364
tuberosities of, 115

variations in, 277
eminence, 115

difference in, due to sex, 193

relation of, to brain, 1360
gyrus, inferior, 665

middle, 665
precentral, 665

superior, 665
nerve, 772
plane, 5
process of maxilla, 148, 163

of zygomatic bone, 153
region of the brain, 665
sinus, 270

in coronal sections, 186
exploration of, 1372
growth of, 118
at puberty, 197

Frontal sinus, (contd.), relation of, to infundi-

bulum, 141
to nose, 186

to orbit, 162
size of, 1371
skiagraphs of, 1372
surgical anatomy of, 1371

trans-illumination of, 1372
suture, 160

vein, 967, 969
Fronto-marginal sulcus, 665
Fronto-nasal process, 49
Fronto-pontine strand, 653

in crus cerebri, 591

in internal capsule, 642
Froriep’s ganglion, 684, 796
Fundus of cæcum, 1213

meatus acustici interni, 845
of stomach, 1163, 1168

level of, 1442

surgical anatomy of, 1417
tympani, 832
uteri, 1316, 1434
ventriculi, 1163

vesicæ, 1274
Fungiform papillæ, 1127
Funicular cells, 504

process, 1409
Funiculus anterior of spinal medulla, 538
cuneatus, 526, 533, 547

constitution of, 538

in section of medulla oblongata, 555
gracilis, 526, 547

constitution of, 532

in section of medulla oblongata, 555
lateralis of spinal medulla, 535
posterior of spinal medulla, 533
separans, 551
spermaticus, 1296

coverings of, 1297
umbilicalis, 56
Furcula, 45
Furrow, bicipital, 1445

nuchal, 1395
sternal, 1397
ulnar, 213

vertebral, 1436
Furrowed band of cerebellum, 576
Galea aponeurotica, 447, 449
Galen, great veins of, 674
Gall-bladder, 1201

body of, 1201
development of, 1250
duct of, 1201
fundus of, 1201
neck of, 1201
spiral valve of, 1201
structure of, 1202
surgical relations of, 1415

variations in, 1202
Gallstones, impacted, 1415, 1416
Gametes, 11

female, 11

male, 11
Ganglia, essentials of, 498

primitive, 32
spinal, 685
of sympathetic plexuses, 753

of trunk, sympathetic, 753
Gangliated cord of sympathetic, 753
Ganglion or Ganglia, aberrantia, 685

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