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Ganglion or Ganglia (contd.), aortico-renal, Ganglion or Ganglia (contd.), sympathetic, 504
764

cells of, 753
basal, of central hemispheres, 637

cervical superior, 756
of cardiac plexuses, 789, 880

branches of, 756
cardiac (Wrisbergi), 790

collateral, 754
of cerebral nerves, 678, 767

development of, 681
cervical, inferior, of sympathetic, 759

gray rami of, 754
branches of, 759

terminal, 754, 767
surgical anatomy of, 1398, 1442

of the tendon sheath, 1451
middle, of sympathetic, 759

thoracic, 759
branches of, 759

central branches of, 761
superior, 759

first, 759
of uterus, 1321

peripheral branches of, 761
ciliary, 773

plexuses of, 761
development of, 683, 796

trunci sympathici, 753
long root of, 773

of vagus, 786, 788
morphology of, 796

vestibular, 853
roots of, 773

development of, 683, 796
short root of, 770

Ganglionic crest, 679
sympathetic root of, 773

layer of retina, 816
coccygeal, 753

Gastric artery, 929
cochleár, 554, 664, 785

impression of liver, 1193
coeliac, 763

of kidney, 1264
of Corti, 845, 852

lymph glands, 1019
diaphragmatic, 765

ulcer, perforation of, 1418
of Froriep, 796

veins, 992, 1019
geniculi of facial nerve, 598, 782

Gastrocnemius muscle, 428
development of, 683, 796

action of, 429
morphology of, 796

nerve-supply of, 429
habenulæ, 614

surface anatomy of, 1463
impar, 753, 763

Gastro-colic ligament, 1241
inferior cervical, of sympathetic, 759

Gastro-duodenal artery, 930
interpedunculare, 591, 614

Gastro-enterostomy, 1418
relation of, to fasciculus retroflexus, 614 Gastro-epiploic artery right, 930
jugular of vagus, 786, 788

veins, 992
development of, 796

Gastro-lienal ligament, 1162, 1170, 1236, 1240.
morphology of, 796

1242
lumbar, 761, 762

development of, 1256
mesenteric, superior, 765

Gastro-phrenic ligament, 1170, 1236
middle cervical, of sympathetic, 759

Gelatinous marrow, 83
nodosum of vagus, 786, 788

Gemellus inferior muscle, 418
development of, 684, 796

superior muscle, 418
morphology of, 796

actions of, 418
olfactory, 622

nerve-supplies of, 418
morphology of, 622

General lumbar index, 288
otic, 781

Geniculate bodies, lateral, 620
development of, 684, 796

development of, 35, 608
petrous, 785

internal structure of, 613
branches of, 786

medial, 582
development of, 684, 796

ganglion, 598, 782
morphology of, 796

Genio-glossus muscle, 462
phrenic, 765

action of, 463
sacral, 763

nerve-supply of, 463
semilunar, 600, 772

surgical anatomy of, 1383
development of, 683, 796

Genio-hyoid muscle, 461
morphology of, 796

action of, 462
of sensory nerves, 510

nerve-supply of, 462
spheno-palatine, 775, 777

Genital cord, 1334
development of, 683, 795, 796

eminence, 78, 1328, 1336
spinal, 685

fold, 1333
aberrant, 685

organs, development of, 1328
cells of, 685

female, 1334, 1335, 1336
development of, 679

male, 1333, 1335, 1336
spiral, of cochlear, 785, 845, 852

ridge, 1333
splanchnic, 761

Genito-femoral nerve, 722
submaxillary, 780

Gennari, stria of, 644, 659
branches from, 780

Genu capsulæ internæ, 642
roots of, 780

of central fissure of the brain, 663
superior cervical, of sympathetic, 756

of corpus callosum, 630
superius, of glossopharyngeal nerve, 785

of facial nerve, 782
development of, 684, 796

Germ cells, multiplication of, 12
morphology, 796

primitive, 11

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Germs cells (contd.), progenitors of, 21

Glands or Glandulæ, parotid (contd.), imme-

diate relations of, 1137
retro-mandibular process of, 1133
shape and relations of, 1134
superficial surface, 1134

vessels and nerves of, 1137
præputial, 1299
prostatic, 1301, 1302, 1307
racemose, 1132
salivary, 1133

structure of, 1140
sebaceous, 861
serous, 1132
sexual, development of, 1333
shape and relations of, 1139
simple, 1132
solid, 1131
solitary, of large intestine, 1181

of small intestine, 1179
structure of, 1132
sublingual, 1138

development of, 1243
surgical anatomy of, 1383

vessels and nerves of, 1140
submaxillary, 1137

development of, 1243
position and relation of, 1137
surgical anatomy of, 1391

vessels and nerves of, 1138
sudoriferous, 861
sudoriparous, 861
suprarenal, development of, 32, 1343

surgical anatomy of, 1437, 1442
sweat, 861
tarsal, 823

of Moll, 823

surgical anatomy of, 1377
thymus, 1350
thyreoid, 1347

accessory, 1349
of tongue, 1130
tubular, 1132
urethral, 1309
uterine, 1320
vascular, 1131
vestibular, greater (Bartholini), 1326

surface anatomy of, 1435

lesser, 1326
Glans clitoridis, 1326

penis, 1298, 1336
Gleno-humeral ligament, 322
Glenoid fossa of scapula, 201, 202
fossa of temporal bone, 125, 154

condition of, at birth, 133
surgical anatomy of, 1375
labrum, 320
Glisson (capsula fibrosa), 1198
Globular process, 49
Globus pallidus of lentiform nucleus, 639
Glomerular capsule, 1266
Glomerulus, olfactory, 623

renal, 1269
of sweat glands, 861

Wolffian, 1329
Glomus caroticum, 1343

enamel, 1245
nerve, 679
of tooth, 1245
Germinal cells, 502

of ovary and testis, 15, 17, 21

of spinal medulla, 30
epithelium, 21, 1333, 1334
layers, 7, 21

vesicle, 14, 22
Giacomini, banderella of, 629
Jianuzzi, crescents of, 1132
Gingivæ, 1112
Ginglymus, 301
Girdle, pectoral, 203, 270

pelvic, 228, 273
Glabella, 160, 183, 285

surgical anatomy of, 1358, 1374
Hands or Glandula, 1131
acini of, 1133
acino-tubular, 1132
acinous, 1132
alveolar, 1133
alveoli of, 1133
anterior, of tongue, 1130
areolar, 1337
basement membrane of, 1132
buccal, 1109
bulbo-urethral, 1304

development of, 1335
ducts of, 1304

surgical anatomy of, 1218
carotid, 1343
ceruminous, 832, 861
cervical, of the uterus, 1315
ciliary, 861
circum-anal, 1230
coccygeal, 1355
compound, 1132
cytogenic, 1131, 1132
digestive, 1106
ductless, 1341
duodenal, 1179, 1186
of Ebner, 855
epithelial, 1131
general structure of, 1133
Haversian, 341
of intestine, 1179

of colon, 1212
of rectum, 1230

of small intestine, 1210
labial, 1109
lacrimal, inferior, 824

superior, 824

surgical anatomy of, 1377
laryngeal, 1072
lingual, 1130

anterior, 1130
lymph, 993
mammary, 1336
molar, 1109
of Moll, 823, 827
mucous, 1131
nodules, lymph aggregate, 1179
olfactory, 804
palatine, 1110
parathyreoid, 1345
parotid, 1133

accessory parotid gland, 1136
deep part of the gland, 1135
duct of, 1136
facial

process of, 1133, 1136

development of, 1355

structure of, 1313, 1355
coccygeum, 1355
Glosso-epiglottic folds, 1067
Glosso-palatine arch, 1111, 1112 .
muscle, 467

action of, 467

Glosso-palatine muscle (contd.), nerve-supply

of, 467
Glossopharyngeal nerve, 785

nuclei of, 596
Glossopharyngeus muscle, 464
Glottis respiratoria, 1071

development of, 684
spuria, 1070

vera, 1070

Groove for meningeal arteries (contd.), un

parietal, 119
on temporal, 126
mylo-hyoid, 156

development of, 158
naso-pharyngeal, 1143
neural, 23, 24, 31
obturator, 234

abnormality of, 281
for occipital sinus, 183
csophageal, of liver, 1192

of lung, 1094
olfactory, 140, 141, 179
optic, 135
popliteal, 243
postero-lateral, of medulla oblongata, 514
primitive, 23
pterygo-palatine, of palate, 151

of sphenoid, 138
for radial nerve of humerus, 207
sacral, 97
subclavian, 111
for subclavius, 199
for superior petrosal sinus, 128, 182
for superior sagittal sinus, on cranial vault

on frontal, 117
on occipital, 121

on parietal, 119
for transverse sinus, 121

on cerebral hemisphere, 647
on occipital bone, 121-122
on parietal, 119
on temporal, 128

partial absence of, 278
vertebral, of vertebral column, 100

pars intermembranacea, 1071
Glutæus maximus muscle, 415

actions of, 415, 421
nerve-supply of, 415

surface anatomy of, 1455
medius muscle, 416
minimus muscle, 416

actions of, 417, 421

nerve-supply of, 417
Gluteal artery, 942

surgical anatomy of, 1455
cleft, 1455
fold, 1455
lines of ilium, 230
surface of iliuin, 230

veins, 984
Gnathic index, 287
Goll, column of, 522, 533
Gonion, 286
Gowers' tract, 535, 536, 546
Gracile funiculus, 547

lobule, 576

nucleus, 547, 559
Gracilis muscle, 411

action of, 411

nerve-supply of, 411
Granulationes arachnoideales, 672
Granule cells, 579

layers of retina, 817, 818
Gratiolet's optic radiation, 658
Gray matter, central, of mid-brain, 584

of cerebellum, 576
of cerebral cortex, 644, 645
cerebro-spinal, 36, 512
of spinal medulla, 527-531

117

1

of thorax, 114
Growth of bones, 86, 87
Gubernaculum dentis, 1247

testis, 1295
Gudden's commissure, 769
Gullet, 1150
Gums, 1112

lymph vessels of, 1005
Gustatory cells, 855

hair, 855

development of, 33, 35

of medulla oblongata, 33, 515
of thalamus, 36
Gridiron incision, 1411
Groin, 1405

fasciæ of, 402
Groove, of alveolar process, 148

anterior medial, of spinal medulla, 522
antero-lateral, of medulla oblongata, 544
for auditory tube, 136
carotid, of sphenoid, 135
for cerebral sinuses, 182
coronary, of heart, 871

topography of, 1403
costal, 110, 112
for greater superficial petrosal nerve, 130
for inferior petrosal sinus, 128
interosseous, of calcaneus, 259,

of talus, 256
intertubercular, 206
interventricular, 872, 873, 1035
intervertebral, 89
lacrimal, 147

of lacrimal bone, 143, 163

of maxilla, 148, 163
longitudinal, of heart, 871
for meningeal arteries, 117, 119, 126

on frontal bone, 117

pore, 854

Gyrus or Gyri, 653
angular, 665

topography of, 1360
breves, 654
central, anterior, 665

posterior, 662
of cerebral hemispheres, 653
cinguli, 666
cunei, 662
cuneo-lingualis, anterior, 660

posterior, 660
frontal, inferior, 665
middle, 665
superior, 665

topography of, 1360
of Heschl, 656
lingualis, 660
longi, 654
orbitalis anterior, 666
paracentral (lobule), 665
pararhinal, 658
parasplenialis (area), 665
parietal, inferior (lobule), 664-665

superior (lobule), 664
parieto-occipital (area), 665

us or Gyri (contd.), præcuneus, 662
recentral, 665
ectus, 666
upramarginal, 665

topography of, 1360
emporal, inferior, 658

medius, 658
parasplenal, 658
superior, 657
surface anatomy of, 1360

transverse, 656
transitional, deep, of calcarine and parieto-

occipital fissure, 660
of central fissure, 663

of intra parietal, 664
transitivi cerebri, 663
abenula, commissure of, 615
ganglion of, 614
amal lymph glands, 995
læmatocele, pudendal, 1435
læmatoma of the scrotum, 1430

læmorrhages of the scalp, 1357
Hæmorrhoidal arteries, inferior, 1232

middle, 939

superior, 1232
nerve, inferior, 738
plexus, 766

venolis, 985

veins, 984
Hæmorrhoids, 1430
Hair, 859

development of, 862
erector muscles of, 861
of fætus, 79
follicle of, 860

bulb of, 860

root sheaths of, 860
papilla of, 860
root of, 859
scapus of, 859

shaft, 859
Hair-cells, auditory, 847, 848, 851

of cochlea, 851
Hair-follicles, 860
Hairs, gustatory, 855

olfactory, 805
Hamstring muscles, 418

surgical anatomy of, 1456
Hamulus cochleæ, 845

lacrimalis, 143
laminæ spiralis, 845
of medial pterygoid lamina, 138, 175

surgical anatomy of, 1385
of os hamatum, 221
pterygoideus, 138, 175
Hand, arterial arches of, 923

articulations of, 329
bones of, 217

architecture of, 272
morphology of, 295
ossification of, 223, 226, 227

variations in, 280
fasciæ of, 384
movements of, 401
muscles of, 382, 391
surgical anatomy of, 1450
Hard palate, 174

in frontal section of skull, 189

relation of, to surface, 164
Hare-lip, 1379
Hasner, valve of, 825

Hassall, concentric corpuscles of, 1351
Haustra coli, 1212
Haversian canals, 84

gland of hip-joint, 341

systems, 84
Head, arteries of, 888

bones of, 115
development of, 495
fasciæ of, 446
lymph vessels of, 1003

superficial, 1003
mesodermal somites of, 28, 29, 30, 496
movements of, 446
muscles of, 448

development of, 495
nerves of, 767
process, 24
segmental characters of, 293, 496
surgical anatomy of, 1357

veins of, 964
Head-cap, of spermatozoon, 17
Heart, 870

abnormalities of, 1050
aortic cusp of, 1050
orifice of, 878, 884

topography of, 1403
valve of, 878

vestibule of, 878
apex of, 872

abnormalities of, 1050
arteries of, 887
atria of, 874, 875

development of, 70
left, 875
right, 873
structure of, 879

topography of, 1403
atrio-ventricular apertures of, 877
auricles of, 874, 875

development of, 1032
left, 875
right, 874

surface anatomy of, 1404, 1405
base of, 871
bulbus cordis of, 70
capacity of, 880
central fibro-cartilage of, 876, 879
chambers of, 873
chordæ tendineæ of, 877
conus arteriosus of, 876
coronary groove of, 871

topography of, 1403
sinus of, 875, 959

abnormalities of, 1057
development of, 1032
morphology of, 1049

opening of, 875
sulcus of, 871
crista terminalis of, 874
development of, 70, 75, 1025, 1031
diaphragmatic surface of, 872
endocardium of, 875, 876, 877, 878

structure of, 879
epicardium of, 879
fibrous rings of, 877, 878, 879
foramen ovale of, 875

persistence of, 1050
foramina venarum minimarum, 874
fossa ovalis of, 874

development of, 1033, 1034
infundibulum of, 876
interauricular septum of, 873

Heart, interauricular septum of (contd.), ab-

Heart, veins of contd.), morphology of, 1048
ventricles of, 876

development of, 70

structure of, 879
ventricular septum, 876
weight of, 880
Helicine arteries, 1300
Helicotrema, 845
Helix, 827

development of, 53
fossa of, 828
muscles of, 829
spine of, 828

tail of, 829
Helmholtz, ligaments, 841
Hemisphæria bulbi urethræ, 1308
Hemispheres, cerebellar, 570

cerebral, 620
Henle, layer of, 860

loop of, 1266
Hensen, cells of, 850, 851
ductus reuniens of, 846

development of, 854
stripe of, 851
Hepatic artery, 930

cells, 1199
duct, 1201

development of, 1254
lobules, 1198
lymph glands, 1020
plexus, 765
veins, 982
Hepato - duodenal ligament, 1162, 1183,

1197
Hepato-gastric ligament, 1162, 1170, 1197

development of, 1255
Hepato-renal ligament, 1197
Heredity, theory of, 19
Hernia, congenital inguinal, 1409

diaphragmatic, 473
direct inguinal, 1408, 1409
femoral, 405
medial, 1409
oblique inguinal, 1408, 1409
surgical anatomy of, 1408, 1459
Heschl’s convolution, 656
Hesselbach's triangle, 1235, 1408
Heterodont dentition, 1248
Hiatus aorticus, 472
canalis facialis, 130

condition of, at birth, 133
interosseus, 327
maxillaris, 804
esophageus, 472
sacralis, 97
semilunaris, 186, 803

surgical anatomy of, 1378
Highmori, corpus, 1288
Hilum of kidney, 1251, 1258, 1437

topography of, 1425, 1437
of lung, 1094

topography of, 1399
of lymph glands, 995
of nucleus dentatus, 510
of olivary nucleus, 556
of ovary, 1311
of spleen, 1352

of suprarenal gland, 1345
Hind-brain, 33, 514

parts derived from, 514
Hind-gut, 38, 48

normalities of, 1051

development of, 1032
interventricular septum of, 878

abnormalities of, 1050

development of, 1032
sulcus of, 873
limbus fossa ovalis, 874
lunulæ of valves of, 877
lymph vessels of, 880
margins of, 873

topography of, 1403
mitral orifice of, 878

level of, 1442

topography of, 1405
valve of, 878
moderator band of, 877
musculi papillares of, 877

structure of, 879
pectinati of, 874
myocardium of, 878
nerves of, 880
nodulus valvulæ semilunaris, 877
orifices of pulmonary veins in, 875

of venæ cavæ in, 874, 875
outline of physiology of, 870
pars membranacea septi of, 878

abnormalities of, 1050
primitive, 70

atrium of, 1033
development of, 1026
rudiments of, 65

venous valves of, 1032
pulmonary orifice of, 877

topography of, 1045
valve of, 877

development of, 1032
Purkinjé's fibres of, 879
relation of, to wall of thorax, 870, 871, 873
semilunar valves of, 877

development of, 1032
septum primum of atrium, 1033

secundum of atrium, 1033
shape of, 870
sinus venosus of, 1032

development of, 70
size of, 880
sterno-costal surface of, 872
structure of, 878

atrio-ventricular bundle, 879
endocardium, 879
epicardium, 879

fibres of, 879
sulcus, coronary, 871
sulcus terminalis of, 873, 874

developmental significance of, 1032
surface and surgical anatomy of, 1403
Thebesian valve of, 874

development of, 1032
trabeculæ carneæ of, 877
transposition of, 1050
tricuspid orifice of, 874, 877

level of, 1442

topography of, 1405
valve of, 877
trigona fibrosa of, 876
truncus aorticus of, 70
tuberculum intervenosum, 875
valvula venæ cavæ inferioris, 875

development of, 1032
vascular supply of, 880
veins of, 959

derivatives of the, 48

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