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Hinge-joints, 301
Hip-bone, 228

acetabulum of, 228
architecture, 273
connexions of, 234
ilium, 228
morphology of, 294
nutrient foramina of, 234
obturator foramen of, 228
ossification of, 235

variations in, 281
Hip-joint, 339

disease, abscesses in, 1460
dislocation of, 1460
exposure of front of, 1459
movements at, 342
nerves to, 723, 724, 728, 729
surgical anatomy of, 1455, 1459
synovial stratum of, 341
Hippocampal commissure, 627

fissure, 626
Hippocampus, 625, 626, 627, 636
connexion of, with fornix, 625

with thalamus, 625
fimbria of, 627

inversus, 629
Hirschsprung's disease, 1423
Histology, 4
Homodont dentition, 1248
Homology, 2

of limb-bones, 294
of limb-girdles, 296
of scapula and ilium, 297
serial, 3

of vertebræ, 283
Homoplasy, 3
Horizontal fissure of cerebellum, 573

development of, 573
Horse-shoe kidney, 1268
Hour-glass stomach, 1172
Housemaid's knee, 1460
Huguier, canal of, 125

relation of, to tympanum, 834
Humero-femoral index, 289
Humero-ulnar joint, 323
Humerus, 204

anatomical neck of, 205
architecture of, 272
capitulum of, 208
connexions of, 209
coronoid fossa of, 208
deltoid tuberosity of, 207
distal extremity of, 208
epicondyles of, 207
epiphyses of, 209
groove for radial nerve, 207
head of, 205
intertubercular groove of, 206
morphology of, 294
nutrient foramina of, 209
olecranon of, 208
ossification of, 209
sexual differences of, 209
shaft of, 206
surgical anatomy of, 1449
trochlea of, 208
tubercles of, 205

variations in, 280
Humour, aqueous, 821

vitreous, 819
Huschke, foramen of, 832
Huxley, layer of, 860

Hyaloid artery, 826

history of, 819
canal, 826

development of, 819
fossa, 819

membrane, 819
Hyaloplasm, 8
Hydra, nervous system in, 497
Hydrocele, 1409
Hydronephrosis, caused by abnormal vessels,

1425
Hymen of vagina, 1322, 1325

carunculæ hymenales of, 1325

development of, 1335
Hyo-epiglottic ligament, 1068
Hyo-glossal membrane, 1129
Hyo-glossus muscle, 462

action of, 463

nerve-supply of, 463
Hyoid arch, 43

muscles derived from, 496

produced from, 496
nerve of, 796
artery, of lingual, 892

of superior thyreoid, 892
bar, 43, 159
bone, 158

body of, 158
connexions of, 159
development of, 43, 159
greater cornua of, 159
lesser cornua of, 159
movements of, 463
ossification of, 159

surgical anatomy of, 1387
Hyparterial bronchus, 1083, 1097
Hypocartilaginous ring of membrana tym-

pani, 834
Hypochondrium, 1159
Hypochordal bow, 103

spange, 936
Hypogastric artery, 936

abnormalities of, 1057
umbilical artery of, 939

relation of, to urachus, 939
nerves, 765, 766
plexus, 766
region, 1159
vein, 984

zone, 1158
Hypogastrium, 1158

surgical anatomy of, 1392
Hypoglossal nerve, 793

development of, 34

nucleus of origin of, 594
Hypophyseal artery, 902

fossa, 134, 183, 291
Hypophysis cerebri, 615, 616

arteries of, 902
development of, 34, 49, 616, 684
fossa of, 134, 183, 291

skiagrams of the sella turcica, 1374
infundibulum of, 616
method of exposure, 1374

surgical anatomy of, 1373
Hypothalamic tegmental region, 613
Hypothalamus, development of, 35

origin of, 517
pars mamillaris, 608, 609

optica, 608, 609
Hypotrochanteric fossa, 281
Hypsicephalic skulls, 286

Ilium (contd.), crest of, 228

fossa of, 231
gluteal lines of, 230

surface of, 230
greater sciatic notch of, 229
morphology of, 297
posterior inferior spine of, 229

superior spine of, 229
tuberosity of, 230
Immovable joints, 299, 300
Imperforate anus, 1233
Impressio trigemini, 130
Impression, gastric, of kidney, 1264

hepatic, of kidney, 1264

splenic, of kidney, 1264
Impressiones digitatæ, 107
Incisions to evacuate pus in the palm, 1454
Incisive artery, 899

bundle, 451
centre, 150
fossa, 146
pad of palate, 1110

condition of, at birth, 1111
papilla palatina, 1110

suture, 149
Incisor crest, 149

foramen, 149, 174
fossa, 155

nerve, 780

Ileal artery, 932
Ileo-cæcal artery, 932

fold, 1218
fossa, 1218
glands, 1217
orifice, 1214
valve, 1215

frenula of, 1214
structure of, 1215

topography of, 1421, 1443
vein, 990
Ileo-colic artery, 932

fossa, 1218

veins, 990
Ileo-sigmoidostomy, 1423
Ileum, 1208

diverticulum of, 1210
structure of, 1210

vessels and nerves of, 1210
Iliac arteries, 935

morphology of, 1048
colon, 1222

topography of, 1423
crest, 228, 238

topography of, 1423, 1443
fascia, 1157
fossa, 231
lymph glands, 1017
portion of fascia lata, 403
region, 1159
spine, anterior inferior, 229

anterior superior, 228

surface anatomy of, 1455, 1458
posterior inferior, 229
superior, 229

surface anatomy of, 1455
tuberosity, 230

veins, 983
Iliacus muscle, 410

action of, 411

nerve-supply of, 411

minor, 410
Ilio-capsularis muscle, 410
Ilio-coccygeus muscle, 494
Ilio-costalis cervicis muscle, 440

dorsi, 439

lumborum, 439
Ilio-femoral ligament, 340
Ilio-hypogastric nerve, 720
Ilio-inguinal nerve, 720
Ilio-lumbar artery, 938

abnormalities of, 1057
ligament, 337

inferior, 337
vein, 982
Ilio-pectineal eminence, 233

line, 231
Ilio-psoas muscle, 410

action of, 411
bursa of, 3+1, 410, 1459
nerve-supply of, 411

surgical anatomy of, 1459
llio-sacralis muscle, 494
Ilio-tibial tract, 404

relation of, to muscles, 416

surgical anatomy of, 1459, 1461
Ilio-trochanteric ligament, 340
Ilium, 228
anterior inferior spine of, 229

superior spine of, 228
arcuate line of, 231
auricular surface of, 230

teeth, 1115, 1116

eruption of, 1121
Incisura acetabuli, 234

cardiaca, 1095
cerebelli anterior, 574

posterior, 574
clavicularis, 107
ethmoidalis, 116
fibularis, 249
intertragica, 828
ischiadica major, 232

minor, 232
jugularis ossis occipitalis, 122

sterni, 107
mandibulæ, 156
mastoidea, 128
nasalis, 115
pancreatis, 1205
parieto-occipitalis, 662
radialis, 211
sca pulæ, 201
semilunaris, 211
spheno-palatina, 152
supraorbitalis, 116
tentorii, 669
terminalis auris, 829
thyreoidea inferior, 1062

superior, 1062
ulnaris, 216
umbilicalis, 1189
vertebralis, inferior and superior, 89

of cervical vertebræ, 90
of lumbar vertebræ, 95

of thoracic vertebra, 93
Inclinatio pelvis, 237
Incremental lines in ivory, 1114
Incudo-malleolar joint, 840
Incudo-stapedial joint, 840
Incus, 840

articulations of, 840
development of, 841
ligaments of, 840
movements of, 840

Incus (contd.), processus lenticularis of, 840
Index, alveolar, 287

auricular, 828
cephalic, 286
dental, 287
facial, superior, 286

total, 287
gnathic, 287
humero-femoral, 289
innominate, 288
intermembral, 289
lumbar, 288
nasal, 287
orbital, 287
palato-maxillary, 287
pelvic, 288
platyknemic, 289
platymeric, 289
radio-humeral, 289
of sacrum, 99, 289
scapula, 288
superior facial, 286
thoracic, 114
tibio-femoral, 289

vertical, of skull, 287
Indices of skulls, 284
Indifferent cells, 36, 503
Indusium griseum, 629
Inferior alveolar canal, 147
gluteal artery, 942

veins, 984
Infra-axillary region, 1397
Infraclavicular lymph glands, 1009

nerves, 703

region, 1397
Infracostal angle, 1397, 1407

plane, 1407, 1411
Infraglenoid tuberosity, 201
Infrahyoid artery, 892
muscles, 459

action of, 460

nerve-supply of, 460
Inframammary region, 1397
Infraorbital artery, 899
canal, 147, 162

relation of, to orbit, 162

variations in, 279
foramen, 146, 162

topography of, 1375
margin, 146
nerve, 777
plexus, 777
suture, 279

vein, 968
Infrapatellar bursa, 315

fat-pad, 348
Infrascapular artery, 917
Infraspinatus muscle, 375

action of, 375

nerve-supply of, 375
Infraspinous fossa, 202
Infrasternal depression, 108

notch, 1397, 1407

region, 1397
Infratemporal crest, 137, 167, 168

fossa, 168
Infratrochlear nerve, 773
Infundibuliform fascia, 475, 483, 1297
Infundibulo-pelvic ligament, 1435
Infundibulum of ethmoid, 141, 186, 803

relation of, to nasal fossæ, 185

to orbit, 163

Infundibulum (contd.), of heart, 876
hypothalami, 541, 615
development of, 616

relation of, to third ventricle, 617
of pulmonary lobules, 1098

development of, 1099
of uterine tube, 1314
Inguinal canal, 1290, 1291

abdominal inguinal ring of, 483
fascia of, 483
subcutaneous inguinal ring of, 483
surgical anatomy of, 1408

walls of, 483
fossa, intermediate, 1235

lateral, 1235

medial, 1235
glands, 1013
hernia, surgical anatomy of, 1408, 1409
ligament, 477
region, 1458
rings, abdominal, 481, 483, 1408

position of, 1408
subcutaneouis, 477, 1408
Inion, 166, 171, 285

topography of, 1358
Inner cell-mass, 21, 22
Innervation of muscles of limbs, laws of, 749
of skin of the limbs, 750

lower limb, 752

upper limb, 752
Innominate artery, 888

abnormalities of, 1051, 1052
development of, 1028
morphology of, 1047

topography of, 1405
veins, 1405
Inscriptiones tendineæ, 482

surface anatomy of, 1407
Insertion of muscles, 364
Inspiration, 474

muscles of, 373
Insula, 654

development of, 655
limen of, 654
opercula of, 655

sulcus centralis of, 654
Integument, 856

corium of, 857
papillæ of, 857

structure of, 857
Interarticular ligaments, 302

of costo-transverse joints, 314
of hip-joint, 339

of sterno-costal joints, 316
development of, 304
menisci, 302
of acromio-clavicular joint, 319

function of, 319
of distal radio-ulnar joint, 327
of knee, 347
of mandibular joint, 312

of proximal radio-ulnar joint, 326

development of, 304
Interatrial septum of heart, 874, 875

abnormalities of, 1051

development of, 1033
sulcus of heart, 871
Intercavernous sinuses, 974
Intercentral articulations, 306
Interchondral joints, 315
Interclavicular ligament, 318

function of, 319

Intercoccygeal joints, 309
Intercolumnar fascia, 477, 483
Intercondylic fossa of femur, 243

of tibia, 247
notch, 243
Intercostal aponeuroses, 470

arteries, 925
lymph glands, 1013
muscles, 470

action of, 474

nerve-supply of, 474
nerves, 713
spaces, 114

veins, 961
Intercosto-brachial nerves, 714

variations in, 716
Intercrural fibres, 477
Intercuneiform joints, 358
Interdigital veins of foot, 954

of hand, 924
Interglobular spaces of ivory, 1123
Interlobar fissures of lung, 1095
Intermaxillary suture, 148, 174
Intermediate visceral arteries, 1043, 1047

cutaneous nerve of thigh, 724
Intermedium, os, 295
Intermetacarpal articulations, 332

movements of, 334
Intermetatarsal articulations, 360
Intermuscular septa of arm, 378

of foot, 423

topography of, 1465
of leg, 422
of thigh, 403

topography of, 1459
Internal capsule, 610, 642

anterior limb of, 642
cerebro-spinal tract in, 642
genu of, 642
lenticulo-caudate fibres of, 642
lenticulo-thalamic fibres of, 642
motor tract of, 642
parts of, 642
posterior limb of, 642
retrolenticular fibres of, 642, 643
sublenticular fibres of, 642

Interosseous muscles of foot (contd.), nerve-

supply of, 433-435
of hand, 391

action of, 395

nerve-supply of, 392-395
ridge of fibula, 252

of tibia, 248
veins of hand, 978
Interparietal bone, 124

sulcus, 664
Interpeduncular fossa, 541
ganglion, 614

relation of, to fasciculus retroflexus, 614
Interphalangeal joints of foot, 361

movements at, 361
of hand, 334

movements at, 334
position of, 1452

surgical anatomy of, 1452
Interpleural space, 1089
Interpubic fibro-cartilaginous lamina, 337
Interscapular region, 1436
Intersegmental association fibres of spinal

medulla, 535
vessels, 1043
Intersigmoid fossa, 1223

surgical anatomy of, 1423
Interspinales muscles, 445
Interspinous ligaments, 308
Intertarsal joints, 358

movements at, 361

synovial strata of, 334
Intertransversales muscles, 445
Intertransverse ligaments, 308
Intertrochanteric crest, 243
Intertubercular line, 1411

plane, 1411
Interventricular foramen, 618

sulcus of, 618
foramina, 643, 618, 621
grooves, 872, 873, 1035
septum, 876, 878

abnormalities of, 1050

development of, 1035
sulcus, 872
Intervertebral fibro-cartilages, 306

foramen, 89, 95

groove, 89
Intestinal arteries, 932

lymph trunks, 997

veins, 992, 1210
Intestine, 1178

aggregated lymph nodules of, 1181
agminated glands of, 1181
basement membrane of, 1179
cæcum, 1211
circular folds of, 1180, 1209
colon, ascending, 1121

descending, 1211

transverse, 1211
development of, 1250
duodenal glands of, 1179, 1186
epithelium of, 1179
intestinal glands of, 1179, 1212
lamina muscularis mucosa, 1179
large intestine, 1121

appendices epiploicæ of, 1211-1212
divisions of, 1211
haustra of, 1212
length of, 1211
nerves of, 1211
plicae semilunares, 1212

ear, 843

mammary artery, 913

ligature of, 1398
structure of pons, 565
Internasal suture, 145
Interolivary stratum, 556
Interosseous arteries, 922

of dorsal carpal arch of foot, 923
groove of calcaneus, 259

of talus, 256
ligaments, calcaneo-cuboid, 357
carpal, 329
carpo-metacarpal, 332
cuboideo-navicular, 357
cuneo-cuboid, 358
cuneo-metatarsal, 359
intercuneiform, 358
intermetatarsal, 360
talo-calcaneal, 355

tibio-fibular, 350
membrane of forearm, 327

chorda obliqua of, 328

hiatus interosseus of, 327
of the leg, 350
muscles of foot, 432

action of, 435

Intestine, large (contd.), structure of, 1212

Irregular tubules of kidney, 1267
Ischial spine, 232

sexual differences of, 237

topography of, 1455
tuberosity, 232

sexual differences of, 238

topography of, 1455
Ischio-bulbosus muscle, 487
Ischio-capsular ligament, 341
Ischio-cavernosus muscle, 488
Ischio-coccygeus muscle, 495
Ischio-pubicus muscle, 488
Įschio-rectal fossa, 1238, 1431
Ischium, 232

acetabulum, notch of, 232
body of, 232
morphology of, 295
rami of, 232
spine of, 232

tuberosity of, 232
Island of Reil, 654, 655

limiting sulcus of, 654

opercula of, 655
Isthmus of acoustic meatus, 830

of auditory tube, 827
of brain, 515
of cartilage of ear, 829
of fauces, 1112

level of, 1442
pharyngo-nasal, 1141, 1145
of pharynx, 1112
rhombencephali, 34
of thyreoid gland, 1347

topography of, 1388
of uterine tube, 1314
Iter chordæ anterius, 834

posterius, 834
Ivory, 1113, 1123

development of, 1247
formation of, 1247
structure of, 1123
fibrils, 1123

development of, 1245
papilla, 1244, 1245
sheaths, 1123

development of, 1245
tubes, 1123

development of, 1245

Jacobson, nerve of, 786

vomero-nasal organ of, 802
Jaw, alveoli of, 148, 155

formation of, 1123
Jejunum and ileum, lymph vessels of,

tæniæ of, 1211, 1212
topography of, 1419, 1421

vessels of, 1212
left flexure of colon, 1211
length of, 1177
lymph vessels of, 1212
mucous membrane of, 1179

of anal canal, 1229
of large intestine, 1212
of small intestine, 1210

structure of, 1210
muscular coat of, 1178

of anal canal, 1229
of large intestine, 1212, 1223
of rectum, 1226
of small intestine, 1210

structure of, 1210
plicæ circulares of, 1180
position of coils of, 1178, 1181, 1210, 1212
rectum, 1211
retiform tissue of, 1179
right flexure of colon, 1211
rotation of loop, 48
serous coat of, 1178

of large, 1212

of small, 1210
small intestine, 1177

coils of, 1208
divisions of, 1177
duodeno-jejunal flexure of, 1182

topography of, 1419
lacteals of, 1210
Meckel's diverticulum of, 1210
mesentery of, 1208
nerves of, 1210
topography of, 1419

vessels of, 1210
solitary lymph nodules of, 1181, 1210, 1212
structure of, 1178
submucous coat of, 1179, 1212, 1213
surgical anatomy of, 1419
tela submucosa of, 1179
tunica mucosa of, 1179

villi of, 1179
Intestinum cæcum, 1213

crassum, 1210
ileum, 1208
jejunum, 1208
rectum, 1224
tenue, 1208

mesenteriale, 1178
Intracranial lymph vessels, 1003
Intrajugular process, 122
Intumescentia cervicalis, 519

lumbalis, 519
Inversion of foot, 361

muscles producing, 436
Iris, 813

blood-vessels of, 813
ciliary margin of, 813
circulus arteriosus major, 813

minor, 813
dilator pupillæ of, 814
ligamentum pectinatum of, 810
muscular fibres of, 814
nerves of, 814
pupil of, 814
pupillary border of, 814

membrane of, 813
sphincter pupillæ of, 814
stroma of, 813

1210
structure of, 1210
surgical anatomy of, 1420

vessels and nerves of, 1210
Joints, 299

development of, 304 .
abduction, 303
acromio-clavicular, 373

movements at, 319, 373
topography of, 1444
adduction, 303
adipose tissue of, 302
amphiarth rodial, 300, 301

development of, 304
ankle, 351

surgical anatomy of, 1463
arthrodial, 301
articular capsules, 302

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