Images de page
PDF
ePub

Joints, articular capsules (contd.), topography

of, 1464
discs, 302
atlanto-epistropheal, 309

movements at, 311
of auditory ossicles, 840
ball and socket, 301, 303
biaxial, 301
calcaneo-cuboid, 357

ligaments of, 357
surgical anatomy of, 1464

topography of, 1464
calcaneo-taloid, 354

surgical anatomy of, 1464
capsule of, 302
carpal, 329

movements at, 334
carpo-metacarpal, 332
cavity of, 301
circumduction, 303
classification of, 299
of clavicle, 317
co-aptation in, 303
condyloid, 301
costo-central, 313
costo-chondral, 315

topography of, 1398
costo-sternal, 315
costo-transverse, 314
costo-vertebral, 313
crico-arytænoid, 1066
crico-thyreoid, 1065
cubo-cuneiform, 357
cuneo-navicular, 357
development of, 304
diarthrodial, 301

development of, 304
elbow, 323
enarthrodial, 301
extension, 303
of finger, 334
flexion, 303
of foot, 351

nerves of, 731, 734
gliding, 303
hinge, 304
hip, 339
humero-radial, 323
humero-ulnar, 323
immovable, 299, 300

development of, 304
incudo-malleolar, 840
incudo-stapedial, 840
of inferior extremity, 339
interarticular ligaments, 302
intercarpal, 329
intercentral, 307
interchondral, 315
intercoccygeal, 309
intercuneiform, 358
intermetacarpal, 332

movements at, 334
intermetatarsal, 360
interneural, 307
interphalangeal, of foot, 334, 361

movements at, 334, 361
of hand, 334

movements at, 334

topography of, 1452, 1465
interpubic, 337, 338
interiarsal, 354, 358

synovial strata of, 334

Joints (contd.), knee, 342

of larynx, 1065
lumbo-sacral, 335
'mandibular, 312
menisci, 302
metacarpo-phalangeal, 333

movements at, 334
surgical anatomy of, 1454

topography of, 1452
metatarso-phalangeal, 360

movements at, 361
surgical anatomy of, 1464, 1465

topography of, 1464, 1465
movable, 300

development of, 304
movements at, 303
multiaxial, 301, 303
occipito-atloid, 309

movements at, 311
of pelvis, 335
pisi-cuneiform, 330
of pisiform bone, 331
radio-carpal, 328

surgical anatomy of, 1450

topography of, 1456
radio-humeral, 323

topography of, 1449
radio-ulnar, distal, 327

proximal, 326
rotation, 303
sacro-coccygeal, 308
sacro-iliac, 335

topography of, 1455
sca pulo-clavicular, 318
shoulder, 320
sternal, 315
sterno-clavicular, 317

action of muscles on, 373
movements at, 319, 373

surgical anatomy of, 1444
sterno-costal, 315
structures of, 302
synarthrodial, 301, 303
synovial stratum, 302
talo-calcaneal, 354

topography of, 1464
talo-calcaneo-navicular, 355

movements at, 361
tarsal, transverse, 357

movements at, 361
tarso-metatarsal, 359

movements at, 361

surgical anatomy of, 1464
temporo-mandibular, see Joint, mandibular
of thorax, 313
tibio-fibular, 349

movements at, 350
toe, 361
transverse carpal, 330

tarsal, 357
uniaxial, 301
of upper extremity, 317
varieties of movements in, 303
of vertebral column, 305

with cranium, 310
wrist, movements at, 334
xiphisternal, 316

level of, 1397, 1407, 1442
Juga alveolaria, 155
Jugal point, 286
Jugular foramen, 176, 177, 182

fossa, 177

Jugular fossa (contd.), development of, 133

Kidneys (contd.), pelvis of, 1268
perinephric fat of, 1259

surgical anatomy of, 1425
position of, 1257, 1423

from behind, 1437
posterior relations of, 1260

surface of, 1260
primitive, 1331
pyramids of, 1265

on section, 1265
relations of, 1262

anterior, 1262
left, 1425
posterior, 1260

right, 1262, 1425
renal columns, 1265
corpuscles of, 1266

development of, 1333
reniculi, 1265
second convoluted tubule, 1266
sinus renalis, 1257, 1265
skiagraphs of pelvis of, 1426
splenic impression of, 1264
surface impressions of, 1264
surgical anatomy of, 1264
tubules of, 1266

development of, 1333
tunica fibrosa of, 1257
ureter of, 1268

development of, 1331
variations in, 1267
vasa afferentia of, 1267
efferentia of, 1267

development of, 1331
veins of, 1267
vessels of, 1267

arteriolæ rectæ, 1267
interlobular arteries, 1267

vasa afferentia, 1267
visceral surface of, 1262
Kink, intestinal, of Arbuthnot Lane, 1423
Knee-joint, 342

alar folds of, 348
articular surfaces of, 342
bursæ connected with, 348

surgical anatomy of bursæ, 1460
ligaments of, 344
menisci of, 347

surgical anatomy of, 1460
movements at, 348

muscles producing, 421
nerves of, from common peroneal nerve, 730

relation of, to jugular foramen, 177

to tympanum, 1369
ganglion, superior, 785
lymph trunk, 998

notch, 122
Jugular process, 122, 172, 177

tubercle, 122
veins, 966
primitive, 1038, 1039

remains of, in adult, 1038, 1039
Junctional tubules of kidney, 1266
Junctura ossium, 299
Karyokinesis (mitosis), 9
Karyolymph, 8
Karyoplasm, 8
Karyo-reticulum, 8
Keratin, 858
Kerkring, ossicle of, 124
Kidneys, 1257

abnormal vessels, 1425
adipose capsule of, 1259
anterior surface of, 1262

relations, 1262
arciform arteries of, 1267
area cribrosa of, 1265
arteries of, 1267
ascending limb of Henle's loop, 1266

irregular tubule, 1266
base of the pyramids, 1265
calyces, 1268

development of, 1331
capsula adiposa of, 1259
capsule of, 1259
collecting tube, 1266
columns of Bertin of, 1265
connective tissue of, 1266
convoluted part of, 1265
corpuscles of, 1266
cortex of, 1265
descending limb of Henle’s loop, 1266

loop of Henle, 1266
development of, 1331
dimensions of, 1257
duct of, 1268
excretory tube, 1266
exposure of, from behind, 1438
extremities of, 1265
fascia renalis of, 1259
first convoluted tubule, 1266
fixation of, 1260
foramina papillaria of, 1265
gastric impression of, 1264
glomeruli of, 1266
hepatic impression of, 1264
hilum of, 1257, 1258, 1425, 1437

topography of, 1437
horse-shoe, 1268
interlobular arteries, 1267
junctional tubule, 1266
lateral border of, 1261
left, 1263
lobes of, 1265
medullary substance of, 1265
nerves of, 1267
oblique incision for exposure of, 1438
papillae of, 1265
papillary part, 1265
paranephric fat of, 1209
pars radiata, 1265

convoluta, 1265

from femoral nerve, 724
from obturator nerve, 724
from sciatic nerve, 728, 729

from tibial nerve, 732
surgical anatomy of, 1460
synovial stratum of, 348

surgical anatomy of, 1461
Knuckles, prominences of, 1452
Krause, corpuscles of, 863

end-bulbs of, 864
Kronlein's method for cranio-cerebral topo

graphy, 1360
Labia majora, 1324

commissures of, 1324

development of, 1336
minora, 1324

oris, 1108
Labial artery, branch of external maxillary

artery, 806

Labial artery (contd.), branch of superficial | Lacrimal sac (contd.), surgical anatomy of, 1377
perineal artery, 1324

sinus of Arlt, 825
glands, 1109

sinus of Maier, 825
nerves, 1324

valve of Beraud, 825
veins, 1324

inferior part, 824
Labio-scrotal folds, 1328

superior part, 824
Labium anterius orificii externi uteri, 1316 Lacteals, 1210
externum cristæ iliacæ, 228

Lactiferous ducts, 1338
internum cristæ iliacæ, 228

Lacunæ of bone, 84
oris inferius, 1108

lateral sagittal, 974
superius, 1108

urethral, 1309
posterius orificii externi uteri, 1316

Lacus lacrimalis, 821
Labrum glenoidale of hip joint, 340

Lagena cochleæ, 849
Labyrinth of ethmoid, 140

Lambda, 171, 285
membranous of ear, 846

topography of, 1358
acoustic nerve in, 852

Lambdoid suture, 171
blood-vessels of, 853

topography of, 1360
cochlea of, 846

Lamellæ, fundamental, 84
development of, 853

interstitial, 84
ductus endolymphaticus of, 847

osseous, 84
reuniens of, 847

Lamina or Laminæ-
utriculosaccular, 847

alar, 36, 505
endolymph of, 762, 846

basal, 36, 505
hair-cells of crista acustica of, 848

basal, of chorioid, 812
of maculæ of, 847

basilar, of chorioid, 811, 812
of spiral organ of Corti of, 847

chorio-capillaris, 811
mascula acustica utriculi, 846

development of, 608
otoconia of, 847

cribrosa of ethmoid, 139
perilymph of, 846

scleræ, 808
recessus utriculi, 846

of temporal bone, 131
saccule of, 846

dental, 1245
saccus endolymphaticus of, 847

elastic, anterior, 810
semicircular ducts of, 847

posterior, 810
sinuses superior and inferior of, 846

fibro-cartilaginous, interpubic, 337
spiral organ of Corti of, 850

fibrosa, 139
utricle of, 846

fusca, 808
utricular sinus of, 847

lateralis processus pterygoidei, 137
Labyrinth, osseous, of ear, 843

medialis processus pterygoidei, 137
cochlea of, 843

tubae auditivæ, 838
development of, 853

medullary, lateral and medial, of thalamus,
perilymph of, 846

610, 611
vestibule of, 843

of lentiform nucleus, 639
Lacertus fibrosus, 380

membranacea tubæ auditivæ, 838
Lacrimal apparatus, 824, 1377

papyracea of ethmoid, 140
ampulla of, 825

perpendicular of ethmoid, 139, 140
surgical anatomy of, 1377

quadrigemina, 584
artery, 816

reticularis, 851
bone, 143, 163

septi pellucidi, 632
ossification of, 144

spiralis ossea, 845
relation of, to nasal fossæ, 187

secundaria, 845
to orbit, 163

suprachorioidea, 811
membranous, 825

terminalis, 33, 616
development of, 827

of thyreoid cartilage, 1062
caruncle, 821

vasculosa of chorioid, 811
crest, anterior (maxillæ), 148

vertebral, 88, 90, 91, 93, 95
posterior (of lacrimal), 143

Landzert, fossa of, 1185
ducts, 825

Langhan's layer, 59
fossa, 148, 163

Lanugo, 862
gland, 824

Large intestine, 1210
inferior, 824

Laryngotomy, 1388
superior, 824

Larynx, 1061
surgical anatomy of, 1377

action of intrinsic muscles of, 1076
groove, 143, 163

aperture of, 1068
relation of, to orbit, 163

appendix of ventricle of, 1071
of maxilla, 187

articulations of, 1065
nerve, 772

ary-epiglottic folds of, 1068
papillæ, 821

arytænoid cartilages, 1064, 1074
plica, of Horsner, 825

apex of, 1064
process, 143

base of, 1065
puncta lacrimalia, 825

oblique muscles of, 1074
sac, 825

processus muscularis of, 1065
development of, 49

vocalis of, 1065

Larynx, arytænoid cartilages (contd.), surfaces | Layers of blastoderm (contd.), germinal, 21
of, 1064

Left colic flexure, 1220
blood-vessels of, 911

surgical anatomy of, 1422
cartilages of, 1062

Leg, development of, 39
development of, 1100

fasciæ of, 422
ossification of, 1065

intermuscular septa of, 422
cavity of, 1068

lymph vessels of, 1013
construction of, 1062

muscles of, 424
conus elasticus of, 1066

surgical anatomy of, 1461
corniculate cartilages, 1065

Lemniscus, 560
crico-arytænoid joints, 1066

connexion of, with cochlear nuclei, 586
crico-thyreoid joints, 1065

with geniculate body, 591
cuneiform cartilages, 1065

with quadrigeminal body, 590
in deglutition, 1077

with superior olive, 556
development of, 1100

with thalamus, 562, 591
epiglottic cartilage, 1065

decussation of, 560
epithelium of, 1072

interolivary stratum of, 568
folds of, 1068

lateral, 570, 584, 585, 586, 590, 606
glands of, 1072

nucleus of, 606
glottis, intercartilaginous part of, 1070

medial, 560, 561, 568, 570, 586, 590, 613
intermembranous part of, 1070

in mid-brain, 568, 570, 585, 590
rima vestibuli of, 1070

in pons, 590
growth-alterations of, 1077

Lens, crystalline, 819
hyo-thyreoid membrane of, 1066

axis of, 820
interior of, 1068

capsule of, 819
intrinsic muscles of, 1072

cortical substance of, 820
joints of, 1065

curvatures of, 820
laryngoscopical appearance of, 1077

development of, 826
ligaments of, 1066

at different ages, 820
lowest compartment of, 1071

epithelium of, 820
middle compartment of, 1069

history of, 826
mucous glands of, 1072

equator of, 820
membrane of, 1071

fibres of, 820
muscles of, 1072

history of, 826
nerves of, 788, 789

laminæ of, 820
pars intercartilaginea of rima glottidis, 1071 nucleus of, 820
intermembranacea, 1071

poles of, 820
philtrum ventriculi of, 1069

radii of, 820
piriform recess of, 1069

refractive index of, 820
position and relations of, 1061

substance of, 820
sesamoid cartilage of, 1065

suspensory ligament of, 819
sexual differences in, 1077

vascular tunic of, 826
tubercle of Santorini of, 1065, 1069

vesicle, 825
tuberculum epiglotticum of, 1069, 1073 Lenticular process of incus, 840
ventricle of, 1071

Lenticulo-optic artery, 905
ventricular folds of, 1070

Lenticulo-striate artery, 905
vessels and nerves of, 1077

Lentiform nucleus, globus pallidus of, 638,
vestibule of, 1069

639
vocal folds of, 1070

medullary laminæ of, 639
mucous membrane of, 1071

putamen of, 639
relation of, to thyreo - arytænoideus surfaces of, 638
muscle, 1073

Leptoprosope skulls, 286
topography of, 1387

Leptorhine skulls, 287
vocalis muscles of, 1076

Lesions of the spinal medulla, 1444
Lateral angle, inferior, of sacrum,

99

Lesser multangular bone, 220, 295
fissure of the brain, 653

Levator ani muscle, 493
development of, 655

action of, 495
line, sense organs of, 501, 796

cushion, 1143
mass of atlas, 91

glandulæ thyreoideæ, 1347
of sacruin, 99

palpebræ superioris muscle, 452
ossification of, 106

action of, 454
part of occipital, 113

nerve-supply of, 454
development of, 293

prostatæ muscle, 494
plantar vessels, position of, 1465

scapulæ muscle, 368
plates, mesodermic, 27

action of, 368
recess of fourth ventricle, 549

nerve-supply of, 368
ventricles, 632

veli palatini muscle, 466
Latissimus dorsi muscle, 366

action of, 467
action of, 368

nerve-supply of, 467
nerve-supply of, 368

Levatores costarum muscles, 470
topography of, 1437

action of, 474
Layers of blastoderm, 21

nerve-supply of, 474

Level of structures in relation to spines of

vertebræ, 1442
Lien, 1352

accessorius, 1353
artery of, 929
Lieno-renal ligament, 1236

development of, 1252
Ligament or Ligaments, 302

acetabular, transverse, 339
of acromio-clavicular joint, 319
adventitious, 305
alar, 311
of ankle-joint, anterior, 352

lateral, 352

posterior, 352
annular, of ankle (O.T.), 352

of radius, 326
of wrist (O.T.), 1451

surgical anatomy of, 1451
of stapes, 841
anterior costo-transverse, 314

covering atlanto-epistropheal, 309
of elbow-joint, 324
radio-ulnar, 327
sterno-clavicular, 318
of apex of dens, 311
arcuate, middle, of diaphragm, 472
arcuate of pubis, 338
arteriosum, 68
atlanto-epistropheal, 309, 310
of atlanto-occipital joint, 310
atlanto-occipital, 310
of atlas, transverse, 310
of auditory ossicles, 841
auriculare anterius, 829

posterius, 829

superius, 829
basium ossium metacarpalium, 360

metatarsalium, 360
bifurcate, 356, see Ligaments calcaneo-

Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)-

navicular, calcaneo-cuboid
of Bigelow, 340
of bladder, 1280, 1283, 1303
broad, of uterus, 1238

surgical anatomy of, 1434
calcaneo-cuboid, 357
calcaneo-fibular, 352
calcaneo-metatarsal, 423
calcaneo-navicular, plantar, 355

part of bifurcate, 356
function of, 355

surgical anatomy of, 1464
capituli costæ interarticulare, 1242

radiatum, 314
fibulæ, 350
capitulorum ossium metacarpalium trans-
versa,

333
metatarsalium transversa, 360
carpal, 329
carpo-metacarpal, 332

dorsal, 332
interosseous, 332

volar, 332
collateral, of metacarpo-phalangeal joints, 333

of patella, 404
colli costa, 315
columnæ vertebralis et cranii, 305
conjugal, of ribs, 314
conoid, 319

function of, 319
tubercle, 198
raco-acromial, 320

coraco-clavicular, 319
coraco-glenoid, 322
coraco-humeral, 322

relation of, to pectoralis minor muscle, 322
corniculo-pharyngeal, 1066
coronary, 1195, 1196

of knee, 348
costo-clavicular, 318, 319

relations of, to movements of clavicle, 319
costo-colic, 1220
costo-coracoid, 369
of costo-sternal joints, 316
of costo-transverse joints, 314
costo-vertebral, 313
costo-xiphoid, 316
cotyloid, 340
of cranium, 313
crico-arytænoid, posterior, 1066
crico-thyreoid, 1067
cruciate of atlas, 311
genu, 346

relation of, to movements at knee, 348
cruciatum anterius (of knee), 346

posterius, 347
cruris, 423
cruciform, of atlas, 311
cuboideo-navicular, 357
cuneo-cuboid, 358
cuneo-metatarsal, 359
cuneo-navicular, 357, 358

of apex of, 311

of dens, 92, 311
deltoid, 352
denticulate, 518
of elbow-joint, 323
epiglottic, 1067
falciform, 1196, 1235

development of, 1252

topography of, 1415
fibular collateral, 345
flava, 308
gastro-colic, 1162, 1170, 1242
gastro-liena), 1162, 1170, 1236, 1240
gastro-phrenic, 1170, 1236
gleno-humeral, 322
glenoid, 322
glosso-epiglottic, 1067
of head of fibula, anterior, 350

posterior, 350
of heads of ribs, 313
hepato-duodenal, 1162, 1183, 1197
hepato-gastric, 1162, 1170, 1197
hepato-renal, 1197
of hip-joint, 339
hyo-epiglottic, 1068
hyo-thyreoid, lateral, 1066

middle, 1066
ilio-femoral, 340
ilio-lumbar, 337
ilio-trochanteric, 340
of incus, 840
inferior transverse scapular, 320
infundibulo-pelvic, 1435
inguinal, 471

reflex (Collesi), 478
interarticular, 302

development of, 304
of costo-transverse joints, 314
of head of rib, 314
of hip-joint, 339
of sacro-coccygeal joint, 308

« PrécédentContinuer »