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Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)
interarticular (contd.), of sternal-costal joints,

316
intercarpal dorsal, 330

interosseous, 330

volar, 320
interchondral, 317
interclavicular, 318
intercuneiform, interosseous, 358
intermetatarsal, 360
interosseous, of carpal joints, 329

of carpo-metacarpal joints, 332
cuneo-cuboid, 358
of intertarsal joints, 357
of tarso-metatarsal joints, 359

of tibio-fibular joint, inferior, 350
interspinous, 308
intertransverse, 308
ischio-capsular, 341
relation of, to movements at hip-joint,

342
jugal, 314
of knee-joint, 344, 346
posterior, 345

topography of, 1458
laciniatum, 422
lacunar (Gimbernati), 405, 477
of larynx, 1066
of lateral malleolus, anterior, 351

distal, 351
interosseous, 351

posterior, 351
lateral radio-carpal, 328
latum uteri, 1318
lieno-renal, 1252

development of, 1253
of liver, 1196
longitudinal anterior, of vertebral column,

307
posterior, of vertebral column, 307
long plantar, 357
lumbo-costal, 315
lumbo-sacral, 335
malleolar, 351
of malleus, 841
of mandibular joint, 312
medial ulno-carpal, 328
metacarpo-phalangeal, 333
metatarsal transverse, 360
metatarso-phalangeal, 360
morphology of, 305
of neck of rib, 315
nuchæ, 308
obliquum genu, 345
occipito-epistropheal, 310
orbito-tarsal, 1378
of ossicles of ear, 841
of ovary, 1311
palmar, 328-332
palpebral, topography of, 1377

of eyelids, 822
patellar, 3-15

collateral, 344, 409
relation of, to fascia lata, 344

topography of, 1460
pectinatum of iris, 810
of pelvis, 336
of peritoneum, 1162, 1196
phrenico-colic, 1220, 1242
of pinna, 829
pisi-metacarpal, 328, 331
pisi-unciform, 331

Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)-
plantar, 355, 357

long, 357
popliteal, 342)
posterior costo-transverse, 315

costo-siernal, 316
covering atlanto-epistropheal, 310
of elbow-joint, 324
radio-ulnar, 327

sterno-clavicular, 318
pterygo-spinous, 313
pubic, anterior, 337

arcuate, 338
posterior, 337

superior, 337
pubo-capsular, 340
pubo-vesical, lateral, 493

middle, 493
pulmonale, 1086
of pylorus, 1174
radial collateral carpal, 331
radiate carpal, 330

of head of rib, 314

sterno-costal, 316
radio-carpal, 328
radio-ulnar, 326
round, of liver, 1197

development of, 1255
of uterus, 1319

surgical anatomy of, 1434
sacro-coccygeal, 308
sacro-iliac, anterior, 336

interosseous, 336
long posterior, 336
posterior, 336

short posterior, 336
sacro-spinous, 337
sacro-tuberous, 337

processus falciformis of, 337
of scapula, 320
of shoulder-joint, 321
spheno-mandibular, 312

development of, 158
spirale cochleæ, 849
of stapes, 841
of sterno-clavicular joint, 318

relation of, to movements of clavicle, 319
sterno-costal, 315
sterno-pericardial, 881
stylo-hyoid, 313

development of, 159
stylo-mandibular, 313, 1134

relation of, to parotid fascia, 1134
superficial transverse metacarpal, 384

metatarsal, 423
superior transverse scapular, 320
supraspinous, 308
suspensory, of clitoris, 1326

of fascia bulbi, 807
of lens, 819
of ovary, 1311

of penis, 1299
talo-calcaneal, 354-5

anterior, 354
interosseous, 355
lateral, 354
medial, 355
posterior, 355
talo-fibular, anterior, 352

posterior, 352
talo-navicular, 356

dorsal, 356

genu, 348

Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)-

talo-tibial, 353
tarsal, of eyelids, 822
tarso-metatarsal, dorsal, 359

interosseous, 359

plantar, 359
temporo-mandibular, 312
teres femoris, 341

relation of, to movements at hip-joint, 342
of liver, 1196

of uterus, 1319
thyreo-arytænoid, 1067
thyreo-epiglottic, 1068
tibio-fibular, 349
tibio-navicular, 353
transverse, of acetabulum, 339

of atlas, 310
cruris, 423
of the heads of the metacarpal bones,

333
humeral, 321
metacarpal, 332

superficial, 384
metatarsal, 390

superficial, 423
pelvis, 493
perineal, 338
scapulæ inferius, 320

superius, 320
trapezoid, 319
relation of, to movements of clavicle,

319
triangular, 1196

left, 1196
of tubercle of rib, 315
of tympanic membrane, 834
ulnar collateral carpal, 331
utero-sacral, 1318
of uterus, 1318

bursa ovarica of, 1318
vaginal, 384
venæ cavæ sinistræ, 882
venous, of Arantius, 1196
ventricular, of larynx, 1067
of vertebral column, 305
vocal, 1067

volar accessory, 333
Ligamentum carpi dorsale, 383

transversum, 382
denticulatum, 675
gastro-colicum, 1162
gastro-lienale, 1162
hepato-colicum, 1162
hepato-duodenale, 1162
hepato-gastricum, 1162
ovarii proprium, 1312
patellæ, 408
pectinatum iridis, 810
suspensorium ovarii, 1312
teres hepatis, 1191
umbilicale medium, 1235, 1274
Limb-girdles, 295
Limb-plexuses, significance of, 753
Limbs, arteries of, morphology of, 1047

development of, 39, 1031
dorsal axial line of, 751
morphology of, 297

of muscles of, 495

of nerve-plexuses of, 741
nature of, 741

lower borders of primitive, 742

Limbs (contd.), upper borders of primitive,

741
plexuses, composition of, 742

formation of, 680
morphology of, 741

variations in position, 752
post-axial border of, 741, 742
pre-axial border of, 741, 742
segmental relations of, 741
surfaces of, 742

ventral axial line of, 751
Limbus alveolaris mandibulæ, 155

maxillæ, 148
fossæ ovalis, 874
laminæ spiralis, 849
Limen insula, 654

nasi, 802
Limiting sulcus of Reil, 654
Line or Linea, alba, 476

surgical anatomy of, 1409, 1410
ano-cutaneous, 1232
aspera of femur, 242
axillary, 741, 1397
base, of Reid, 1360
of chest, 1397
dorsal axial, of limbs, 751
epicondylic, 207
epiphyseal, 85
gluteal, anterior, 230

inferior, 230

posterior, 230
incremental, 1114
intercondyloid, 243
intermedia cristæ iliacæ, 228
intertrochanteric, 240
intertubercular, 1411
lateral cerebral, 1360
lateral sense-organs of, 796
mammary, 1397
mid-lateral, of thorax, 1089
mylo-hyoid, 156
of Nelaton, 1455
nuchal, 171
of occipital bone, 121

superior, 121
suprema, 121
obliqua mandibulæ, 155
oblique, of tibia, 249
parasternal, 1397
pectinea, 231
pectineal, of femur, 242
of pleural reflection, 1399
popliteal, of tibia, 249
post-central, 1360
of Poupart, 1411
pre-central, 1360
scapular, 1397
of Schreger, 1128
semicircularis, 483
semilunaris, 482
spiral, of femur, 242
splendens, 675
sternal, 1397
subcostal, 1407
temporalis inferior, 118

ossis frontalis, 116
superior, 118
terminalis, of pelvis, 231, 232

relation of, to small pelvis, 232
ventral axial, of limbs, 751

white, of anus, 1232
Lingual artery, 892, 1130

Lingual artery (contd.), development of, 1028
surgical anatomy of, 1382, 1383, 1391,

Liver (contd.), fossa vesicæ felleæ, 1191

gall-bladder, 1201
gastric, impression of, 1193
hepatic duct of, 1201
impressio colica, 1194

duodenalis, 1194
gastrica, 1193
@sophagea, 1189, 1192
renalis, 1194

suprarenalis, 1192
incisura umbilicalis, 1189

vesicæ felleæ, 1189
inferior margin of, 1189

gyrus, 660

1393
glands, 1130
lymph glands, 1130
nerve, 1131
septum, 1129
tonsil, 1126

surgical anatomy of, 1383
tubercles of teeth, 1117
veins, 965, 1130

surgical anatomy of, 1382
Lingualis muscle, inferior, 463

superior, 463
Lingula cerebelli, 575

mandibulæ, 156
sphenoidalis, 134
Linin, 8
Lip, rhombic, 554
Lips, 1108

commissures of, 1108
development of, 1244
frenulum of, 1108
glands of, 1109

surgical anatomy of, 1379
lymph vessels of, 1005
mucous membrane of, 1109
nerves of, 1109
philtrum of, 1108
structure of, 1109
sulcus mento-labialis of, 1108

naso-labial of, 1108
surgical anatomy of, 1379
tubercle of, 1109, 1379

vessels of the, 1109
Liquor folliculi, 1313
Lisfranc, ligament of, 1464
Lisfranc's amputation, 1464

joint, 1465
Lister's incision for excision of wrist, 1451
Liver, 1187

areolar coat of, 1198
arteries of, 1120
bile-ducts of, 1201

interlobular, 1201
capsule of Glisson of, 1190
cardiac depression of, 1190
caudate lobe of, 1192
cells of, 1199
in child, 1195
colic impression of, 1194
congenital irregularities in, 1195
coronary ligament of, 1195, 1196
development of, 47, 1254
duodenal impression of, 1194
excretory ducts of, 1201

development of, 1255
falciform ligament of, 1196

development of, 1252, 1255

topography of, 1415
fibrous coat of, 1198
fissures of, 1191
fixation of, 1195
form of, 1187

variations in, 1194
fossa ductus venosi, 1191

of gall-bladder, 1191, 1192
for ligamentum teres hepatis, 1191
sagittalis sinistra of, 1189
of umbilical vein, 1191
of venæ cavæ, 1191, 1192

surface of, 1193
interlobular ducts of, 1200
left sagittal fissure of, 1191
ligaments of, 1196
lobes of, 1191

left, 1191
right, 1191
topography of, 1415
lobules of, 1198
lobus caudatus, 1191, 1192

quadratus, 1191, 1192, 1193
lymph vessels of, 1201
margin, inferior, 1189

posterior, 1189
nerves of, 1201
notch of gall-bladder of, 1191, 1192
esophageal groove of, 1192
omental tuberosity of, 1193
parietal surface of, 1188
peritoneal relations of, 1195
physical characters of, 1187
pons hepatis of, 1191
porta hepatis, 1190, 1196
portal canals of, 1200
position of, 1194

variations in, 1194
posterior surface of, 1192
processus caudatus, 1191, 1192
quadrate lobe of, 1193, 1194
relation to peritoneum, 1195
renal impression of, 1194
Riedel's lobe of, 1195
round ligament of, 1196

development of, 1191
serous coat of, 1196
shape of, 1188
size of, 1188
variations in, 1194

and weight of, 1188
structure of, 1198
suprarenal impression of, 1192
surface markings, 1194, 1415
surgical anatomy from the back, 1439
tuberculum papillare of, 1192
tuber omentale of, 1193
umbilical fissure of, 1191

notch of, 1191
uncovered area of, 1192, 1196
variations in form and position, 1194
veins of, 980, 990

central, 1198, 1200
interlobular, 1199, 1200

sublobular, 1198, 1200
vessels of, 1199
visceral surface of, 1193

weight of, 1188
Lobe or Lobus, anterior of hypophysis, 616

azygos of lung, 1096
caudate, of liver, 1192

Lobe or Lobus (contd.), centralis cerebelli, 575

cerebellar, 575
cerebral, 654
culminis cerebelli, 575
declivis of cerebellum, 575
frontal, of brain, 665
hepatis, 1191
insulæ, 654
of lung, 1095

development of, 1101
mammæ, 1337
noduli of cerebellum, 572, 576
occipital, of brain, 660

topography of, 1360
olfactory, of brain, 624

development of, 624

Lumbar arteries (contd.), of ilio-lumbar, 938

ganglia, 761, 762
lymph glands, 102

trunk, 997
nerves, 719.
posterior rami of first three, 690

of fourth and fifth, 691
plexus, 719

branches of, 720
muscular branches of, 720

position and constitution, 719
puncture, 1443
region, 1411, 1425, 1437
rib, 104, 277, 284
sympathetic, 761
veins, 982

vertebræ, 95
Lumbo-costal ligament, 315
Lumbo-dorsal fascia, 437
Lumbo-sacral joint, 335

ligament, 335
plexus, 718

communications with sympathetic, 719
lumbar part of, 719
pudendal part of, 719

sacral part of, 719
trunk, 727
Lumbricales muscles of foot, 430

action of, 430
nerve-supply of, 430
of hand, 389

action of, 389

nerve-supply of, 389
Lung, 1091
air-cells of, 1101, 1099

development of, 1101
alveolar ducts of, 1101
anterior border, surface markings of, 1398

margin of, 1095
apex of, 1092, 1398
level of, 1398

topography of, 1398
atria, 1099

development of, 1101
azygos lobe of, 1096

sulcus of, 1095
blood-vessels of, 1099
bronchial tubes of, 1097
bronchioles of, 1099
cardiac lobe of, 1098

notch of, 1095
costal surface of, 1094
development of, 1101
diaphragmatic surface of, 1093
fissures of, 1095

topography of, 1398
fætal, 1092
form of, 1092
hilum of, 1064

relations of, 1094
incisura cardiaca of, 1095
interlobaris of, 1095

variations of, 1096
inferior border, surface markings of, 1398

relation of, to anterior commissure, 626
parietal, of brain, 662
piriform, 624
posterior, of hypophysis, 616
of prostate gland, 1306
pyramidal, of thyreoid gland, 1347

development of, 1348
pyramidis of cerebellum, 576
quadrate, of liver, 1193
of Riedel, 1195
temporal, of brain, 656

topography of, 1360
of testis, 1288
of thyreoid gland, 1347
tuberis vermis of cerebellum, 575

uvulæ of cerebellum, 576
Lobule of auricle, 828

biventral, of cerebellum, 575
central, of cerebellum, 575
epididymidis, 1289
inferior parietal, 665
of lung, 1095
mammæ, 1337
paracentral, 664, 666
parietal, inferior, 664

superior, 664
posterior superior, of cerebellum, 575
postero-inferior, of cerebellum, 575

quadrate, of liver, 1193, 1194
Locomotion, 436
Locus cæruleus, 551
Long bones, 82, 83, 84
Longissimus capitis muscle, 440

cervicis muscle, 440

dorsi muscle, 440
Longitudinal bundle, medial, 562, 570, 586, 588

connexions of, with lower visual centres,

589
in medulla oblongata, 562
in mesencephalon, 562, 570, 588
in pons, 570
relation of, to abducens nerve, 588, 589

to oculo-motor and trochlear nuclei, 588
Longitudinal fissure of brain, 621

development of, 621
Longus capitis muscle, 468

colli muscle, 468
Loop of Henle, 1266

subclavian, 759
Lower extremity, surgical anatomy of, 1455
Lumbar aponeurosis, 437
arteries, 933

abnormalities of, 1053
development of, 1029

morphology of, 1045
of aorta, 933

lobe of, 1095
ligamentum pulmonale of, 1086, 1087
lobes of, 1095
lobules of, 1098
lymph vessels of, 1096
mediastinal surface of, 1094
middle lobe of, 1096
nerves of, 791

Lung (contd.), oblique fissure, surface markings | Lymph glands (contd.), external iliac, 1017

of, 1398
phrenico-costal sinus of, 1093

facial, deep, 998

superficial, 999
root of, 1096

femoral, 1013
constituent parts of, 1096

surgical anatomy of, 1459
level of, 1403

follicles of, 995
relations of, 1096

gastric, 1019
topography of, 1403

left, 1019
structure of, 1098

right, 1019
sulcus subclavius of, 1093

anterior, left, 1019
superior lobe of, 1095 ,

biliary glands, 1020
surgical anatomy of, 1398

inferiores, 1020
units, 1098

left para-cardial, 1019
variations in, 1096
Lungs and pleuræ, surgical anatomy of, 1398

supra-pancreatic, 1020

posterior para-cardial, 1019
Lunula unguis, 859
Lunulæ valvularum semilunarium, 877

gastro-epiloic, 1020
Lymph, 993

para-cardial, 1019
capillaries, 994

supra-pancreatic, 1020

sub-pyloric glands, 1020
channels, perivascular, 994

superiores, 1019
cords, 995

gastro-epiploic, left, 1020
corpuscles, 993

right, 1020
development of lymph vascular system, 1043 gluteal, 1017
duct, right, 993, 998

hämal, 995
abnormalities of, 1059

of head, 998
follicles, 906

hepatic, 1020
glands, 993

hypogastric, 1017
of abdomen, 1015, 1019

ileo-cæcal, 1020
abdominal wall, 1015

ileo-colic, anterior, 1028
aggregated, 1181

posterior, 1020
ano-rectal, 1015

iliac, common, 1017
anterior auricular, 998

external, 1017
surgical anatomy of, 1376

of the inferior extremity, 1013
appendicular, 1020

infra-clavicular, 1009
auricular, 1020

infra-orbital, 998
posterior, 998

infra-umbilical, 1015
axillary, 1008

inguinal, 1013
anterior, 1008

surgical anatomy of, 1459
posterior, 1008

intercostal, 1010, 1013
surgical anatomy of, 1446

inter-iliac, 1017
biliary, 1020

interpectoral, 1009
blood-vessels of, 995

intertracheo-bronchial, 1012
brachial, 1007

lateral aortic, 1012
bronchial, 1012

axillary, 1008
broncho-pulmonary, 1012

lingual, 999, 1130
buccinator, 999

of lower limb, 1013
of cæcum, 1020

lumbar, 1021
cervical, anterior, 1000

of the mamma, 1008, 1009
deep, inferior, 1001, 1003

mediastinal, anterior, 1011
superior, 1002

posterior, 1012
inferior lateral, 1392

mesenteric, 1020
medial, 1392

mesocolic, 1021
superficial, 1000

of the neck, 1000
superior anterior, 1392

nodules of spleen, 1353
lateral, 1392

obturator, 1017
surgical anatomy of, 1392

occipital, 998
circumflex iliac, 1015

para-aortic, 1021
cæliac, 1019

para-cardial, 1019
colic, 1021

left, 1019
of colon, 1021

posterior, 1019
epicolic, 1021

right, 1019
paracolic, 1021

para-mandibular, 1000
supra pancreatic, middle, 1021

para-tracheal, 1001
common iliac, 1017

para-uterine, 1016
cubital, 1006

parotid, 998
deep, 1006

pectoral axillary, 1008
superficial, 1006

surgical anatomy of, 1446
delto-pectoral, 1009

of pelvis, 1015
diaphragmatic, 1011, 1013, 1014

pharyngeal, 1000
of digastric triangle, 1000

lateral, 1000
epigastric, inferior, 1015

median, 1000
superior, 1015

surgical anatomy of, 1385

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