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Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)-
interarticular (contd.), of sternal-costal joints,

316

intercarpal dorsal, 330
interosseous, 330
volar, 320
interchondral, 317
interclavicular, 318

intercuneiform, interosseous, 358
intermetatarsal, 360

interosseous, of carpal joints, 329
of carpo-metacarpal joints, 332
cuneo-cuboid, 358

of intertarsal joints, 357

of tarso-metatarsal joints, 359
of tibio-fibular joint, inferior, 350
interspinous, 308

intertransverse, 308
ischio-capsular, 341

relation of, to movements at hip-joint,

342

jugal, 314

of knee-joint, 344, 346
posterior, 345

topography of, 1458

laciniatum, 422

lacunar (Gimbernati), 405, 477

of larynx, 1066

of lateral malleolus, anterior, 351

distal, 351

interosseous, 351
posterior, 351

lateral radio-carpal, 328
latum uteri, 1318
lieno-renal, 1252
development of, 1253
of liver, 1196

longitudinal anterior, of vertebral column,

307

posterior, of vertebral column, 307
long plantar, 357
lumbo-costal, 315
lumbo-sacral, 335
malleolar, 351
of malleus, 841

of mandibular joint, 312
medial ulno-carpal, 328
metacarpo-phalangeal, 333
metatarsal transverse, 360
metatarso-phalangeal, 360
morphology of, 305
of neck of rib, 315
nuchæ, 308

obliquum genu, 345
occipito-epistropheal, 310
orbito-tarsal, 1378
of ossicles of ear, 841
of ovary, 1311
palmar, 328-332

palpebral, topography of, 1377
of eyelids, 822
patellar, 345

collateral, 344, 409

relation of, to fascia lata, 344
topography of, 1460

pectinatum of iris, 810
of pelvis, 336

of peritoneum, 1162, 1196
phrenico-colic, 1220, 1242
of pinna, 829

pisi-metacarpal, 328, 331
pisi-unciform, 331

Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)--
plantar, 355, 357
long, 357
popliteal, 342}|

posterior costo-transverse, 315
costo-sternal, 316

covering atlanto-epistropheal, 310
of elbow-joint, 324
radio-ulnar, 327
sterno-clavicular, 318
pterygo-spinous, 313
pubic, anterior, 337
arcuate, 338
posterior, 337
superior, 337
pubo-capsular, 340
pubo-vesical, lateral, 493
middle, 493
pulmonale, 1086
of pylorus, 1174
radial collateral carpal, 331
radiate carpal, 330

of head of rib, 314
sterno-costal, 316
radio-carpal, 328
radio-ulnar, 326
round, of liver, 1197

development of, 1255
of uterus, 1319

surgical anatomy of, 1434
sacro-coccygeal, 308
sacro-iliac, anterior, 336

interosseous, 336
long posterior, 336
posterior, 336

short posterior, 336
sacro-spinous, 337
sacro-tuberous, 337

processus falciformis of, 337
of scapula, 320
of shoulder-joint, 321
spheno-mandibular, 312

development of, 158
spirale cochleæ, 849
of stapes, 841

of sterno-clavicular joint, 318

relation of, to movements of clavicle, 319
sterno-costal, 315
sterno-pericardial, 881

stylo-hyoid, 313

development of, 159
stylo-mandibular, 313, 1134

relation of, to parotid fascia, 1134
superficial transverse metacarpal, 384

metatarsal, 423

superior transverse scapular, 320
supraspinous, 308

suspensory, of clitoris, 1326

of fascia bulbi, 807

of lens, 819

of ovary, 1311
of penis, 1299
talo-calcaneal, 354-5
anterior, 354
interosseous, 355
lateral, 354

medial, 355

posterior, 355

talo-fibular, anterior, 352

posterior, 352
talo-navicular, 356
dorsal, 356

Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)—
talo-tibial, 353

tarsal, of eyelids, 822
tarso-metatarsal, dorsal, 359
interosseous, 359
plantar, 359
temporo-mandibular, 312
teres femoris, 341

relation of, to movements at hip-joint, 342

of liver, 1196
of uterus, 1319
thyreo-arytenoid, 1067
thyreo-epiglottic, 1068
tibio-fibular, 349
tibio-navicular, 353

transverse, of acetabulum, 339

of atlas, 310

cruris, 423
genu, 348

of the heads of the metacarpal bones,

333

humeral, 321
metacarpal, 332
superficial, 384

metatarsal, 390

superficial, 423
pelvis, 493

perineal, 338

scapulæ inferius, 320
superius, 320

trapezoid, 319

relation of, to movements of clavicle,

319

triangular, 1196

left, 1196

of tubercle of rib, 315

of tympanic membrane, 834
ulnar collateral carpal, 331
utero-sacral, 1318
of uterus, 1318

bursa ovarica of, 1318
vaginal, 384

venæ cavæ sinistræ, 882
venous, of Arantius, 1196
ventricular, of larynx, 1067
of vertebral column, 305
vocal, 1067

333

volar accessory,
Ligamentum carpi dorsale, 383

transversum, 382
denticulatum, 675
gastro-colicum, 1162
gastro-lienale, 1162
hepato-colicum, 1162
hepato-duodenale, 1162
hepato-gastricum, 1162
ovarii proprium, 1312
patellæ, 408

pectinatum iridis, 810
suspensorium ovarii, 1312
teres hepatis, 1191

umbilicale medium, 1235, 1274
Limb-girdles, 295

Limb-plexuses, significance of, 753
Limbs, arteries of, morphology of, 1047

development of, 39, 1031

dorsal axial line of, 751
morphology of, 297

of muscles of, 495

of nerve-plexuses of, 741
nature of, 741

lower borders of primitive, 742

Limbs (contd.), upper borders of primitive,
741

plexuses, composition of, 742
formation of, 680
morphology of, 741

variations in position, 752
post-axial border of, 741, 742
pre-axial border of, 741, 742
segmental relations of, 741
surfaces of, 742

ventral axial line of, 751
Limbus alveolaris mandibulæ, 155

maxillæ, 148

fossæ ovalis, 874

laminæ spiralis, 849
Limen insulæ, 654
nasi, 802

Limiting sulcus of Reil, 654
Line or Linea, alba, 476

surgical anatomy of, 1409, 1410

ano-cutaneous, 1232
aspera of femur, 242
axillary, 741, 1397
base, of Reid, 1360
of chest, 1397

dorsal axial, of limbs, 751

epicondylic, 207
epiphyseal, 85
gluteal, anterior, 230
inferior, 230

posterior, 230
incremental, 1114
intercondyloid, 243

intermedia crista iliacæ, 228
intertrochanteric, 240
intertubercular, 1411
lateral cerebral, 1360
lateral sense-organs of, 796
mammary, 1397
mid-lateral, of thorax, 1089
mylo-hyoid, 156
of Nelaton, 1455
nuchal, 171

of occipital bone, 121
superior, 121
suprema, 121
obliqua mandibulæ, 155
oblique, of tibia, 249
parasternal, 1397
pectinea, 231

pectineal, of femur, 242
of pleural reflection, 1399
popliteal, of tibia, 249
post-central, 1360
of Poupart, 1411
pre-central, 1360
scapular, 1397
of Schreger, 1128
semicircularis, 483
semilunaris, 482
spiral, of femur, 242
splendens, 675
sternal, 1397
subcostal, 1407
temporalis inferior, 118
ossis frontalis, 116
superior, 118

terminalis, of pelvis, 231, 232

relation of, to small pelvis, 232
ventral axial, of limbs, 751
white, of anus, 1232
Lingual artery, 892, 1130

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[blocks in formation]

Lobe or Lobus (contd.), centralis cerebelli, 575
cerebellar, 575
cerebral, 654

culminis cerebelli, 575
declivis of cerebellum, 575
frontal, of brain, 665
hepatis, 1191

insulæ, 654
of lung, 1095

development of, 1101
mammæ, 1337

noduli of cerebellum, 572, 576
occipital, of brain, 660

topography of, 1360
olfactory, of brain, 624

development of, 624

relation of, to anterior commissure, 626

parietal, of brain, 662
piriform, 624

posterior, of hypophysis, 616
of prostate gland, 1306

pyramidal, of thyreoid gland, 1347
development of, 1348
pyramidis of cerebellum, 576
quadrate, of liver, 1193
of Riedel, 1195
temporal, of brain, 656
topography of, 1360
of testis, 1288

of thyreoid gland, 1347

tuberis vermis of cerebellum, 575
uvulæ of cerebellum, 576

Lobule of auricle, 828

biventral, of cerebellum, 575
central, of cerebellum, 575
epididymidis, 1289

inferior parietal, 665
of lung, 1095
mammæ, 1337
paracentral, 664, 666
parietal, inferior, 664

superior, 664

posterior superior, of cerebellum, 575
postero-inferior, of cerebellum, 575
quadrate, of liver, 1193, 1194

Locomotion, 436

Locus cœruleus, 551

Long bones, 82, 83, 84

Longissimus capitis muscle, 440
cervicis muscle, 440
dorsi muscle, 440

Longitudinal bundle, medial, 562, 570, 586, 588
connexions of, with lower visual centres,

589

in medulla oblongata, 562

in mesencephalon, 562, 570, 588
in pons, 570

relation of, to abducens nerve, 588, 589
to oculo-motor and trochlear nuclei, 588
Longitudinal fissure of brain, 621
development of, 621

Longus capitis muscle, 468

colli muscle, 468

Loop of Henle, 1266

subclavian, 759

Lower extremity, surgical anatomy of, 1455
Lumbar aponeurosis, 437
arteries, 933

abnormalities of, 1053
development of, 1029
morphology of, 1045
of aorta, 933

Lumbar arteries (contd.), of ilio-lumbar, 938
ganglia, 761, 762
lymph glands, 102

trunk, 997

nerves, 719

posterior rami of first three, 690
of fourth and fifth, 691

plexus, 719

branches of, 720

muscular branches of, 720
position and constitution, 719
puncture, 1443

region, 1411, 1425, 1437
rib, 104, 277, 284
sympathetic, 761
veins, 982
vertebræ, 95

Lumbo-costal ligament, 315
Lumbo-dorsal fascia, 437
Lumbo-sacral joint, 335
ligament, 335
plexus, 718

communications with sympathetic, 719

lumbar part of, 719
pudendal part of, 719
sacral part of, 719

trunk, 727

Lumbricales muscles of foot, 430

action of, 430

nerve-supply of, 430
of hand, 389
action of, 389
nerve-supply of, 389

Lung, 1091

air-cells of, 1101, 1099
development of, 1101
alveolar ducts of, 1101

anterior border, surface markings of, 1398

margin of, 1095

apex of, 1092, 1398
level of, 1398

topography of, 1398
atria, 1099

development of, 1101
azygos lobe of, 1096

sulcus of, 1095
blood-vessels of, 1099
bronchial tubes of, 1097
bronchioles of, 1099

cardiac lobe of, 1098
notch of, 1095

costal surface of, 1094
development of, 1101

diaphragmatic surface of, 1093
fissures of, 1095

topography of, 1398

fœtal, 1092

form of, 1092

hilum of, 1064

relations of, 1094

incisura cardiaca of, 1095

interlobaris of, 1095

variations of, 1096

inferior border, surface markings of, 1398

lobe of, 1095

ligamentum pulmonale of, 1086, 1087

lobes of, 1095

lobules of, 1098

lymph vessels of, 1096

mediastinal surface of, 1094

middle lobe of, 1096
nerves of, 791

Lung (contd.), oblique fissure, surface markings | Lymph glands (contd.), external iliac, 1017

of, 1398

phrenico-costal sinus of, 1093
root of, 1096

facial, deep, 998
superficial, 999
femoral, 1013

surgical anatomy of, 1459
follicles of, 995
gastric, 1019

left, 1019
right, 1019
anterior, left, 1019
biliary glands, 1020
inferiores, 1020
left para-cardial, 1019

supra-pancreatic, 1020
posterior para-cardial, 1019
gastro-epiloic, 1020
para-cardial, 1019

constituent parts of, 1096
level of, 1403
relations of, 1096
topography of, 1403
structure of, 1098
sulcus subclavius of, 1093
superior lobe of, 1095.
surgical anatomy of, 1398
units, 1098

variations in, 1096

Lungs and pleuræ, surgical anatomy of, 1398

Lunula unguis, 859

Lunulæ valvularum semilunarium, 877

Lymph, 993

capillaries, 994

channels, perivascular, 994

cords, 995

corpuscles, 993

development of lymph vascular system, 1043

duct, right, 993, 998

abnormalities of, 1059
follicles, 906
glands, 993

of abdomen, 1015, 1019
abdominal wall, 1015
aggregated, 1181
ano-rectal, 1015
anterior auricular,

998
surgical anatomy of, 1376
appendicular, 1020
auricular, 1020

posterior, 998
axillary, 1008

anterior, 1008

posterior, 1008

surgical anatomy of, 1446
biliary, 1020

blood-vessels of, 995
brachial, 1007
bronchial, 1012
broncho-pulmonary, 1012

buccinator, 999

of cæcum, 1020
cervical, anterior, 1000

deep, inferior, 1001, 1003
superior, 1002

inferior lateral, 1392
medial, 1392
superficial, 1000

superior anterior, 1392
lateral, 1392

surgical anatomy of, 1392
circumflex iliac, 1015
cœliac, 1019
colic, 1021

of colon, 1021
epicolic, 1021
paracolic, 1021

suprapancreatic, middle, 1021

common iliac, 1017
cubital, 1006

deep, 1006

superficial, 1006
delto-pectoral, 1009
diaphragmatic, 1011, 1013, 1014
of digastric triangle, 1000
epigastric, inferior, 1015

superior, 1015

supra-pancreatic, 1020
sub-pyloric glands, 1020
superiores, 1019
gastro-epiploic, left, 1020
right, 1020
gluteal, 1017
hæmal, 995
of head, 998
hepatic, 1020
hypogastric, 1017
ileo-cæcal, 1020

ileo-colic, anterior, 1028

posterior, 1020

iliac, common, 1017

external, 1017

of the inferior extremity, 1013
infra-clavicular, 1009

infra-orbital, 998
infra-umbilical, 1015
inguinal, 1013

surgical anatomy of, 1459
intercostal, 1010, 1013
inter-iliac, 1017
interpectoral, 1009
intertracheo-bronchial, 1012
lateral aortic, 1012
axillary, 1008
lingual, 999, 1130
of lower limb, 1013
lumbar, 1021

of the mamma, 1008, 1009
mediastinal, anterior, 1011

posterior, 1012
mesenteric, 1020
mesocolic, 1021
of the neck, 1000
nodules of spleen, 1353
obturator, 1017

occipital, 998

para-aortic, 1021
para-cardial, 1019
left, 1019
posterior, 1019
right, 1019
para-mandibular, 1000
para-tracheal, 1001
para-uterine, 1016
parotid, 998

pectoral axillary, 1008

surgical anatomy of, 1446

of pelvis, 1015
pharyngeal, 1000

lateral, 1000

median, 1000
surgical anatomy of, 1385

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