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Lymph glands (contd.), popliteal, 1014
surgical anatomy of, 1458
posterior auricular, 998
mediastinal, 1012
of posterior triangle, 1394
pre-aortic, 1021
pre-laryngeal, 1001
pre-tracheal, 1001
pubic, 1015
pubo-gluteal, 1017
pulmonary, 1012
rectal, 1016, 1017
retro-peritoneal, 1427

sacral, 1016

sinuses of, 995
sternal, 1010

structure of, 994, 995
sub-aortic, 1017
sub-clavicular, 1009
sub-inguinal deep, 1014
distal group, 1014
proximal group, 1012
superficial, 1013
sub-maxillary, 1000

surgical anatomy of, 1391
sub-mental, 1000

of, 1391

surgical anatomy
sub-pectoral group of axillary, 1009
sub-pyloric, 1020
sub-scapular, 1008

surgical anatomy of, 1447
sub-sternomastoid, 1002

of the superior extremity, 1006, 1009
superior hæmorrhoidal, 1016
supra-clavicular, 1003
supra-hyoid, 1002

surgical anatomy of, 1392
supra-mandibular, 999
supra-pancreatic, 1020
left, 1020
right, 1020

supra-umbilical, 1015
of thorax, 1013
trabeculæ of, 995
tracheo-bronchial, 1012
umbilical, 1015
of upper limb, 1006

visceral, of abdomen and pelvis, 1015

of thorax, 1010

nodules, aggregated, 1181
solitary, 1181
spaces, 994

perivascular, 995
trunk, of brain, 1003

broncho-mediastinal, 998

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Mandible (contd.), movements of, 313

neck of, 156
ossification of, 157
ramus of, 156

surgical anatomy of, 1392
variations in, 279
Mandibular arch, 43

muscles derived from, 496
canal, 156
foramen, 156

nerve, 778

course and branches, 778
notch, 156

veins, 993
Mantle-layer of neural tube, 502
Manubrium mallei, 841

sterni, 107

Margin, falciform of fossa ovalis, 404
infraorbital, 146

liber of ovary, 1311
pupillary, 813
supraorbital, 115

Marginal artery of heart, 887
layer of neural tube, 502
veins of heart, 959

Marrow, 83

gelatinous, 83
red, 83
yellow, 83
Marrow-cells, 83

Marshall, oblique vein of, 872, 960
vestigial fold of, 872, 882
Massa lateralis of atlas, 91

development of, 608
intermedia of brain, 617
Masseter muscle, 454

action of, 458

nerve-supply of, 457
Masseteric artery, 899

border of zygomatic bone, 153
fascia, 447, 454

nerve, 779

vein, 965

Mastication, muscles of, 457
actions of, 457
nerve-supply of, 457
Mastoid cells, 836

surgical anatomy of, 1370
angle of parietal bone, 120
artery, 895

border-cells, 1370

canal, 129
foramen, 128
fossa, 1369

process, 128

development of, 1370
growth of, 1370

ossification of, 133

relation of, to transverse process, of atlas,

178

sexual differences in, 193
surgical anatomy of, 1370

15

Matrix unguis, 859
Maturation of ovum,
Maxillæ, 146

Lymph vessels (contd.), walls of, 994
Lymph-vascular system, 993
development of, 1042

Macewen's operations for knock-knee, 1461

Macrodont skulls, 288

Macula acustica sacculi, 847
utriculi, 846

cribrosa inferior, 844
media, 843

superior, 843

flava of vocal fold, 1070
lutea, 815

structure of, 817
Maculæ, structure of, 847

Macular artery, 818
Maier, sinus of, 825
Male pronucleus, 20
Malleolar arteries, 957

of anterior tibial, 956
of posterior tibial, 953
Malleolus, lateral, 253

topography of, 1463
medial, 249

topography of, 1463

Malleus, 839

articulations of, 840
development of, 841
ligaments of, 841
movements of, 842

surgical anatomy of, 1368
Mamillary bodies, 541, 615

development of, 608
line, 1397

process of vertebræ, 96

ossification of, 104

Mamma, 1336

development of, 1339
lymph vessels of, 1010
Mammæ accessoriæ, 1338
Mammary gland, 1336

alveoli of, 1337

ampullæ of lactiferous ducts, 1338

areola of, 1337

areolar glands of, 1337
development of, 1339

lactiferous ducts of, 1338
lobes of, 1337

lymph vessels of, 1338
nerves of, 1339

papilla or nipple of, 1337
sinus of lactiferous ducts, 1338

stroma of, 1337

structure of, 1337

supernumerary, 1338
surgical anatomy of, 1446

variations in, 1338
vessels of, 1338

line, 1397

lymph glands, 1008
region, 1397
veins, 977
Mandible, 154

alveoli of, 156

angle of, 155
architecture of, 271
base of, 155
body of, 155
capitulum of, 156

condition at birth, 158
coronoid process of, 156
differences in, due to age, 158

anterior surfaces of, 146

antrum of, 149, 186, 804, 1378

architecture of, 271

body of, 146

conchal crests of, 148

connexions of, 149
infra-temporal surfaces of, 147

Maxilla (contd.), nasal surfaces of, 147
orbital surfaces of, 147

ossification of, 149
processes of, 148

relation of, to nasal fossæ, 183
to infra-temporal fossa, 168
to orbit, 162

tuberosity of, 148

variations in, 279

Maxillary antrum, see Maxillary Sinus
arteries, 898

lymph glands, internal, 998
nerve, 775

process, 49, 50, 76, 149

of inferior concha, 143
of palate bone, 151
sinus, 149

development of, 150

ossification of, 149

relation of, to nasal fossæ, 148, 149, 162,
185, 186, 188
to orbit, 162
skiagraphs of, 1379
surgical anatomy of, 1379

vein, internal, 968

morphology of, 1048

Maximum occipital point, 285
Measurements and indices in anthropology,

284

humero-femoral index, 289
intermembral index, 289
of limb bones, 289
platyknemic index, 289
platymeric index, 289
radio-humeral index, 289
of skulls, 285

tibio-femoral index, 289
Meatus, acoustic external, 830
bony part, 830

cartilaginous part, 830
ceruminous glands of, 832
condition in infancy of, 831
development of, 52, 831
diameters of, 830

foramen of Huschke of, 832
isthmus of, 830

lymph vessels of, 832

nerves of, 832

structure of, 831

surgical anatomy of, 1365

variations in and absence of, 278

vascular and nervous supply of, 832

acoustic internal, 135, 845

absence of, 278

area of facial nerve, 846
vestibularis inferior, 846
crista transversa, 846
foramen singulare, 846
fossula inferior, 846

superior, 816
fundus of, 845

superior vestibular area, 846
tractus spinalis foraminosus, 846

of nose, atrium of, 803
inferior, 804

bony, 185, 188

surgical anatomy of, 1378
middle, 803

bony, 185, 188

surgical anatomy of, 1378

superior, 803

bony, 185, 188

Meatus (contd.), urinarius, 1284, 1308
Mechanism of foot, 361

of pelvis, 338
Meckel, band of, 841
cartilage of, 157, 841
diverticulum of, 1420
ganglion of, 777, 778

development of, 796
Medial longitudinal bundle of brain, 558, 562.

568, 570, 588

plantar artery, position of, 1465

Median artery, 834

abnormalities of, 1056

morphology of, 1048
nerve, 705

surgical anatomy of, at elbow, 1450

in forearm, 1454

in
plane, 4
veins, 980

upper arm, 1447, 1448

position of, in forearm, 1454
surgical anatomy of, 1450
Median basilic vein, 980
surgical anatomy of, 1450
Median cephalic vein, 980

abnormalities of, 1058
surgical anatomy of, 1450
Mediastinal arteries, of aorta, 925
of internal mammary, 913
lymph glands, 1011, 1012
pleura, 1085, 1086, 1401, 1402
space, 1089
veins, 961, 963
Mediastinum, 1089
thoracis, 1089
dorsal, 1090

boundaries of, 1090
centres of, 1090

middle, 1090

superior, 1089
ventral, 1090

boundaries of, 1090
Medulla, of bone, 83
of kidney, 1265
Medulla oblongata, 543
ala cinerea of, 551
anterior area of, 545

fasciculus proprius of, 545, 558

relation of, to medial longitudira'
bundle, 558

antero-lateral furrow of, 544
antero-median groove of, 543

areas of, 545, 547
arcuate fibres of, 556

anterior external, 563, 548
external, 548
internal, 560

posterior external, 563

area acustica, 551

development of, 554
anterior, 545
lateral, 545

posterior, 547

postrema, 551
vestibularis, 551

association fibres of, 564

calamus scriptorius of, 550

central canal of, 564

chorioidal plexuses of fourth ventricle, 5′′2
clava of, 547

closed part of, 544

corpus ponto-bulbare of, 548

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