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Meynert, decussation of, 591
Microcephalic skulls, 284
Microdont skulls, 288
Microseme skulls, 287
Mid-brain, 33, 581
aquæductus cerebri of, 581, 584

development of, 592
brachium conjunctivum in, 587
central gray matter of, 584
cerebro-pontine fibres of, 591
corpora quadrigemina of, 582, 586
deep origin of nerves from, 591
development of, 592
fasciculus retroflexus of, 591
fountain decussation of, 589, 591
frenulum veli of, 582

development of, 592
ganglion interpedunculare of, 591
lamina quadrigemina of, 584
lateral sulcus of, 584
lemniscus fibres of, 590
medial longitudinal bundle of, 568, 570,

588
nuclei of, 582, 584, 588
oculo-motor sulcus of, 584
pedunculi cerebri, 583
pyramidal fibres of, 591
situation and connexions of, 581
stratum griseum centrale of, 584

intermedium of, 584
substantia nigra of, 584

in hypothalamic region, 584, 614
tegmentum of, 586

Morgagni, columns of (contd.), surgical anatomy

veins of, 971
Mid-clavicular line, 1357
Mid-gut, 48

derivatives of the, 47
relation of, to Meckels diverticulum, 1210,

1250
structures derived from, 47
Mid-sternal line, 1357
Middle-ear, 832
Migrations of nerve-cells, 554
Milk-teeth, 1121

eruption of, 1113

surgical anatomy of, 1381
Mitochondria, 8
Mitochondrial sheath, 18
Mitosis, 9

heterotype, 11
homotype, 9
Mitral area, 1405

cells, 623
orifice, 876, 878
valve, 878

of, 1431
Morphology, 2

of aorta, 1047
of aortic arches, 1047
of appendicular skeleton, 294
of arteries, 1042
of cerebral nerves, 795
of cervical plexus, 700
of descending aorta, 1047
of head-muscles, 496
of ligaments, 305
of limb-girdles, 295
of limb-muscles, 495
of limb-plexuses, 741
of limbs, 294
of posterior rami of spinal nerves, 691
of primitive streak, 26
of pudendal plexus, 748
of scapula, 203
of segmental arteries, 1044
of skeletal muscles, 495
of skull, 293
of sympathetic system, 795
of tarsus, 295
of teeth, 1248
of vascular system, 1043

of veins, 1048
Morula, 21
Moss-fibres, 581
Motor area of the brain, 663

topography of, 1360

for face, 1361
for lower extremity, 1361

for upper extremity, 1361
Mouth, 1106

angle of the, 1108
aperture of, 1106
buccal glands of, 1109
cavity of, 1106

proper, 1107
corpus adiposum of, 1109
development of, 1242
floor of, 1107
labial glands of, 1109
molar glands of, 1109
mucous membrane of, 1111
muscles of, 450
plica sublingualis of, 1108
primitive, 41
roof of, 1107, 1110
sublingual caruncle of, 1108

region of, 1108
vestibule of, 1106
Movable joints, 300

kidney, 1425
Movements at ankle-joint, 353, 436

at atlanto-occipital joints, 311
of auditory ossicles, 842
at carpo-metacarpal joint of thumb, 332
at clavicular joints, 319
at elbow-joint, 325
of fingers, 401
of head, 446, 464
of the hip-joint, 342, 421
of hyoid bone, 464
at the joints of the foot, 361
of the joints of the hand, 334
in leaping, 437
in locomotion, 436
of lower limb, 436
of pelvis, 446

cusps of, 878

level of, 1442

topography of, 1405
Moderator band, 877
Modiolus, 844
Molar artery, 899

glands, 1109
teeth, 1117

development and eruption of, 1244, 1246

deciduous dentition of, 1121
Molecular layers of retina, 816, 817
Moll, glands of, 823, 827
Mons Veneris, 1324
Montgomery, glands of, 1337
Monticulus, 574
Morgagni, appendices vesiculosi of, 1316

columns of, 1230

Movements (contd.), of radio-carpal joint, 329

of radius on ulna, 328
in respiration, 474
in running, 437
of shoulder girdle, 464
at shoulder-joint, 323, 377
in swallowing, 467
of thumb, 401
of thyreoid cartilage, 464
of the toes, 436
of tongue, 464
of vertebral column, 309
in walking, 436
Mucous glands, 1131
Müllerian duct, 1328

development of, 1330
Multifidus spinæ muscle, 442

action of, 444

nerve-supply of, 444
Multitubercular teeth, 1248
Muscle or Muscles; Musculus . or Musculi,

363
of abdominal wall, 474

actions of, 484

nerve-supply of, 484
abductor digiti quinti (of hand), 393, 433

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393, 433
(of foot), 433

action of, 433

nerve-supply of, 433
hallucis, 432, 434

action of, 434
nerve-supply of, 434
oblique head of, 434
surgical anatomy of, 1465

transverse head, 434
pollicis brevis, 392

action of, 392

nerve-supply of, 392
pollicis longus, 399

actions of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
adductor brevis, 413

action of, 412

nerve-supply of, 412
hallucis, caput obliquum, 434

action of, 434

nerve-supply of, 434
caput transversum, 434

action of, 434

nerve-supply of, 434
longus, 411

action of, 412
nerve-supply of, 412

surgical anatomy of, 1459
magnus, 412

action of, 413
nerve-supply of, 413
relations, 413

surgical anatomy of, 1461
minimus, 413
pollicis, caput obliquum, 393

Muscle or Muscles (contd.) -

of ankle-joint, 353, 436
antitragicus, 829
appendicular, 365
of arm, 378
arrectores pilorum, 861
articularis genu, 408
aryepiglotticus, 1074

action of, 1076

nerve-supply of, 1077
arytænoideus obliquus, 1074

transversus, 1074
auricularis anterior, 449

posterior, 449
superior, 449

nerve-supply of, 449
axial, 365, 437
axillary arches, 371
of back, 438

superficial, 365
biceps brachii, 380

action of, 381
nerve-supply of, 381

surgical anatomy of, 1450
femoris, 418

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393
caput transversum, 393

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393
agitator caudæ, 415
anconæus, 398

action of, 398
nerve-supply of, 398

action of, 420
nerve-supply of, 420

surgical anatomy of, 1460
biventer cervicis, 442
brachialis, 381

action of, 381

nerve-supply of, 381
brachio-radialis, 396

action of, 396
nerve-supply of, 396

topography of, 1454
buccinator, 451

action of, 452

nerve-supply of, 452
bucco-pharyngeus, 464
actions of, in female, 488

in male, 488
nerve-supply of, 488
bulbo-cavernosus (female), 487

(male), 487
of buttock, 414

actions of, 415

nerve-supplies of, 415
caninus, 451

action of, 452

nerve-supply of, 452
cerato-pharyngeus, 464
cervicalis ascendens, 440

action of, 442

nerve-supply of, 442
chondro-epitrochlearis, 371
chondro-glossus, 462
chondro-pharyngeus, 464
ciliaris, 813
cleidomastoid, 458
cleido-occipitalis, 458
coccygeus, 495

actions, 495

nerve-supply, 495
compressor bulbi, 487

hemispheriorum bulbi, 487
naris, 450

urethra membranaceæ, 488
constrictor pharyngis inferior, 465

development of, 496

nerve-supply of, 465
medius, 464

Muscle or Muscles (contd.) -
constrictor, medius (contd.), action of, 467

development of, 496

nerve-supply of, 465
superior, 464

action of, 464
development of, 496

nerve-supply of, 465
coraco-brachialis, 378

action of, 380
morphology, 379
nerve-supply of, 380
surgical anatomy of, 1446, 1447

topography of, 1293, 1295
coraco-brachialis superior, 332
corrugator cutis ani, 486, 1229
supercilii, 450

action of, 487

nerve-supply of, 487
costo-coracoideus, 371
cremaster, 480
crico-arytænoidei, 1072, 1074

action of, 1072, 1074
crico-pharyngeus, 465
crico-thyreoideus, 1075

action of, 1076

nerve-supply of, 1077
dartos, 485
deltoideus, 373

action of, 374
nerve-supply of, 374
relations of, 374

topography of, 374
depressor alæ nasi, 450
development of, 495
diaphragm, 471
digastric, 461

action of, 458
development of, 496

nerve-supply of, 461
dilatator pupillæ, 814
dilator naris, 450

tubæ, 838
dorso-epitrochlearis, 370
with double nerve-supply, 750
of ear, extrinsic, 449

intrinsic, 829
epicranius, 448
action of, 449

nerve-supply of, 449
epitrochleo-anconeus, 398
erector clitoridis, 488

penis, 488
extensor carpi radialis brevis, 396

action of, 396

nerve-supply of, 396
longus, 396

action of, 396

nerve-supply of, 396
ulnaris, 398

action of, 398

nerve-supply of, 398
digiti quinti proprius, 398

action of, 398

nerve-supply, 398
digitorum brevis, 426

action of, 426
nerve-supply of, 426

topography of, 1465
digitorum communis, 397

action of, 397
nerve-supply of, 397

Muscle or Muscles (contd.) -
extensor digitorum longus, 425.

action of, 425
nerve-supply of, 425

topography of, 1465
hallucis longus, 426

action of, 426
additional slips of, 426
nerve-supply of, 426

topography of, 1465
indicis proprius, 400

action of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
action, 375

nerve-supply, 400
pollicis brevis, 400, 426

action of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
pollicis longus, 400

action of, 400

nerve-supply of, 400
quinti digiti proprius, 398
extrinsic, 462
of eye, action of, 454

nerve-supply of, 454
of eyeball, morphology of, 452
of eyelids, 450

action of, 452
nerve-supply of, 452
of face, 450

development of, 496
facial,

of, 451
nerve-supply of, 457
fasciculi of muscles, 363
flexor carpi radialis, 385

action of, 386
bursa of, 386
nerve-supply of, 386
topography of, 1452
ulnaris, 386

action of, 387

nerve-supply of, 387
caudæ, 494
digiti quinti brevis of hand, 394, 435
of foot, action of, 394, 435

nerve-supply of, 394, 435
digitorum brevis, 433

action of, 433

nerve-supply of, 433
communis, 397

action of, 397

nerve-supply, 397
longus, 430

action of, 430

nerve-supply of, 430
profundus, 388

action of, 389

nerve-supply of, 389
sublimis, 388

action of, 388

nerve-supply of, 388
hallucis brevis, 434

action of, 434

nerve-supply of, 434
longus, 431

action of, 431

nerve-supply of, 431
pollicis brevis, 393

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393
longus, 390

action of, 390

Muscle or Muscles (contd.)-
flexor pollicis longus (contd.), nerve-supply

of, 390
of foot, 424, 430, 432, 435

actions of, 435, 436
nerve-supply of, 435, 436
surgical anatomy of, 1463, 1464
of forearm, 382

deep, 389, 398
dorsal, 395

superficial, 385, 395
on front of leg and dorsum of foot, 424
frontalis, 448

actions, 449

nerve-supply, 449
gastrocnemius, 428

action of, 429
nerve-supply of, 429

topography of, 1462, 1463
gemellus inferior, 418

action of, 418

nerve-supply of, 418
superior, 418

action of, 418

nerve-supply of, 418
genio-glossus, 462

action of, 463
nerve-supply of, 463

surgical anatomy of, 1383
genio-hyoid, 461

action of, 462
nerve-supply of, 462
glosso-palatinus, 463, 467

action of, 467

nerve-supply of, 467
glosso-pharyngeus, 464
glutæus maximus, 415

action of, 415
nerve-supply of, 415

topography of, 1455
medius, 416

action of, 416
nerve-supply of, 416
minimus, 416

action of, 417

nerve-supply of, 417
gracilis, 411

action of, 411

nerve-supply of, 411
hamstring, 418

topography of, 1456
of hand, 391

short, 382
of head, 448
of heart, 878
helicis major, 829

minor, 829
hyo-glossus, 462
action of, 463

nerve-supply of, 463
of hyoid bone, 459
iliacus, 410

action of, 411

nerve-supply of, 411
minor, 410
ilio-capsularis, 410
ilio-coccygeus, 494
ilio-costalis, 439

Muscle or Muscles (contd.)-
ilio-psoas (contıl.), action of, 411

cervicis, 440
dorsi, 439

lumborum, 439
ilio-psoas, 409

bursa of, 1459
nerve-supply of, 411

surgical anatomy of, 1459
ilio-sacralis, 494
infracostal, 470
infrahyoid, 459

action of, 460

nerve-supply of, 460
infraspinatus, 375

action of, 375

nerve-supply of, 375
insertion of, 364
intercostal, external, 470

action of, 474

nerve-supply of, 474
internal, 470

action of, 474

nerve-supply of, 474
interosseous, of foot, 435

action of, 435

nerve-supply of, 435
dorsal, of hand, 395
volar, 394

action of, 395

nerve-supply of, 395
interspinal, 445
intertransverse, 445
intrinsic, of tongue, 463
ischio-bulbosus, 487
ischio-cavernosus, 488

female, 488
male, 488

actions of, 488

nerve-supply of, 488
ischio-coccygeus, 494
ischio-pubicus, 488
laryngeal, 1072
on lateral side of leg, 426
latissimus dorsi, 366

action of, 368
nerve-supply of, 368

surgical anatomy of, 1437
levator ani, 490, 493, 1229, 1232

actions, 495

nerve-supply, 494
glandula thyreoidea, 460
palpebræ superioris, 452

action of, 453

nerve-supply of, 453
scapulæ, 368

action of, 368

nerve-supply of, 368
veli palatini, 466

action of, 467

nerve-supply of, 467
levatores costarum, 470

action of, 474

nerve-supply of, 474
of limbs, development of, 41
lingualis inferior, 462, 463

superior, 463
of little finger, 393
longissimus capitis, 440

action of, 442

nerve-supply of, 442
cervicis, 4 10

dorsi, 440
longus capitis, 468
colli, 468

action of, 468

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Muscle or Muscles (contd.) -

longus colli (contd.), nerve-supply, 468
lumbricales, 389, 430
of foot, 430

action of, 430
nerve-supply of, 430
of hand, 389

action of, 389

nerve-supply of, 389
masseter, 454

action of, 458

nerve-supply of, 457
of mastication, 454, 457

action of, 457

nerve-supply of, 457
mentalis, 451

action of, 452

nerve-supply of, 452
morphology of, 495
of mouth, 450
of Müller, 454
multifidus (spinæ), 442

action of, 444

nerve-supply of, 444
mylo-hyoid, 461

action of, 463

nerve-supply of, 461
mylo-pharyngeus, 464
of neck, 458
of nose, 450

actions of, 452

nerve-supply of, 452
obliquus abdominis externus, 476

action of, 484

nerve-supply of, 484
internus, 487

action of, 484

nerve-supply of, 484
auriculæ, 830
capitis inferior, 444

action of, 444

nerve-supply of, 444
superior, 444

action of, 444

nerve-supply of, 444
inferior (of eye), 453

superior (of eye), 453
obturator externus, 413

action of, 414

nerve-supply of, 414
internus, 418

action of, 418

nerve-supply of, 418
occipitalis, 448
omohyoid, 459

action of, 460
nerve-supply of, 460

surgical anatomy of, 1391, 1394
opponens digiti quinti, 393

action of, 394

nerve-supply of, 394
opponens pollicis, 392

action of, 393

nerve-supply of, 393
orbicularis oculi, 450

action of, 452
ciliary bundle of, 450
lacrimal part of, 450
nerve-supply of, 452
orbital part of, 450

palpebral part of, 450
orbicularis oris, 450, 1100

Muscle or Muscles (contd.)
orbicularis oris (contd.), action of, 452

inferior incisive bundle of, 451
naso-labial band of, 450
nerve-supply of, 452

superior incisive bundle of, 451
of orbit, 452

action of, 454
developinent of, 496

nerve-supply of, 454
orbitalis, 454
origin of, 364
palmaris brevis, 382
longus, 386

action of, 386

nerve-supply of, 386
papillares (of heart), 877, 878

structure of, 879
pectinati, 874
pectineus, 411

action of, 411

nerve-supply of, 411
of pectoral region, 369
pectoralis major, 369

action of, 370
nerve-supply of, 370

topography of, 1446
minimus, 371
minor, 371

action of, 371

nerve-supply of, 371
of pelvis, 493
of perineum, 486
peronæo-calcaneus, 431

externus, 427
peronæo-cuboideus, 427
peronæus accessorius, 427
brevis, 427

action of, 427
additional slips of, 427
nerve-supply of, 427
topography of, 1462

of tendon of, 1464, 1465
digiti quinti, 427
longus, 426

action of, 427
nerve-supply, 427
topography of, 1462

of tendon of, 1464, 1465
tertius, 425

action of, 426
nerve-supply of, 426

topography of, 1465
peroneal, 427
pharyngo-palatinus, 465

action of, 467
nerve-supply of, 467
of pharynx, 464

action of, 467
development of, 496

nerve-supply of, 467
of pinna, 419, 829
piriforniis, 417

action of, 418

nerve-supply of, 417
plantaris, 429

action of, 429
nerve-supply of, 429
platysma, 448

action of, 448
development of, 496
nerve-supply of, 448

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