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Nerve or Nerves (contd.)—

facial (contd.), efferent root of, 598
emergent part of, 598
facial branches of, 783
in facial canal, 782
geniculate ganglion of, 782
in infant, 600

intrapontine course of, 599
morphology of, 796
in neck, 783

n. intermedius of, 781
development of, 598
origin of, 598

relation of, to chorda tympani, 782,

796

to geniculate ganglion, 782, 796
to vestibular nerve, 781

nucleus of, 599

in parotid gland, 783

plexus parotideus, 783
roots of, 598, 781
surgical anatomy of, 1376
temporal, 783
temporo-facial, 783

terminal rami of, 783
femoral, 724

articular branches of, 724

cutaneous branches of, 724

intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh,

724

medial cutaneous nerve of thigh, 725
saphenous nerve, 726

branches of, 726

muscular branches of, 724

to femoral artery, 723
to femur, 724
to fibula, 734
frontal, 772

furcalis, 727, 753

variations of, 753
to gemelli muscles, 728

genital, of genito-femoral, 722
genito-femoral, 722

external spermatic branch of, 722
lumbo-inguinal branch of, 722
glossopharyngeal, 785

afferent fibres of, 785

root of, 597, 598
branches of, 785, 786
communications of, 786
course of, 785

deep origin of, 596, 598
development of, 796
efferent fibres of, 517

root of, 596, 598
in jugular foramen, 786
morphology of, 796
in neck, 786

nucleus of, 596, 598

relation of, to fourth ventricle, 596
petrous ganglion of, 786
roots of, 785

superficial origin of, 596
superior ganglion of, 785
tympanic nerve of, 786
gluteal, inferior, 729

of posterior cutaneous of thigh, 737
superior, 729

hæmorrhoidal, inferior, 738

to hamstring muscles, 728
of heart, 880

of thorax, 716

to latissimus dorsi muscle, 713

to levator ani muscle, from perineal nerve,

739

of hip-joint, 723, 724, 728, 729

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)—

of hip-joint (contd.), from femoral, 724
from nerves of sacral plexus, 729
from obturator, 723
to humerus, 705
hypogastric, 766

of aortic plexus, 765, 766
hypoglossal, 793

ansa hypoglossi of, 794
branches of, 794
communications of, 793
course of, 793

deep origin of, 594
descending branch of, 794
development of, 798
nucleus of, 594

recurrent branch of, 794
relation of, to fourth ventricle, 594

superficial origin of, 594

surgical anatomy of, 1392
ilio-hypogastric, 720
ilio-inguinal, 720
incisor, 780

infra-clavicular, 703
to infra-hyoid muscles, 794
infra-orbital, of facial, 777
of trigeminal, 776
infra-trochlear, 773
intercostal, 713
intercosto-brachial, 716
intermedius, 781, 782
development of, 683
origin of, 598

relation of, to chorda tympani, 782
to geniculate ganglion, 782
to vestibule, 1326

to interossei muscles of foot, 734, 735

of hand, 709

interosseous, of common peroneal, 731
interosseous, dorsal, 713

surgical anatomy of, 1453
interosseous, volar, 705
ischiadicus, 728

of knee-joint, from common peroneal, 729
from femoral, 724
from obturator, 724

from sciatic, 729

from tibial, 732
labial, 1324

anterior, 721
posterior, 739
lacrimal, 772
canals, 825

of large intestine, 1213, 1233
laryngeal, external, 788, 789
inferior, 789

morphology of, 797
internal, 788

in tongue, 1131
recurrent, 789

surgical anatomy of, 1389
superior, 788

morphology of, 797

surgical anatomy of, 1388
lateral cutaneous, of thigh, 722

from pudendal plexus, 738

to levator scapulæ muscle, 702

to levator veli palatini muscle, 467

1545

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)—
lingual, 1131

surgical anatomy of, 1375
in tongue, 1131
of glossopharyngeal, 780
communications of, 780
morphology of, 796
of hypoglossal, 795
of vagus, 788
long scrotal, 739
thoracic, 702

to longus colli muscle, 468
lumbar, 719

anterior rami, 719
posterior rami, 690

lumbo-inguinal branch of genito-femoral,

722

to lumbrical muscles, of foot, 734, 735
of hand, 706, 709

of lung, 791

mandibular, 778

marginal, of mandible, 784

masseteric, 779
mastoid, 695

maxillary, 775

meatus acoustici externi, 780
medial cutaneous, of the arm, 710

of the calf, 732
of forearm, 709
of thigh, 724, 725
median, 705

branches in the forearm, 705
in hand, 706
communications, 705, 707
course of, 705

cutaneous branches, 706
muscular branches, 705
palmar ramus, 705

surgical anatomy of, at elbow, 1451

in arm, 1448

volar interosseous nerve of forearm, 705

of membrana tympani, 836
meningeal, of vagus, 788
(middle), 775

mental, 780

to muscles of abdominal wall, 485

of arm, 381

of back, 439

of buttock, 418

of face, 452

of foot, 425

of forearm, 400

of hand, 400

of hyoid bone, 460

of iris, 814

of leg, 435

of lower limb, 718

of mastication, 457

of orbit, 454

of pectoral region, 369
of pelvis, 494

of perineum, 489
of pinna, 830

prevertebral muscles, 470
of shoulder, 375, 376, 377
of soft palate, 786, 788
of thigh, 418

of thorax, 474

of tongue, 463

between trunk and upper limb,

372

of upper limb, 700

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)—
musculo-cutaneous, 704
variations of, 752
to mylo-hyoid, 780
nasal of infra-orbital, 777
lateral, 773

medial, 773

posterior inférior lateral, 778
superior lateral, 778
naso-ciliary, 773
naso-palatine, 778
to obliqui abdominis muscles, 716
obturator, 722

accessory, 726

to obturator externus muscle, 723
internus muscle, 728

occipital, greater, 689

branch of posterior auricular, 783
occipital, small, 695

morphology of, 700
occipital third, 690
oculo-motor, 769

branches of, 770
communications of, 770
course of, 770
deep origin of, 603
development of, 796
morphology of, 796
superficial origin of, 769
œsophageal, from sympathetic, 760
from vagus, 789
olfactory, 767, 768, 805
development of, 622
morphology of, 797
origin of, 624, 628
termination of, 768
ophthalmic, 772
branches of, 772
frontal, 772
lacrimal, 772

supra-orbital, 772
supra-trochlear, 773
course of, 772
development of, 796
optic, 768

development of, 825
morphology of, 797
origin of, 658

retinal portion of, 815

orbital, of spheno-palatine ganglion, 778
palatine, 778

anterior, 778

middle, 778
posterior, 778
palpebral, 824

to parotid gland, 1137
patellar, 726

perforans coccygeus major, 738

perforating cutaneous, 737

pericardiac, 791

perineal, 737

of fourth sacral, 738

of posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh, 737
superficial, 739

to perineal muscles, 739

peripheral, development of, 679
peroneal anastomotic ramus, 730
peroneal, deep, 730

superficial, 731

to peroneus brevis, 731
longus, 731
petrosal, deep, 758, 777

[blocks in formation]

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)—
subscapular (contd.), short, 713
supra-clavicular (descending cervical), 696

anterior, 696
middle, 696
posterior, 696
morphology of, 700
supra-orbital, 772

surgical anatomy of, 1358
supra-scapular, 703

variations of, 700, 752
supra-trochlear, 773

surgical anatomy of, 1358
sural, of common peroneal, 730

lateral, of posterior cutaneous nerve of
thigh, 737

medial, of tibial, 732
sympathetic, 753
of taste, 598

temporal, of auriculo-temporal, 780
deep, 779

of facial, 783
topography of, 1359

to tensor fascia latæ muscle, 729
tympani muscle, 835

veli palatini muscle, 786, 788
tentorii, 772

to teres minor muscle, 710
terminalis, 608
thoracic, 713

anterior rami of, 713

cutaneous branches of, 714
of first, 714

of second, 714

of twelfth, 717

communications of, 714, 716, 717, 719

muscular branches of, 703

of first, 714

of second, 714

of twelfth, 717

posterior rami of, 690

cutaneous branches of, 690

first, 713

lateral anterior, 703
long, 702

medial anterior, 703
second, 690
twelfth, 690
thoraco-dorsal, 713
to tibia, 732
tibial, 729, 732

surgical anatomy of, 1458

communicating, 732
recurrent, 730

to tibio-fibular joint, from common peroneal,

730

from tibial, 732

of tongue, 1136

of tonsil, 1149

to transversus abdominis, 484
thoracis muscle, 470

to trapezius muscle, 366
from accessory, 793
trigeminal, 771

ascending root of, 601
deep origin of, 600
development of, 683
divisions of, 772
mandibular, 778
maxillary, 775
ophthalmic, 772
mesencephalic root of, 601

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)—

trigeminal, mesencephalic root of (contd.,
in pons, 602
morphology of, 796
motor root of, 601

development of, 683
morphology of, 796
nuclei of, 600

development of, 683

of mesencephalic root of, 602
in pons, 602
semilunar ganglion of, 771
sensory root of, 600

development of, 683
morphology of, 796
spinal tract of, 601

development of, 602
superficial origin of, 600, 771
trochlear, 770

communications of, 771
course of, 770

deep origin of, 602
development of, 683
morphology of, 798
nucleus of, 602

superficial origin of, 602, 770

tympanic, 786, 836

morphology of, 796
to ulna, 705
ulnar, 708

course of, 708

surgical anatomy of, in arm, 1448
at elbow, 1451
collateral, 711
to utricle, 785

to uvular muscle, 786
vagus, 786

abdominal branches of, 789
afferent fibres of, 596

root of, 795
branches of, 789

cardio-inhibitory fibres of, 793
communications of, 788, 789
deep origin of, 596
development of, 795
efferent fibres of, 596

root of, 795

ganglion nodosum of, 788
in jugular foramen, 786
jugular ganglion of, 788
left, in thorax, 786
morphology of, 797
in neck, 788
nucleus of, 597

relation of, to fourth ventricle, 551

right, in thorax, 786
roots of, 596

development of, 795
morphology of, 796

superficial origin of, 786
surgical anatomy of, 1393

termination of, in coats of stomach, 1177

in thorax, 786

viscero-motor fibres of, 793

vesical, 766
vestibular, 853

connexion of, with cerebellum, 604

deep origin of, 604
descending root of, 605
nucleus of, 604, 605

relation of, to fourth ventricle, 551
zygomatic, of facial, 773, 775

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)-

zygomatic (contd.), of maxillary, 776
zygomatico-facial, 776
zygomatico-temporal, 776
Nerve-cells, 506
axons of, 507
bipolar, 510
cellulipetal processes of, 511
of cerebellum, 579
of cerebral cortex, 645
dendrites of, 509
development of, 35, 498
ganglionic, 510

of Golgi, in cerebral cortex, 645
processes of, 528, 529, 530, 531
of Purkinjé in cerebellum, 580, 581
radicular, 528

of spinal ganglia, 685
medulla, 529

of sympathetic ganglia, 753
unipolar, 510
Nerve-components, 505
Nerve-endings, 863
free, 863

special end organs, 863
Nerve-fibres, 508

afferent, 509

collateral, 512, 534, 535
efferent, 504, 509

medullated, 508
myelinisation of, 509

of lateral cerebro-spinal tract, 533
of medial longitudinal fasciculus, 589
order of occurrence of, in spinal medulla,

533

of sensory, 532

neurolemma of, 508
non-medullated, 508, 754
primitive sheath of, 508
somatic efferent, 505
splanchnic, afferent, 754, 760

in thoracic region, 759
efferent, 505, 754, 760

in thoracic region, 761
peripheral, 755
sympathetic, 754

cervical, 756

destinations of, 754
medullated, 754
non-medullated, 754

splanchnic, 754, 756
terminations of, 504, 509
Wallerian degeneration

of, 532

Nerve-roots, 519

anterior, origin of fibres of, 528

cerebral, 592
spinal, 519

development of, 519

anterior, 519, 529

development of, 520
origin of, 529

relation of, to sympathetic, 754
posterior, 519, 533, 534, 536

development of, 520, 536

in posterior funiculus of spinal medulla,

533

relation of, to sympathetic, 754
Nervous system, 497

cerebro-spinal,

497
early stages of development, 30
elements of the, 497
of hydra, 497

Nervous system (contd.), scheme of the, 498
sympathetic, 753

Nervus, see Nerve

Neural arteries, of gluteal, 938

of intercostals, 926
canal, 31

crest, 32, 500, 679
ectoderm, 499, 501
fold, 31

groove, 23
plate, 30
syncytium, 504
tube, 31, 33

alar lamina of, 36, 505, 682
in fore-brain, 608

in hind-brain, 552, 553, 554

in mid-brain, 592

relation of, to origin of nerves, 553,

554, 682

basal lamina of, 36, 505, 682

in fore-brain, 608

in hind-brain, 553

in mid-brain, 592

relation of, to origin of nerves, 553,
554, 682

central canal of, 564, 565

development of cerebral nerves from, 682

of spinal nerves from, 679
differentiation of, 33
ependymal layer of, 502
fate of spinal portion, 35
flexures of, 514

floor-plate of, 402, 520
germinal cells of, 35

histological differentiation of walls, 35
limiting membrane of, external, 35, 502
internal, 35, 502
mantle-layer of, 502
marginal layer of, 502
myelospongium of, 503
neuroblasts of, 503
perforations in wall of, 37
roof-plate of, 402, 520
sulcus limitans of, 36
Neurenteric canal, 23, 26
Neurobiotaxis, 554

Neuroblasts, 36, 503

Neuro-central synchondrosis, 104

Neuroglia of brain, 511
of spinal medulla, 527
Neurolemma, 508
Neurology, 3

Neuro-muscular spindles, 866
Neuron, 503

Neurone theory, 503

objections to, 504

Neuropore, 31

anterior, 31, 500
posterior, 31, 500

Neuro-tendinous spindles, 865

Nictitating membrane, 821
Nipple, 1337

Nodule of cerebellum, 571

development of, 571

Noduli aggregati of vermiform process, 1217

lymphatici aggregati, 1181

intestini recti, 1230

lienales, 1355

solitarii, 1181

valvularum semilunarium, 877

Nose, 799

ala of, 799

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