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Nerve or Nerves (contd.) -
facial (contd.), efferent root of, 598

emergent part of, 598
facial branches of, 783
in facial canal, 782
geniculate ganglion of, 782
in infant, 600
intra pontine course of, 599
morphology of, 796
in neck, 783
n. intermedius of, 781

development of, 598
origin of, 598
relation of, to chorda tympani, 782,

796
to geniculate ganglion, 782, 796

to vestibular nerve, 781
nucleus of, 599
in parotid gland, 783
plexus parotideus, 783
roots of, 598, 781
surgical anatomy of, 1376
temporal, 783
temporo-facial, 783

terminal rami of, 783
femoral, 724

articular branches of, 724
cutaneous branches of, 724
intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh,

724
medial cutaneous nerve of thigh, 725
saphenous nerve, 726
branches of, 726

muscular branches of, 724
to femoral artery, 723
to femur, 724
to fibula, 734
frontal, 772
furcalis, 727, 753

variations of, 753
to gemelli muscles, 728
genital, of genito-femoral, 722
genito-femoral, 722

external spermatic branch of, 722

lumbo-inguinal branch of, 722
glossopharyngeal, 785
afferent fibres of, 785

root of, 597, 598
branches of, 785, 786
communications of, 786
course of, 785
deep origin of, 596, 598
development of, 796
efferent fibres of, 517

root of, 596, 598
in jugular foramen, 786
morphology of, 796
in neck, 786
nucleus of, 596, 598

relation of, to fourth ventricle, 596
petrous ganglion of, 786
roots of, 785
superficial origin of, 596
superior ganglion of, 785

tympanic nerve of, 786
gluteal, inferior, 729

of posterior cutaneous of thigh, 737

superior, 729
hæmorrhoidal, inferior, 738
to hamstring muscles, 728
of heart, 880
of hip-joint, 723, 724, 728, 729

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)
of hip-joint (contd.), from femoral, 724

from nerves of sacral plexus, 729

from obturator, 723
to humerus, 705
hypogastric, 766

of aortic plexus, 765, 766
hypoglossal, 793
ansa hypoglossi of, 794
branches of, 794
communications of, 793
course of, 793
deep origin of, 594
descending branch of, 794
development of, 798
nucleus of, 594
recurrent branch of, 794
relation of, to fourth ventricle, 594
superficial origin of, 594
surgical anatomy of, 1392
ilio-hypogastric, 720
ilio-inguinal, 720
incisor, 780
infra-clavicular, 703
to infra-hyoid muscles, 794
infra-orbital, of facial, 777

of trigeminal, 776
infra-trochlear, 773
intercostal, 713
intercosto-brachial, 716
intermedius, 781, 782

development of, 683
origin of, 598
relation of, to chorda tympani, 782

to geniculate ganglion, 782

to vestibule, 1326
to interossei muscles of foot, 734, 735

of hand, 709
interosseous, of common peroneal, 731
interosseous, dorsal, 713

surgical anatomy of, 1453
interosseous, volar, 705
ischiadicus, 728
of knee-joint, from common peroneal, 729

from femoral, 724
from obturator, 724
from sciatic, 729

from tibial, 732
labial, 1324

anterior, 721

posterior, 739
lacrimal, 772

canals, 825
of large intestine, 1213, 1233
laryngeal, external, 788, 789
inferior, 789

morphology of, 797
internal, 788

in tongue, 1131
recurrent, 789

surgical anatomy of, 1389
superior, 788

morphology of, 797

surgical anatomy of, 1388
lateral cutaneous, of thigh, 722

of thorax, 716
to latissimus dorsi muscle, 713
to levator ani muscle, from perineal nerve,

739

from pudendal plexus, 738
to levator scapulæ muscle, 702
to levator veli palatini muscle, 467

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)
lingual, 1131

surgical anatomy of, 1375
in tongue, 1131
of glossopharyngeal, 780

communications of, 780
morphology of, 796
of hypoglossal, 795

of vagus, 788
long scrotal, 739

thoracic, 702
to longus colli muscle, 468
lumbar, 719

anterior rami, 719

posterior rami, 690
lumbo-inguinal branch of genito-femoral,

722
to lumbrical muscles, of foot, 734, 735

of hand, 706, 709
of lung, 791
mandibular, 778
marginal, of mandible, 784
masseteric, 779
mastoid, 695
maxillary, 775
meatus acoustici externi, 780
medial cutaneous, of the arm, 710

of the calf, 732
of forearm, 709

of thigh, 724, 725
median, 706
branches in the forearm, 705

in hand, 706
communications, 705, 707
course of, 705
cutaneous branches, 706
muscular branches, 705
palmar ramus, 705
surgical anatomy of, at elbow, 1451

in arm, 1448
volar interosseous nerve of forearm, 705
of membrana tympani, 836
meningeal, of vagus, 788

(middle), 775
mental, 780
to muscles of abdominal wall, 485

of arm, 381
of back, 439
of buttock, 418
of face, 452
of foot, 425
of forearm, 400
of hand, 400
of hyoid bone, 460
of iris, 814
of leg, 435
of lower limb, 718
of mastication, 457

i
of orbit, 454
of pectoral region, 369
of pelvis, 494
of perineum, 489
of pinna, 830
prevertebral muscles, 470
of shoulder, 375, 376, 377
of soft palate, 786, 788
of thigh, 418
of thorax, 474
of tongue, 463
between trunk and upper liml),

372
of upper limb), 700

Nerve or Nerves (contd.)-
musculo-cutaneous, 704

variations of, 752
to mylo-hyoid, 780
nasal of infra-orbital, 777

lateral, 773
medial, 773
posterior inferior lateral, 778

superior lateral, 778
naso-ciliary, 773
naso-palatine, 778
to obliqui abdominis muscles, 716
obturator, 722

accessory, 726
to obturator externus muscle, 723

internus muscle, 728
occipital, greater, 689

branch of posterior auricular, 783
occipital, small, 695

morphology of, 700
occipital third, 690
oculo-motor, 769

branches of, 770
communications of, 770
course of, 770
deep origin of, 603
development of, 796
morphology of, 796

superficial origin of, 769
csophageal, from sympathetic, 760

from vagus, 789
olfactory, 767, 768, 805

development of, 622
morphology of, 797
origin of, 624, 628

termination of, 768
ophthalmic, 772
branches of, 772

frontal, 772
lacrimal, 772
supra-orbital, 772

supra-trochlear, 773
course of, 772

development of, 796
optic, 768

development of, 825
morphology of, 797
origin of, 658

retinal portion of, 815
orbital, of spheno-palatine ganglion, 778
palatine, 778

anterior, 778
middle, 778

posterior, 778
palpebral, 824
to parotid gland, 1137
patellar, 726
perforans coccygeus major, 738
perforating cutaneous, 737
pericardiac, 791
perineal, 737

of fourth sacral, 738
of posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh, 737

superficial, 739
to perineal muscles, 739
peripheral, development of, 679
peroneal anastomotic ramus, 730
peroneal, deep, 730

superficial, 731
to peroneus brevis, 731

longus, 731
petrosal, deep, 758, 777

Nerve or Nerves (contd.) --
petrosal (contd.), superficial, external, 782

greater, 782

lesser, 759, 782, 786
pharyngeal, 778, 1150

of glossopharyngeal nerve, 786
of spheno-palatine ganglion, 778
of sympathetic, 756
of vagus, 788
phrenic, 699

branches of, 699
communications of, 699, 702
surgical anatomy of, 1393
of pinna, 830
to piriformis muscle, 729
plantar, lateral, 734

surgical anatomy of, 1465
medial, 734

surgical anatomy of, 1465
posterior descending supra-clavicular, 696

Nerve or Nerves (contd.) -
Nerve or Nerves (contd.)

morphology of, 700
to prevertebral muscles, 695
to psoas major muscle, 720
of pterygoid canal, 777
pterygoid, external, 779

internus, 778
pudendal, 738
pulmonary, 1096

from sympathetic, 761

from vagus, 789
to pyramidalis abdominis muscle, 717
to quadratus femoris muscle, 728

lumborum muscle, 720
radial, 710
collateral branches of, 711

cutaneus brachii posterior, 711
dorsal cutaneous nerve of forearm, 711

ulnar collateral nerve, 711
course of, 711
deep ramus of, 712
dorsal interosseous, 713
superficial rami of, 712
surgical anatomy of, 1454
topography of, at elbow, 1450

in arm, 710, 711
variations of, 752
to radio-carpal joint, 705
to radius, 705
ramus anastomoticus peronæus, 730
of rectum, 1233
recurrens (vagi), 788
recurrent tibial, 730
to rhomboids, 702
sacral, 691, 727, 735
anterior rami of, 727, 735

visceral branches of, 736
posterior rami of, 691
sacro-coccygeal, anterior, 738

posterior, 691
saphenous, 726
surgical anatomy of, in foot, 1465

in leg, 1463

in thigh, 1461
to scaleni muscles, 695, 697
to scalp muscles, 783
scapular, dorsal, 702
sciatic, 728

course of, 728
division of nerve to hamstrings, 728
nerve to short head of biceps, 728

surgical anatomy of, 1456
scrotal anterior, 721

scrotal (contd.) posterior, 739
segmental, of head, 796
to semicircular ducts, 785
sensory ganglion of, 510
to short head of biceps, 729
muscles of little finger, 709

of thumb, 706
to shoulder-joint, from axillary, 710

from supra-scapular, 703
of skin, 858
of small intestine, 1187
spermatic, external, 722
spheno-palatine, 775
to sphincter ani muscle, 738, 739

pupillæ muscle, 814
spinal, 685
anterior rami of, 685
classification of, 678
development of, 679
distribution of, general, 680, 687

to limb-muscles, 687

to skin of limbs, 687
formation of, 680
ganglia of, 685
gray rami of, 680, 681

of brachial plexus, 700
of cervical plexus, 694
of lumbo-sacral plexus, 719
of pudendal plexus, 719
of sacral plexus, 719

of thoracic nerves, 714, 716, 717
morphology of rami, 681, 691, 741
number of, 678
origin of, 522, 528
posterior rami, 687, 691
recurrent branches of, 686
relation of, to meninges, 686

to vertebræ, 1442, 1443
roots of, 519
anterior, 519

development of, 679
posterior, 519

development of, 679
segmental disposition of, 687
size of, 678
somatic portion of, 680
splanchnic portion of, 680
visceral branches of, 680
white rami of, 687

development of, 681
of lumbar and sacral nerves, 719
of pudendal plexus, 719
of sacral plexus, 719

of thoracic, 714, 716, 717
spinosus, 778
splanchnic, 761

greater, 761, 764
lesser, 761

lowest, 761, 764
stapedius, 782
to sterno-mastoid muscle, 696, 793

from accessory, 793
of stomach, 1177
to stylo-pharyngeus muscle, 786
to subclavius, 702
of sublingual gland, 1140
of submaxillary gland, 1138
suboccipital, 688

morphology of, 691
subscapular, 713

lower, 713

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subscapular (contd.), short, 713
supra-clavicular (descending cervical), 696

anterior, 696
middle, 696

posterior, 696
morphology of, 700
supra-orbital, 772

surgical anatomy of, 1358
supra-scapular, 703

variations of, 700, 752
supra-trochlear, 773

surgical anatomy of, 1358
sural, of common peroneal, 730
lateral, of posterior cutaneous nerve of

thigh, 737
medial, of tibial, 732
sympathetic, 753
of taste, 598
temporal, of auriculo-temporal, 780

deep, 779

of facial, 783
topography of, 1359
to tensor fascia latæ muscle, 729

tympani muscle, 835

veli palatini muscle, 786, 788
tentorii, 772
to teres minor muscle, 710
terminalis, 608
thoracic, 713
anterior rami of, 713

cutaneous branches of, 714

of first, 714
of second, 714

of twelfth, 717
communications of, 714, 716, 717, 719
muscular branches of, 703

of first, 714
of second, 714

of twelfth, 717
posterior rami of, 690

cutaneous branches of, 690
first, 713
lateral anterior, 703
long, 702
medial anterior, 703
second, 690

twelfth, 690
thoraco-dorsal, 713
to tibia, 732
tibial, 729, 732

surgical anatomy of, 1458
communicating, 732

recurrent, 730
to tibio-fibular joint, from common peroneal,

730

Nerve or Nerves (contd.) -
trigeminal, mesencephalic root of frontd.,

in pons, 602
morphology of, 796
motor root of, 601

development of, 683

morphology of, 796
nuclei of, 600

development of, 683
of mesencephalie root of, 602

in pons, 602
semilunar ganglion of, 771
sensory root of, 600

development of, 683

from tibial, 732
of tongue, 1136
of tonsil, 1149
to transversus abdominis, 484

thoracis muscle, 470
to trapezius muscle, 366

from accessory, 793
trigeminal, 771

ascending root of, 601
deep origin of, 600
development of, 683
divisions of, 772

mandibular, 778
maxillary, 775

ophthalmic, 772
mesencephalic root of, 601

morphology of, 796
spinal tract of, 601

development of, 602
superficial origin of, 600, 771
trochlear, 770

communications of, 771
course of, 770
deep origin of, 602
development of, 683
morphology of, 798
nucleus of, 602

superficial origin of, 602, 770
tym panic, 786, 836

morphology of, 796
to ulna, 705
ulnar, 708

course of, 708
surgical anatomy of, in arm, 1448

at elbow, 1451
collateral, 711
to utricle, 785
to uvular muscle, 786
vagus, 786

abdominal branches of, 789
afferent fibres of, 596

root of, 795
branches of, 789
cardio-inhibitory fibres of, 793
communications of, 788, 789
deep origin of, 596
development of, 795
efferent fibres of, 596

root of, 795
ganglion nodosum of, 788
in jugular foramen, 786
jugular ganglion of, 788
left, in thorax, 786
morphology of, 797
in neck, 788
nucleus of, 597

relation of, to fourth ventricle, 551
right, in thorax, 786
roots of, 596

development of, 795

morphology of, 796
superficial origin of, 786
surgical anatomy of, 1393
termination of, in coats of stomach, 1177
in thorax, 786

viscero-motor fibres of, 793
vesical, 766
vestibular, 853

connexion of, with cerebellum, 604
deep origin of, 604
descending root of, 605
nucleus of, 604, 605

relation of, to fourth ventricle, 551
zygomatic, of facial, 773, 775

Nerve or Nerves (contd.) --

zygomatic (contd.), of maxillary, 776
zygomatico-facial, 776
zygomatico-temporal, 776
Nerve-cells, 506

axons of, 507
bipolar, 510
cellulipetal processes of, 511
of cerebellum, 579
of cerebral cortex, 645
dendrites of, 509
development of, 35, 498
ganglionic, 510
of Golgi, in cerebral cortex, 645
processes of, 528, 529, 530, 531
of Purkinje in cerebellum, 580, 581
radicular, 528
of spinal ganglia, 685

medulla, 529
of sympathetic ganglia, 753
unipolar, 510
Nerve-components, 505
Nerve-endings, 863

free, 863
special end organs, 863
Nerve-fibres, 508

afferent, 509
collateral, 512, 534, 535
efferent, 504, 509
medullated, 508
myelinisation of, 509
of lateral cerebro-spinal tract, 533
of medial longitudinal fasciculus, 589
order of occurrence of, in spinal medulla,

533
of sensory,

532
neurolemma of, 508
non-medullated, 508, 754
primitive sheath of, 508
somatic efferent, 505
splanchnic, afferent, 754, 760

in thoracic region, 759
efferent, 505, 754, 760

in thoracic region, 761
peripheral, 755
sympathetic, 754

cervical, 756
destinations of, 754
medullated, 754
non-medullated, 754

splanchnic, 754, 756
terminations of, 504, 509

Wallerian degeneration of, 532
Nerve-roots, 519

anterior, origin of fibres of, 528
cerebral, 592
spinal, 519

development of, 519
anterior, 519, 529

development of, 520
origin of, 529

relation of, to sympathetic, 754
posterior, 519, 533, 534, 536

development of, 520, 536
in posterior funiculus of spinal medulla,

533

Nervous system (contd.), scheme of the, 498

relation of, to sympathetic, 754
Nervous system, 497

cerebro-spinal, 497
early stages of development, 30
elements of the, 497
of hydra, 497

sympathetic, 753
Nervus, see Nerve
Neural arteries, of gluteal, 938

of intercostals, 926
canal, 31
crest, 32, 500, 679
ectoderm, 499, 501
fold, 31
groove, 23
plate, 30
syncytium, 504
tube, 31, 33
alar lamina of, 36, 505, 682

in fore-brain, 608
in hind-brain, 552, 553, 554
in mid-brain, 592
relation of, to origin of nerves, 553,

554, 682
basal lamina of, 36, 505, 682

in fore-brain, 608
in hind-brain, 553
in mid-brain, 592
relation of, to origin of nerves, 553,

554, 682
central canal of, 564, 565
development of cerebral nerves from, 682

of spinal nerves from, 679
differentiation of, 33
ependymal layer of, 502
fate of spinal portion, 35
flexures of, 514
floor-plate of, 402, 520
germinal cells of, 35
histological differentiation of walls, 35
limiting membrane of, external, 35, 502

internal, 35, 502
mantle-layer of, 502
marginal layer of, 502
myelospongium of, 503
neuroblasts of, 503
perforations in wall of, 37
roof-plate of, 402, 520

sulcus limitans of, 36
Neurenteric canal, 23, 26
Neurobiotaxis, 554
Neuroblasts, 36, 503
Neuro-central synchondrosis, 104
Neuroglia of brain, 511

of spinal medulla, 527
Neurolemma, 508
Neurology, 3
Neuro-muscular spindles, 866
Neuron, 503
Neurone theory, 503

objections to, 504
Neuropore, 31

anterior, 31, 500
posterior, 31, 500
Neuro-tendinous spindles, 865
Nictitating membrane, 821
Nipple, 1337
Nodule of cerebellum, 571

development of, 571
Noduli aggregati of vermiform process, 1217
lymphatici aggregati, 1181

intestini recti, 1230
lienales, 1355
solitarii

, 1181
valvularum semilunarium, 877
Nose, 799

ala of, 799

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