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Spinal medulla (contd.), length of, 517
ligamenta denticulata of, 518, 675
longitudinal commissural fibres of, 537, 538
lumbar enlargement of, 519, 524
membranes of, 518, 669, 675
nerve-cells of, 528 et seq.
nerve-fibres in gray matter of, 531
nerve-fibres of, 531 et seq.

neuroglia of, 527

origin of nerves from, 519, 529, 533
posterior paramedian sulcus of, 522
postero-lateral column, 529

sulcus of, 522

postero-median column, 529
processus reticularis of, 524
regional differences in, 519, 527
regions of, 519

relation of, to vertebræ, 517, 1422
segments of, 519

sensory and motor distribution of various

segments of, 744, 752

septa of, 521, 522

substantia gelatinosa Rolandi, 523, 528
grisea, 520

substantia grisea centralis of, 528
reticularis of, 564
sulci of, 522

sulcus lateralis posterior of, 522
summary of chief characters, 527
surgical anatomy of, 1443, 1444
theca of, 518

tract or tracts of Burdach, 526, 533
anterior cerebro-spinal, 536, 539
cerebello-spinal, 531, 536

comma (fasciculus interfascicularis), 533
of Goll, 526, 533

of Gowers (fasciculus antero-lateral
superficial), 536

lateral cerebro - spinal (crossed), 536,

538

Spinal medulla (contd.), anterior median fissure
of, 521

surgical anatomy of, 1443
antero-lateral column, 529
antero-median column of, 529
arrangement of nerve-fibres of white matter
in tracts, 532

cauda equina of, 519, 526

cell column, intermedio-lateral, 530
central canal of, 521, 523, 526
cervical enlargement of, 519, 524
cervix of, 523

changes in gray matter of, 524
columns of, 22, 520, 523, 528
anterior, 523, 528
antero-lateral, 529
central, 529

intermedio-lateral, 530
lateral, 523, 529

posterior, 522, 523, 525, 529
postero-lateral, 529

retro-postero-lateral, 529

commissure of, anterior white, 523, 539
gray, 523, 539

posterior, 523

component parts of white matter of, 531
conus medullaris of, 518, 524, 525
development of, 31, 33, 35, 520
dorsal nucleus of, 531, 538
enlargements of, 519, 524

surgical anatomy of, 1443

fasciculi of, anterior proprius, 535, 537, 538
lateral, 535

bulbo-spinal, 537, 538

collateral fibres of, 534, 535, 539

lateralis proprius, 538
olivo-spinal, 538

fasciculus cuneatus of, 526, 533

gracilis of, 526, 533
solitarius of, 598

(fasciculus of) posterior proprius, 535
rubro-spinal, 537, 538

septo-marginal, 535

spino-cerebellar anterior, 537, 538

posterior, 537, 538
spino-tectal, 537

(fasciculus of) spino-thalamic, 535, 537

anterior, 537, 538
posterior, 537
tecto-spinal, 537, 538

vestibulo-spinal, 537, 538
filum terminale of, 518, 526

externum, 526

internum, 526
fissures of, 522

antero-median, 522
intermedius posterior, 522
lateralis posterior, 522
postero-median (septum), 522

funiculi or tracts of, 535
anterior, 522, 525, 528, 539
antero-lateral, 522

of Burdach, 522
of Goll, 522
lateral, 522, 525
posterior, 521, 522, 525
postero-lateral, 584
solitarius, 598

gray matter of, 523, 525
inferior limit of, in child, 517

internal structure of, 523
intersegmental association fibres of, 535, 538

of Lissauer (postero-lateral), 534
trigeminal root-fibres in, 601
veins of, 977

ventriculus terminalis of, 526
white matter of, 524, 531

Spinal nerves, 519, 678

anterior rami of, 692
anterior root, 520

development of nerve-roots, 679
distribution of the, 687

distribution of, to muscles and skin of the

limbs, 744

lower limb, cutaneous nerves, 747
muscular nerves, 748

upper limb, cutaneous nerves, 744
muscular nerves, 745

white rami communicantes of, 687
divisions or rami of, 686
formation of, 680

posterior rami of, 687
roots of, 520, 533
splanchnic parts of, 680
venous plexus, anterior, 976
posterior, 970
Spinalis dorsi muscle, 442
Spindle, achromatic, 10, 13
Spine, somatic parts of, 680
Spino-glenoid ligament, 320
Spino-thalamic tract, 537, 538
Spinous process of cervical vertebræ, 90, 93
of lumbar vertebræ, 95
of sacrum, 97

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INDEX.

foramen of, 149, 174

Stephanion, 166, 172, 285
Sternal angle, 107
articulations, 317
furrow, 1397

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architecture of, 270
body of, 107

infrasternal angle, 114
manubrium, 107
movements of, 317
ossification of, 108

surgical anatomy of, 1397, 1405

variations in, 276

xiphoid process of, 108
Stigmata of capillaries, 867
Stilling, canal of, 819
Stomach, 1163

anterior surface of, 1167
areæ gastricæ of, 1176
arteries of, 1176

bed of, 1170

body of, 1168

capacity of, 1171
cardia, 1164

cardiac orifice of, 1164

surgical anatomy of, 1416, 1417

portion of, 1163

of child, 1171

curvatures of, 1166, 1167
development of, 47, 1249
displaced, 1171
in female, 1171
form of, 1163
foveolæ of, 1176
fundus of, 1168, 1163

surgical anatomy of, 1416
gastro-phrenic ligament of, 1170
glands of, 1176

greater curvature of, 1167

surgical anatomy of, 1417
hour-glass, 1171
incisura angularis of, 1166
cardiaca of, 1165
lesser curvature of, 1166

surgical anatomy of, 1417
lymph vessels of, 1177
mucous membrane of, 1179
muscular coat of, 1174
nerves of, 1177

partial resection of, 1418
peritoneal relations of, 1170
pit of, 108, 114
plica villosa of, 1176

position of, 1063, 1172
posterior surface of, 1167
pyloric antrum of, 1161,11167, 1169

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Stomach (contd.), pyloric canal of, 1169
ligaments of, 1170

orifice of, 1169, 1173

surface anatomy of, 1416, 1417
surgical anatomy from the back, 1439
portion of, 1169

position of, 1416

surgical anatomy of, 1416, 1417
sphincter of, 1166, 1174
valve of, 1174
pylorus, 1165
radiography of, 1417
relations of, 1416
rugæ of, 1165
serous coat of, 1174
size of, 1171

at birth, 1171

structure of, 1174

submucous coat of, 1173

sulcus intermedius of, 1167

surfaces of, 1163

surgical anatomy of, 1416-1418
topography of, 1416, 1417, 1439
uncovered area of, 1170
veins of, 1991

X-ray examination of, 1173
Stomach-bed, 1170
Stomach-chamber, 1169

relations and connexions of, 1169

Stomata of capillaries, 867
Stomatodæum, 25, 27, 41

derivatives of the, 48

separation into nose and mouth, 49
Straight sinus, 974
Strand fronto-pontine, 653
Stratum bacillare retinæ, 816, 818
circulare membranæ tympani, 835
musculare ventriculi, 879
compactum, 57

corneum epidermis, 857, 859

unguis, 859

cutaneum membranæ tympani, 835
filamentosum, 858

germinativum epidermis, 857

unguis, 859

granulosum cerebelli, 581

epidermis, 858
ovarii, 1314

griseum centrale pedunculi cerebri, 584
colliculi superioris, 586

interolivary, 556

lemnisci, 586

longitudinale musculare ventriculi, 879
lucidum, 858

mucosum epidermis, 857

membranæ tympani, 835

1575

Stratum, synovial (contd.), of intertarsal joints,

358

16.03

opticum, 586, 815

colliculi cerebelli, 580
superioris, 586

papillare of skin, 857
pigmenti retinæ, 816, 817

radiatum membranæ tympani, 835

reticulare of skin, 857
spongiosum, 57
synovial, 302

development of, 304

of ankle-joint, 353

of carpo-metacarpal joints, 333

of elbow-joint, 325

of hip-joint, 341

of intercarpal joints, 331
interosseous, of leg, 350

of knee-joint, 348

of mandibular joint, 312

of metacarpo-phalangeal joints, 333

of radio-carpal joint, 329

of radio-ulnar joint, 327
of shoulder-joint, 322
zonale cerebri, 585

sectionum corporum quadrigeminorum, 586

thalamencephali, 611
Streak, primitive, 23, 26
Strength of bones, 83
Stretching the sciatic nerve, 1457

Stria or Striæ, of Gennari, 644, 659
longitudinalis lateralis, 630

of corpus callosum, 629
medialis, 630
medullares, 615

fossæ rhomboideæ, 550
of thalamus, 611
olfactorii lobi intermedia, 624
lateralis, 624

of Retzius, 1122

terminalis, 610, 635, 636, 642
transversæ corporis callosi, 631
vascularis auris internæ, 849
Striate arteries, 905

veins, 970, 971

Stripe of Hensen, 850
Stroma of iris, 813
ovarii, 1313
vitreum, 819
Structure of bones, 83
cerebral hemispheres, 644
teeth, 1122
urethra, 1428

Stylo-auricularis muscle, 830
Styloid process of fibula, 250
of metacarpal bone, 225
variations in, 280
of radius, 216

surgical anatomy of, 1450
of temporal bone, 127, 168, 177
development of, 43, 44, 159
ossification of, 132

of ulna, 213

surface anatomy of, 1451
Stylo-glossus muscle, 463 v
Stylo-hyals, 132, 159

Stylo-hyoid ligament, 313, 1134
muscle, 461

action of, 462

Stylo-mandibular ligament, 313, 1134
Stylo-mastoid artery, 895

foramen, 129, 177

Stylo-pharyngeus muscle, 465
Subacromial bursa, 323
Subanconeus muscle, 382
Subarachnoid fluid, 671
space, 671, 672

surgical anatomy of, 1227
Subarcuate fossa, 130, 131
Subclavian artery, 909

abnormalities of, 1055
branches of, 910

development of, 1027-1028

ligature of, 1394

morphology of, 1046

surgical anatomy of, 1252, 1255

groove, 111
loop, 759

Sudoriferous glands, 861
Sulcus or Sulci, 646, 653
alar, 799

alveolo-glossal, 1383
angular, 665, 666
anthelicis transversus, 829
arteriæ occipitalis, 128
temporalis mediæ, 125
vertebralis, 89
auris anterior, 828
basilar, of pons, 548
bicipital, lateral, 1448
medial, 1446, 1447
calcanei, 259

calcarine, 659

lateralis, 659

posterior, 659

carotic, 135

central, of brain, 663
insulæ, 654

of cerebral cortex, 646
axial, 646

development of, 646
operculate, 646
terminal, 646
hemispheres, 653
chiasmatis, 135

chorioidal, of eye, 621, 637, 675, 826

cinguli, 666
circular, 654

collateral, 661, 662

transverse, 662

costæ, 110

cruris helicis, 829
diagonal, 566

ethmoidalis ossis nasalis, 145
fimbrio-dentate, 627

floccular, of cerebellum, 572
frontal, of brain, 665

inferior, 665, 668
middle, 665

superior, 665, 668
surface anatomy of, 1360
of frontal bone, 116
fronto-marginal, 665
hamuli pterygoidei, 138
hippocampi, 626
horizontal, of cerebellum, 573
hypothalamicus, 618

inferior interventricular, 872

intermedius posterior medulla oblongata,

544

Subclavian lymph trunk, 998
plexus, 759
vein, 965, 966

abnormalities of, 1058
danger of injury to, 1394
morphology of, 1048, 1049
surgical anatomy of, 1395
Subclavius muscle, 371
action of, 371

Subcoracoid centre, 204, 296
Subcostal angle, 1397, 1407
artery, 926

groove, 110
line, 1407
muscles, 470
plane, 1407

Subcrureus (O.T.), 408
Subdeltoid bursa, 323
Subdural space, 670

surgical anatomy of, 1362
Subinguinal lymph glands, 1459
Sublingual artery, 893
gland, 1138

development of, 1243

surgical anatomy of, 1383
region, 1383
Submalleolar apophysis, 282
Submaxillary artery, 893
duct, 1138
fossa, 155
ganglion, 780
gland, 1137

development
duct of, 1138

of, 1243

surgical anatomy of, 1391
lymph glands, 1000
Submental artery, 894

triangle, 1387
Subnasal point, 285
Suboccipital nerve, 688
triangle, 444

boundaries of, 444
Subphrenic abscess, 1412
Subpleural plexus, 913
Subscapular artery, 917

of transverse scapular, 912
bursa, 377
fossa, 203

lymph glands, 1008
nerve, inferior, 713

superior, 713

Subscapularis muscle, 377

action of, 377
minor muscle, 377
Substantia adamantina, 1122
corticalis lentis, 820
lympho-glandulæ,

995
sectionum cerebelli, 576
telencephali, 644

eburnea, 1122

ferruginea, 570

gelatinosa (spinal medulla), 528
grisea centralis (spinal medulla), 528
lentis, 820

medullaris lympho-glandulæ, 995
nigra, 614

perforata anterior, 34, 541, 624

relation of, to olfactory tract, 624
posterior, 541, 615

relation of, to third ventricle, 616
propria corneæ, 810
Suctorial pad, 446, 1109

of stomach, 1167

intertubercular, of humerus, 206

interventricular, 618

intraparietal, 661, 644, 664
lacrimal, of maxilla, 147

ossis lacrimalis, 147

lateral, of brain, 653, 1359, 1360
lateralis mesencephali, 584

posterior medulla oblongata, 544, 547
spinalis, 522
limiting, of Reil, 654

longitudinal, of cerebrum, 540, 676
longitudinalis, of heart, 618

lunatus, 660

malleolaris, 253, 249

medianus posterior medulla spinalis, 522
mento-labial, of lips, 1108

musculi flexoris hallucis longi calcanei, 260

tali, 257
peronæi calcanei, 260

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