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Sulcus or Sulci (contd.), transverse (of brain),

674
of occipital bone, 121

of parietal bone, 119
tubæ auditivæ, 128, 838

of vallecula, 574
Superciliary ridge, 116, 160

sexual differences of, 116, 193

surface anatomy of, 1358
Superficial volar artery, 919
Superior temporal sulcus, 657

topography of, 1360, 1361
vena cava, 1405
Supination, 328, 401
Supinator muscle, 398

action of, 399
Supra-auricular point, 286
Supraclavicular
Suprahyoid artery, 892

lymph glands, 1002

muscles, 460
Supramandibular nerve (O.T.), 784
Supramarginal triangle, 1360
Supramastoid crest, 125
Suprameatal spine, 126, 1366, 1369

surgical importance of, 1366, 1369
triangle, 126
Supranasal bone, 277
Supraoccipital bone, 124

development of, 292
Supraorbital artery, 903

foramen, 116, 160
margin, 115, 160

nerves, 696

nerve, 772

Sulcus or Sulci musculi peronæi (contd.), ossis

notch, 116, 160

surface anatomy of, 1358
ridge, 116

vein, 968
Suprarenal artery, 927, 933
gland, 1343

development of, 1341, 1343
forms and relations of, 1344
in fætus, 1343
hilum of, 1345
medullary portion of, 1343
nerves of, 765, 1346
relations of, 1340
structure of, 1346

surgical anatomy of, 1425
impression of liver, 1192
plexus, 765
vein, 982

abnormalities of, 1059
development of, 1040

morphology of, 1049
Suprascapular nerve, 703

region, 1436
Suprascleral lymph space, 808
Supraspinatus muscle, 375

action of, 375
Supraspinous artery, 913

fossa, 202

ligament, 308
Suprasternal artery, 912

cuboidei, 263
mylo-hyoideus, 155
naso-labialis, 1108
naso-lacrimal, 49
nervi oculo-motorii, 584
petrosi superficialis majoris, 130

minoris, 130
radial, 207

ulnaris, 207
obturatorius, 234
occipitalis lateralis, 661

anterior, 665
paramedial, 661

transverse, 644
oculo-nasal, 49
olfactory, 666
orbital (of brain), 666
paracentral, 664
para-cingular, 665
paramedial, 661
para-pyramidal, 573
of parietal region, 662
parietal, superior, 665
parieto-occipital, 661
paroccipital, 644, 661
peronæi, 253, 260, 263
petrosus inferior ossis occipitalis, 123

temporalis, 128
superior, 128
polares, 660
post-central, 662

inferior, 664
superior, 664

surface anatomy of, 1360
post-lunar, 573
post-nodular, 571
przecentral, 665

inferior, 664, 665
superior, 664, 665

surface anatomy of, 1360
præcunei, 665
precervical, 43
primary, of cerebellum, 572
of promontory, 832
pterygoid, 138
pterygo-maxillary, 168, 192
pterygo-palatine, 138, 192
rhinalis, 624
sagittal, of frontal bone, 118, 119, 171

of occipital, 121

of parietal, 119
secondary, of cerebellum, 572
sigmoid, 123
simial, 660
of spinal medulla, 522
spiralis externus cochleæ, 849

internus cochleæ, 849
subclavian, 111
subclavius pulmonis, 1093
subparietal, 665
suprapyramidal, 573
tali, 256
temporal, inferior, 658

middle, 658
superior, 657

surface anatomy of, 1360
topography of, 1360, 1361
terminalis atrii dextri (His), 874

significance of, 874
of heart, 873
lingua, 1125, 1126

notch, 107

region, 1397
Supratonsillar fossa, 1145, 1147
Supratrochlear foramen, 280

lymph glands, 1007

nerve, 778
Sural arteries, 952

nerves, 730, 732

vera, 300

Surface and surgical anatomy, 1357

of abdomen, 1407
of abdominal aorta, 1426
of abdominal wall, 1407
of accessory nerve, 1393
of ankle, 1411, 1463
of arm, 1447
of axilla, 1446
of back, 1436
of bregma, 1358
of buttock, 1455
of central sulcus of brain, 1359
of cranium, 1357
of ear, 1360
of elbow, 1449
of face, 1374
of female pelvis, 1434
of foot, 1463
of forearm, 1450
of hand, 1450
of head and neck, 1357
of heart, 1403
of inferior end of central sulcus, 1359
of junction of motor areas, arm, and face, 1359
of knee, 1460
of lambda, 1358
of lateral fissure of brain, 1359
of lateral ventricle, 1362
of leg, 1461
of lungs, 1398
of meningeal arteries, 1364
of middle meningeal artery, 1359
of neck, 1385
of perineum, 1427
of popliteal space, 1457
of scalp, 1357

blood-supply of, 1357
of shoulder, 1444
of thigh, 1458
of thorax, 1395

of transverse sinus, 1365
Surgical neck of humerus, 206
Suspensory ligament of clitoris, 1326

of lens, 819
of ovary, 1312

of penis, 1299
muscle of duodenum, 1187
Sustentaculum lienis, 1353
tali, 260

architecture of, 274
position of, 1464
surface anatomy of, 1465

variation in, 282
Sutural bones, 145, 146
Suture or Sutura, 300
coronal, 164, 172

synostosis of, 197
dentate, 300

development of, 304
frontal, 160
fronto-maxillary, 160
fronto-zygomatic, 160
harmonia, 300
infraorbital, 279
intermaxillary, 163
internasal, 145
lambdoid, 165, 171

surgical anatomy of, 1360
limbosa, 300
masto-squamosal, 128
metopic, 118, 277
naso-frontal, 160

Suture or Sutura (contd.), notha, 300

occipito-mastoid, 165, 171
orbito-maxillary-frontal, 277
palatine, 174

transverse, 174
parieto-mastoid, 164
petro-squamous, 125, 126

surgical anatomy of, 1366
premaxillary, 150
sagittal, 119, 171
serrata, 300
spheno-parietal, 164
spheno-squamous, 168
spheno-zygomatic, 163
squamosa, 164, 300
squamoso-mastoid, 125, 126
zygomatico-frontal, 160

zygomatico-maxillary, 160
Swallowing, movements in, 467
Sweat glands, 861

development of, 862
ducts of, 861
glomerulus of, 861

orifice of, 861
Sylvian (O.T.) (lateral cerebral) fissure, 653,

654
development of, 655, 656

surgical anatomy of, 1359, 1360
fossa, 624
point, 1360

veins, 971
Symmetry, 4
Sympathetic nervous system, 678, 753, 1312

cephalic and cervical parts of, 756

central communicating branches, 762
peripheral branches of distribution

762
connecting cords of, 755, 756, 759, 761,

762, 763
development of, 681
functions of, 755, 762
ganglia of, 504, 753
gangliated trunk of, 753
general structure of, 753
gray rami communicantes of, 678, 681

lumbar, 761

morphology of, 766, 795
medullated nerve-fibres of, 754

non-medullated, 754
peripheral branches of, 755
plexuses of, 763
rami communicantes of, 754, 756, 759,

761, 762, 763
sacral, 762
central communicating branches of,

763
peripheral branches of distribution,

763
thoracic part of, 759, 761

aortic branches, 761
central communicating branches of,

761
functions of, 761
peripheral branches of distribution,

761
pulmonary branches, 761
splanchnic branches, 761
white rami communicantes of, 678, 650,

681
Symphysis menti, 155

ossium pubis, 337

Symphysis pubis, 337

cavity of, 337
fibro-cartilage, interpubic of, 337

ligaments of, 337
sacro-coccygea, 308
Synarthrosis, 299
Synchondrosis, 299

cranii, 300
epiphyseos, 300
neuro-central, 104
petro-jugular, 300
spheno-occipital, 300

sternal, 317
Syndesmology, 299
Syndesmosis, tibio-fibular, 351

ligaments of, 351
Synovia, 301, 304
Synovial bursæ, 302
fat-pads, 302, 325, 341, 348
pouches posterior to the condyles of the

femur, 1461
sheaths at wrist, 388, 389
strata of joints of lower limb, 341, 348, 350,

351, 353
of pelvis, 336
of thorax, 314, 315, 316
of upper limb, 322, 325, 327, 329

of mandibular joint, 312
stratum of the knee-joint, 1461
System, blood-vascular, morphology of, 1042

primitive formation of, 64
Systema lymphaticum, 993
nervorum centrale, 497

periphericum, 677

sympathicum, 753
Systematic anatomy, 3
Systemic circulation, 882, 959

Table of relations of structures to vertebral

spines, 1442, 1448
Tactile corpuscles, 863

discs, 864
Tænia coli, 1211

pontis, 615

thalami, 610
Tail, 48

fold, 38

gut, 48

Talo-calcaneal joint, 354

Tarsal glands (contd.), surgical anatomy of, 1377

ligaments of eyelid, 822
Tarsale, os, 295
Tarso-metatarsal joints, 359

line of, 1464

surgical anatomy of, 1464
Tarsus, 254, 821

architecture of, 274
ossification of, 265
transverse articulation of, 357
variations in, 282

as a whole, 264
Taste buds, 854, 1128

fibres, course of, 598
gustatory hair, 855

pore of, 854
nerves of, 855

nuclei of, 598

organs, 854

structure of, 854

supporting cells of, 854
Tectorial membrane, 851, 852
Tectum, 516
Teeth, 1112

adamant, 1113, 1122

composition of, 1122
prisms of, 1122
alveolar periosteum, 1115, 1123
alveoli of, 1115
apical foramen of, 1114
arrangement of, in jaws, 1119
canine, 1117
cavity, 1114
cingulum of, 1116
contact surface of, 1115
crown of, 1114, 1116, 1118, 1119, 1120
cuticle of, 1122

composition of, 1123

dental canaliculi, 1123
deciduous, 1113, 1114, 1121
dental arches, 1119

index of, 1248

lamina of, 1026
dermal, 1244
development of, 1244
eruption of, 1120, 1246
eye, 1117
fangs of, 1114
follicles of, 1245, 1246
general form and structure, 1114
germs of, 1245
grinding surfaces of, 1115
gubernaculum of, 1247
incisor, 1115, 1116
ivory of, 1113, 1122, 1123
lingual tubercle of, 1116
lymph vessels of, 1005
molar, 1117

lower, 1118
roots of, 1118

upper, 1118
morphology of, 1248
multitubercular, 1248
Nasmyth's membrane of, 1122
neck of, 1114
nerves of, alveolar, anterior superior, 777

inferior, 780
middle, superior, 777

posterior superior, 775
osseous substance, 1123
papilla of, 1244
parts of adamant, 1113

ligaments, 355
Talo-calcaneo-navicular joint, 355
Talo-fibular ligaments, 352
Talo-navicular joint, 355

surgical anatomy of, 1464
ligaments of, 355
Talo-tibial ligaments, 353
Talus, 254

architecture of, 274
articular surfaces of, 255
development of, 265
facets of head, 257
head of, 257
homology of, 295

ossification of, 265
Ta peinccephalic skulls, 286
Tapetum of brain, 631
of chorioid, 812

cellulosum, 812

fibrosum, 812
Tarsal arches of eyelids, 823

artery, lateral, 957
glands, 822, 823

ova, 11

Teeth, parts of (contd.), ivory, 1113

period of eruption of the permanent, 1120
permanent, 1115, 1119

descriptive terms for, 1115
premolar, 1117
pulp of, 1114, 1123

cavity of, 1114
relative sizes of, 1116, 1117, 1118, 1119,

1120, 1121
reserve germs of, 1246
root of, 1114, 1116, 1117, 1118, 1119

canal, 1114, 1115
serotinus, 1113, 1118, 1119
structure of, 1122
substantia ossea of, 1113, 1123
tartar of, 1115
tubercles of, 1114, 1116, 1118, 1119, 1128

of crown, 1114, 1118, 1119

variations in number of, 1121
auditory, 850
Tegmen tympani, 192, 271, 832

surgical anatomy of, 1366
Tegmen ventriculi quarti, 549
Tegmental region, hypothalamic, 613
Tegmentum, 586
Tela chorioidea ventriculi quarti, 571, 674

tertii, 617, 674
serosa intestine, 1178
submucosa intestini, 1179

ventriculi, 1175
subserosa, 1158
Telencephalon, 608

development of, 34
Telolecithal
Telophase, 10
Temporal area, 656, 658
artery, deep, anterior, 899

middle, 897
of posterior cerebral, 908
of retina, 818

superficial, 896
bone, 125

angles and pe us part of, 128
architecture of, 271
articular tubercle of, 167
at birth, 133
connexions of, 131
external acoustic meatus of, 127
ossification of, 131
parts of, at birth, 125
petromastoid part of, 128
petrous part, anterior surface, 130

inferior surface, 129
squamous part of, 125
tympanic antrum of, 832

part of, 127
variations in, 278

zygomatic process of, 166
canal, 154
crest, 116, 118, 166
fascia, 455
fossa, 145, 166

lateral wall, 167

medial wall, 166
gyri, 657, 658
line, 116, 118, 166
muscle, 455
nerve of auriculo-temporal, 780

deep, 779
of facial, 783
plane, 118
process, 153

Temporal region, 656, 658

surgical anatomy of, 1360
ridge, 118, 166
sulci, 958

veins, 967, 968
Temporo-mandibular arch, 279
joint, 312

surgical anatomy of, 1366, 1375
Temporo-pontine tract, 643
Tendinum inscriptiones, 1407
Tendo calcaneus (Achillis), 428, 429

surgical anatomy of, 1463
Tensor fasciæ latæ muscle, 415

action of, 416

surgical anatomy of, 1459
tarsi muscle, 450
tympani muscle, 841

canal for, 128
veli palatini muscle, 466
Tentorium cerebelli, 669
Teres major muscle, 376
minor muscle, 375

actions of, 376
Terms in use in limbs, 5
Testicular artery, 928
Testis, 1286

appendices of, 1287
coni vasculosi of, 1289
descent of, 1295
development of, 1333
ductuli efferentes, 1288
ductus deferens of, 1289

development of, 1296
efferent ductules of, 1288
epididymis of, 1286, 1287
gubernaculum of, 1295
lobes of, 1288
lymph vessels of, 1289
mediastinum of, 1288
mesorchium, 1295
nerves and vessels of, 1287
paradidymis of, 1287
processus vaginalis of, 1295
rete of, 1288
seminiferous tubules of, 1288
septula of, 1288
sinus epididymidis, 1287
structure of, 1288
tubuli recti of, 1288

seminiferi contorti, 1288
tunica albuginea of, 1288

vaginalis of, 1287

vasculosa of, 1288
undescended, 1296

vessels and nerves of, 1289
Thalamencephalon, 608, 609
Thalamic radiation, 610, 612, 613
Thalamo-cortical fibres, 612, 613
Thalamo-striate fibres, 612, 641, 642
Thalamus, 541, 609
anterior nucleus of, 612

tubercle of, 611
central nucleus of, 612
connexions of, 612, 641

with cerebral cortex, 612, 613
with hippocampus, 625

with optic tract, 658
cortico-thalamic fibres of, 612, 613
development of, 35
grey matter of, 611
inferior surface of, 610
internal medullary lamina of, 611
Thalamus (contd.), intimate structure of, 611
lamina medullaris externa of, 611

interna of, 611
lateral geniculate body of, 611, 613

medullary lamina of, 610
nucleus of, 611

surface of, 610
lemniscus fibres of, 586
massa intermedia of, 611
medial nucleus of, 611
nuclei of, 611, 612
origin of, 517
position and connexions of, 610, 611, 612, 613
pulvinar of, 611
radiation of, 610, 612, 613
stalks of, 612
stratum zonale of, 611
stria medullaris of, 611
superior surface of, 610
surfaces of, 610
tænia of, 610
thalamo-mamillary tract of, 612
tuberculum anterius of, 611
Thebesius, valve of, 874
Theca folliculi, 1314

of spinal medulla, 518
Theory of nerve components, 505-506
Thigh bone, 239
Third ventricle, 616

development of, 36
Thoracic aorta, 884

branches of, 924

surface anatomy of, 140
arteries, lateral, 916

supreme, 916
duct, 993, 996

abnormalities of, 1060
course of, 997
length and diameter, 997
relations of, 997
tributaries of, 997

surgical anatomy of, 1394
ganglia, 759

part of sympathetic, 759
nerves, 713

anterior rami, 713
posterior rami of, 690
first thoracic, 713

communications of, 713
intercosto-brachial, 714, 716
second thoracic, 714

communications of, 716
third thoracic, 716
fourth to sixth thoracic, 716

branches of, 716
seventh to eleventh thoracic, 717

branches of, 717
twelfth thoracic, 717

branches of, 717
vertebræ, 93
Thoraco-acromial artery, 916
Thoraco-dorsal nerve, 713
Thorax, 113

anterior wall of, 113
aortic area of, 1405
apertures of, 114
at birth, 114
cavity of, 1083
division of, into regions, 1397
fætal condition, 114
in fætus, 114
joints of, 313

Thorax (contd.), lateral walls of, 114

lines of, 1089
lymph vessels of, 1013
mediastinum of, 1089
mitral area of, 1405
muscles of, 470
posterior wall of, 113
precordial area of, 1403
pulmonary area of, 1405
regions of, 1397
sexual differences in, 114
sternal furrow of, 1397
surgical anatomy of, 1395
tricuspid area of, 1405
walls of, 113
Thrombosis of femoral vein, 1427
Thumb, movements of, 402

muscles of, 392, 393
Thymus, 1350

blood vessels of, 1351
development of, 44, 1351
structure of, 1351
vestiges, cervical, 1351
Thyreo-arytænoid ligaments, 1067
muscle, 1073

action of, 1076
Thyreo-epiglottic ligament, 1068
muscle, 1075

action of, 1076
Thyreo-glossal duct, 44, 1348

surgical anatomy of, 1348
Thyreo-hyal, 146
Thyreo-hyoid arch, 42, 43

bar, 44, 159
membrane, 1066
muscles produced from, 460

action of, 460
nerve of, 796
Thyreoid artery, inferior, 910

abnormalities of, 1037
superior, 891

morphology of, 1047
cartilage, 1062

development of, 1100
incisura of, 1062
inferior cornua of, 1063
laminæ of, 1062
linea obliqua of, 1063
ossification of, 1065
prominentia of, 1062
superior cornua of, 1063
tubercle, inferior, of, 1063

superior of, 1063
fascia, 1389
gland, 1347

accessory, 1348
blood and lymph vessels, 1348
capsule of, 1388
development of, 43, 44, 1348
fascial connexions of, 1388
isthmus of, 1347

size of, 1347

surgical anatomy of, 1388
levator muscle of, 460, 1347
lobes of, 1347
pyramidal lobe of, 1347
structure of, 1348
surgical anatomy of, 1388

variations in, 1347, 1348
rudiments, 1348
veins, 964, 965
Thyreoidea ima artery, 888

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