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Thyreotomy, 1388
Tibia, 246

anterior crest of, 248
architecture of, 274
condyles of, 246
connexions of, 249
fibular notch of, 249
fossæ of, 247
homology of, 295
intercondyloid eminence of, 247
interosseous crest of, 248
medial malleolus of, 249
nutrient foramina of, 249
ossification of, 250
platyknemia, 281
popliteal line of, 249
shaft of, 248
surgical anatomy of, 1461
tubercles of, 247
tuberosity of, 248

variations in, 281
Tibial artery, anterior, 955

posterior, 952

recurrent, 956
nerve, 729, 732

articular branches of, 732

cutaneus suræ lateralis, 732
Tibiale, os, 295
Tibialis anterior muscle, 424

action of, 424

surface anatomy of, 1465
posterior muscle, 431

action of, 431

surface anatomy of, 1465
Tibio-fascialis anterior muscle, 424
Tibio-femoral index, 289
Tibio-fibular articulation, 349

movements at, 349, 350
ligament, interosseous, 349

transverse, 349
syndesmosis, 351
Tibio-navicular ligament, 353
Toes, digital sheaths of, 430

movements of, 436
Tomes, fibrils of, 1247

processes of, 1247
Tongue, 1124

anterior glands of, 1382
arteries of, 1130
development of, 45, 1249
dorsum of, 1124, 1125, 1126
folia of, 1124
foramen cæcum of, 45, 1126, 1249, 1381
frenulum of, 1128

surgical anatomy of, 1383
glands of, 1130
inferior surface of, 1128
lateral margin, 1125
lingual duct of, 1139
lymph follicles of, 1126

vessels of, 1005, 1130, 1383
mucous membrane of, 1129
muscles of, 462

surgical anatomy of, 1382
nerves of, 1131
oral part of, 1126
papillæ of, 1126
pharyngeal part of, 1126
plicæ fimbriatæ of, 1128
raphe of, 1129
septum of, 1129
structure of, 1129

Tongue (contd.), sulcus terminalis of, 1125

surgical anatomy of, 1381
taste-buds of, 854
thyreo-glossal duct of, 42, 46, 1348

surgical anatomy of, 1381
vessels of, 1130
Tonsil or Tonsilla, of auditory tube, 838

cerebelli, 575
lingual, 1126
palatine, 1145

arteries of, 1147
development of, 1249
lymph vessels of, 1147
nerves of, 1147
plica triangularis of, 1146
relations of, 1147
surgical anatomy of, 1383
pharyngea, 1143

surgical anatomy of, 1385
Tonsillar arteries, 1147

lymph gland, 1392
nerve, 786, 1147

plexus, 1147
Tooth-band, 1245
Torus levatorius, 1143

occipitalis transversus, 277
palatinus, 279
tubarius, 1143

uretericus, 1277
Touch, organs of, 858, 863-866
Trabeculæ lienis, 1353

carneæ, 877
corporum cavernosorum, 1300

cranii, 290
Trachea, 1078

bifurcation of, 1076, 1402
cartilaginous rings of, 1081
development of, 1 100
fibro-elastic membrane of, 1081
mucous glands of, 1082

membrane of, 1082
muscle of, 1081
relations of, 1079
structure of wall of, 1081
surface and surgical anatomy of, 1388, 1402

thoracic part of, 1080
Tracheal arteries, 911

cartilages, 1081
Tracheotomy, high, 1388

low, 1388
Tracts or Tractus, see also under Spinal

medulla
antero-lateral, 535
bulbo-spinal, 537, 538
bulbo-thalamic, 591
Burdach, 531, 533, 537, 547, 559
callosal, crossed, 631
central tegmental, of pons, 568
cerebellar, 536, 537, 546, 563, 578

sensory, 538, 546
cerebello-olivary, 556, 560
cerebro-pontine, 566
cerebro-spinal, lateral (crossed pyramidal,

338, 545, 557, 565
cerebro-spinal, anterior (direct pyramidal),

536, 539, 545
in cerebral hemispheres, 642, 643
in internal capsule, 642
in medulla oblongata, 538, 545

in pons, 565
circum-olivary, 557
of corpus trapezoideum, 567

Tracts or Tractus (contd.), cortico-pontine, 653

fronto-pontine, in internal capsule, 642
of Gowers, 535, 536, 546
gracilis, 533, 547, 559
ilio-tibial, 404

surface anatomy of, 1461
interfascicular, 533, 587
of lemniscus, 568, 570, 585, 586
medial longitudinal, 562, 568, 570, 588
myelinisation of, 532, 533
olfactory, 623

lateral root of, 624
medial root of, 560

structure of, 623
olivo-spinal, 538
optic, 619
cerebral connexions of, 620
commissural fibres of, 619
efferent fibres of, 619
lateral root of, 620

medial root of, 619
postero-lateral (of Lissauer), 534
proprius, 537
rubro-spinal, 538, 588
septo-marginal descending, 535
solitarius, 597
spinalis of trigeminal nerve, 547, 601
spino-tectal, 537
spino-thalamic, 535, 537, 562, 591
spiralis foraminosus, 844, 845
superficial, antero-lateral, 536, 546
tecto-spinal, 537, 562
temporo-pontine, 653
thalamo-olivary, 556

vestibulo-spinal, 537, 538
Tragicus muscle, 829
Tragus, 828
Transpyloric plane, 1411
Transverse artery of basilar, 907

cervical artery, 911
carpal articulation, 330
fissure of brain, 604
humeral ligament, 321
intermetacarpal ligament, 332
ligament of acetabulum, 339

of knee, 348
metacarpal ligaments, 333
metatarsal ligament, 360
perineal ligament, 338
processes of vertebræ, cervical, 90, 92, 93

lumbar, 90
sacral, 98
surgical anatomy of, 1393

thoracic, 93, 94
scapular artery, 911

ligaments, superior and inferior, 320

vein, 911
tarsal articulation, 357

vesical fold, 1283
Transversalis fascia, 475
Transversus abdominis muscle, 480

auriculæ muscle, 830
perinei profundus muscle, 488

superficialis muscle, 487
thoracis muscle, 470
of tongue, 463

vaginæ muscle, 489
Trapezius muscle, 365

surgical anatomy of, 1437
Trapezoid ligament, 319

ridge of clavicle, 199
Traube, semilunar space of, 1418

Triangle of auscultation, 367

carotid, 1390, 1391
digastric, 1390, 1391
epigastric, 1397
femoral, 414
of Hesselbach, 483, 1235, 1408
lower carotid, 1393
lumbar, 478

of Petit, 367
surgical anatomy of, 1437
of Macewen, 126, 168
medial supracondylar, 1447
rectal, of perineum, 1427
submental, 1387
suboccipital, 444
supramarginal, 1359
suprameatal, 126, 168

urogenital, 1427
Triangles of neck, 1387
Triangular ligament of liver, left, 1196

right, 1196
Triangularis (oris) muscle, 451
Triceps brachii muscle, 381

surgical anatomy of, 1437
suræ muscle, 428
Tricuspid area, 1405
orifice, 874, 877

surface anatomy of, 1405
valve, 877
Trigeminal nerve, 771

development of, 683
main sensory nucleus of, 600
mesencephalic root of, 601

nature of, 602
motor nucleus of, 601
sensory root of, 600

tractus spinalis of, 601
Trigonum acustici, 551

collaterale, of lateral ventricle, 636, 637
femorale, 414, 1291
habenulæ, 611, 614
hypoglossi, 551, 594
olfactorium, 623
vagi, 551

vesicæ, 1277
Triquetral bone of hand, 219

morphology of, 295

ossification of, 223
Trochanter major, 241, 1455

minor, 242

tertius, 242, 281
Trochlea, 206

of humerus, 208
of superior oblique muscle, 453

tali, 254
Trochlear fossa, 117
nerve, 770

development of, 683

nucleus of, 602
spine, 117

surface, 204, 208
Trochoid rotatory joint, 301
Trolard, anastomotic vein of, 971
Tröltsch, recesses of, 842
Trophoblast, 21
Trunci lumbales (lymphatic), 997
Truncus corporis callosi, 630

costo-cervical, 914
intestinal, 997, 1210
jugular lymphatic, 998
lumbo-sacral, 727
subclavius, 998

Truncus sympathicus, 753
Trunks of brachial plexus, 700, 742

Tuber; Tuberculum or Tuberositas ; Tubercle

or Tuberosity (contd.)-
papillare hepatis, 1192
parietal, 118
peroneal, 1464
pharyngeal, 123, 176, 179
posterius atlantis, 91

vertebrarum cervicalium, 90
post-glenoid, 126, 278
pterygoid, 138, 175
pubicum, 233, 237
for the quadratus, 240
of radius, 215
of rib, 109, 111, 112
of Santorini, 1069
scalene, 111
supraglenoidal, 201
supratragicum, 52, 828
of talus, 254
of tibia, 246, 248
tragicum, 52, 828
ulnæ, 210
vermis cerebelli, 575
vertebrarterial, 1395
of Wrisberg, 1069

of zygoma, 153
Tubercular point of hip, 1455

process of vertebra, 284
Tubes, bronchial, in lung, 1097

dentinal, 1045, 1247
Tubular glands, 1132
Tubules of kidney, 1266

of par-oöphoron, 1316

Wolffian, 1328
Tubuli recti testis, 1288

renales, 1266
seminiferi contorti, 1288
Tunica albuginea, 1288, 1300

of corpus cavernosum penis, 1300
conjunctiva bulbi, 823

palpebrarum, 823
dartos, 1298
externa or adventitia of arteries, 868

of lymph vessels, 994

of veins, 869
fibrosa of kidneys, 1257
interna or intima of arteries, 868

of lymph vessels, 994

of veins, 869
media of arteries, 868

of lymph vessels, 994

of veins, 869
mucosa linguæ, 1129

tubæ auditivæ, 838

of sacral plexus, 720, 727, 742
Tubal artery, 928
Tube, auditory, 44, 50, 52, 176

neural, 33

uterine, 1314
Tuber; Tuberculum or Tuberositas ; Tubercle

or Tuberosity-
accessory, 96
adductor, 242, 245

surgical anatomy of, 1461
amygdaloid, 636
anterior of the atlas, 91

helicis, 52, 828
thalami, 611

vertebrarum cervicalium, 90
anthelicis, 52, 828
antitragicum, 52, 828
articular, of temporal bone, 125
of atlas, 91
of the auricle, 828
auriculæ Darwinii, 828
calcanei, 259
caroticum, 1395
cinereum, 541, 547, 615

development of, 34
cloacal, 1328, 1336
coracoid, of clavicle, 199
corniculate, of larynx, 1069

of Wrisberg, 1069
costal, of clavicle, 199
of cuboid, 263
cuneate, 547
cuneiform, 1069
deltoid, 207

of clavicle, 198
dental, 1114
dentis, 1114
dorsal, of radius, 1450
epiglottic, 1069
of femur, 241, 242, 243
of fifth metacarpal bone,

26, 1451
of fifth metatarsal, 267
frontal, 115
genital, 78, 1328
of humerus, 204, 206, 207
iliaca, 230
impar, 45, 46
infraglenoidal, 201
intercondyloid lateral, 247

medial, 247
intermedium helicis, 828
intervenosum, 875
of ischium, 232

surgical anatomy of, 1455
jugular, 122
labial, 1109
lobular, 52, 828
majus humeri, 206
maxillary, 147, 148
mental, 155
minus humeri, 206
of navicular bone of hand, 218

surgical anatomy of, 1451
of foot, 261

surgical anatomy of, 1464
obturatorium anterius, 234

posterius, 234
olfactory, 623
omentale hepatis, 1193

pancreatis, 1206

tympanica, 842
serosa, 1234
vaginalis, 1287

vasculosi oculi, 810, 814
Tunnel of Corti, 850
Tympanic antrum, 834, 836, 1369, 1371

aditus of, 834, 1369
development of, 133
relation of, to supra-meatal triangle,.1369

to tympanum, 834
surgical anatomy of, 1369
arteries, anterior, of internal maxillary, 898

inferior, of pharyngeal ascending, 896
of internal carotid, 902
posterior, of stylo-mastoid, 895

superior, of middle meningeal, 898
attic, 832, 1368, 1369
canal, 129

Tympanic cavity, 52, 191, 192, 832

Umbo membranæ tympani, 835
Uncinate process of ethmoid, 141

of pancreas, 1205
Uncus, 629
Ungual phalanges of fingers, 227

surgical anatomy of, 1444

of toes, 268
Ungues, 858
Urachus, 48, 1283, 1332
Ureter, 1268

abdominal part of, 1268
calibre of, 1270
development of, 1331
in female, 1270

surgical anatomy of, 1434
orifice of, 1277, 1278, 1428
pelvic part of, 1269
position of, 1426
posterior position of, 1437
structure of, 1270
surgical relations of, 1426
variations in, 1271

vessels and nerves of, 1271
Ureteral artery of internal spermatic and

ovarian, 928

of renal, 927
Urethra, 1284

bulb of, 1308
cavernous part, 1304, 1308, 1309
crista urethralis of, 1284, 1303, 1306

male, 1306
development of, 1333, 1334
external orifice of, 1284

surgical anatomy of, 1427
female, 1284

development of, 1333
fossa navicularis urethræ, 1308
glands of, 1285, 1304, 1309
internal orifice of, 1277, 1278
lacunæ of, 1285, 1309
male, 1304

surgical anatomy of, 1428
membranous part, 1304, 1307

surgical anatomy of, 1427
para-urethral duct of, 1285
prostatic part, 1304, 1305
rupture of, 1427
structure of, 1285, 1309
surgical anatomy of, 1427

utriculus prostaticus, 1306
Urinary bladder, 1271, 1278

capacity of, 1277
development of, 1328, 1332
distended, 1276
empty, 1275
in female, 1278
in infant, 1279
interior of, 1277
urachus of, 1280, 1283
ureteral orifices of, 1278

urethral orifice of, 1273, 1274
Urogenital canal, 1329

cleft, 1336
diaphragm, 489, 491

atriurn of, 832
danger of injury to lateral semicircular

duct in, 1371
development of, 842
facial nerve in, 1371
formation of, 842
membrana tympani secundaria of, 833
mucous membrane of, 842
muscles of, 841
nerves of, 842
opening of, 1371
orifice of auditory tube in, 750
pouch of Prussak, 842
promontory of, 832
pyramid of, 834
recesses of Tröltsch, 842
recessus epitympanicus of, 832, 1368

relation of, to tympanum, 834
surgical anatomy of, 1368

vessels of, 842
walls of, 832

carotic, 834
jugular, 832
labyrinthic, 832
mastoid, 834
membranous, 834

tegmental, 832
groove, 834
membrane, 834

folds of, 835
paracentesis of, 1368
surgical anatomy of, 1367

triangular cone of, 835
nerve, 836
ossicles, 838
part of temporal bone, 127, 132, 133

ossification of, 132, 133

sexual difference in, 194
plate, fibrous, 831
plexus, 759

ring, 133
Tympano-hyal, 132
Tympano-mastoid fissure, 127
Typical segmental nerve, 692
Ulna, 210

architecture of, 272
connexions of, 213
homology of, 295
ossification of, 213
surgical anatomy of, 1449, 1451

variations in, 280
Ulnar artery, 921

collateral artery, 899
furrow, 213
nerve, 708
notch, 216

veins, 977
Ulnare, os, 295
Ultimo-branchial body, 44, 1352
Umbilical arteries, 65, 939

cord, 55
fissure, 1191
fossa, 1191
notch, 1191
region, 1411
vein, 1036, 1037
vesicle, 22, 53

zone, 1411
Umbilicus, development of, 39

primitive orifice of, 38

relation of, to fascia of pelvis, 489, 491
fissure, 1336
organs, development of, 1327
space, 1335
system, 1257

triangle of perineum, 1427
Uterine artery, 928

of ovarian, 928

Uterine artery (contd.), surgical anatomy of,

Utricle (contd.), development of, 52

macula acustica of, 846, 857
recessus of, 846
sinus superior of, 846
Utriculus prostaticus, 1292, 1306
Uvula cerebelli, 576

palatina, 1111

vesicæ, 1277
Vagina, 1321

bulbs of, 1326
carina urethralis of, 1323
carunculæ hymenales of, 1322
columns of, 1323
development of, 1335
digital exploration of, 1435
examination of, 1435
fornix of, 1321
hymen of, 1322
introitus of, 1325
lymph vessels of, 1324
mucous membrane of, 1323
muscular coat of, 1323
nerves of, 1324
orifice of, 1325
relations of, 1322
rugæ of, 1323
septum of, 1320
structure of, 1323
variations in, 1320
vessels and nerves of, 1324

vestibule of, 1325
Vagina mucosa intertubercularis musculi bi.

cipitis brachii, 380
musculi recti abdominis, 482
nervi optici, 808
processus styloidei, 127
tendinis musculi extensoris carpi ulnaris, 384

digiti quinti, 384
hallucis longi, 431

pollicis longi, 384
flexoris hallucis longi, 431

pollicis longi, 390
peronæi longi plantaris, 426
tibialis anterioris, 424

posterioris, 431
tendinum digitalis, 388, 389

pedis, 430
musculi extensoris digitorun pedis longi,

425
flexoris digitorum pedis longi, 430
musculorum abductoris longi et extensori:

brevis pollicis, 383
extensoris digitorum communis et ei-

1435
decidua, 57
glands, 1230
plexus, 765, 766
tube, 1310, 1314

abdominal ostium of, 1314
ampulla of, 1314
appendices vesiculosi of, 1316
development of, 1335
fimbriæ of, 1314
infundibulum of, 1314
isthinus of, 1314
mesosalpinx of, 1314
nerves of, 1315
ovarian fimbria of, 1314
pars uterina of, 1315
plicæ of, 1315
structure of, 1315
surgical anatomy of, 1436
uterine ostium of, 1315

vessels of, 1315
veins, 985
venous plexuses, 985
Utero-sacral ligaments, 1318
Utero-vesical fold, 1317

pouch, 1238, 1317
Uterus, 1316

age differences in, 1320
anteflexed, 1319
anteverted, 1319
arbor vitæ of, 1317
body of, 1316
broad ligaments of, 1238

surgical anatomy of, 1434
cavity of, 1317
cervical canal of, 1317

ganglion of, 1321
cervix of, 1316
connexions of, 1317
development of, 1335
at different ages, 1320
external orifice of, 1316
fundus of, 1316
glands of, 1320
horns of, 1320
internal orifice of, 1317
intestinal surface of, 1316
lips of cervix, 1316
lymph vessels of, 1321
masculinus, 1306
in menstruation, 1320
nerves of, 1321
orifice, external of, 1317

internal of, 1316
periodic changes in wall of, 1320
peritoneal relations of, 1317
plicæ palmatæ of, 1317
position of, 1319
pregnant, 1321
relations of, 1319
retroverted, 1319
round ligament of, 1319
septum of, 1320
structure of, 1320
supra-vaginal part of cervix, 1316
surgical anatomy of, 1434, 1435
vaginal part of cervix, 1316
variations in, 1320
vesical surface of, 1316

vessels and nerves of, 1321
Utricle, 846

tensoris indicis, 384
extensorum carpi radialium, 384

peronæorum communes, 423
Vaginal artery, 939, 1324

ligaments, 384
plexus, 766, 985
process of temporal bone, 127, 177

sphenoid bone, 177
veins, 985

venous plexuses, 985
Vagus nerve, 786, 788

abdominal branches, 789
auricular branch of, 788
cardiac nerves, inferior, of vagus, 789

superior, of vagus, 789
communications of, 788
development of, 684
lingual branch of, 788

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