African Ecology: Benchmarks and Historical Perspectives
Springer Science & Business Media, 7 mai 2012 - 1562 pages
In view of the rapidly changing ecology of Africa ,this work provides benchmarks for some of the major, and more neglected, aspects, with an accent on historical data to enable habitats to be seen in relation to their previous state, forming a background reference work to understanding how the ecology of Africa has been shaped by its past. Reviewing historical data wherever possible it adopts an holistic view treating man as well as animals, with accent on diseases both human and animal which have been a potent force in shaping Africa’s ecology, a role neglected in ecological studies.
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abundant acacia animals annual antelopes appeared average Botswana brucei buffalo burning burnt bush bushbuck C. A. Spinage Cape cattle caused century Chad climate coast considered covered cultivation cycle decline dense density desert Desert locust destruction DR Congo drier drought dry season East Africa eastern effect elephants estimated famine fire flood followed forest grass grassland grazing habitat herbivores herds hippopotamus hunting increase infection ivory Kalahari Kenya Lake Edward Lake Victoria land large numbers locusts Maasai migration morsitans mountains National Park Niger Nile northern numbers occurred period plague plains plants Plate population probably rainfall rains recorded region reported rinderpest River Rutshuru Sahara Sahel savannah Senegal Serengeti showed sleeping sickness soil South Africa species spread suggested swarms Tanzania temperature thicket trees tropical trypanosomes Tsavo tsetse fly Uganda valley vegetation waterbuck western wildebeest woodland Zimbabwe zone