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MATT.

MARK

LUKE

JOHN VIII.

Deut. 17; 6.

elder, even to the last and Jesus alone was left,
and the woman standing in the midst.
10 But
Jesus having raised himself up and seen no one
except the woman, he said unto her, "Woman,
where are those thine accusers? hath no one passed
sentence on thee?" She said, "No one, Lord!"
And Jesus said unto her, "Neither do I pass sen-
tence on thee: go, and sin no more."]

12 Again, therefore, Jesus spake unto them, saying, "I am the light of the world: he that followeth me will not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." 13 The Pharisees therefore said unto him, "Thou bearest testimony concerning thyself; thy testimony is not true." 14 Jesus answered and said unto them, "Though I bear testimony concerning myself, my testimony is true; for I know whence I came, and whither I go but ye know not whence I 'come, or whither I go. 15 Ye judge according to the flesh; I judge no man: 16 and yet if I judge, my judgment is true; because I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me. 17 Now even in your law it is written, that the testimony of two men is true. 18 I am one who bear testimony concerning myself, and the Father that sent me beareth testimony concerning me." 19 They said therefore unto him, " Where is thy Father?" Jesus answered, "Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye would have known my Father also."

20 These words he spake in the treasury, while teaching in the temple: yet no one laid hold on him; because his hour was not yet come.

21 Jesus therefore said again unto them, "I go away, and ye will seek me, and will die in your sin: whither I go, ye cannot come." 22 The Jews therefore said, "Will he kill himself? because he saith, 'Whither I go, ye cannot come."" 23 And he said unto them, "Ye are from beneath; 1 am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world.

The passage beginning with the last verse of the viith chapter, and ending here, is marked by Griesbach as of doubtful authority. Lachman entirely omits it, as does Granville Penn, who argues earnestly against its genuineness. It is wanting in several ancient and valuable testimonies; and in others it appears with considerable variations, and even in a different place. Scholz however decides in favour of its genuineness. Kuinoel states at great length the arguments for and against it; and gives his judgment, though less decidedly, on the same side as Scholz. The internal evidence is strongly in favour of the authenticity of the record; and the external evidence preponderates for its genuineness. Whether or not actually written by the Evangelist, it may, I think, be rightly regarded as recording his testimony.

MATT.

MARK

LUKE

JOHN VIII.

ακούειν

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24 I said therefore unto you, Ye will die in your sins for if ye believe not that I am he, ye will die in your sins." 25 They said therefore unto him, "Who art thou?" And Jesus said unto them, "That which I told you even at the beginning. 26 I have many things to say and to judge concerning you but he that sent me is true; and those things which I have heard from him, I say unto the world." 27 They understood not that he spake to them of the Father. 28 Jesus therefore said unto them, "When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he: and I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things. 29 And he that sent me is with me the Father hath not left me alone; because I always do those things that please him."

30 While speaking these words, many believed on him. 31 Jesus therefore said to those Jews who believed on him," If ye continue in my word, ye are my disciples indeed; 32 and ye shall know the truth, and the truth will make you free." 33 The Jews answered him, "We are Abraham's offspring, and were never enslaved to any one: how sayest thou, 'Ye shall be made free?'' 34 Jesus answered them, “Verily, verily, I say unto you, Every one who committeth sin is the slave of sin. 35 Now the slave abideth not in the house for ever: the Son abideth

for ever. 36 If therefore the Son make you free,
ye will be free indeed. 37 I know that ye are
Abraham's offspring; yet ye are seeking to kill me,
because my word hath no place in you.
38 I am
speaking that which I have seen with my Father:
and ye therefore are doing that which ye have seen
with your father." 39 They answered and said
unto him, "Abraham is our father." Jesus saith
unto them, "If ye were Abraham's children, ye
would do the works of Abraham.
40 But now ye

are seeking to kill me, a man who have told you the
truth which I have heard from God: this did not
Abraham. 41 Ye are doing the deeds of your
father." They said therefore unto him, "We were
not born of fornication; we have one Father-God."
42 Jesus said unto them, "If God were your Father,
ye would love me: for I came forth from God, and
have come unto you; for I have not come of myself,
but he sent me. 43 Why do ye not understand my
language because ye are unable to listen to my
word. 44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the

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JOHN VIII.

desires of your father ye are willing to do. He was
a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in
the truth, because truth is not in him. When he
speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a
liar, and the father of lying. 45 But because I tell
you the truth, ye do not believe me. 46 Which of
you convicteth me of sin? If I say the truth, why
do ye not believe me? 47 He that is of God
heareth the words of God: on this account ye do
not hear, because ye are not of God." 48 The Jews
answered and said unto him, "Say we not well,
Thou art a Samaritan, and hast a demon?" 49 Jesus
answered, "I have not a demon; but I honour my
Father, and ye dishonour me. 50 Yet I seek not
my own glory: there is one that seeketh and
judgeth. Verily, verily, I say unto you, If any
one keep my word, he shall never see death."*
52 The Jews therefore said unto him, "Now we
know that thou hast a demon. Abraham is dead,
and the prophets; and thou sayest,' If any keep my
word, he shall never taste of death.' 53 Art thou
greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? and
the prophets also are dead: whom makest thou
thyself?" 54 Jesus answered, "If I glorify myself,
my glory is nothing: it is my Father that glorifieth
me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: 5 yet ye
have not known him; but I know him; and if I
say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you :
but I know him, and I keep his word.
56 Your
father Abraham rejoiced in hope + that he should see
my day and he saw it, and was glad." 57 The
Jews therefore said unto him, "Thou art not yet
fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?"
58 Jesus said unto them, "Verily, verily, I say unto
you, Before Abraham was, ‡ I am he." 59 They took
up stones, therefore, to cast at him: but Jesus hid
himself, and went out from the temple.§

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• Lit. he shall not see death for ever, El Tov alva.

+ nyalianaro. This verb denotes joyous exultation. Kainoel, like Schleusner, explains it here, joyfully desired, "lætabundus optabat."-" And he saw it afar off," might express Kaι Eidɛ :

see Hebr. xi. 13.

i Or, Before he becometh Abraham, (i. e. Father of many nations). For the grammatical construction of this clause, see ch. xiv. 24. The next clause is rendered as in John iv. 26. viii. 24, 28. ix. 9. xiii. 19. xviii. 5, 6, 8.

The common text has this addition, "going through the midst of them, and so passed by." Griesbach rejects it from his text: Scholz retains it: Lachman inserts it in brackets.

SECT. III.

Miraculous Cure of the Blind Man: Our Lord's Subsequent Discourses: The Good Shepherd, &c.

MATT.

MARK

LUKE

JOHN IX.

7

AND as he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 And his disciples asked him, saying, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind?" 3 Jesus answered, “ Neither this man sinned, nor his parents: but it is that the works of God might be made manifest in him. I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day the night cometh, when no one can work. 5 While I am in the world, I am the light of the world." Having said these things, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay, and said unto him, "Go, wash in the pool of Siloam," (which is, interpreted, Sent). He went therefore, and washed, and came away seeing. The neighbours therefore, and they who before saw him that he was a beggar, said, "Is not this he that sat and begged?" Others said, "This is he:" and others, "It is like him :" he himself said, "I am he." 10 They said therefore unto him, "How were thine eyes opened?" He answered and said, "A man called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said to me, 'Go to Siloam, and wash:' and I went and washed, and I received sight." 12 They said therefore to him, "Where is he?" He saith, "I know not."

:

13 They bring him to the Pharisees that aforetime was blind. 14 Now it was the sabbath when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes.* 15 Again, therefore, the Pharisees also asked him how he received his sight and he said unto them, "He put clay upon mine eyes, and I washed, and I see." 16 Therefore some of the Pharisees said, "This man is not from God, because he keepeth not the sabbath." Others said, "How can a man that is a sinner do such miracies?" And there was a division among them. 17 They say again to the blind man, "What sayest thou concerning him, because he hath opened thine eyes?" And he said, "He is a

By the Law this eighth day was appointed to be a sabbath; as was also the first day of the feast of Tabernacles. See Lev. xxiii. 35, 36, 39.

MATT.

MARK

LUKE

JOHN IX.

Θεοσεβής

κύριε

prophet." 18 The Jews therefore did not believe con-
cerning him, that he had been blind, and had received
his sight, until they called the parents of him that had
received his sight. 19 And they asked them, saying,
"This is your son, of whom ye say that he was born
blind? how then doth he now see?"
20 His parents
answered them, and said, "We know that this is our
son, and that he was born blind: 1 but how he
now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his
eyes, we know not: he is of age; ask him: he will
speak concerning himself." 22 These things said his
parents, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews
had already agreed, that if any man should acknow.
ledge him as Christ, he should be put out of the
synagogue. 23 On this account his parents said,
"He is of age; ask him." 24 They therefore a
second time called the man who had been blind, and
said unto him, "Give glory to God: we know that
this man is a sinner." 25 He answered therefore
and said, "If he is a sinner, I know it not: one
thing I know, that, though I was blind, I now see."
26 But they said to him again, "What did he do to
thee? how opened he thine eyes?" 27 He answered
them, "I have told you already, and ye did not
hearken: why do ye desire to hear again? do ye also
desire to become his disciples?" 28 They reviled
him, and said, "Thou art his disciple; but we are
disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God spake

31

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unto Moses: but this man-we know not whence he is." 30 The man answered and said unto them, ' "Why herein is a wonderful thing, that ye know not whence he is, and yet he hath opened mine eyes! Now we know that God heareth not sinners but if any man is a true worshiper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth. 32 It hath never been heard that any one opened the eyes of a man born blind. 33 If this man were not from God, he could do nothing." 34 They answered and said unto him, "Thou wast altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us?" And they cast him out.

35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and having found him, he said unto him, "Dost thou believe on the Son of God?" 36 He answered and said, "And who is he, Sir, that I may believe on

Ev yap Tour. The force of yap may be shown by supplying a word, thus-Strange! for in this

is a wonderful thing, &c.

+ Lit. from the age, EK TOU alwvog, i. e. from the remotest age, it hath not been heard.

в

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