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means of placing the country in a position of independence.

In the last chapter, some portions of the pamphlet above alluded to are republished: and the same arguments are frequently repeated throughout the work, with a view of shewing the evils of large encumbered estates, and the necessity of such alterations in the laws, as may give security and simplicity of title; may facilitate and cheapen the means of transfer; may free the land from the various restrictions which interfere with its improvement; and may permit its sale to those who possess the capital indispensable for that purpose.

He trusts that the details he has given of the recent calamity, of the means adopted for its temporary alleviation, and of the present position of the country, may prove interesting to many of those who have evinced their sympathy for the sufferings of the Irish peasantry, by the greatness of their liberality.

Dublin, 20th of First Month, 1848.

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Note in illustration of these effects

Distress very much mitigated in the Eastern counties of Ireland

by their superior resources

All classes affected by the calamity

Landed proprietors and others interested in land brought into
great difficulty

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Valuable influence of some of the resident gentry

Note on distribution of relief

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Note on the extent of non-residence

Absence of dealers in food in the Western counties

Difficulty of ascertaining the circumstances of applicants
Temporary Relief Act

Objected to at first

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Extent and cost of this mode of relief

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