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native tribes on the coast of Africa made war on each other, in which the great object was to make prisoners; and every person who was taken prisoner was sold to the slave-dealer, and was hurried on board the slave ships which were constantly hovering off the shores of that devoted land.

"But indeed it is impossible to pourtray the sorrows and the sufferings of the wretched sons and daughters of Africa. Think if you can conceive of it; measure, if you can ascertain its dimensions, the length, and breadth, and height, and depth of that tremendous load of grief, which presses on the heart of the captive, when he casts the last lingering look on all he is leaving, when he is about to be torn from home and all its pleasures, from his kindred and all their sympathies, and to be carried to a returnless distance from all he holds dear on earth! Form an idea if you can, of that unutterable desolation which encompasses the father and mother whose children have been torn from them in a moment, and of whom they are never again to hear any intelligence, on this side of the grave! Conceive if you can, the bitterness of that cup of woe, which the captive drinks to the dregs, as he is carried across the ocean in a floating dungeon, the draught continually embittered by the remembrance of that home, and those friends he never more shall see! Bring these things home to your own doors, and measure them by your own feelings, and tell the result if you can! Think not that these people, either in the land from which they came, or in that to which they are carried, do not feel like other human beings, in like circumstances. It is a sad mistake to think so.

"Fleecy locks, and black complexion

Cannot forfeit nature's claim;

Skins may differ, but affection

Dwells in white and black the same."

Happy indeed would it be, for these wretched captives, if they lost their feeling, at the same time that they lose their freedom. But they do con. tinue to feel, and that most keenly; and such is the effect of that unutterable despair, which takes possession of their whole souls, that it prompts them to adopt every means in their power, to destroy their miserable lives.

"Of the eighty thousand persons supposed to have been carried cap. tive yearly from the continent of Africa, one third of the whole number are supposed to have died on the passage, from causes, some of which I have enumerated, and have been buried in the ocean. Another third, are supposed to have died in what is called the seasoning, that is, in be. coming acclimated to the countries to which they have been carriedso that out of the eighty thousand persons torn from Africa every year, upwards of fifty thousand have died of broken hearts, and other causes,

in the course of a few months, from the time the galling chain of slavery was fastened round their necks.-Oh! what a prodigious waste of human life!-Let us pause for a moment and form an idea, if we can, of that mighty multitude of the murdered sons and daughters of Africa, who, on that day, when the ocean shall give up its dead, shall appear at the bar of God to demand vengeance on their cruel murderers! Can any one, for a moment, contemplate this long protracted scene of villany, and not be satisfied that there is need for, and must be a day of awful retribution approaching?

"In fact, the Colonization Society proposes the only means, by which this accursed trade, can, or ever will be, effectually stopped; and indeed the Colony of Liberia which this Society has planted, has already freed about two hundred and fifty miles of that coast from the ravages of these enemies of the human race. And who, let me ask, will avow by his con. duct, that he possesses a heart so cold, so regardless of the feelings of humanity and the best interests of society, and so engrossed with its own interests, and its own cares, and its own pleasures, that he will not move a step, nor do an act, in aid of those who are planning and executing such great and glorious achievments? I hope the number of such is small, and that it will speedily diminish, until there shall not be an individual found, in all our happy land, who will not cheerfully contribute a little of his property, and the whole of his influence, be that much or little, until the sons and daughters of Africa, shall be restored to that country from which their parents were feloniously and barbarously stolen, until our beloved country shall be freed from a great and sore evil, with which she is now afflicted; until that hateful traffic in human flesh, which has so long and so cruelly desolated, and now desolates the African continent, shall be forever done away; and until the light of the gospel shall shine into every dark recess of that much injured part of the world.

"In reviewing events in connexion with the American Colonization Society, we are forcibly reminded how short is the span of human life.— It is scarcely fourteen years since the Society has been organized, and yet many of its members and friends are already numbered with the dead. Finley, who first suggested the plan of Colonizing the free people of colour on the coast of Africa, is dead. Caldwell, by whose influence and exertion the Society was called into existence, is dead. Mills, the first Missionary who volunteered his services in exploring the shores of Africa, for the purpose of finding a home for her children, on that long desolated coast, is dead. Ashmun, who accompanied the infant colony to Africa, and sat by its cradle, and nursed it with the affection of a father, and stood by it in adversity as well as in prosperity; and who was its stay and support when the storm of war beat upon it severely, and threatened its destruction; and who beneath the burning sun of a tropical climate made his own life a sacrifice to promote its prosperity, is dead.

The venerable Washington, who for many years presided over its de. liberations, and whose very name was for the Society a passport to the affections of the community, is dead. The eloquent Harper, who so powerfully advocated the cause of the Society, at a time when it greatly needed the aid of such a friend, is dead; and Howard, and Rutgers, who contributed so liberally their wealth and influence to promote its interests, are dead; and many more of its friends and members, whom I cannot now name, are also dead.

"Yet, although dead, these great and good men still speak to us.From behind that mysterious curtain which separates time from eternity, they address us, and this is their language.-They tell us, that what ever our hands find to do, in works of benevolence and charity, to do it with all our might; for that we too, like them, will soon be called from the scene of action, to render up our account for the use we have made of the talents committed to us. They point to Africa sitting beneath her own palm-trees, clothed in sackcloth and weeping for her children, and refusing to be comforted, because they have been murdered on her desolated shores, and buried beneath the billows of the ocean, and carried into hopeless and interminable slavery. Wretched Africa! She has indeed fallen among thieves, who have robbed and wounded her, and she is now bleeding from a thousand wounds.-Who will act to her the part of a good Samaritan? Who will bind up her wounds, and pour into them wine and oil, and protect her from her enemies, and chase away those human vultures, that are perpetually hovering on her coasts, and feeding on the flesh and blood of her children. Who will light for her the lamp of science, and publish the glad tidings of salvation to her sons and daughters, and raise her from that state of moral degradation into which she has sunk in the lapse of ages? The Society in whose behalf I this day address you, is attempting to do all these things, for that injured, insulted, and oppressed country. And it calls on you, and on every individual in this highly-favoured nation, to come forward with heart and hand, and help in this great and good cause. And who will refuse to aid in such a work as this?

"It is true, that if it be the will of God that Africa should be regenerated-that the moral darkness which envelopes that benighted land should be dispelled—that pure and undefiled religion should shed its benignant influence on these desolated regions-that the wrongs of that much injured country should be redressed—and that knowledge should be diffused among its numerous tribes, He can easily accomplish his designs without our feeble aid. That Being who said, 'Let there be light, and there was light,' can as easily bid the moral darkness which broods over the African continent to be gone, and it would instantly vanish. But it has pleased the great Father of the human family, 'Who has formed of one blood all nations that dwell on the face of the whole earth,' to accomplish his

purpose respecting his children by human instrumentality, to the end, that, having admitted the children of men to be fellow-workers with himself in the holy employment of doing good, he may bestow upon them the glorious reward prepared for them whose conduct is virtuous, lovely, and pra ise-worthy in the sight of God and man.

"And, let it be remembered, that whenever God has a great work to accomplish among the children of men, whether it be to scourge them for their folly and wickedness, or to accomplish some benevolent purpose, for the promotion of their happiness, he always raises up suitable instruments to effect his purposes. And not only does he raise up such instruments, but he also upholds them with his Almighty hand, and protects them by his own watchful Providence, until they have accomplished all the work he has allotted them, and then they are laid aside, and are rewarded, or punished, according to the nature of their work, and the motives which prompted them to perform it. For illustration, we need go no further back than to the time when the continent of America was discovered.-Behold Him raising up Christopher Columbus, an obscure individual, and inspiring him with wisdom to discover that which had long been hid from the learned and the wise. See him endued with courage to undertake an enterprise that might have appalled the stoutest heart; a courage which never forsook him amid dangers and difficulties, beneath which any but a Heaven-supported mortal must have been overwhelmed. See him shielded amid the war of elements, and the still more fierce and dreadful war of human passions, until he had drawn aside the curtain which had so long concealed one half of the world from the other, and opened to the human family a theatre, on which it is to be hoped, some of the most pleasant parts of the drama of human affairs will be exhibited.

"When the sons of the Pilgrims were to be emancipated from the thraldom of Britain, and when a system of Government was, for the first time, to be established among the children of men, which should have for its object the happiness of those over whom it should be exercised; when a new era was to commence in the political world, and a developement was to take place that should astonish and confound the Despots of the earth, and make their thrones totter beneath them, and which at the same time should excite the admiration of the wise and the good in all parts of the habitable globe, the fathers of the Revolution were raised up as instruments by which this great work was to be accomplished; and the same hand that raised, upheld and protected them, amid all the dangers and difficulties of a long protracted war; and he who called them into the field of action, inspired them with wisdom to plan, and courage to execute every enterprise needful to produce the destined result, and in the end crowned their efforts with complete success.

“And now, that we hope the promise is about to be fulfilled, that,

'Ethiopia shall stretch out her hands to God,' the Colonization Society has been called into existence, as an instrument to accomplish this ancient prediction. Under the protecting care of the Almighty, it has achieved, and will achieve, mighty deeds, of which the future historian will delight to tell; and by the instrumentality of this Society the wilderness shall be made to rejoice, and the solitary places to be glad, the consequences of which shall extend beyond the boundary of time, and occupy a large space in the records of eternity.


"Nor let it be forgotten, that however humble a part any one may act, in the great work of doing good, he shall not fail of receiving a large reward. Even a cup of cold water, given to one who is employed in doing the will of his Creator, will be held in everlasting remembrance by him who counts that which is done unto his friends, as done unto himself. Who then will refuse to lend a helping hand in this labour of love—this work of charity? I would again call to your recollection the story of the good Samaritan. He did not content himself with casting a look of compassion on the object that lay in his way: nor did he content himself with binding up his wounds, and applying to them the proper healing medi. cines: nor did it even satisfy him that he had taken the wounded man to a place of safety, and was about to leave him with those who would take care of him till he should be restored to his health. No; he took out his purse, (as I hope you will all do this day) and gave the wounded man mo. ney to supply his wants, and kindly promised that whatever more should be expended on the object of his benevolence, he would pay at his reAnd now, my friends, I wait to see who will imitate the example of this kind-hearted Samaritan; and who like the Priest and Levite will cast a look of cold indifference on this whole business, and passing by on the other side, will refuse to lend any aid to his fellow-mortal in affliction and distress. Verily, the time is coming, when such an one shall be afflicted himself, and shall have none to help him. As much money as the good Samaritan expended on the wounded man, (about 20 cents) paid annually by every individual in our happy land, would be amply sufficient to accomplish the grand object which the Society has in view. One million of dollars yearly, is the largest sum which has been supposed necessary to carry to the land of their fathers every free person of colour in the United States. Ten cents paid by each individual would raise this sum; and who would not give a sum so small to effect an object so great, so good, so important in its results-so beneficial, both to those who give, and to those that receive the gift? It is true, a great many can. not give any thing; and, it is to be feared, that some will not give any thing. What then? There are many who have given, and will continue to give, their thousands, and their hundreds, and their fifties, and their twenties, and their tens, and their fives of dollars, until the treasury of the Society shall be full to overflowing; and until the benevolent object shall be fully accomplished.

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