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July last, for the benefit of the Colonization Society, I have to regret that it is so small. Untoward circumstances, entirely unconnected with the increasing interest for the Society, together with the fact, that very recently, a large collection had been taken up for the German Missionaries in Liberia, have occasioned this. Be assured, that we continue to make the prosperity of the Society, a constant object of our prayers and accept our particular assurances of respect and esteem.

(To be continued.)

Letters from Liberia.

The following extracts are from letters received by the Montgomery, a few weeks since, from some of the most respectable colonists

From Mr. Joseph Shipherd.

The most sanguine of my expectations of happiness in this Colony, have been surpassed in point of acquiring wealth, ease, respectability and the pleasures attendant on civil and religious liberty.

In Virginia my situation, compared with that of my sort of people, generally, was easy; I resolved, however, to give the balance of my life to Liberia; consequently I sacrificed what I had before intended to render easy my declining years, looking for no temporal indemnity in this world; but God has fully indemnified me already, in a pecuniary point of view, beyond my expectations; my property here now being thought by good judges worth nearly two thousand dollars; and J. B. Lundy, also has made rapid improvements, and had he but health, he might live easy. Harriet, brought out a valuable company; they were chiefly men who knew the value of industry and application to business; they went to work as quickly as possible and built respectable habitations: no village, perhaps, in the United States, has in the same time, with similar means, been more increased than Monrovia.


The rainy season is just at hand and the rivers are swelling and boats ascend to the head of tide water with great difficulty.

It will be found, Sir, that another receptacle is indispensable; and as no inundations of the river prevent the quick ascent to King Govenor's, no better place is to be found in the Colony, than some fine airy hillside near some of the cool fountains in that fertile settlement. Here emigrants destined for Millsburg or any other spot might at all times be sent with convenience, directly from the harbour, through the St. Paul's bar, to go

through the seasoning. As one who has given to the Colony the remains of his life, and whose main wish is fully to accomplish that of the Board, by destroying if possible the dread that deters from emigration to this country, and by inviting my brethren to accept it as the best asylum yet offered them, I would invite the attention of the Board to that spot.

Perhaps religion flourishes in this little community to as great an extent as in any town in the United States, considering the want of education.

We, the poor Presbyterians, alone, of this community, suffer the want of a house to worship in, while the Methodists and Baptists of the United States have built for their members here, each a respectable house. It is a fact that our condition is looked upon by some with pity, and by the charitable with something like contempt, as being thought by our own church unworthy of that aid by which we might have a church of our own. Can nothing be done for us? Have not our church and brethren another blessing? will they not bless us, even us, who are of the same fold? How many articles, Sir, comparatively of little value, in the United States, might be converted into money, to build a house suitable for worship and a school alternately?

We are quite certain, Sir, that we never can be a people until we have within ourselves the means of subsistence, judging from the histories of other countries, particularly that of our birth.

Of all the means of independence, agriculture is in my opinion most important. To the disgrace of the Colony, that surest road to opulence is much neglected here. Since the quantity of land allowed to each has been augmented the people are much encouraged. I have seen, and there is now growing, on the native farms in the vicinity of King Governor's Town, as good corn as I ever saw of the same age in America. From Mr. Francis Taylor.

I have your much esteemed letter of April 26th, and must apologise for not having written you sooner, but the press of business and attacks of the Fever, will I hope serve as an excuse. You kindly inquire for our



I have been through the fever and am considered out of danger. to what concerns myself, things go on pretty well. I have always thought that the establishment of a regular commercial establishment here would tend much towards the prosperity of the Colony, and I am happy to say that that object is likely soon to be accomplished. Goods to any amount may be sold from this place if things are properly managed. I have become pretty well acquainted with the different vents, and I see nothing that ought to prevent a considerable business, and regular remittances. From Rev. George McGill, June 18th, 1830.

I landed here in sixty days after we weighed anchor at Baltimore, and as you may have heard, my wife having been sick nearly the whole voyage

expired three days after my arrival, to my extreme distress and that of my children. I trust to recover again, by divine aid. Otherwise we are doing well; my children have recovered from the fever, and are much pleased with their situation. Times are very dull here at present owing to the breaking up of a slave Factory at Grand Bassa a few days after Dr. Mechlin left us.

Philanthropic Example.

In our number for May, it will be remembered, we expressed our respect for the character and our grief for the loss of that distinguished and devoted Friend to our Society, the late Wm. H. Fitzhugh. Though at that time we were ignorant whether or not he had left a will; yet, knowing well the deep and benevolent interest which he had manifested in the welfare of his slaves, we cherished the hope, that some instructions would be found in regard to the disposition to be made of these objects of his kindness and his care. We have not been disappointed.He was too sensible of the uncertainty of human life and of the importance of those interests which might be affected by a sudden departure not to make provision for such a contingency.The arrangements made in his will in regard to his slaves, are such as might have been expected from his generous and philanthropic spirit.

We are permitted to make the following extract from his will. "After the year 1850, I leave all my negroes unconditionally free, with the privilege of having the expenses of their removal to whatever places of residence they may select, defrayed. And as an encouragement to them to emigrate to the American Colony on the coast of Africa, where I believe their happiness will be more permanently secured, I desire not only that the expenses of their emigration be paid; but that the sum of fifty dollars shall be paid to each one so emigrating, on his or her arrival. in Africa."

In our number for August 1827, we gave some account of a plan adopted by Mr. Fitzhugh, for the gradual improvement of his slaves, and had his invaluable life been spared, much would have been done by him to prepare them duly to appreciate, and wisely to improve and enjoy the benefits of Freedom. We trust that an example so bright, beneficent, exalted as his, will ever be loved and imitated in the State which he adorn

ed, and the country which now laments the loss of his talents and his worth.

Expedition to Liberia.

The fine Ship "Carolinian" of Philadelphia has been chartered by the Society, and is now at Norfolk prepared to receive emigrants for Liberia. The colonial Agent Dr. Mechlin, with several Missionaries and more than one hundred emigrants, many of them manumitted slaves, is expected to take passage in this vessel. The citizens of Philadelphia have come forward with their usual liberality to aid this expedition, and great praise is due to Mr. Elliott Cresson of that City for the energy and perseverance with which he has engaged in efforts to increase the funds and promote the interests of the Society. There is some probability, that a second vessel may be required to convey the whole number who may be prepared to emigrate.


We learn from our esteemed friend, Elliott Cresson, Esq. of Philadelphia, that he has received for the Philadelphia Fund, from England, three several remittances of 50, 100, and £200. A circular, it appears, has been published in that country, by R. D. Alexander, with which we hope soon to be favoured. The following is one of the interesting items in his list:

"A widow friend, (per S. T. of York, who represents her as only rich by the fewness of her own wants, and the readiness with which she ministers to those of others) £100."


COLOURED POPULATION.-The number of free coloured in 1820, was 253,592; of slaves 1,543,688. The slaves double their number once in 20 years. They are rapidly increasing in the extreme Southern Country. In South Carolina there are 1055 slaves to 1000 freemen. In Louisiana

818 to 1000. The American Colonization Society propose to remove the free blacks to Africa. The influence of this society on slavery is indirect

but powerful. It has probably led to the emancipation of four or five thousand slaves. All the important Ecclesiastical Bodies in the country, and 15 of the State Legislatures have expressed a decided friendship for its plans. The tokens of public favour have greatly increased within a few months. About $2,000 were contributed to its funds in Massachusetts near the Fourth of July, 1830. [Education Society Register.

MISSION TO LIBERIA.-The Baptist Board of Foreign Missions have appointed the Rev. Mr. Skinner a Missionary to Africa. He was educated at the Hamilton Seminary, and has been for several years successfully engaged in the Christian ministry. Mr. and Mrs. Skinner will be publicly designated to missionary labours at Richmond, Va. a committee of outfit having been appointed in that city.

The climate of Africa indeed is unfavourable, and has proved fatal to many; but it may be hoped, that as knowledge is acquired of the diseases of the country, the difficulty of making efforts for Africa will be dimin ished. There are certainly many favourable circumstances, for introducing the gospel in this benighted region.-[Baptist Magazine.

Brother and Sister Skinner.-These Missionaries of the Cross, about to sail to Liberia, to carry the light of revealed truth to benighted Africans, were set apart to the work on Monday evening last, at the First Baptist Church in this city. Brother Skinner gave a succinct, but general and eloquent account of the course of Divine Providence, that had led himself and wife to select that field of labour. He stated that the Memoirs of distinguished Missionaries, as Brainerd, Judson and others, had fired his soul with sympathy for the perishing heathen-that he had no desire to remain in a land, in which preachers, are, by their multitude, enabled to devote their time to other work than the Ministry-and that after a deliberate and prayerful survey of Greece, Burmah, Hindostan, China, and the world, he had chosen Africa, as the land, in which to spend his earthly existence-and that he and his wife had shaken hands with their parents, brethren and friends; and all the blessings of civilization, no more to see the land of their fathers. The charge was delivered by Elder Eli Ball, Elder J. B. Jeter prayed; and the right hand of fellowship and a copy of the Sacred Scriptures, were presented by Elder H. Keeling. Rev. J. A. Armstrong of the Presbyterian church, then made an eloquent address, in which he maintained that the spirit of Missions, is the spirit of the gospel-that every Christian is, or ought to be a Missionary-that these Missionaries were under no greater obligations to devote their lives to the cause of Christ, than other Christians are-and that no one is a Christian who does not interest himself in the salvation of others. He then expressed a wish that the Congregation might have an opportunity of testifying their love for this cause, by a collection, which amounted to fifty dollars. -Rel. Herald.


The Secretary of the Colonization Committee, gratefully acknowledges

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