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ble source, that not less than two thousand slaves would be liberated in North Carolina, provided there were reason to expect their immediate removal.

An extensive and interesting desire, among the owners of slaves, to emancipate them, undoubtedly exists. The last number of the African Repository states as follows: "A family manumitted by a gentleman lately deceased in Essex county, Va. are expected to embark in the vessel of the Society soon to sail from Norfolk. Property has been left to this family to the amount of about four or five hundred dollars. A lady near Fredericksburgh has, we are informed, signified her intention of sending the whole number of her slaves (50) to the Colony. A gentleman in Montgomery county, Md. has resolved to manumit twenty slaves for the purpose of African colonization, and they are expected to sail in the next vessel. A generous lady near Charlestown, Va. has resolved to emancipate twelve for the same philanthropic purpose. Two of these have been purchased by this lady that they might be permitted to accompany their relatives. For one of these she gave four hundred and fifty dollars, and for the other three hundred and fifty dollars. All these are fitted out with clothing and household furniture, and such things as may contribute to the comforts of their voyage.

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These are specimens of the spirit of emancipation which is beginning to operate among the southern population. Thus it will be seen that a great and effectual door is opened for the operations of the Society. Its funds are vastly inadequate to the accomplishment of its aims. They will continue to be so, until the government of the Union shall put forth its strong hand to the work. That time we trust is not remote. But until it arrives the friends of the cause associated in auxiliaries, must do what they can; and Vermont must not fail to be every year promptly forthcoming to sustain her share of the burden. We trust she will not.

The Managers of this auxiliary, at their last meeting, still preferring the method of obtaining funds by taking collections in our worshipping assemblies, as the least expensive, and on all accounts the least exceptionable if the practice could be

come universal, resolved for one year more to depend on this method for replenishing our treasury."

From the Treasurer's Report hereto appended, it will appear that, although the collections have not been so general as we hoped, and ardently desired, they have still been such as to encourage us to persevere in this method of asking the people of Vermont for their support in this benevolent cause. One hundred and twelve congregations at least have sent forward their collections, besides several who have forwarded theirs directly to the treasury of the Parent Society at Washington.

These, with several donations, and the annual payment of members have furnished a sum amounting to nine hundred and ninety-two dollars.*

Among the various collections we notice with peculiar emotions, the contribution of thirty dollars by the ladies of Castleton to constitute their pastor a member for life of the Parent Society. This, we are told, was done at the suggestion of the lamented friend and patron of our Society, the Hon. Chauncey Langdon, at the last public meeting he attended before his spirit took its flight to another, and we hope a happier world. The example of these benevolent ladies we commend to the consideration and to the imitation, if they should judge it adviseable, of the ladies of Vermont.

The great objects of our association should be prominently set forth, and be ever kept distinctly in view. Two millions of degraded and wretched people, otherwise doomed with their posterity to perpetual degradation, are to be transported to Africa and placed in the enjoyment of the rights and privileges in which we ourselves so abundantly participate. The slave trade is to be exterminated root and branch. Africa is to be civilized, and all her millions enlightened by the glorious gospel of the grace of God. When these objects are accomplished, then, and not till then, will the time have arrived for this Society to rest from its labours, or to turn the streams of its beneficence into other channels.

Let us, then, gird ourselves to the work, with new zeal and vigour. Let us consider ourselves in this cause enlisted for

*Including the suns received at and since the annual meeting.

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life. It is for us to begin and carry forward to the last hour of our mortal existence, what the next generation is appointed to complete. The full harvest of what we are now sowing, it is true, is reserved for the reaping of after ages. But the testimony of Him who has called us to the happy work, bids us look forward to a period when he that soweth, and he that reapeth, SHALL REJOICE TOGETHER.

New York African Free School.

We have received from Mr. C. C. Andrews, Teacher of the boys in this school, a valuable history of its origin and progress, which he has recently published with many interesting specimens of original composition by the pupils under his care. The first African Free School in New York, was founded in 1787. Only about forty pupils at first attended, but in 1791 a Female Teacher was employed to instruct the girls, and the school appeared to promise increased usefulness. For nearly 20 years the number of scholars continued to vary from 40 to 60, but the introduction of the monitorial system in 1809, improved the condition of the school, and added much to the number of pupils. About 700 pupils are now attached to this institution, and the building appropriated to the use of the boy's department “is of brick, two stories high, 75 by 35 feet, standing on a lot of ground 50 feet wide by 100 deep, fronting on Mulberry street, and will contain 500 scholars." For this valuable building the friends of the people of colour were particularly indebted to the liberality and efforts of John Murray, Esq. a gentleman of the most upright and disinterested character. The editor of a very respectable paper in New York, after attending one of the examinations at this school, remarks, "there is one remarkable fact connected with the effects of this excellent school upon the moral condition of the blacks. Our readers need not be informed, that at every term of the Court of Sessions, many blacks, generally from 12 to 20, are convicted of crimes and sent to the State prison or penitentiary. This school has now been in operation several years, and several thousand scholars have received the benefits of a good thorough English education; and

but three persons who have been educated here, have been convicted in our Criminal Courts.

"This singular fact speaks volumes in favor of persevering in our endeavour to improve the condition of this unfortunate class of, people. While, therefore, the African Free School is producing such results upon this class of our fellow beings, and snatching them from a state of ignorance, superstition, credulity and crime, let us cherish it; and let us frown indignantly upon that spirit of sectarian cupidity, that would divert a fund so appropriately set apart for, and so beneficially employed in this noble and philanthropic undertaking. And let us not forget to thank the Friends for what they have done in this honorable cause."

The following questions were put by Dr. Samuel L. Mitchell of this city to G. R. Allen, a pupil aged 10 years, and the answers were taken down verbatim, by a third person, September 21st, 1826.

Q. What keeps the several parts of this pen together?

A. The attraction of cohesion.

Q. What is the attraction of cohesion?

A. It is that power which binds the several parts of bodies together, when they are placed sufficiently near each other; or prevents them from separating, when they touch.

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A. Yes, Sir, the attraction of gravitation.

Q. What is the earth?

A. It is a planet, and the third, in the solar system.

Q. What surrounds the earth?

A. The atmosphere.

Q. Of what does the earth consist?

A. Of land and water.

Q. What shape has the earth?

A. It is round.

Q. How do you know it is round?

A. Because we can see the tops of ships' masts first at sea.

Q. Does the earth stand still, or move?

A. It moves on its axis, and has its motion round the sun.

Q. What takes place from these motions?

A. Its motion round the sun produces the changes of the seasons; and its motion on its axis, the succession of day and night.

Q. If the earth turns round, why are we not turned heels up at midnight?

A. Because the attraction of gravity, draws all bodies towards the cen tre of the earth.

Q. Does any other planet obey the laws of gravitation?

A. Yes, Sir, Mars, as well as the other smaller planets, called asteroids, Jupiter, &c.

Q. Has the earth any satellite?

A. Yes, the moon is the earth's satellite.

Q. Has any other planet a satellite, or moon?

A. Yes, Saturn has seven and Jupiter has four, and they all gravitate to, wards their respective principals

Q. Have we any antipodes?

A. Yes, Sir, they are the people directly under us, they have their feet opposite to our feet.

Q. What is the nearest shape in nature to the earth?

A. An orange, because it is flattened at each end, like the poles of the world.

Q. Does not the power of gravity act upon all bodies? A. Yes, Sir. Q. Why then does not the earth's attraction bring down the moon upon us?

A. Because the great distance that the moon is from the earth lessens the effect of the power of gravity upon it; for, the effects of a power which proceeds from a centre, decreases, as the squares of the distance from that centre increases; and, as the moon is at the distance of sixty semi-diameters of the earth from the earth; the square of 60 is 36,000, and as the earth's attraction upon the moon is 36,000 times less at the moon, than at the earth's surface, it keeps at its present distance from us. Q. Do you know what weight is?

A. (After some reflection) Yes, Sir; it is the attraction of gravitation. Q. How much would a ball, which here weighs a pound, weigh if it were removed 4,000 miles from the earth?

A. As it then would be double the distance from the centre of gravity, the square of 2 is 4, and, according to the rule I mentioned just now, the ball would weigh but a quarter of a pound, or one fourth of what it weighs here.


NEW YORK, September, 1826.

"The little black boy, G. R. Allen, is entitled to the credit of answering the preceding questions, in the manner stated, without previously knowing exactly what was to be propounded to him.



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