The Cambridge History of Africa: From c. 1600 to c. 1790, edited by Richard Gray
The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Africa were a period of transition, with the trade in slaves and firearms on the Atlantic coast laying some of the foundations for European colonialism. But for most of the continent, external forces were still of marginal significance. African initiative remained supreme and produced a rich variety of political, social and intellectual innovations. In eight regional chapters the contributors to this volume, all established experts in their field, bring together for the first time these developments as they affected the whole of Africa. A concluding chapter surveys Africa in Europe and the Americas during this period.
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riod of transition with the trade
Egypt the Funj and Darfur
The central Sahara and Sudan
from the Maghrib to
The Guinea coast
The Guinea Coast
Central Africa from Cameroun to the Zambezi
South Africa and Madagascar
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African Akan Akwamu Akyem Allada almamy Aloma Angola Arab army Asante Askiya authority Bagirmi Bambara became Benin Bornu Cairo Cape caravans cattle central Sudan centre chiefdoms chiefs clan clerics coastal conquest cultural Dagomba Dahomey Darfur defeated Denkyira Dutch dynasty Dyula east Efik Egypt eighteenth century established Ethiopia European export Fulani Funj Futa Jalon Futa Toro Galla groups Guinea Hausa Hausaland hinterland Ibrahim immigrants important influence Islam Isma'il ivory Jenne jihad Kanem Kano Khoi king kingdom Kongo Kwararafa later Loango Lunda Malinke Mamluk Mawlay military Moroccan Muhammad Muslim neighbours Niger nineteenth century nomads northern Ottoman pasha period pilgrimage political population Portuguese raids region reign religious river routes royal rulers ruling Sahara Senegal Sennar seventeenth and eighteenth seventeenth century Shaykh sixteenth century slave trade society Songhay southern Sudan sultan territory Timbuktu town traditions tribute Tripoli Tuareg Tubu ulamd viceroy Wadai Whydah Zawaya