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Joints, articular capsules (contd.), topography Joints (contd.), knee, 342

of larynx, 1065
lumbo-sacral, 335
'mandibular, 312
menisci, 302
metacarpo-phalangeal, 333
movements at, 334

surgical anatomy of, 1454
topography of, 1452
metatarso-phalangeal, 360
movements at, 361

surgical anatomy of, 1464, 1465
topography of, 1464, 1465
movable, 300

of, 1464
discs, 302
atlanto-epistropheal, 309
movements at, 311
of auditory ossicles, 840
ball and socket, 301, 303
biaxial, 301

calcaneo-cuboid, 357
ligaments of, 357

surgical anatomy of, 1464
topography of, 1464

calcaneo-taloid, 354

surgical anatomy of, 1464
capsule of, 302
carpal, 329

movements at, 334
carpo-metacarpal, 332
cavity of, 301
circumduction, 303
classification of, 299
of clavicle, 317
co-aptation in, 303
condyloid, 301
costo-central, 313

costo-chondral, 315

topography of, 1398
costo-sternal, 315
costo-transverse, 314

costo-vertebral, 313
crico-arytenoid, 1066

crico-thyreoid, 1065
cubo-cuneiform, 357
cuneo-navicular, 357
development of, 304
diarthrodial, 301

development of, 304

elbow, 323

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development of, 304
movements at, 303
multiaxial, 301, 303
occipito-atloid, 309

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Kidneys (contd.), pelvis of, 1268
perinephric fat of, 1259
surgical anatomy of, 1425
position of, 1257, 1423
from behind, 1437
posterior relations of, 1260
surface of, 1260
primitive, 1331
pyramids of, 1265

on section, 1265
relations of, 1262
anterior, 1262
left, 1425
posterior, 1260
right, 1262, 1425
renal columns, 1265
corpuscles of, 1266
development of, 1333
reniculi, 1265

second convoluted tubule, 1266
sinus renalis, 1257, 1265
skiagraphs of pelvis of, 1426
splenic impression of, 1264
surface impressions of, 1264
surgical anatomy of, 1264
tubules of, 1266

development of, 1333
tunica fibrosa of, 1257
ureter of, 1268

development of, 1331
variations in, 1267
vasa afferentia of, 1267
efferentia of, 1267
development of, 1331

veins of, 1267
vessels of, 1267

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medullary, lateral and medial, of thalamus,
610, 611

of lentiform nucleus, 639

membranacea tubæ auditivæ, 838

papyracea of ethmoid, 140
perpendicular of ethmoid, 139, 140

quadrigemina, 584

reticularis, 851
septi pellucidi, 632
spiralis ossea, 845

secundaria, 845
suprachorioidea, 811
terminalis, 33, 616
of thyreoid cartilage, 1062
vasculosa of chorioid, 811
vertebral, 88, 90, 91, 93, 95
Landzert, fossa of, 1185
Langhan's layer, 59
Lanugo, 862

Large intestine, 1210
Laryngotomy, 1388
Larynx, 1061

action of intrinsic muscles of, 1076
aperture of, 1068

appendix of ventricle of, 1071
articulations of, 1065

ary-epiglottic folds of, 1068

arytenoid cartilages, 1064, 1074

apex of, 1064

base of, 1065

oblique muscles of, 1074

processus muscularis of, 1065
vocalis of, 1065

Layers of blastoderm (contd.), germinal, 21
Left colic flexure, 1220

surgical anatomy of, 1422
Leg, development of, 39
fascia of, 422
intermuscular septa of, 422
lymph vessels of, 1013
muscles of, 424

surgical anatomy of, 1461
Lemniscus, 560

connexion of, with cochlear nuclei, 586
with geniculate body, 591
with quadrigeminal body, 590
with superior olive, 556
with thalamus, 562, 591
decussation of, 560
interolivary stratum of, 568
lateral, 570, 584, 585, 586, 590, 606
nucleus of, 606

medial, 560, 561, 568, 570, 586, 590, 613
in mid-brain, 568, 570, 585, 590
in pons, 590

Lens, crystalline, 819

axis of, 820

capsule of, 819

cortical substance of, 820
curvatures of, 820
development of, 826
at different ages, 820
epithelium of, 820

history of, 826
equator of, 820
fibres of, 820

history of, 826
laminæ of, 820
nucleus of, 820
poles of, 820

radii of, 820

refractive index of, 820
substance of, 820

suspensory ligament of, 819
vascular tunic of, 826
vesicle, 825

Lenticular process of incus, 840
Lenticulo-optic artery, 905
Lenticulo-striate artery, 905

Lentiform nucleus, globus pallidus of, 638,

639

Larynx, arytenoid cartilages (contd.), surfaces
of, 1064

blood-vessels of, 911
cartilages of, 1062
development of, 1100
ossification of, 1065
cavity of, 1068
construction of, 1062
conus elasticus of, 1066
corniculate cartilages, 1065
crico-arytenoid joints, 1066
crico-thyreoid joints, 1065
cuneiform cartilages, 1065
in deglutition, 1077
development of, 1100
epiglottic cartilage, 1065
epithelium of, 1072

folds of, 1068
glands of, 1072

glottis, intercartilaginous part of, 1070
intermembranous part of, 1070
rima vestibuli of, 1070
growth-alterations of, 1077
hyo-thyreoid membrane of, 1066

interior of, 1068

intrinsic muscles of, 1072
joints of, 1065

laryngoscopical appearance of, 1077
ligaments of, 1066

lowest compartment of, 1071
middle compartment of, 1069
mucous glands of, 1072

membrane of, 1071

muscles of, 1072
nerves of, 788, 789

pars intercartilaginea of rima glottidis, 1071

intermembranacea, 1071

philtrum ventriculi of, 1069
piriform recess of, 1069
position and relations of, 1061
sesamoid cartilage of, 1065
sexual differences in, 1077
tubercle of Santorini of, 1065, 1069
tuberculum epiglotticum of, 1069, 1073

ventricle of, 1071

ventricular folds of, 1070

vessels and nerves of, 1077
vestibule of, 1069

vocal folds of, 1070

mucous membrane of, 1071

relation of, to thyreo - arytenoideus
muscle, 1073

topography of, 1387

vocalis muscles of, 1076

Lateral angle, inferior, of sacrum, 99

fissure of the brain, 653
development of, 655

line, sense organs of, 501, 796
mass of atlas, 91

of sacrum, 99

ossification of, 106
part of occipital, 113

development of, 293
plantar vessels, position of, 1465
plates, mesodermic, 27

recess of fourth ventricle, 549
ventricles, 632

Latissimus dorsi muscle, 366

action of, 368
nerve-supply of, 368
topography of, 1437
Layers of blastoderm, 21

medullary laminæ of, 639

putamen of, 639
surfaces of, 638
Leptoprosope skulls, 286
Leptorhine skulls, 287

Lesions of the spinal medulla, 1444
Lesser multangular bone, 220, 295
Levator ani muscle, 493

action of, 495
cushion, 1143

glandulæ thyreoideæ, 1347
palpebræ superioris muscle, 452

action of, 454
nerve-supply of, 454
prostatæ muscle, 494
scapulæ muscle, 368

action of, 368
nerve-supply of, 368
veli palatini muscle, 466
action of, 467
nerve-supply of, 467
Levatores costarum muscles, 470

action of, 474
nerve-supply of, 474

Level of structures in relation to spines of Ligament or Ligaments (contd.)—

vertebræ, 1442

coraco-clavicular, 319
coraco-glenoid, 322
coraco-humeral, 322

Lien, 1352
accessorius, 1353
artery of, 929
Lieno-renal ligament, 1236
development of, 1252
Ligament or Ligaments, 302
acetabular, transverse, 339
of acromio-clavicular joint, 319
adventitious, 305
alar, 311

of ankle-joint, anterior, 352
lateral, 352

posterior, 352

annular, of ankle (O.T.), 352
of radius, 326

of wrist (O.T.), 1451

surgical anatomy of, 1451
of stapes, 841

anterior costo-transverse, 314
covering atlanto-epistropheal, 309

of elbow-joint, 324
radio-ulnar, 327
sterno-clavicular, 318
of apex of dens, 311

arcuate, middle, of diaphragm, 472

arcuate of pubis, 338
arteriosum, 68
atlanto-epistropheal, 309, 310
of atlanto-occipital joint, 310
atlanto-occipital, 310
of atlas, transverse, 310
of auditory ossicles, 841
auriculare anterius, 829

posterius, 829
superius, 829

basium ossium metacarpalium, 360

metatarsalium, 360

bifurcate, 356, see Ligaments calcaneo-

navicular, calcaneo-cuboid

of Bigelow, 340

of bladder, 1280, 1283, 1303
broad, of uterus, 1238

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