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Peritoneum (contd.), relation of, to rectum, 1226

to spleen, 1353

to stomach, 1170

to uterus, 1317
surgical anatomy of, 1412
transverse tracing of, 1238
utero-vesical pouch of, 1317
visceral, 1161
Perivascular lymph-spaces, 994
Permanent teeth, 1115-1119
Peronæo-calcaneus muscle, 431

lateralis muscle, 427
Peronæo-cuboideus muscle, 427
Peronæus accessorius muscle, 427
brevis muscle, 427
action of, 427

digiti quinti muscle, 427
longus muscle, 426

action of, 427
tertius muscle, 425
action of, 426, 953
Peroneal artery, 953

muscles, surgical anatomy of, 1462
nerve, 731

retinaculum, superior, 422

Perpendicular plate of ethmoid, 139, 185
Petit, canal of, 839
Petro-basilar fissure, 130
Petro-mastoid suture, 1369
Petro-occipital fissure, 176
Petrosal artery, 898
ganglion, 785

nerve, deep, 758, 777

superficial, external, 782, 898

greater, 777

origin of, 598

smaller, 759, 786

process, 135

sinus, inferior, 975
superior, 975
Petro-squamous fissure, 131
suture, 125, 126

surgical anatomy of, 1369
Petro-tympanic fissure, 125, 133
Petrous ganglion, 785, 786
part of temporal bone, 131
Phænozygous crania, 286
Phalangeal process of lamina reticularis, 851
Phalanges of foot, 267

of hand, 226

of rods of Corti, 851
ossification of, 227, 268

Pharyngeal artery, ascending, 896

bar, 42

development of, 1028
nerves, 1150

of glosso-pharyngeal nerve, 786
of spheno-palatine ganglion, 778
of sympathetic, 756

of vagus, 788

orifice of auditory tube, 1143
plexus, 756, 786, 788
tubercle, 123

veins, 965

Pharyngo-branchial duct, 44

Pharyngo-epiglottic fold, 1067
Pharyngo-glossus, 464

Pharyngo-palatine arch, 1111, 1112

muscle, 465

action of, 467

nerve-supply of, 467

Pharyngotomy, sub-hyoid, 1387

Pharynx, 1140
aponeurosis of, 1149
auditory tubes of, 1142
boundaries of, 1143
bursa pharyngea, 1143, 1396
cavity of, 1141
choanæ, 1142
development of, 1242
dimensions of, 1140

fascia pharyngo-basilaris, 1149
bucco-pharyngea, 1149
glands of, 1149

isthmus pharyngo-nasalis, 1141, 1145, 1383
laryngeal part of the, 1141, 1147
lateral recesses of, 1144

development of, 1144

levator cushion of, 1143
lymph vessels of, 1006, 1149
surgical anatomy of, 1386
mucous membrane of, 1149
muscles of, 464-467
action of, 467
development of, 496
nerve-supply of, 467
nasal part of the, 1141, 1142
surgical anatomy of, 1385
-pharyngeal groove of, 1143
nerves of, 1150

naso-

openings of, 1142

oral part of the, 1141, 1144, 1145
orifice of auditory tube, 1143
pharyngo-palatine arch of, 1145
plica triangularis of, 1146
recessus piriformis of, 1069
tonsillaris of, 1145

development of, 46
relations of, 1149
salpingo-palatine fold of, 1143
salpingo-pharyngeal fold of, 1143

structure of wall, 1149
supra-tonsillar fossa of, 1145

development of, 1144

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Plexus or Plexuses (contd.), chorioid, of fourth
ventricle, 553, 636
development of, 552
of lateral ventricle, 635

of inferior horn of, 636
development of, 635
of third ventricle, 617
coccygeal, 738

coeliac, of sympathetic, 761, 763, 765

coronary, 765

anterior, 791
posterior, 791
deferential, 765
dental, superior, 775
diaphragmatic, 765
fundamental, of cornea, 810

hæmorrhoidal, 766

external venous, 984
internal venous, 984
hepatic, 765
hypogastric, 763, 1321

of sympathetic, 766
inferior mesenteric, 765
infra-orbital, 777
of limbs, 680

composition of, 742
development of, 743

distribution of nerves of, 750

formation of, 680
morphology of, 741
significance of, 753
trunks of, 742
variations in, 752
lumbar, 719

connexions of, with sympathetic, 719

constitution of, 719

subdivisions of, 720

variations in, 752

mesenteric, inferior, 732

superior, 766

myenteric, of intestines, 1185, 1210

of stomach, 1177
obturator, 723
cesophageal, 787, 788
anterior, 791

posterior, 791

ovarian, 765
pampiniform, 983
patellar, 726

pelvic, of sympathetic, 766
pharyngeal, 788

ascending, of sympathetic, 756

venous, 965

posterior cervical, 689

morphology of, 692
sacral, 691

morphology of, 692
post-vertebral venous, 976
prostatic, 766

(sympathetic), 766

prostatico-vesical (venous), 985

pterygoid (venous), 968
pudendal, 735

branches of, 736
morphology of, 740

position and constitution of, 735

pulmonary, 781

anterior, 791

posterior, 787, 791

renal, 765

sacral, 727

anterior branches of, 727

Plexus or Plexuses, sacral (contd.), articular
branches of, 729

communications of, with sympathetic,

727

Polymasty, 1338
Polymorphic cells, 645
Polyphyodont dentition, 1248
Polythely, 1338

Pons hepatis, 1192
(Varolii), 540, 548, 567

acoustic area of, 551, 604
anterior medullary velum, 549
brachium of, 566

conjunctivum, 549, 569
pontis, 548

central tegmental tract of, 564
cerebro-pontine fibres of, 566
connexions of longitudinal and transverse

fibres of, 566

corpus ponto-bulbare of, 555
trapezoideum of, 567
development of, 33, 514, 592
dorsal or tegmental part of, 567
eminentia medialis of, 551
external arcuate fibres of, 555
fasciculi longitudinalis of, 565
fasciculus obliquus of, 549, 555

circumolivaris pyramidis, 555
fovea superior of, 551
gray matter of, 564
internal arcuate fibres of, 556
internal structure of, 565 et seq.

lemniscus fibres of, 566, 570

locus cœruleus of, 551

medial longitudinal bundle in, 558, 568
mesencephalic root of trigeminal nerve in,

569

muscular branches of, 728, 729
position and constitution of, 727
terminal branches of, 729
spermatic, 765
splenic, 765

subclavian, of sympathetic, 759
subepithelial, of cornea, 810
submucous, of intestine, 1177
subperitoneal (Turner), 935
subpleural (arterial), 913
superior mesenteric, 765
suprarenal, 765
thyreoid, 759
tonsillar, 1147

tympanic, 759
uterine, 765, 766

venous, 985

utero-vaginal, 985, 1321
vaginal, venous, 766, 985
vertebral, venous, 976

external (venous), 976
of sympathetic, 759
vesical, 766, 1321
venous inferior, 985
superior, 985

Plica or Plicæ, alares of knee-joint, 348
aryepiglottic, 1068

circular, of intestine, 1180
duodeno-jejunal, 1185
duodeno-mesocolic,
fimbriata, 1108, 1128

1185

glosso-epiglottic median, 1067, 1126
ileo-cæcal, 1218

inguinal, 1296

lacrimal, of Hasner, 825
longitudinal, of duodenum, 1186
palmate of uterus, 1317
pharyngo-epiglottic, 1126
pubo-vesical, 1237
recto-uterine, 1226, 1238
salpingo-palatine, 1143
salpingo-pharyngeal, 1143
semilunar, of the colon, 1212
of the conjunctiva, 821
sublingual, 1108

synovial, of the patella, 348
transversales of rectum, 1226, 1230

triangular, of the tonsil, 1146

tubari, 1315

umbilical, lateral, 1235

medial, 1235

ureteric, 1277

urogenital, 1334

ventricular, 1070

vesical, transverse, 1238

vocal, 1070

Plugging the posterior nares, 1385

Pogonion, 286
Point, alveolar, 285
jugal, 286

occipital, 285
subnasal, 285

supra-auricular, 286
Polar bodies, 15, 19
projection, 15, 20

first, 15, 20
second, 15, 20
Poles of lens, 820

nuclei of, 565, 566, 567

arcuate of, 555

olivary nuclei of, 567
origin of, 516, 567, 569
pars basilaris of, 565

position and connexions of, 540, 541
pyramidal tract in, 565
raphe of, 558, 567

restiform body in, 567

reticular formation of, 567

spinal root of trigeminal nerve in, 567
substantia ferruginea of, 370, 551

sulcus basilaris of, 548

tegmental part of, 567

transverse fibres of, 566, 567

veins of, 971

ventral portion of, 565
Ponticulus, 829

Pontine flexure of brain, 514

Popliteal artery, 951

fascia, 405

fossa, surgical anatomy of, 1437, 1457

groove, 243
line of tibia, 249

lymph glands, 1014
surface of femur, 242
vein, 986

abnormality of, 1060
Popliteus fascia, 420
muscle, 429

action of, 429
minor, 429

Pore, gustatory, 854
Porta hepatis, 1190
Portal canals, 1200

system, development of, 1036, 1037
vein, 990

Portio supravaginalis cervicis uteri, 1316
vaginalis cervicis uteri, 1316

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cutaneous nerve of thigh, surgical anatomy
of, 1457

rami of lumbar nerves, 691

morphology of, 691

of sacral and coccygeal nerves, 691
of spinal nerves, 687
of thoracic nerves, 690

Postero-lateral tract of spinal medulla, 534
Post-glenoid tubercle, 126

Post-neural anastomoses, 1044
Post-pharyngeal lymph glands, 1000
Post-sphenoid bone, 138

Post-transverse anastomoses, 1045
Post-vertebral venous plexus, 976
Pouch of Douglas, 1226

relation of, to uterus, 1319
surgical anatomy of, 1435, 1436
branchial, 42

duodenal, 1185, 1186
pharyngeal, 42
of Prussak, 842
of Rathke, 49
recto-genital, 1226
recto-vesical, 1226

surgical anatomy of, 1434
utero-vesical, 1238, 1317
vessels, 42

Poupart, inguinal ligament of, 477

surface anatomy of, 1458
line of, 1411
plane of, 1411

Præcentral sulci, 665

sulcus, surface anatomy of, 1360
Præcordial area, outline of, 1403
Præcuneus, 662

Præ-interparietal bone, 277
Prælaminar arteries, 926
Præputium clitoridis, 1324, 1326
penis, 1299

Prævertebral fascia, 448

muscles, 467

Pre-aortic lymph glands, 1012
Pre-auricular lymph gland, 998
point, 1359

Pre-basi-occipital bone, 278
Precentral line, 1360
Precervical duct, 43

sinus, 43, 76
sulcus, 43

Prechordal part of basis cranii, 291

portion of skull, 291

Precoracoid, 295

Precostal anastomoses, 1044
Prehallux, 295

Prelaminar anastomoses, 926
Prelaryngeal lymph glands, 1001
Premaxillæ, 150

ossification of, 150

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Process or Processes; Processus-
accessory, of the vertebræ, 96
acromion, 203, 204
alar, of ethmoid, 140
alveolar, of maxilla, 148
absorption of, 197

angular medial, of frontal bone, 115
surface anatomy of, 1360,-
anterior mallei, 840
articular, 89

of cervical vertebræ, 91
of lumbar vertebræ, 96
of sacrum, 97

of thoracic vertebræ, 93
basilar, 120, 123
of calcaneus, 259

capitular, of vertebra, 284
ciliary, 812
clinoideus anterior, 135
medius, 135

posterior, 135
cochleariformis, 128

surgical anatomy of, 1368
conchal, of ethmoid, 141

surgical anatomy of, 1378
condyloid, of mandible, 156
coracoid, 201

morphology of, 295
ossification of, 204
surface anatomy of, 1445
variations in, 280

coronoid, 156, 210

surface anatomy of, 1325
dens, 92

ossification of, 105

epicondylic, of humerus, 280
surface anatomy of, 1449
ethmoidal, of inferior concha, 143
facial, of parotid gland, 1136
falciformis, of sacro-tuberous ligament, 337
frontal, of maxilla, 145, 148
of frontal bone, 117

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