Caliphs and their Non-Muslim Subjects: A Critical Study of the Covenant of 'Umar
Routledge, 18 oct. 2013 - 256 pages
Originally published in 1939. After the death of Muhammad his community was ruled by three caliphs who kept their capital as Medina, the City of the Prophet. Under the rule of the caliphs those who did not confess the Muslim faith were under certain restrictions both in public and private life. This volume examines the social, cultural, religious and economic aspects of this period and includes chapters on: Government Service; Churches and Monasteries; Christian Arabs, Jews and Magians; Dress; Financial Persecution, Medicine and Literature and Taxation.
IX Persecution Mostly Financial
X Social Conditions
XI Medicine and Literature
XII Holy Ground
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
The Caliphs and Their Non-Muslim Subjects: A Critical Study of the Covenant ...
Arthur Stanley Tritton
Affichage d'extraits - 1930
Abd ul Aziz Abd ul Malik Abdulla Abu Hanifa Abu Yusuf Ahmad Akhtal Alexandria Antioch Arabs ardebb asked Baghdad Baibars bishops blood money build Bukhtishu burnt Cairo caliph catholicus Christians churches citadel Copts covenant of Umar cross crowd Damascus destroyed dhimmis dinars dirhams Edessa emirs faith Fatimid feast feddan ﬂed forbade gave orders given Hakam Harun Hisham historians Islam jarib Jews Jibrail jizya kadi Karim ud killed Kitab ul land tax later Magian Makrizi Mamun Mansur Melkite Misr Mizan monastery monks mosque Mu‘awia Muhammad Muslim Mutawakkil non-Muslims ofﬁcials paid palace papyri patriarch poet poll-tax prayers Prophet refused reign religion ride Sa‘d says seized sent Shafe‘i slaves sultan Syria Taghlib thousand dinars thousand dirhams told took town treaty tribute turbans turned Muslim ud Dawla Umar II Uthman vizier Walid wear wheat wine woman women Yahya Yazid zunnar Zuwaila